Walker Journal, Book 1

153

THE JOURNALS

OF

WILLIAM WALKER

PROVISIONAL GOVERNOR

OF

NEBRASKA, TERRITORY

FIRST BOOK

From March 29, 1846, to September 22, 1849

FROM THIS ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT IN THE COLLECTION OF

WILLIAM E. CONNELLEY

154

155

JOURNAL.

FRANCOIS.

“Le plus beau morceau d’eloquence qu’il y sit dans aucune langue.”

Bolmar.

TRADUCTION.

“The finest piece of eloquence that exists in any language.”

“time when the memory of man runneth not to the contrary.”

156

157

THE

JOURNALS OF WILLIAM WALKER,

PROVISIONAL GOVERNOR OF NEBRASKA TERRITORY,

FIRST BOOK.

From March 29, 1845, to September 22, 1849.

1845.

MARCH, 1845.

Saturday, 29.–Caught Samuel Medary1 and put him up in a coop to fatten (not on Quassi Quires) to be cooked for dinner on Harriet’s birthday.

APRIL, 1845.

Thursday, 10.–Sam was killed and eat up, though sooner than was at first intended. His day of execution was hastened by his repeatedly escaping from his coop, and when out would invariably fall upon Harry in a deadly fight, but was invariably whipped by the latter. It was thought that under these circumstances Sam could not gain much fat or flesh, and therefore the allotted time was shortened.

Alas poor Sam

Let his bones slumber in peace!

1) This was evidently a rooster which Governor Walker named Samuel Medary for an Ohio politician of his acquaintance. Medary was afterward appointed Territorial Governor of Kansas Territory. The appointment was made November 19, 1858.

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MAY, 1845.

Friday, 23.–Finished ploughing the field.

Saturday, 24.–Harrowed. Set out seventy-five cabbage plants.

Monday, 26.–Planted red potatoes and thirty-one hills watermelons.

Tuesday, 27.–Set out four dozen beet plants and some sugar beets; fifty cabbage plants.

Wednesday, 28.–Planted the corn, part yellow, and part large white.

Thursday, 29.–Sowed the Sandwich Island flower seeds.

Friday, 30.–Planted muskmelons and the fall potatoes.

Saturday, 31.–Planted blue corn1 with beans, and five hills of Santa Fe corn.

JUNE, 1845.

Sunday, I.–Rested. Rainy day. Wrote to G. N. D.

Monday, 2.–Tried an experiment. Set out fifty radishes in the following manner: Made holes in the ground with a sharp stick and held the radish in the hole, then filled up the interstices with sand.*

* I will never try this experiment again. Not worth a cent

Tuesday, 3.–Set out twelve hills sweet potatoes, and [planted] fifteen [hills] Nantucket corn.

Wednesday, 4.–Planted pumpkins and watermelons and muskmelons.

Thursday, 5.–Planted some more, ditto. We have enough.

Saturday, 7.–Dr. Hewitt and family arrive.2

1) Corn was one of the principal articles of food of the Wyandots, and to this day they raise many varieties of it – a certain kind for each season, some early and some late, one kind for a special variety of hominy, and one kind for another variety of that dish, etc., etc.

2) Dr. Hewitt was the Indian Agent, His descendants live near Turner Station on the A. T. & S. F. R. R., in Shawnee Township, Wyandotte County, Kansas. They are farmers. One of his sons lives in Los Angeles, Cal.

December, 1845]

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Tuesday, 10.–Enclosed the woods pasture seven rails high

Tuesday, 17.–Rainy season commenced.

Wednesday, 18.–Raining-rained all day.

Thursday, 19.–Rained all day.

Friday, 20.–Rained all the time furiously.

Saturday, 21.–Rained all the time furiously.

Sunday, 22.–Rained all the time furiously.

JULY, 1845.

Sunday, 13.–Quarterly meeting-hot day, thermometer 98.

OCTOBER, 1845.

Saturday, 11.–Devoured our last watermelon.

NOVEMBER, 1845.

Thursday, 27.–Thermometer at zero at sunrise.

Saturday, 29.–Thermometer 22 degrees below zero.

DECEMBER, 1845.

Tuesday, 23.–Bought 810 pounds [of] pork at $3.00 per cwt.

Wednesday, 24.–Cut it up and salted it away.

Thursday, 25.–A merry Christmas1 to all! I staid at home all day, for the best of all reasons, being lame and unable to go about. Wrote to some friends in Ohio.

Tuesday, 30.–Held Council here and did some wise things.

Wednesday, 31.–Wrote a long letter to our delegates at Washington2

1) Governor Walker almost invariably spelled Christmas “Chrismas.” I have taken the liberty to correct the spelling.

2) The Wyandots kept delegates in Washington most of the time to look after their interests.

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1846.

JANUARY, 1846.

Thursday, 1.–This is the 45th new year that has passed over my head. In looking through the long vista I have passed through, how few of my contemporaries live to see this day! “Mais ainse va le monde.”

Friday, 2.–Done nothing–read some–lounged about the house.

Attempted to translate a French Song into English, horribly done. The musical Frenchman would never recognize his song in this butchered English dress.1

Saturday, 3.–Doing nothing–read some–intending to read some more in Byron’s “Island.” Whew! Let joy burst forth among epicurians (but more like envy) I am, (hear it ye gluttons!) going to dine on pork and parsnips! Delectable dish! Felicitatus!

Just heard by Mrs Bostwick that Providence was buried on yesterday. Poor fellow! His last days were full of misery, pain and suffering. He truly died in poverty.

Sunday, 4.–Staid at home and read.

Monday, 5.–Heard of the death of Margaret Nofat.2 She died yesterday.

Tuesday, 6.–Council met at George Armstrong’s.3 Trans-

1) Governor Walker spoke French well. Many of the Wyandots spoke French better than they did English. The record in the family Bible of Robert Robitaille is written in French.

2) There are Wyandots yet living that belong to the family.

3) The founder of the Armstrong family in the Wyandot Nation was Robert Armstrong. He was captured on the west side of the Alleghany River a few miles above Pittsburgh about the year 1783, by a party of Wyandots and Senecas. He was in company with another white person when captured. The other was a man grown, and was killed. There are two accounts of the capture. See Finley’s Life Among the Indiana, page 453, and Howe’s Historical Collections of Ohio (Cincinnati, O., 1847), pages 166, 167.

The boy was retained and adopted by the Wyandots. He grew up and married a Wyandot woman. He separated from her and married Sarah Zane, daughter of Isaac Zane, who had himself been captured and adopted by the Wyandots, had grown up and married a Wyandot woman. By the first wife he had one son, George, born in 1801; died in February, 1853. By the second wife he had four children that I have an account

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acted a variety of business. Adjourned to meet that day a week at some house in town.

Wednesday, 7.–Undergoing the most tormenting affliction from biles, ulcers, sores, scabs, etc. My flesh appears to be running into a putrid state, while at the same time my health in general is good.

Thursday, 8.–Lay all day in the house.

Friday, 9.–Lay all day in the house.

Saturday, 10.–Lay all day in the house.

Sunday, 11.–Suffering still; spend sleepless nights. Wrote letters to Mr Guthrie, [and] J. Washington.

Monday, 12.–No better but worse Psoriasis inveterati.

Tuesday, 13.–Sent for Dr. Hewitt; must undergo a course of medicine. Unable to attend Council. Requested Touroomee to preside over the deliberations of the Council and proceed to business.

Wednesday, 14.–Slept sound last night, having drawn pretty liberally upon a soporific anodyne y’clept, morphine –feel somewhat stupid, and some foggyness in the upper story; not much appetite.

Thursday, 15.–Feel some better–inflamation going down.

Friday, 16.–Sleeting this morning, accompanied with snow.

Prepared a communication for C. Graham to Purdy M. E. upon the subject of four months pay while moving the

of: 1. Hannah, died while attending the Wyandot Mission at Upper Sandusky. (See Finley’s History of the Wyandot Mission.) 2. Silas, born June 3, 1810; 3. John McIntyre, born October 7, 1813; 4. Catherine.

George Armstrong married the daughter of Mononcue, a Wyandot preacher, famous in the history of the Wyandot Mission at Upper Sandusky. Her name was Skah’-mehn-dah-teh; she belonged to the Porcupine Clan. George Armstrong is buried in the Huron Place Cemetery. The following is copied from his tombstone:

George Armstrong

Died

Feb. — 1853

Aged 52 Years.

This is an error. Governor Walker’s Journal says he died November 19, 1851. See his entry of November 20th, 1851.

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shop and his family to this country. Dull times. Confined to my room–gloomy ennui.

Saturday, 17.–Received a letter from Jesse Stern,1 giving information of Capt. Wagstaff’s movements–his petition for a partition of the lands in Seneca County, and his wish for the appointment of an administrator on the personal estate of C. W.2

Sunday, 18.–Staid at home all day and read the news–had the company of Mr Austin who staid till nearly night. In the evening was called upon by Mr G. and lady and in a few moments afterwards J. W. was added to the company. Isaiah accepted his improvement money, it is said, for the purpose of buying Mrs Long’s improvement to keep a certain Blackstone, Jr. from getting it. Not so bad a move.

Monday, 19.–Commenced snowing this morning at 2 o’clock A. M., and now, at 9 o’clock, still snowing and a fair prospect of a regular snow storm.

Tuesday, 20.–This is Council day–important matters may come up before that august body. If any Council were held I do not know where it was nor what was done. it stormed all day at a most furious rate and I kept close quarters.

Wednesday, 21.–Sun rose clear. We shall have a thaw to-day.

Thursday, 22.–Staid all day in close quarters.

Friday, 23.–To-day a poor wretch, named Lester, has to expiate his crime on the “gallows tree,” according to the sentence of the court before which he was tried and convicted of the crime, murder, cold blooded murder, of his brother-in-law whom he had decoyed off into the prairies on pretence of special business requiring secrecy. The motive prompting

1) It is impossible to tell whether Governor Walker intends this for Stem or Stern. This holds all the way through his Journal. I have written it Stern.

2) Catharine Walker, Governor Walker’s mother.

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to the murder was property. The parents of the murderer appear to have been desperate wretches.

By this time, 4 o’clock P. M., he must have passed the dark curtain of death.

Saturday, 24.–No news. Dull times. Horribelorum. Blue devils.

Sunday, 25.–Sick–had a chill at daylight. My back came near parting twain. Received a letter from A. Guthrie.1 Not very encouraging news from Washington. Our delegates rioting on the fat of the land at a most expensive rate and doing nothing and no prospect of their doing any public or private good. Money spent for nothing.

Monday, 26.–Replied to Mr Guthrie in a dolorous letter.

Employed Peter Balouger2 and Peter Gray to build a smoke house with a porch six feet wide on one side of the house, the house to be fourteen feet square and ten logs high, price $20.00. Where is the cash to come from. Trust to chances.

Tuesday, 27.–Attended Council to-day but done very little important business. Agreed to employ Tall Charles’ another year to keep the ferry.

Wrote a joint letter to George Garrett upon the subject of R. Wagstaff’s application for a partition of the land in Seneca County and the appointment of an administrator on the personal estate of C. W. In our commucation to G. G. we deny that there is any personal property, all having

1) Abelard Guthrie and James Washington were the Delegates at Washington City.

2) Governor Walker writes this name in a variety of ways. It should be written Bolanger. He was a Frenchman – one of a settlement of French and half-breed French and Indians living then in the “bottom,” between the Missouri and Kansas Rivers, along the banks of Turkey Creek, which at that time flowed into the Missouri.

3) Tall Charles was sometimes called John Tall-Charles. He was an industrious man and good citizen. He is buried in Huron Place Cemetery. On his tombstone is the following

Tall Charles

Died

May — 1856

Aged 55 Yrs.

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been. disposed of during her lifetime. The letter was signed W. W., C. B. G., M. R. W., J. W.1

Wednesday, 28.–Mild, warm morning; smoky and hazy; Mr George Dickson called upon us. 11 o’clock, commenced misting, and shortly after set in a pretty rain, and now, 3 O’clock, raining at a pretty brisk rate and every prospect. of having it all night. Dr. H. advises me to resume the use of the iodine and blue mass in order to correct the great irregularity in my system and quicken the circulation. So to-morrow morning I resume the medicine. Midnight, raining.

Thursday, 29.–Raining, and every appearance of raining all day. Rain, rain, oh dull day!

“Be still and heart and cease repining

Behind the clouds is the sun still shining.”

Friday, 30.–Sun rose clear; but shortly afterwards it became over-clouded, and rain set in at 8 o’clock. No work to be done on the smoke house to-day.

Hurra, the hounds! What music!! In full chase after a wolf over hill and dale, away they go. I am getting better!

Saturday, 31.–Received a few old papers from the P. 0. that had been on the road between this and Washington a month or six weeks. No letters. No news from our delegates. What has become of them?

But I am informed there [is] a mail behind, which did not reach Independence.2 This may account for the lack of news.

FEBRUARY, 1846.

Sunday, 1.–This being the day of “rest,” I rested, but it was a poor “rest” to me. Equal to the rest enjoyed by the felon in his prison.

1) William Walker, Charles B. Garrett, Matthew R. Walker, and Joel Walker.

2) Independence was the nearest Post Office.

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Monday, 2.–Posted books all day–walked out. Dr. H. and J. W. called and we spent an hour in chat on various matters; Indian affairs, politics, etc.

Tuesday, 3.–Laid the foundation of the smoke house.

Wednesday, 4.–Done nothing worthy of note.

Thursday, 5.–Raised the smoke house.

Friday, 6.– Went to the City. Wrote this day to W. again for news.

Saturday, 7.–Went to Kansas. Saw Maj. Vaughan. What is he “arter” ? While there, bo’t a pair of shoes. I expect they are good for nothing. Look at the price, $1.25. Ha, ha, ha.

Sunday, 8.–Staid all day at home–read newspapers. Oregon, Oregon. This has become the Alpha and Omega of our mouthing politicians. No one can be a great man unless he can vociferate “all of Oregon or none,” and chew and spit out powder and lead.

Monday, 9.–Clear, bright, and frosty morning. Wrote to Luther A. Hall (but dated the letter the 10th) on the subject of the tax money sent by him to pay into the Hardin County treasury.

Tuesday, 10.–Paid to Tall Charles, ferryman, $45.00, leaving a balance due him for 1845 of $55.00. Bo’t some baskets from some Muncie women. Received by the hands of Mr Wheeler, the President’s message with accompanying documents, sent by Mr Sawyer, M. C. Met in Council, determined upon calling a National Council1 on Thursday to deliberate upon our matters at Washington and other affairs generally.

1) The government of the Wyandots was a pure Democracy. Any matter of importance that affected the tribe had to be sanctioned by a National Council of the whole People. The tribal Council of Chiefs fixed the day for a National Convention and notified the people of the time, place, and purpose of the meeting. This notice was sent by the Sheriffs, of which there were two. Women participated in these National Councils and voted in them if they chose to do so. A majority vote was sufficient to pass a measure

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Wednesday, 11.–Moved some of our trumpery, such as soap, salt, corn meal, pork, etc., into our new smoke house, and hung up the hams and shoulders to dry, and afterwards to smoke.

Heard yesterday my land in H. County, was sold for taxes. Money was furnished to my friends in Ohio to pay the taxes, but they very kindly appropriated the money to their own use. The devil take such friends.

Thursday, 12.–Met in general convention at the meeting house at 12 o’clock. I called the convention to order and explained the object of the meeting. A committee was accordingly appointed to act with the Chiefs in drafting a memorial to Congress upon the subject of our claims. The committee consisted of nine men.

Friday, 13.–Committee and the Council met at the School House and drew up a strong memorial to be sent to Hon. Tho. H. Benton of the Senate.

Saturday, 14.–Staid at home, copied the memorial, scribbled some, read some. I want my mail. News, news! Snow going off very fast.

Sunday, 15.–Wrote a long letter to James Washington, apprising him of our sending our memorial to Senator Benton, and apprising him how affairs are going on at his house–loafers eating him up.

Monday, 16.–Wrote under date of 14th, to Jesse Stern, upon the subject of Wagstaff’s claim, and inquiring what authority he has to represent J. T. W.1 in his petition for a partition of land.

Tuesday, 17.–Having received information that our Chiefs had presented, through Senator Allen, a memorial to Congress, we concluded not to send ours to Col. Benton, but forward it to them to be used privately among their friends as an exponent of the wishes of the people.

1) John T. Walker, son of John R. Walker, Governor Walker’s oldest brother.

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Wednesday, 18.–I staid up last night till a late hour expecting a visitor to my corn shocks of the “kine” kind; intended to pay my respects to this “kine” visitor by the discharge of one or two rounds a la mode military, but no visitor.

This morning I yoked up my oxen, fearing they might forget the use of the yoke, and hauled some wood. Cattle work well yet. Being washday, carried water. Women all in the suds. Did other chores–Shakespeare says chares. Which is correct? Some will have it that such work should be called “pottering.” Well, potter you that potter will, “as the Pelagions vainly do teach.”

Received the mail from the P. 0., two newspapers, not my own, and a letter from James Washington, giving us all the [news] they have upon the subject of their business at W. Prospects somewhat encouraging.1

Thursday, 19.–Commenced snowing this morning a little before day and it snowed all day at a most furious rate but held up at 3 o’clock P. M. Altogether considered it has been a rather unseemly day. Wrote to John Goodin authorizing him to make an effort to recover my land in Hardin county, sold for taxes. My curses rest on the men I entrusted the tax money with!

Friday, 20.–Rose at the dawn of day; frosty morning–made a fire, called my folks up and had everything stirring in due time. Stirring times, “all of Oregon or none.” To the 54th degree and 40 minutes and no less. Hurry breakfast, no time to be lost. Yes, and the British are looking towards Cuba–we are in imminent danger.2 The teakettle is boiling over. Take it off the fire.

Our young folks enjoying the snow by sleigh riding of evenings.

1) The matter of getting the sanction of the Government to the purchase of their home from the Delawares was at this time engrossing the attention of the Wyandots.

2) Governor Walker had a supreme contempt for the demagoguery of the average so called statesman.

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Saturday, 21.–Clear, cold, and frosty morning–prospect of a fine day. This is mail day–bring on the news “Now what. news upon the Rialto?” Mail received, but nothing but newspapers, and nothing of special interest in them.

Sunday, 22.–Sick this morning, sick all day.

Monday, 23.–Ill at ease–pains all over my body with soreness in my breast. Spent a restless night–took no medicine, ‘cause my appetite is not affected nor any derangement of stomach or bowels.

Tuesday, 24.–Council day, but I am unable to attend the session to-day. Not feeling any better, and withal being a cold, dreary and cloudy day–so contented myself with burying my ills, laying and sitting about the fire. Query, Does the climate of upper Missouri agree with me? I am sometimes induced to think not. My health has not been good since I came to this country, but still this may be properly attributed to other causes. I would fain think so. I like the country and would wish to spend the remainder of my days in it.

Wednesday, 25.–Roasted my bones all day before the fire. Mercury down near zero all day. Hard weather for an invalid.

Thursday, 26.–This morning mercury two degrees below zero. Whew! good morning Esqr. North Pole, and how fare you, Mr Frigid Zone. Have you both come south to thaw your noses? Hope you will make your visit short.

John Providence was found to-day near Turkey Creek by Benjamin, a Frenchman, who, on examining him, found that his legs were frozen above the knees and his arms frozen above the elbows and [he was] nearly dead. He carried him to the Ferry and dragged him over on the ice and [he] was taken to Tall Charles’s house. He laid out all night, in a state of intoxication. Dr. H. thinks he cannot live. During last night the mercury stood at zero.

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Friday, 27.–Cloudy, cold, dark, weather. Winter, winter.

“The dark and wintry day

Is deepening into night–

The weary woodman seeks his cottage door.”

Saturday, 28.–Sleeted last night. Everything this morning looking as gray as St. Nicholas’s beard, while on his nocturnal holiday visits to his patrons. What sort of weather are we to have next? We have had every variety of cold weather, and I begin to wish [for] the return of warm weather. A dark dreary day the most cheerless and gloomy I have seen lately. Shine forth thou luminary of day and show thy brilliant countenance. Suffer us not to be frightened out of our wits by the horrible dark frowns of the clouds above us.

MARCH, 1846.

Sunday, 1.–Clear, warm day. Thawed some of the frost out of the ground.

Monday, 2.–Went to Kansas on foot. Crossed the river on the ice. Came near giving out before I reached home, the roads being awfully muddy. Sent to the P. 0. a communication to James Washington.

Tuesday, 3.–Council to-day. Met at 12 o’clock; read to the Council Jas. Washington’s letter, and then stated what I said in answer. Directors employed Mr. Robataille1 to take charge of Mr. Kramer’s school.

Wednesday, 4.–Charming morning; oh, the clear blue sky and the glorious rising sun! How vivifying to my dormant and nearly dead energies both of body and mind.

Thursday, 5.–This being my natal day, I now make my obeisance and enter into my 46th year. I now take my rank among old men. What! Am I an old man? Do I look venerable? Well, if I do, I do not feel like leaving the ranks

1) Robert Robitaille, a Wyandot. Lived near Quindaro, Wyandotte county, Kansas.

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of the young and middle aged yet, at any rate. On serious reflection upon my past life, checkered tho’ it has been, it seems to me that I have lived to but little purpose. I do not recollect of having founded any charitable institution, church, or synagogue, yet I have not been unmindful of the poor. I have a warm feeling for the poor and distressed.

Friday, 6.–Set out four apple trees (grafts) [that] I got from M. R. W. They were procured in Granville, Ohio, and [are] reputed to be of a superior quality.

Saturday, 7.–Dr. H. made preparation and proceeded to Kansas to take the boat on her return, destined for Washington. The John-Go-Long-Up being the first boat up this season. The river unusually low; in many places, there is scarcely two feet of water in the channel.

Sunday, 8.–Down sick with a high fever. Our mail brought in. We were shocked at the intelligence of the death of Geo. Garrett,1 communicated by Kirby, McE., and J. Walker; disease, mania a potu. Favorable intelligence from Washington about our claims. Got 20 apple trees.

Monday, 9.–Raining. Gloomy day. Continue sick.

Tuesday, 10.–Council day. Could not attend, of course. Staid at home and nursed myself. Commenced taking that panacea for ills, blue mass.

Wednesday, 11.–Had a high fever all day; pains in my back.

Thursday, 12.–Some better; sat up all day.

Friday, 13.–Comfortable; read all day and amused myself in various ways to drive dull care and ennui away. At night, luxuriated on a dish of oyster soup.

Saturday, 14.–Walked over this morning to the Deacon’s, on a visit. Chatted about half an hour and came away. Can’t walk very fast. In the evening, Isaiah [Walker] brought me two Nat. Intelligencers, but [they] containing

1) Governor Walker’s brother-in-law; he lived in Ohio.

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no news of importance. Wrote, through the day, by spells, a long letter to Robert Wagstaff, giving him, in plain and unequivocal language, my opinion of his course.

Sunday, 15.–Attended this morning at the Deacon’s. William Garrett and Mary Ann Long were there united in marriage at 10 o’clock A. M., and proceeded with a party of their friends to Westport. Peace and prosperity attend them.

Monday, 16.–Getting some better. Sat up all day; read some in the evening. The wedding party returned from Westport, highly delighted with their trip.

Tuesday, 17.–Wrote D. W. Deshler for a certificate or receipt.

Wednesday, 18.–Sick last night; pains last night in my stomach, which terminated in a copious evacuation from the bowels. This morning paid the Deacon for my blooded hog stock ($400.) so my pigs are secured, unless they are stolen, which Heaven forefend!

Thursday, 19.–Received two letters from our deputies at Washington. No news of interest. Considering Friday an ill omened or unlucky day, and having twenty choice apple trees to set out, I concluded I would at all events, weak as I am, make a commencement to-day, so I set out four.1

Friday, 20.–Isaiah kindly came over and helped me to finish setting out 20, the remainder of the trees. This was done in the dark of the moon. Will it make any difference in the thrift or bearing of the trees. Wrote a long letter to J. Washington in reply to his, and one to John Walker. My health slowly improving. Too great an appetite for my digestion. Still luxuriating on blue mass–”by the mass.” But it is becoming very nauseating to my stomach and palate; but it must be taken although it may cost some wry faces and unseemly gyrations.

1) Almost all men have this feeling that Friday is an unlucky day, but few of them will admit it as frankly as Governor Walker does here.

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Saturday, 21.–Staid about home. Done pottering chores about the house. Walked over to M. R. W.’s and spent the afternoon. Commenced raining in the evening land continued, with short intermissions, raining all night.

Sunday, 22.–Raining this morning. Kept close quarters. Read much miscellaneous matter. Wrote for the Expositor. Rained all night.

Monday, 23.–Rainy morning. Found the glands in my neck considerably swollen caused by my taking the mercurial pills, and the damp weather. I must suspend my pill taking till the weather changes. Bought some young peach trees from C. B. G. If I am favored with good luck I shall in three years have lots of fine fruit. So mote it be.

Tuesday, 24.–This morning found myself ptyalyzed The glands under my jaws, sore. A regular New England snow storm all day. Could not attend Council to-day–the weather too inclement to go out.

Wednesday, 25.–Clear, but a cold windy morning. Some rain through the day. Nothing of interest occurred.

Thursday, 26.–Raw, disagreeable day. Staid at home. Read over my latest papers the second time for the want of later ones.

Friday, 27.–Cold, cloudy day–dreary as the shores of the Island of Spitzbergen, spitting snow all day.

Saturday, 28.–Cool morning. Set out about 10 o’clock for Kansas to mail some letters and get our mail. Not getting anything I sent Eldridge H.1 to Westport and got our mail, one letter from J. W. G., and one from L. A. Hall. “Quarterly meeting time.”

Sunday, 29.–Clear cold morning. Frosty. Read newspapers. Lectured my children on morals and good breeding, warning them against various immoralities.2 People

1) Eldredge H. Brown, now living in Wyandotte, Indian Territory.

2) An old-fashioned practice, now almost obsolete, which might well be revived.

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going to church. I wish I could go, but I cannot walk that far and back without too much fatigue.

Monday, 30.–Cloudy morning and cold. Mr Stateler1 called upon us and had a long confab. Tauroome2 called and had a ditto. Oh, genial and vivifying spring, hasten

1) The minister of the M. E. Church.

2) Wyandotte Gazette, January 20, 1870:

“Tauromee, Chief of the Wyandotte Nation, died on Saturday morning last, and was buried Sunday, at 2 o’clock P. M. The funeral exercises were held at the M. E. Church, South, and owing to the state of the weather and roads, was not numerously attended. They consisted of a brief eulogy on the life and character of the deceased, delivered in the language of the Wyandottes and the committing to the earth of his remains. Governor Walker pronounced the eulogy, and afterwards gave a short synopsis of it in English, from which we gather the following facts:

“Tauromee, in his early life, was a man of the chase, a hunter. But his tribe, having noticed that he had a good degree of ability, he was in 1838, chosen into the Council Board of the nation, and upon the death of John Long, a number of years afterwards, he became Head Chief. From this time the good of the nation seemed to lie nearest his heart. His administration was morally a wise and just one. He was a man of great endurance and an indomitable will, and when he undertook a measure, no obstacle would turn him from it until it was accomplished. He was not of very quick perceptions, and often expressed his regret that he could not grasp a subject and cope with it and form his conclusions more readily. But when he had taken time to examine a subject in all of its bearings, his conclusions were sure to be correct.

“Soon after his tribe came to the West, a proposition was made by the government (if we understood the speaker correctly) to have the lands divided among the people, and have them come into full citizenship. This Tauromee strenuously opposed, he claiming that they were not prepared for such a step, and that the result would be that in short time many of them would be homeless. The matter was submitted to the nation, and a large majority voting for it, it was adopted. Tauromee, obeying the voice of his people, signed the treaty, but under protest. The results he had foreseen, soon manifested themselves. Many of the tribe, through their improvidence, were soon suffering for the necessaries of life. They had squandered their lands, and were with out homes. Then their fallen Chief began to look about for a home for them. He finally bethought him of their old neighbors, the Senecas, who now live some two hundred miles south of here. Many obstacles were thrown in his way, but he overcame them all and succeeded in securing among the Senecas, twenty thousand acres of land. Many of his people are already settled there, and at the time of his death, he was awaiting some action of Congress to enable him to complete their removal. Now he is gone, and John W. Gray-Eyes becomes Chief by birthright. Tenderly and feelingly the speaker counseled Gray-Eyes to shake off his besetting sin, and be strong under this new responsibility. The speaker referred to the subdivision of the nation into three divisions called the Big Turtles, Little Turtles and Wolf tribe. He stated that when a Chief of the first two died his eulogy should be spoken by some member of the latter. But in this case, there being no one of that division to do it, he was there to do it, though himself one of the first. Governor Walker’s remarks were listened to with deep interest by all who were present. At their conclusion the coffin was taken to the grave, where it was opened and the members of the Wyandotte Nation who were present took a last look at the features of him who had so long been their Chief.”

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thy advent to these frigid regions and suffer not that frosty-headed old tyrant, winter, to hold eternal dominion over us.

Tuesday, 31.–Council day. Read J. W. G.’s letter to the Council. Negro question came up; the C[hief] denied that any law prohibiting our negroes from emigrating to this country was passed.1 Issued Council orders to a large amount for Bacon.

APRIL, 1846.

Wednesday, 1.–How I was myself “fooled.” I had entirely forgotten that this was the first, i. e. All Fools Day, or how much real fun I might have had in my family. In fact they forgot it themselves, or they might have had some sport out of me.

Met with Mr G. for the first time since his return from Washington. Had a long confab on our claims, on Gov’t, politics, etc.

Weather cleared warm. High winds, drying weather. Encouraging for gardening operations.

Thursday, 2.–Cloudy morning, but cleared off in the afternoon and became warm and pleasant. Disinterred my potatoes; found I had five bushels left. Better than I expected.

Friday, 3.–Commenced ploughing my garden, having forgot that it was Friday an unlucky day. Well, it rained, and [I] had to quit. Such and similar are the results of commencing a piece of work on that day.

At 2 o’clock it cleared up a little, and as Rev. W., Mr W. and Mrs H. W. had made their arrangements to take a pleasure ride to Independence, they saddled up their nags and put out. May they enjoy much pleasure. I am now quite a promising convalescent.

1) There was much opposition in the tribe to slave-holding by any member or citizen of it. Some of the most influential men contended that slavery and slave-holding were entirely foreign to every Wyandot custom, and repugnant to the Wyandot mind.

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Saturday, 4.–Rainy morning; dreary appearance out of doors. 2 o’clock, raining yet. Thermometer between “temperate 19 and “freezing.” Well I will stay in the house and patiently reconcile myself to my lot. Bring on the mail and let me have the news, if there be any going.

Sunday, 5.–Got up this morning; the mercury in the thermometer down to freezing point, and on examination found it had frozen the puddles of rainwater. At 8 o’clock the small hazy clouds began to disperse and the thrice-welcome smiles of “Old Sol” beamed upon the face of nature–making glad all animated nature. Wrote a long letter to H. Barrett, giving him what news we have of interest. Just heard of the arrival of our delegates.

Monday, 6.–Raining like fury. Horrid! Wrote to J. Y., Cin. Read and yawned and complained of the weather, but where is the use? None; so I will be content.

“No man ore found a happy life by chance

Or yawned it into being with a wish.”

Tuesday, 7.–Cold morning. Mercury below “freezing point.” Clear, but how long will it last. Our folks did not get home last night from Independence. Council day. Met at the Company’s store. Transacted some business, and adjourned to meet here to hear the report of the delegates. Adjourned to meet here to-morrow and finish the report. Our folks not home yet. What’s the matter?

Wednesday, 8.–Council met here pursuant to adjournment, and the delegates finished their report. If Congress should allow the first appraisement, T. W. Bartley is to be allowed three thousand dollars for his services, if not, nothing but his expenses in Washington. Report accepted.

To report to the nation in general Council to-morrow at the church.

Thursday, 9.–Rain. I cannot attend the general Council owing to the inclemency of the weather; dare not get

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wet yet. Every appearance of a rainy day. Set out eighteen peach trees. It is now four o’clock in the evening, and it has rained all day incessantly and likely to continue so all night. Poor chance for gardening without a change of weather.

Friday, 10.–Rose early, and my ears were saluted with the “old song” rain, rain; dull music.

Rain, rain! Mud, mud! Misery, disappointment, confusion, and disorder. Chaotic.

Saturday, 11.–Wrote to J. M. A.1 a letter of instruction upon various matters. Cold, dreary weather. Going to hunt my cow; fearing she may have calved and her udder might spoil owing to the temperance of the calf

12 o’clock.–Just got back from hunting my cow, but cannot find her. Where she has gone to I cannot tell.

Sunday, 12.–Nothing of interest occurred. Hiatus of some days. Nothing worth noting.

Saturday, 18.–Attended Council. Executed our agreement with T. W. B.,2 our attorney at Washington.

Sunday, 19.–Staid at home all day–read, chatted with such company as called.

Monday, 20.–Worked in the garden; sowed some lettuce. Planted some seed onions and red potatoes.

Tuesday, 21.–Attended Council. Divorced George Armstrong from his wife.3 H. Jacquis goes back to Washington to see to public affairs.

Wednesday, 22.–Wednesday’s history may be sum’d up in doing various sorts of work: Gardening, assisting in making soap, carrying water, etc.

Thursday, 23.–Fenced in the yard. Received a mail to

1) John M. Armstrong.

2) Thos. W. Bartley; he was acting Governor of Ohio in 1844.

3) He was divorced at this time from Skah-mehn-dah-teh, daughter of Mononcue. She is said to have been a virago.

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day in which was a letter from Dr. H. written from Washington. Made garden; sowed some seeds.

Friday, 24.–Husked out the remains of my corn crop. Warm and beautiful day. Soap making closed. Wash-day. Soap suds and wash tubs.

Saturday, 25.–Here I find I am in error in regard to my dates. To-day is the 25 instead of Yesterday. Engaged in clearing up the yard, removing rubbish and stuff, leveling the ground–digging up the grubs and stumps. We had no eclipse, tho’. Wrote to Col. J. Goodin1 to sell my land at a good price if he can.

Sunday, 26.–Staid at home all day, being unable to travel about, owing to my lameness. Read newspapers. Proceedings of Congress; Oregon, Oregon. I wish the whole territory, except the inhabitants, was sunk in the lowest depth of tophit. At night, raining.

Monday, 27.–Dreary morning-raining, In my wrath, I slaughtered a hen for breaking my window– she came into the house and I could not drive her out, but through the window she must go, so I slew her!

Tuesday, 28.–Pottered about the house. Wrote some letters, and read some. Made a summer house.

Wednesday, 29.–Worked in the garden; sowed some peas; wrote letters to be sent by the Deacon to Ohio. In the evening, had a visit from Mr Graham.

Thursday, 30.–The day of sale of lots in Kansas.2 Could not go on account of lameness. Cold, raw, cloudy day. Backward season.

1) I have been unable to ascertain whether or not this gentleman was in any way related to John R. Goodin, afterward judge, and member of Congress from Kansas.

2) Governor Walker always speaks of Kansas City, Mo., as “Kansas.” It was sometimes called “Kansas Landing” and “Westport Landing.” This is the first sale of lots; the town-site was first platted about that time. Only lots along the levee were laid out. It was then supposed that what is now the beat part of Kansas City would always remain farm land.

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MAY, 1846.

Friday, 1.–May-day. In some countries this is a gala day –crowning with flowers the successful candidate for regal honors. I worked in the garden; sowed some parsley seed and also some early cabbage. Tried an experiment by thrusting apple sprouts into Potatoes, and planting them. It is said they [the apple sprouts] will take root.

Saturday, 2.–Worked in the garden. Went to town. Staid nearly all day. Got our news in the evening, and read on till late in the night.

Sunday, 3.–Staid at home–[it] rained. Cold, damp weather.

Monday, 4.–The Deacon packing up his effects for a move to Ohio. Planted some choice watermelons, [which I] got from Mrs Twyman. [In the] evening [the] Deacon moved, his family over to our house to remain till he sets out on his journey. He seems depressed in spirit and melancholy. He evidently leaves with great reluctance.

Tuesday, 5.–The Council met. C. B. G. required to alter his fence so as to leave room for a road sixty feet wide and throw his farm in[to] a more square form; he fencing in other land in lieu thereof. Granted a divorce to William. Clark from his wife Harriet. At 11 o’clock the Deacon and his family bade adieu to the Wyandotts,1 and embarked on board the Radnor with sorrowful hearts.2 May they have a pleasant and prosperous voyage.

Wednesday, 6.–Warm, but cloudy weather; unsettled. About the middle of the afternoon the western horizon became overcast with black and angry looking clouds, which, was followed by a most furious rain, and in a short time a violent hail storm set in, which lasted two hours. The

1) Governor Walker always writes Wyandot “Wyandott.”

2) This “Deacon” was the Methodist minister, but what his name was I have not ascertained; possibly James Wheeler.

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cattle became frantic, running to and fro, smarting under the severe peltings of the hail. The hail continued till night, and all night with occasional intermissions. Everything deluged.

Thursday, 7.–Clear this morning, but how long it will last no one can tell. Hark, I hear the song of the cuckoo. Truly, I can from my heart address that sweet bird in the words of Logan!

Sweet bird! thy bower is ever green,

Thy sky is ever clear;

Thou bast no sorrow in thy no*

No winter in thy year.

Oh! could I fly, I’d fly with thee;

We’d make a joyful wing,

Our annual visit round the globe,

Companions of the spring.”

Just heard of the arrival of Noah E. Zane1 with his family

1) THE ZANE FAMILY.–Wither’s Chronicles of Border Warfare, edition of 1895, page 124, says.

“In 1769, Col. Ebenezer Zane, his brothers Silas and Jonathan, with some others from the South Branch, visited the Ohio River for the purpose of commencing improvements; and severally proceeded to select positions for their future residence. Col. Zane chose for his, an eminence above the mouth of Wheeling Creek, near to the Ohio, and opposite a beautiful and considerable island in that river. The spot thus selected by him, is now occupied by his son Noah Zane, Esq., and is nearly the center of the present flourishing town of Wheeling. Silas Zane commenced improving on Wheeling Creek where Col. Moses Shepard now lives, and Jonathan resided with his brother Ebenezer. Several of those who accompained [sic] the adventurers likewise remained with Col. Zane, in the capacity of laborers.”

In a note to the above, Lyman C. Draper says: “These Gentlemen were descendants, of a Mr. Zane, who accompanied William Penn, to his province of Pennsylvania, and from whom, one of the principal streets in Philadelphia, derived its name. Their father was possessed of a bold and daring spirit of adventure, which was displayed on many occasions, in the earlier part of his life. Having rendered himself obnoxious to the Society of Friends (of which he was a member,) by marrying without the pale of’ that society, he moved to Virginia, and settled on the South Branch, where the town of Moorfield has been since erected. One of his sons (Isaac) was taken by the Indians, when he was only nine years old, and carried in captivity, to Mad River, in Ohio. Here he continued till habit reconciled him to his situation, when he married a squaw, became a chief and spent the remainder of his life with them. He was never known to wage war against the whites; but was on several occasions, of infinite service, by apprising them of meditated attacks of the Indians. His descendents still reside in Ohio.”

Isaac Zane was a humane man. Withers says of him, on pages 417 and 418, that a war-party of whites once went to attack the Wyandots. One man was placed near the Indian camp with orders to fire upon the first Indian he saw. Afterward his company.

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and also E. A. Long. It is said the former intends residing here, having moved bag and baggage. What will the poor

retreated but did not notify him and he was left. He kept his place and when he saw a squaw came out of the woods he shot at her and wounded her slightly in the wrist. He rushed up to attack the camp, and expected the others of his company to support him. It was the hunting camp of Isaac Zane that he had attacked and the girl that he had wounded was Isaac Zane’s daughter Sarah. Zane showed the man, that had thus tried to murder his daughter, the way to overtake his companions and even went with him a considerable distance. It is here said also that Zane was only nine years old when captured by the Indians.

It was this Isaac Zane’s sister Elizabeth that performed the perilous mission of obtaining powder for the fort at Wheeling, and by so doing made her name immortal. For a good account of this see Wither’s Chronicles of Border Warfare, pages 358 and 359.

Howe’s Historical Collections of Ohio says of Isaac Zane: “Isaac Zane was born about the year 1753, on the South Branch of the Potomac, in Virginia, and at the age of about nine years, was taken prisoner by the Wyandots and carried to Detroit. He remained with his captors until the age of manhood, when like most prisoners taken in youth, he refused to return to his home and friends. He married a Wyandot woman, from Canada, of half French blood and took no part in the War of the Revolution. After the treaty of Greenville, in 1795, he bought a tract of 1800 acres, on the site of Zanesfield, where he lived until his death, in 1816. “ – Edition of 1849, page 304.

Zanesville, Ohio, was founded by the Ebenezer Zane hereinbefore mentioned, and who was a brother of Isaac Zane, who was captured. For a full account of the founding of Zanesville. see “Howe’s Historical Collections of Ohio, Muskingum County.”

The following table was given to me by Ebenezer 0. Zane, now living on Eighth Street between Everett and Oakland Avenues, Kansas City, Kansas:

Isaac Zane, above referred to and identified, married a half Wyandot and half French woman about the beginning of the War of the Revolution. Her name and clan Mr. Zane did not know. Their children were: 1. Ebenezer; 2. Nancy; 3. Sarah; 4 Elizabeth; 5. William; 6. Isaac; 7. Catharine.

William and Ebenezer married Wyandot women. I was unable to learn their names, or anything of their descendants.

Nancy Zane married Samuel McCulloch. None of their descendants ever removed West. In the treaty of September 29, 1817, made at the foot of the Miami Rapids there was a cession of one section of land “To the children of William McCulloch who was killed in August, 1812, near Maugaugon, and who are quarter blood Wyandot Indians, one section, to contain 640 acres of land, on the west side of the Sandusky River, adjoining the lower line of the tract hereby granted to Robert Armstrong, and extending in the same manner with and from the said river.”

I am inclined to believe that it was William McCulloch, and not Samuel McCulloch, that married Nancy Zane. Sarah Zane married Robert Armstrong; Elizabeth Zone married 1st —– Robitaille, and 2d, — — Reed. Isaac Zane married Hannah Dickinson. Catharine Zane married Alexander Long. Children of Robert and Sarah (Zane) Armstrong: 1. Silas; 2. John McIntyre; 3. Catharine; 4. One, Hannah, that died at the Wyandot mission. Children of —– Robitaille and Elizabeth (Zane) Robitaille: 1. James; 2. Robert; —– RobitaiIle died in —– year. Children of —– Reed and Elizabeth (Zane- Robitaille) Reed: 1. Ebenezer; 2 Eliza. Children of Alexander and Catharine (Zane) Long: 1. Irvin P.; 2. Jane; 3. Ethan; 4. Henry Clay; 5. Mary; 6. Isaac; 7. Janus; 8. William. Children of Isaac and Hannah (Dickinson) Zane: 1. Noah; 2. Hester; 3. Ebenezer 0.; 4. Sarah; 5. Catharine; S. Hannah; 7. Eliza; S. John Wesley; 9. William; 10. Isaac.

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nincompoop do here? He tried it once before, got frightened, quarreled with his mother-in-law, then sloped back to daddy’s house!

Friday, 8.–Clear and pleasant morning, but cold. The feathered songsters are engaged in one general anthem with their mellow throats, rhyming their “Great Creator’s praise.” Enchanting music!

Received a visit from F. A. Hicks; [we] chatted upon Church matters, abolitionism, politics, &c. With all his in stabilities, tergiversations, and inconsistencies, I cannot but admire the man. He has good sense and sound judgment.

Saturday, 9.–Clear and beautiful morning. Noon, clear and warm–looks now like settled weather.

Rev. E. T. Peerey’s family, successors of J. W., moved over to-day. So, we have new neighbors. May we live as peaceably and as happily with them as with their predecessors.

Planted three hills of prickly cucumbers for pickles, and also planted 25 hills of Lima beans, said to be of a superior quality.

Sunday, 10.–Clear and beautiful morning-prospect of a beautiful day. Real Missouri summer day. Read, lounged and played the loafer.

Monday, 11.–Commenced ploughing my field; W. Bowers and —– Benton employed. Planted some yellow beans. Got a barrel of flour. Made a table. C. B. G. wrathy at the Council for altering his fence for a road. My advice to him was to obey the order, as it was not likely any further alterations in his fences would be required for roads very soon. Theremometer 85o–warm, growing weather.

Tuesday, 12.–Rose early, fine morning. Our oxen had broke out of the pasture and decamped but were shortly afterwards found and put “on Duty.” Planted fourteen hills of C. B. G.’s mammoth watermelons; this being about the full of the moon, I want to see what the product will

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be, and what real influence the moon has on the vegetable kingdom.1

Wednesday, 13.–Cloudy morning; afraid we shall have rain today. Heaven forefend! Bestow upon us clear and dry weather till planting is over, that our crops may be abundant and we enabled to reap with joy and gladness. This is “wash-day,” soap-suds, wash-tubs, and dirty clothes.

At 3 o’clock P. M., it rained a clever shower and it remains cloudy and may rain again to-night. Just finished reading “Nick of the Woods.” The author betrays most unpardonable ignorance of Indians, their manners and customs, rendering some of his vivid descriptions of wild adventures, truly ridiculous.

Thursday, 14.–Rainy morning-the old song, rain, rain, rain. Everything looks cheerless and dreary. When will the murky clouds cease their lachrymose effusions? Surely they are not needed now. This morning Dr. Hewitt returned from Washington. Not much news. Business could not be made to swim as rapidly at Washington as he supposed, notwithstanding his professed influence over the new Commissioner of Indian Affairs. He has called a Council for to-morrow when, I suppose, he will make a full development of the result of his mission.

Cleared off, and pleasant at 12 o’clock.

Friday, 15.–Council convened and the Doctor submitted the advice of the War Department to the Chiefs to withdraw their memorial from Congress praying the confirmation of the Delaware purchase, and let the matter be thrown into a tri-party treaty. Question postponed until Thursday next, the regular Council day.

Saturday, 16.–Went to Kansas. Received a letter from J. M. A., in which he manifests a considerable of confidence

1) Formerly the people had a “time in the moon” for doing each kind of work on the farm, such as planting the various crops, plowing the land, killing animals for food, etc.

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in the passage of our improvement appropriation thro’ the House of Representatives if it can be called up and a vote taken on the question; but here appears to be the difficulty. He further states that the two payments due on the school fund will be appropriated. News in an authentic shape has reached here of the declaration of war by Mexico against the U. S. and already a part of Gen. Taylor’s army is captured by the Mexicans. Shame!

Sunday, 17.–Warm day. 1 o’clock P. M., thermometer in the shade 88o. What will it be in July and August. At 3 o’clock it mounted up to 90o. Received D. W. Deshler’s answer.

Monday, 18.–Cloudy, prospect of more rain. It has been thundering all the forenoon, but not any rain as yet. Hope we may have none all this week. I want to plant my corn and sweet potatoes.

Tuesday, 19.–Council met to-day. The delegates instructed to withdraw the memorial praying Congress to confirm the Delaware purchase upon certain contingencies mentioned. Sent them a draft on the Commissioner of Indian Affairs for $200 out of the annuity for this year for their expenses. Adjourned till Tuesday week.

Wednesday, 20.–Cloudy morning, I opine we shall have rain to-day. At 1 o’clock a thunder storm and shower. Got my seed corn from W. Hunter. The real Simon pure gourd seed–the grains as long and nearly as large as horse teeth. I think it a better kind than the large white Tennessee corn. I next want some real Wyandott hominy corn to plant for roasting ears, this with me being a great luxury.

Thursday, 21.–Showery all day. Done nothing–a blank. J. Walker set out for Ohio.

Friday, 22.–Weather unsettled. Rained last night.

Cleared off and became warm and pleasant. At 2 o’clock commenced planting corn, and finished at 5 o’clock P. M.

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Unlucky day though it be, yet I am in hopes it will have no evil, effect upon the growth of the corn.

Saturday, 23.–Weather unsettled. Prospect of rain–but it turned out a clear and warm day

Sunday, 24.–Warm and sultry day. Received our mail, but had but little interesting news. Read all day. In the evening went to Church and heard a sermon from Rev. Mr Duncan, a Cherokee.

Monday, 25.–A clear and warm day. Nothing special of interest occurred. Went to town on a visit to C. G.’s.

Tuesday, 26.–Council day. Met at 11 o’clock A. M. Elected M. R. W. school director, in the place of John Gibson.

Wednesday, 27.–Rained last night; clear to-day and sultry–think we shall have more rain this afternoon. Well, so we did. Sowed radishes and beets.

Thursday, 28.–Rained last night. Clear to-day and sultry. Stuck my peas. Hark! there is a new feathered songster singing melodious music!

That song, sweet bird, once more, oh once again!

Let that rich warble from thy bosom gush;

Delightful memories waken with thy strain,

And o’er my soul with trembling rapture rush.

Friday, 29.–Rained last night as usual. Clear this morning. I opine our rainy season is about setting in and we may shortly expect the annual rise of our rivers. But it is thought by the old inhabitants that the rise this season will not be as great as the two last seasons. If it should prove true, it will be a happy circumstance to that numerous class of residents upon the rich river bottoms.

Saturday, 30.–Clear, cool and bracing morning. We escaped our usual night rains, having passed through the last night without any “droppings” from the clouds; but in lieu thereof we were visited by a certain quadruped gentleman,

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whose proximity is always known by a peculiar, nauseating scent he carries about his person, y’clept polecat.

I have adopted a few days ago the Turkish custom of morning ablutions as soon as I get out of bed. I strip myself and proceed to the operation with a sponge and cold water, and close with a vigorous and hearty application of a coarse linen towel and cease not the rubbing till my cuticle is excited to a red glow. Then like a good mussulman exclaim “Allah ach bar,” and proceed to my toilette. What effect this may have upon my health and morals, all trying time alone can determine. It may increase the activity of the circulation of the fluids, and cause a more regular determination to the surface and thereby prevent those ulcers, biles, and sores, I have been so long afflicted with. Mahomet was a prophet.

The Missouri is rising rapidly. Just heard that Mr Harper, Col. S. Owen’s son-in-law, shot a man in Independence while they were sitting gambling in a room; no one being present, the particulars of the fatal quarrel cannot be given. Presume they [were] intoxicated, and one was perhaps losing money faster than he liked.

Sunday, 31.–Clear morning. Continued warm through the day, but in the evening it became cloudy, and we had a brisk shower. During the day I called upon Dr. H. and spent two or three hours at his house. He was truly soporific, and I had the exquisite pleasure of enjoying my own company.

JUNE, 1846.

Monday, 1.–Farewell, blossom decorated May! Thou hast truly had a tear shedding time of it during your short sojourn with us. It has been shower after shower. Truly thou hast been “in the melting mood,” though so often pressed to dry up thy tears and put on a smiling face. But nay. She left us last night in a violent passion and in the

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midst of a torrent of grief, and verily, we are not sorry she is gone. And now, smooth-faced June, we bid thee welcome, and trust thou wilt act more seemly than thy predecessor. Wear thy best smiles and let buoyant joy be enthroned upon thy brow.

6 o’clock P. M. It has been cool all day, temperature, 65o. Sun going down clear. No rain to-night I hope.

Tuesday, 2.–Clear and pleasant. At sunrise temperature 60o. Council convened. Transacted various matters, local affairs, etc. Authorized a call of a National Convention to remodel the government, and appointed Thursday next to communicate to the nation, through a committee, the contemplated call. Adjourned. Took tea at S. A.’s, then came home via Pharoah’s Lodge.1

Wednesday, 3.–Dark and cloudy. More rain. Oh! June, June! truly, thou art going to follow the example of thy elder sister, May, whining, crying, weeping, sniveling, and nothing but showers of tears, tears. Shame, shame.

Thursday, 4.–Cloudy and cool, temperature 60o. Fire feels comfortable. Felicitatus.

Friday, 5.–Clear and cold. Temperature 60o. Remained cool all night. At 4 o’clock a heavy shower of rain fell. Planted in the field watermelons, muskmelons, cucumbers, and pumpkins. In the night it rain[ed] again. So we have it.

Saturday, 6.–Cloudy, dreary, and cold. Temperature 50o. The Mexican quasi war. Our frontier is all in commotion. Volunteers preparing and organizing, drilling and equipping themselves to “march over the hills and far away” to the Mexican frontier to reap laurels of renown. The worst of all is our government is in fault. We are ac-

1) The Masonic Lodge of the Wyandot Nation. This name seems not to have been real name of the Lodge. It had its meetings at the home of Matthew R. Walker. The meetings were informal and not regular communications. No Masonic labor was attempted.

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tually the aggressors. This I deeply deplore. Received a letter from H. Barrett–all well.

Sunday, 7.–Clear and cool. Temperature 60o. Pleasant all day. Being unable to walk to meeting, went to town and spent part of the day with C. Graham. The city ice house empty, already, even before real warm weather has set in. It melted away, not being put up in the right way. What’s to be done now? Drink Kaw water.

Monday, 8.–Clear and cool. Temperature 55o. A general “turnout” of the Wyandotts to-day on the roads, cutting down timber and clearing out as well as widening the road.

Wrote to-day in the agent’s office. Came home. Taking the blue mass again. Sweet and delectable morsel! How pleasant art thou to the palate.

Tuesday, 9.–Clear and cool; temperature, 55o. Council to-day. Various, grave, and weighty matters to attend to to-day. 210 Senecas1 landed to-day from Cattaraugus, Tonawanda and Buffalo, destined to the great Osage River. Indicted C. B. G. for committing a burglary upon the ferry.

Wednesday, 10.–Clear; temperature, 55o. Pleasant today. Went to town. Saw Mr Guthrie on his way to Ohio, waiting for a boat. Wrote by him to Col. Goodin again. Visitors to-day; Mrs G. and H. Glad to see company.

Thursday, 11.–Nothing worth recording.

Friday, 12.–Cloudy and lowering. Prospect of rain.

Held a diplomatic interview with the emigrants, Senecas, from N. Y. Tauroome and Sarrahas being the orators on the occasion [on the part of the Wyandotts]. An eloquent response from an old Seneca Chief.

Saturday, 13.–Staid at Kansas waiting for the mail. News from the Mexican frontier. The American arms victorious.

1) These Senecas were on their way to the Cowskin River country, in the Indian Territory.

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Sunday, 14.–Hiatus.

Saturday, 20.–A violent attack of the pleurisy confines me to the house for four days.

Sunday, 21.–Read all day and played the idle man.

Monday, 22.–Attended Council. No business of importance.

Tuesday, 23.–Worked in the garden and did some “pottering” about the house.

Wednesday, 24.–Staid at home; read all day; and worked some.

Thursday, 25.–Ditto; nothing strange.

Friday, 26.–Got our mail; but no interesting news from Washington.

Hiatus.

JULY, 1846.

Saturday, 4.–News that our bill had passed the Lower House.

Hiatus.

Tuesday, 7.–C. B. G. and Peter Buck arraigned for violently taking the ferry boat from her moorings in the absence of the ferryman; the former fined $5.00 and the latter $2.50.

Wednesday, 8.–Committee and Council met again.

Thursday, 9.–General Convention of the Nation at the Church, on the subject of the new government.

Friday, 10.–Staid at home. Did various sorts of work.

Saturday, 11.–Warm and sultry.

Sunday, 12.–Read and lounged. Warm day.

Monday, 13.–Did various sorts of work. Got some cash from Dr. Hewitt on the improvement bill, for present use.

Tuesday, 14.–Myself, wife, and Harriet went to Westport, and returned the next day.

Wednesday, 15.–Came home and found all well.

Thursday, 16.–Hoed my potatoes, and [did] other gar-

189

dening work. Heard to-day of yesterday’s operations in the nominating Convention, thus:

James Washington vs. F. A. Hicks.1

Tauroomee vs. G. I. Clark.

William Walker vs. J. Walker.

H. Jacquis vs. Sarrahess.

J. W. Gray-Eyes vs. George Armstrong.

Making the Council, after the election, to consist of only four Councillors and a Presiding Chief.

Friday, 17.–Went to Westport and bought a horse at $45.00. How he may turn out I am unable to tell. He has some good marks about him–has a good walk and travels well; seven years old; chestnut sorrel.

Saturday, 18.–Came home with my horse.

Sunday, 19.–Girls went to the Delaware camp meeting.2

Monday, 20.–Went to the Delaware camp meeting and returned in the evening. Had a pleasant ride.

Tuesday, 21.–Council met; transacted a variety of business, and adjourned till next Tuesday.

Wednesday, 22.–Afflicted with the diarrhea caused by too vegetable a diet. Commenced raining at 7 o’clock and continued a steady rain till 11 o’clock at night.

Thursday, 23.–Clear and beautiful morning.

1) Francis A. Hicks was the son of John Hicks, who was the last of the hereditary Chiefs of the Wyandots. I have been unable to learn the Clan to which Francis A. Hicks belonged. His name was Tooh!-uoh-shah’- teh, the meaning of which is lost. He was born in 1800. He became Head Chief of the Wyandots. He belonged to the M. E. Church and opposed the division of the Church. He was married to Mrs. Matilda Driver, widow of Francis Driver, and one of the many Wyandot women famous in the tribe for intelligence, goodness of heart, and a consistent Christian life. She was a Wyandot only by adoption. Francis A. Hicks was buried in Huron Place Cemetery. The following is copied from the stone over his grave:

Francis A. Hicks

Died

Sept 1855

Aged 55 Yrs.

He was Head Chief at the time the Wyandots removed from Ohio.

2) The Delaware Camp-meeting ground was near the present village of White Church, Wyandotte County, Kansas.

190

Friday, 24.–Mr and Mrs Peerey,1 myself and wife went to Mr Graham’s and spent the “arternoon,” and supped heartily on a roast turkey, and came home well pleased and satisfied with our visit.

Saturday, 25.–Received a letter from Col. J. Goodin. My land cannot, as he says, command more than $5.50 or $6.00 per acre. Good time to sow turnips but [we] have no, seed. Alas! alas!

Sunday, 26.–Fine, warm, pleasant day. Thermometer 92o. W. Bowers called and spent a part of the day. Afflicted with something like the gastritis, from which I suffer much pain. At night, quite unwell.

Monday, 27.–Warm day. Feel but little better. Read and lounged.

Tuesday, 28.–Attended Council. Transacted various [matters of] business. Judgment against Joseph Big-Tree and Theo. Standinwater for $6.00 in favor of John LaSerge,2 for a canoe. Took supper at Hunter’s. A pleasant party.

Wednesday, 29.–Warm; mercury 96o. Dissolved the W. I. S. C. and proceeded to wind up the institution by collecting the debts and settling off and paying the stockholders. Present: S. A., G. A., W. W.–3. Absent: C. B. G.

Thursday, 30.–Hot enough to turn an icicle into a redhot spike. Hunted [for] my horse, but could not find [it].

Friday, 31.–We had an awful windstorm or tornado; trees were thrown “helter skelter” in every direction, but no material damage was done.

AUGUST, 1846.

Saturday, 1.–Cloudy morning; prospect of rain. At 1 o’clock it cleared off and was warm all the afternoon. Spent

1) Governor Walker often writes this name Peery and sometimes Peerey. He was Methodist minister.

2) One of the Frenchmen who lived in the “bottoms.”

191

the afternoon in company with the Rev. Mr Jordan, Dr. Hand; and W. Twyman1 called and stayed some time.

Sunday, 2.–Clear and warm day. Went up to see Dr. H., then called upon Mr Graham,2 thence home. Got no mail, so no news; too bad, too bad!

Monday, 3.–Warm. weather; 95o.

Tuesday, 4.–Attended Council; divorced Margaret Hill from her husband, Russell B. Hill. Appointed Sarrahess, Tauroomee, and George Armstrong a deputation to the Senecas, South. But their departure was postponed in consequence of hearing that a messenger was expected from the Senecas, inviting the Wyandotts to be present at the installation of the new Head Chief.3

Wednesday, 5.–Nothing Of interest. Warm, dry weather.

Thursday, 6.–Ditto. Meme chose.

Friday, 7.–Sowed some turnip seed in the garden. Mr and Mrs Peery and Martha went to the Shawnee Institution4 to hear Mr. Patton’s Funeral Sermon on the death of Mrs Beryman. H. Jacquis and J. M. A. returned.

Saturday, 8.–Five of us assembled at the school house to clear off the ground by grubbing the hazel and alder brush, hauling away rotten logs and clearing away tree-tops thrown down by the tornado, and fixing seats for our approaching “green corn feast,” and “barbecue.”

In the evening I was attacked suddenly with a pleurisy.

Sunday, 9.–Took medicine. Nauseating doses.–Sick, –Sick.

1) Lived at Independence, Mo.

2) Charles Graham, the Agency blacksmith; was from Ohio. Often spoken of in these Journals as C. G.

3) These Senecas lived in the present Seneca Reserve in the Indian Territory, and were sometimes spoken of locally as the “Cowskin Senecas,” because the Cowskin River is the principal river in the Reservation. They had lived on land adjoining that of the Wyandots in Ohio, which the Wyandots gave them. They belonged to the same great Indian family as the Wyandots and a close friendship existed between the two tribes at that time.

4) The Shawnee Mission near Westport, Mo., but in the “Indian Territory”; mission of the M. E. Church, South.

192

Monday, 10.–Feel better; and continued so all day.

Tuesday, 11.–[I have] taken a cold by going out in the night, without putting on my clothes, for the purpose of killing a polecat. I am much worse, suffering a great deal. Sent for Dr. Hand. In the evening he came; took a quart or more [of] blood. My respiration much improved. Passed a somewhat comfortable night.

Wednesday, 12.–Resumed my nauseating doses; the violence of the symptoms in some degree abating–feel weak and debilitated–no appetite. Afraid I shall not be able to attend the “Green Corn Feast” and “Barbecue” next Saturday.

Worse.

Five days, insensible.

Wednesday, 19.–Recovering slowly. A complete skeleton.

“Viola le commencement du fin.”

I move about my room,

“Like some town hack that, spavin’d, old and blind,

Moves to the wheezing of his broken wind.

Hiatus.

SEPTEMBER, 1846.

“Let me think how time is gliding;

Soon the longest life departs,

Nothing human is abiding,

Save the love of humble hearts.

Love to God and to our neighbor,

Makes our present happiness;

Vain the wish, the care, the labor,

Earth’s poor trifles to possess.

NOVEMBER, 1846.

Tuesday, 10.–Received a letter from Geo. Dickson., informing me that he had succeeded in purchasing from John Edmonson, his farm in Van Buren County, at six hundred dollars.

Hiatus.

193

Thursday, 12.–Sent $600. by M. R. Walker to pay Edmonson for his farm, and [to] get the deed recorded.

Hiatus.

Saturday, 28.–Inclosed to J. R. Rowand, Druggist in Philadelphia, $25.00, two ten dollar bills and one $5.00. The two tens on the State Bank of Missouri, and the five on the State Bank of Indiana.

Hiatus.

DECEMBER, 1846.

Wednesday, 16.–Pursuant to previous arrangements, the Delaware Chiefs assembled at the school house to Memorialize the President for the appointment of a Commissioner to shape the agreement between the Wyandotts and Delawares into the form of a Treaty so as [to] enable the President and Senate to ratify the same,–but in consequence of Major Cummins not arriving, it was postponed till Monday, 21st instant.1

Monday, 21.–Sarrahas took sick on Wednesday night, and [on] the Saturday following, at 7 o’clock P. M., he died of a hemorrhage from the lungs2

Thursday, 24.–Had a wedding at our house. George Armstrong was married to the widow Barnett. Company are Rev. E. T. Peery, James Washington, H. Jacquis, Silas Armstrong, J. M. Armstrong, Widow Charloe,3 Mrs Washington, and W. Bowen.

1) The agreement concerning the “Wyandot Purchase.”

2) He died on the 18th. He was a good man, with a strong grasp of public questions; he was a fine orator. He is buried in Huron Place Cemetery. The inscription on the stone over his grave reads:

Matthew Sarrahess

died

Dec 18 1846

Aged 60 Yrs.

3) Margaret Charloe, was the sister of Henry Jacquis. She married —– Charloe. Their children were: 1. John; 2. Hannah; 3. James T.; 4. Robert; 5. Nancy. Robert and Nancy died unmarried. James T. Charloe married Amelia Peacock. They had only one child, Lucy. she married John Winney, a Seneca, and she now lives in the

194

Friday, 25.–Spent my Christmas in Kansas and Westport.

Sunday, 27.–Set out for Harrisonville in company with Mr Munday to attend a negro sale.

1847.

JANUARY, 1847.

Friday, 1.–In Harrisonvillle I this day bought at public sale a female slave about 32 years of age, named “Dorcas.” If I have erred in this act, may God in his infinite mercy forgive me, though I feel no condemnation for the act. I shall endeavor to come up fully to what was said by the auctioneer who sold her, who said, when it was announced that I was the purchaser, “Now Dorcas, you have a good and kind master.”1

Hiatus.

Seneca Nation. John Charloe married —- —–. Their children: 1. Jane C.; 2. Margaret. Jane Charloe married John Pipe. Margaret Charloe married Thomas Pipe. After the death of John Pipe, his widow married John Sarrahas. Hannah Charloe married John Barnett, Children: 1. James; 2. Eliza; 3. John Russel; 4. Louis; 5. William. John R., Louis, and William died unmarried. Eliza Barnett married Matthias Splitlog. James Barnett married Jane Tullis. Children: 1. Serena; 2. Martha M.; 3. Henry J.; 4. Silas A.; 5. Izetta. Silas A. died unmarried. Serena Barnett married Alfred Welsh. Martha M. Barnett married William Priestly. Henry J. Barnett married Mary C. Passmore. Izette Barnett married Oliver P. De Ronde. Henry J. Barnett and Mary C. Passmore had one son, William 0. Barnett. Mrs. De Ronde has adopted him.

1) The following is a copy of the Bill of Sale given him:

“Know all men by these Presents that we John W. Briscoe and Greenbury Parker administrators of the estate of John Gipson deceased have this day as such administrators for and in consideration of the sum of three hundred and eighty dollars the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged bargained sold and delivered unto William Walker one certain negro woman slave for life aged about thirty five years of moderately dark complexion called and named Dorcas of the property of said estate – to have and to hold said slave unto said William Walker his executors admrs. and assigns forever.

“And we said administrators as the legal Representatives of said decedent do hereby Warrant the title of said negro and that she is of sound mind and body and slave for life – in testimony Whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals (as such administrators) this 14 day of January A D 1847.

(Signed) “JOHN W. BRISCOE [SEAL]

“GREENBERRY PARKER [SEAL]

“Admrs.”

195

FEBRUARY, 1847.

Thursday, 4.–Wrote to [The] General Land Office inquiring what the “Cherokee Boy’s “1 three-fourths of a section amounted to, and what amount would be deducted for expenses.

Hiatus.

Saturday, 20.–Having received J. C. Berryman’s deed to-day, I paid E. T. Perry the balance due on the land, $497.45.

Hiatus.

Thursday, 25.–Wrote to James Dunwoodie, making him an offer for his slave “Ben.” R. Gray Eyes was buried.

Miss Peach Blossom gave birth to a fine bull calf, [which I] named “Brutus.”

Friday, 26.–Snowing, cloudy, and dark. Snowed all day; prospects of a cold night. Surely there has been a revolution on our terraqueous globe; the frigid zone is taking the place of the temperate.

Saturday, 27.–Weather about ditto. The “Amelia” steamboat came up; the first boat up this season.

Hiatus.

MARCH, 1847.

Tuesday, 2.–Held a session of the Council.

[Wednesday, 3.]–Council met again. Steamboat “John

1) The Cherokee Boy was Chief of the Wolf Clan of the Wyandots. His Wyandot name was Hah-rohn’-yooh. He signed the Treaty of September 17, 1818, by his mark, and his name is written “Horonu, or Cherokee Boy.” On September 20, 1818, he signed another Treaty, and his name is there written “Aronne, or Cherokee Boy.” In the treaty of September 29, 1817, is the following grant:

“To Horouu, or the Cherokee Boy, a Wyandot chief, a section of land to contain 640 acres, on the Sandusky river, to be laid off in a square form, and to include 1 is improvements.”

It was concerning a part of the proceeds of the sale of this land that Governor Walker was writing to the Government.

The wife of the Cherokee Boy was a Delaware, but she had been adopted by the Wyandots, and into the Wolf Clan. Her Wyandot name was Yahn-yooh`-mehn’-tah. Their marriage was permitted because she was of foreign blood–a stranger. What their names signify I have not been able to learn.

196

J. Hardin” came up. Sent to the P. O. a letter to Gales Seaton requesting the “Nat. Int.” to be sent to Westport on the same day [I wrote] to W. B. Thrall of the O., S. Journal1 to the same effect.

Thursday, 4.–This day Congress, the 29th Congress, scattered to the four winds of the earth. The members thereof [are] never to meet again.

Mrs. W. went to Randolph a shopping.

Friday, 5.–This day I am 46 years of age.

“Time, like an ever rolling stream,

Bears all its sons away;

They fly forgotten, as a dream

Dies at the opening day.” 2

Saturday, 6.–Paid Dr. Harlan his bill, at Kansas.

Sunday, 7.–Four inches [of] snow on the ground.

Monday, 8.–Cold all day. In the morning the thermometer stood 10o above zero. Boisterous weather.

Tuesday, 9.–Snowed last night. 12o above zero. Stock suffering. Steamboats stopped.

Wednesday, 10.–Cold, dreary weather; at night, snowing. Thermometer 20o.

Thursday, 11.–Weather moderated a little, but [still] cloudy and cheerless. Attended National Council at the Church. New laws enacted. Boundary Commissioners,3 S. A. and M. R. W., appointed; and John Gibson and J. W. Gray Eyes [appointed] Supervisors. Came home [at] 4 o’clock P. M.

Snowing–”storms after storms” succeed storms and snow storms, and storm all the time.

Friday, 12.–Snow storm, as usual. So we go, storm after storm.

1) Ohio State Journal.

2) His birthday almost always caused some such sentiment as this to be written in his Journal. There seems to have been ever present with him a full realization of the fleetness of time and the utter worthlessness of all worldly possessions in the hour of death.

3) To fix the western boundary of the “Purchase.”

197

Oh, you hoary headed old scamp! hie you back to your frigid regions. What do you here in the Sunny South at this season of the year? Away with you, with your frosty beard and jingling icicles, no more to be seen till your allotted season.

Saturday, 13.–Clear for once, and prospect for a warm day. Adm’s. sale of the chattels of the late Robert Gray Eyes,1 deceased. J. Walker bought the place at the appraisement. I bought nothing! Came home and read newspapers just got out of the P. 0. The papers, however, a “dog’s age” old.

Sunday, 14.–Received a letter from my old friend and neighbor, A. Trager. Snowing, snowing, though not cold.

Staid at home all day. Dull, dull.

Monday, 15.–At daylight, 20 below zero! Sunrise,clear. Afternoon, cloudy and snowy. Sunset, snowing. Wind from the South.

Tuesday, 16.–Sunrise, 10o above zero. Clear. About to set out for Independence to attend a sale of Cohn & Black’s house and lot, and to attend Court, and various other matters.

Wednesday, 17.–At Independence. Bought Cohn & Black’s house and lot, $705.

Hiatus.

Friday, 26.–Came home with the mumps.

Saturday, 27.–Some better. Read all day. Took medicines.

Sunday, 28.–Read, wrote, etc.

Monday, 29.–Sent $705.00 to the Sheriff by C. Graham, being the price of my late purchase.

Tuesday, 30.–Mild and warm. Suffering from a severe cough. Amused with the company of Mr. Murfee from Independence, who staid all night.

Wednesday, 31.–Beautiful day, warm and pleasant.

1) Brother of John W. Gray-Eyes.

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APRIL, 1847.

Thursday, 1.–All Fool’s day, but a very pleasant one. Warm and mild. Wrote to J. R. Rowand informing him when I made the remittance of $25.00.

Friday, 2.–At 9 o’clock the girls made their appearance after an absence of over six months. They came home to spend their vacation.

Saturday, 3.–We both went to Kansas in company with Henry Jacquis and his team, and brought away our effects stored away in the warehouse, and at the same time acknowledged the execution of a deed before Justice Kaufman, and came home quite fatigued.

Nancy Washington died this morning.

Sunday, 4.–Fine, warm day. The funeral of Nancy Washington takes place to-day.

Monday, 5.–Beautiful weather.

Tuesday, 6.–Attended Council at J. Washington’s. Transacted various [matters of] business, and adjourned to the first Tuesday in May next.

Wednesday, 7.–Rolled the logs in the woods pasture. In the evening our old and esteemed friend, Col. W. M. Chick,1 departed this life. Disease, Gastritis, Enteritis, and Pneumonia.

Thursday, 8.–We attended the funeral. There was a vast concourse of people at the burial.

Friday, 9.–Settled with Thomas Bowers for his work in the woods pasture. Paid him $23.40. Log- rolled all day for M. R. Walker. A hard day’s work!!

Saturday, 10.–Working in the garden. Planted early potatoes, top onions; and sowed onion seed. Planted peas.

Sunday, 11.–Quarterly Meeting. Went to Church and heard a sermon from Mr. Stateler.

1) I do not know certainly whether he lived in the “Wyandot Purchase” or in the City of “Kansas”; probably in the latter.

199

Monday, 12.–Wrote to Col. Goodin, authorizing him to accept of Mr Saylor’s offer for my land, one-third down and the remainder in two annual payments, without interest. Wrote to Col. Kirby on the Burlingame case. Hauled rails all day.

“Je suis fatigue cum une chevalle.”

Mrs. Walker went to Westport to send by D. W. Simpson to New York for some silver plate.1 J. Walker returned to-day from St. Louis.

Hiatus.

Saturday, 17.–Planted our corn.

Sunday, 18.–Read, all day; kept close quarters.

Monday, 19.–Attending to hauling rails and stakes.

Tuesday, 20.–Employed D. Edgington and hand to build a garden and yard fence of paling, at 40c per panel.

Wednesday, 21.–Done and performed various [kinds of] work, such as fencing and the like.

Thursday, 22.–Done nothing, [it] being rather an unpleasant day. Opened a fresh barrel of sugar.

Friday, 23.–Rolled the logs in the new field.

Saturday, 24.–Frost this morning. Fine pleasant day. Hands split rails and stakes. Received a letter from Martha.

Sunday, 25.–Answered it [Martha’s letter.] Read–staid at home. Had the Hermit’s company a half an hour. Interesting colloquy.

Monday, 26.–Beautiful morning. Miss Monk gave birth to a fine heir. They are comfortably quartered in the Woods pasture. One more calf. Stock increasing. What shall I do? I will tear down my old pasture and build a new one. Tut, tut, that won’t do. I will enlarge it–yes, that will do. Wrote to J. C. Jackson concerning a receipt given me by Col. Chick.

Hiatus.

1) The Wyandots always have their silver plate marked with a figure of the animal for which the Clan to which they belonged was named.

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MAY, 1847.

Saturday, 1.–Received a letter from Mr Jackson informing me that he had received neither deed nor Col. Chick’s receipt by Mr Wilson.

Hiatus.

Tuesday, 4.–Paid by M. R. Walker, the Kansas proprietors, $50.001 for a lot in said town. Council met; transacted various business. Sesssion [sic] lasted two days.

Hiatus.

Friday, 7.–Rained. Hunted a stone quarry.

Saturday, 8.–Attended the sale at the Council room, of the goods, chattels, and effects of Nofat, deceased. Bought nothing.

The company then proceeded to the ferry, hauled out and turned upside down the old flat boat, for repairs. G. A. and myself assorted our lumber.

Sunday, 9.–Read, wrote, etc., till 3 o’clock P. M. Then went to church and heard a sermon from Mr Parrott.

Monday, 10.–Tore down Piert’s infamous chimney intending to put up a new and better one in place. Hired F. Wilson and R. Richardson for a month, each at $12.00. Rained in the evening.

Tuesday, 11.–Rainy morning. Rained until 2 o’clock. Wrote to Major Harvey a letter of enquiry about the reported removal of C. Graham. Received a letter from John Wheeler.

Wednesday, 12.–Sunrise. Thermometer at “freezing point.” A severe white frost! Summoned to attend a Council at the Delaware meeting house to meet a deputation of Pawnees and other wild tribes, on tomorrow. Business unknown as yet.

Thursday, 13.–Attended the Council. The following tribes were represented, viz.: Wyandotts, Delawares, Shaw-

1) Some idea of the value of town lots in the City of Kansas in those days.

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nees, Kickapoos, and Pawnees. Entered into a treaty of peace and amity. This is the first time in my life that I heard the Pawnee language spoken.1

Friday, 14.–Rained. Edgington and hands making shingles for the kitchen and smoke house. Hauling the hewed timber. To-day our Wyandott volunteers set out on board the “Amelia” for the seat of war.2

Saturday, 15.–Rained nearly all day. Hauled timber. At noon Edgington and hands left for home. Mrs W. went to Kansas. Got no mail. Evening, went out gunning for squirrels,–killed none. Wounded some and scared some terribly!

Sunday, 16.–Raining, cloudy, and tempestuous. Wrote to Col. Goodin under date [of] the 15th, inclosing him our deed to Mr. Saylor. Wrote to Dr. Boggs enclosing his note given to the proprietors of Kansas for a lot. Cloudy and a drizzling rain. Unsettled weather.

Monday, 17.–Cloudy and cold morning. F. Wilson went to Independence. Sent to the Clerk’s office a deed for the certificate and County seal.

Castrated and marked eight pigs. A swallow fork in the right ear.

Tuesday, 18.–Warm and pleasant. Hauling our building timber. Broke our small wagon by Dick’s carelessness. Stopped hauling. Waiting for Esau to return my big wagon. Bad luck. Brimstone, Sour Krout and Assafaetida.

Wednesday, 19.–Prepared the new field for the plough. Esau came with an apology for keeping my wagon, and promised to send it home to-morrow.

Thursday, 20.–Rained last night furiously. Set out fifty cabbage plants. Esau called and informed me that he had

1) It was determined at this meeting to convoke the tribes of the Northwestern Confederacy and rekindle the Council Fire in the West, so John W. Gray-Eyes told me. The Council was held in October of the following year.

2) The Mexican War.

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broken my big wagon. Well, if this is not enough to provoke the soul of a saint, I do not know what will. Worked in the woods pasture. Rained all day. The rainy season coming on, and the annual freshet. The Missouri rising.

Friday, 21.–Mr Thompson commenced walling the cellar. Unlucky day for a commencement. Cloudy and lowry; “looks mighty like rain.” Hauled logs for my building.

Saturday, 22.–Cold and clear morning, but [we] escaped Jack Frost’s clutches.

Hauled a load of stone, and resumed hauling our building timber. Sent by Mr Parrott to the P. O. at Westport to have letters mailed for Hanson, B., J. Wheeler, and A. P. Curry. Received a letter from Deacon Wheeler full of abolitionism.

Sunday, 23.–Staid at home. Read newspapers, and commenced a reply to the Deacon’s abolition letter. In the evening went to Church and had a sermon from Mr Parrott.

Monday, 24.–Rainy morning. Started with the team to the stone quarry, but it rained so desperately and [with] no probability of its holding up, [that] we gave up the idea of quarrying rock, and came home. To- day F. A. Hicks and Matilda Driver1 were married. Joy be with them. Cold night.

1) The Driver Family was an important one in the Wyandot Nation. From what I have been able to learn I conclude that Francis Driver was a Wyandot Indian of not more than one-fourth blood, if even that much. He was the son of a Wyandot Chief named Driver, who is often spoken of by Finley in his Book “Among the Indians.” This Chief was one of Finley’s principal supporters when he established Methodism in the Wyandot Nation. He signed the Treaty of January 19, 1832. His Wyandot name was Sah- yooh’-tooh’-zhah, the meaning of which is lost. One of Driver’s speeches is given in Finley’s book at page 436.

In 1823 Jacob Hooper was appointed to the Wyandot Mission by the Ohio Conference of the M. E. Church, held in Urbana. His wife was also appointed to a position (that of teacher) in the Mission. Hooper was from Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and he brought with him to the work among the Indians his niece, Miss Matilda Stephenson, who had been brought up at Lancaster. She was scarcely grown up when she arrived at Upper Sandusky. She attended the Mission school awhile after she arrived. Her aunt, Mrs. Hooper, was a teacher in her department and Matilda often assisted her.

Francis Driver was a student at the Mission school; he often saw Miss Stephenson. He was very desirous of marrying her and became an ardent suitor. And in due time

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Tuesday, 25.–Clear, cold and chilly morning. Set out with our team and bands for Clark’s stone quarry and found excellent building stone. At 10 o’clock Mr Dennis, our carpenter, arrived with his tools. Clear and beautiful day.

Wednesday, 26.–Clear and cool morning. Prospect of a fine day. Hauling stone. Received a letter from Major Harvey announcing the removal of Charles Graham from the public smithshop.

Thursday, 27.–My hands, R. Richardson and F. Wilson left me this morning to go to the Mexican wars. Now my

Francis Driver and Matilda Stephenson were married. Before their marriage Miss Stephenson was adopted by an old Wyandot woman who belonged to the Snake Clan. She thus became a Wyandot of that Clan. Children were born to them that grew up, as follows: 1. Sarah; 2. William; 3. Caroline. Francis Driver and wife came to Wyandotte County from Ohio with the Wyandot Nation. He died here January 24, 1847, and lies buried in the old Indian burying ground in Huron Place. He was 45 years old at his death. His Wyandot name was Teh’-hah-rohn’-yooh-reh’, and means “splitting the sky.” He belonged to the Big Turtle Clan. After his death Mrs. Driver married Francis A. Hicks. They had no children. Hicks died in September, 1855. He was Head Chief of the Wyandots in 1850. Mrs. Matilda (Driver) Hicks died June 29, 1866, aged 61 years. She lies buried in the Indian burying ground in Huron Place, also. I find the following in my notes on Huron Place Burying Ground:

Francis Driver

Died

Jan. 24, 1847

Aged 45 Yrs.

Matilda Hicks

Died

June 29 1866

Aged 61 Yrs.

Mary A. Driver

Died

Aug 31 1844

Aged 14 Yrs.

Martha Driver

Died

Sept. 13 1844

Aged 11 Yrs 8 Mos, 4 Days.

Sarah Driver married, 1st, Dr. W. A. Payne, of Louisville, Ky., and 2d, Lucian Dagnett, a quarter-blood Peoria Indian. No children by either marriage. William Driver was in the Union Army and died unmarried. Caroline married, 1st, Edward Kirkbride. They had two children, Eugene and Frank. Frank had hip-joint disease and is now a cripple. He is the adopted son of Mrs. Dagnett. She married, 2d, Lewis Lofland. Children: 1. Mary Josephine, now the adopted daughter of Mrs. Dagnett; 2. Charles; 3. Ruth-Died; 4. Annie-called Kittie.

Lewis Lofland lives on his allotment, in the Wyandot Reservation, near Seneca, Mo.

Mrs. Sarah Dagnett lives in Seneca, Mo. Her allotment is near the town of Wandotte, Indian Territory.

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work must stop until I can employ some more. Trouble and disappointment.

Friday, 28.–Went to Kansas and employed C. Jondron and Peter Ballanger to work by the day to haul stone.

Saturday, 29.–Bought of Dr. Hand 300 feet of sheeting plank.

Sunday, 30.–Hiatus.

Monday, 31.–Got my mail. Little or no news. Hands returned to work with Peter Balanger and C. Jondron, and a Mr Smiley, carpenter.

JUNE, 1847.

Tuesday, 1 .–Rained. “Monsieur Tonson” the mason not “come again” to resume his work. Council day; did not attend owing to illness. J. Walker took my place.1

Wednesday, 2.–Pleasant and cool. A perfect clatter among the hands, carpenters, teamsters, stonemasons, and other hands employed upon my premises–a perfect Babel.

Thursday, 3.–Rainy day. Work suspended. Cleared up, and operations resumed. Went to Washington’s on business, in company with H. Jacquis.

Friday, 4.–Showery all day, but continued our operations all day.

Saturday, 5.–Rained all day till evening. C. Jondron, Ballanger, Mr Dennis and Mr Smiley went home. During the day we were called upon by a Mr Smith, President of the Masonic College at Lexington, who brought a letter of introduction from the girls. Had an interesting colloquy with him upon Indian affairs, customs, and polity, with various other matters.

Sunday, 6.–Went to Church like a good and true Christian. Heard Mr Parrott. Sound and wholesome doctrine.

1) The Wyandot Constitution required the Council to be full when business was transacted. If a Councilor could not attend he might send a substitute who would represent his views in the deliberations. If he did not send a substitute the Council might designate some one to take his place for that session.

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Monday, 7.–Splendid morning. Resumed operations in walling the cellar. Mr Smiley returned. My Francois hands did not return. Sorry for it. Edgington and hands returned. Sorry for that, for I am not ready for them. So it is sorrow upon sorrow. Ahem! 12 o’clock. Heard that Dr. Hewitt had just landed, on his return from the East. I care not a bauble about seeing him. His conduct in removing C. G. meets with my most utter detestation. The motive which prompted him to the step was pure and unadulterated malice. Who is there to rejoice at his removal? None but himself and two A’s, that is, Asses, besides himself.

Tuesday, 8.–Went to town, chatted with various persons. People much excited against Dr. H. for his conduct. The A’s sycophantically paying their apotheosis to him in the most obsequious manner,–they can truly

Crook the pregnant hinges of the knee

That thrift may follow fawning.”

I went not nigh the detestable moving mass of corruption.

Wednesday, 9.–About 3 o’clock this morning we were visited by a perfect tornado, with vivid lightning. It seemed as though creation were ripening for its dissolution earth rocked to its center, and amidst its oscillations, the roar of falling trees and the descent of the cataract of the heavens, rendered the scene, amidst the gloom of night, grand and terrific. Morning disclosed the extent of the destruction, sundry trees blown down, two hats blown away, and a crock of milk submerged!!

Mr C. Columbus McClelland [called] upon us this morning on his way to Fort Leavenworth. The whole country appears to be agog about selling oxen, wagons, provisions, etc., to the commissary and quartermaster, all for the army. Swimming times for speculators, but a “beggarly account of empty boxes” for our National treasury.

My execrations upon the Captain of the steamboat “Ma-

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nona” for landing my lumber on the point opposite Wyandott City, instead of our usual landing place. I’ll mark that chap—he may fall in my way some of these days, then I’ll, I’ll —-.

Thursday, 10.–Commenced raising my kitchen and smoke house–hands scarce. Finished raising the latter at 1 o’clock P. M., then commenced the kitchen. Succeeded in getting the joist plates and porch plates up before adjourning for the night. Thompson, the stone mason, grumbling and complaining all the while. The churlish, selfish, and contrary being has given me much trouble, since the carpenters have commenced operations, owing to his being so over captious.

Friday, 11.–Resumed our raising–pleasant day. No hands came. Well, we will do it ourselves and apply the more strength, and what we lack in numbers we will make up in “bone and sinew.”

At 11 o’clock completed the raising of our buildings and after dinner “the ghost of unforgiven crimes” (Mr T.) took his departure, and not sorry to be relieved of his company for a season–his incessant cry of “more rock” I had become weary of hearing. When there was an abundance of “rock” then something else was wanting, and when that was supplied, his inventive genius would conjure up something else — So on ad infinitum.

James Washington called upon me to inform [me] that a special session of the Council will be held to-morrow morning upon the subject of the public blacksmith.

Commenced giving Nero sulphur in his food, poor fellow, being afflicted severely with the mange, and dis[tem]per–all caused by impurity of his blood.

Saturday, 12.–Rained last night, but bright and clear this morning-Beautiful summer morn! How bland and balmy is the air! How green and vivifying is the surrounding forest!

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Our fortress is the good green wood,

Our tents the cypress tree;

We know the forest round us,

As seamen know the sea.”

Went to the National Council. Made a desperate speech upon the public blacksmith question. The people, by unanimous vote, placed the stamp of disapprobation upon the subagent’s conduct in removing the present blacksmith. The Council addressed a communication to Major Harvey upon the subject, remonstrating against the removal. At the same Council we decided not to take up the War Tomahawk tendered to us by the Winnebagoes and Pottawatamies against the Sioux. Hands all went home.

Sunday, 13.–Sabbath morning. Sun rose most brilliantly; the large dew-drops falling from the green foliage like spangles from a rainbow, the crystal drops still clinging to the green leaves, reminding one of the garniture of a splendid candelabrum–the sweet and wild warbling of the feathered songsters rendered our forest home altogether lovely and enchanting. Finished my long epistle to Deacon Wheeler on politics, domestic news, abolitionism – a sort of Salmagundi omnium gatherum communication.

Monday, 14.–Cloudy and cool. Fireside quite agreeable. Our hands returning to their work.

Tuesday, 15.–Took our team to town for a load of lime and a keg of nails, but owing to the storm returned without either. We two went to Mr Graham’s to a dinner party. Meantime Bombastes Furioso (Dr. H.) called upon Mr Graham to inform him of his dismissal from service. Whereupon Mr G. gave him a very plain statement of his opinion of his conduct–some severe home thrusts; “alas! poor Yorick!” Hauled our lime and nails in the afternoon. “Monsieur Tonson” out of humor!

“Always complainin,

Fra mornin’ till even.”

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Wednesday, 16.–Cold morning. Thermometer 62o. Comfortable sitting by the fire, but no time to do that, motion, motion, locomotion. Edgington completed his contract and away they went “te hum.” In the evening called to attend the Council. Attended. Adjourned in the night and had a dark walk of it home. Rained furiously last night.

Thursday, 17.–Clear this morning, though the weather is unsettled. To-day the sale of lots in the addition to the town plat of Kansas. Speculators in “corner lots” will doubtless be in attendance. Went to Kansas and bought two lots; one at $30 and the other at $29.

Friday, 18.–Rained most furiously. Came home in the midst of a pelting storm.

Saturday, 19.–Commenced ploughing, and while thus engaged was summoned to attend a special Council, called by Dr. H., he wanting an opportunity of explaining his conduct in relation to his removing Mr Graham, and a poor excuse be made of it.

Sunday, 20.–Clear and cool. Must attend the funeral of the Seneca Chief. Learned that the Chief died with the small-pox.

Monday, 21.–Employed Mr Wood to assist Elijah in ploughing the new field. Judge MCC., Mr J. Walker, Mrs Leonard, called and paid us a visit–staid an hour or two, and proceeded to pay their respects to C. B. Garrett’s family. Had a visit from Mrs Graham, and in the evening M. R. W. brought us our mail–welcome!

Tuesday, 22.–Continued ploughing, making pretty good headway, the weather being cool and pleasant. In the evening Mr Graham made us a visit. Judge MCC. and party returned this morning to Fort Osage. Adam Brown called upon me to write for him–I put him off to a “more convenient season.”

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and at 12 commenced harrowing. Expecting a mail from Westport to-day, disappointed–too bad! Oh, Cave Johnston, thou art a pink of a P. M. G.1

Thursday, 24.–Cool and pleasant. Roused from my slumbers by the arrival of the Deacon from his trip down the river. Hauled up his and my effects, such as household goods; harrowed our new field. Planted it in corn this 24th day of June. Whether it will get ripe, time will determine.

Friday, 25.–Clear and cool. “Ding, dong bell” goes the steam boat bell. A boat coming up, puffing, blowing, snorting and roaring from the action of her wheels.

Planted my fall potatoes; planted cucumbers and watermelons. ‘Tis now 11 o’clock A. M. Having disposed of my agricultural operations, I can now devote my undivided attention to my “betterments” as the Yankee would say, and get them completed as soon as may be; arter this I will do myself the distinguished honor of resting from hard labor for a season at least.

Saturday, 26.–Beautiful morning. Commenced plowing through my corn the second time. Discharged Mr Woods, his per diem being exorbitantly high.

Just received a letter from Major Harvey announcing the restoration of C. Graham to his post. Now Doctor–” By St. Paul the work goes bravely on.” What step will you next take to add to your list of already accumulated acts of disinterested patriotism.

My hands are all gone; now we are alone. How lonely, everything still.

Sunday, 27.–Cloudy morning. Prospect of rain. Mr Graham brought me a letter from Col. Goodin. Mr Saylor pronounces my deed good for nothing, informal, sundry, frivolous objections raised to it. Well, be it so. I will keep the land and he may keep his “filthy lucre.”

1) Postmaster General.

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Monday, 28.–Cloudy morning. At 8 o’clock it commenced a moderate rain and rained steadily until half past 3 P. M.

Spent the day with Pharoah and family. On the 19th the present month, N. E. Zane and family retreated from Missouri the second time for daddy’s house. Ha, ha, ha, ha-a-a. Starved out. His wife no longer needed by certain libertines–run down to infamy–to the lowest depths–glad you are gone.

Tuesday, 29.–Clear, beautiful morning. Special session of the Council to-day.

Council assembled at 12 o’clock. Divorced Moses Peacock from his wife Mary. So Moses is now a single man. Blessed are the single, for they shall be double (if they desire it). If the countenance be any index to the state of the “inner man,” Moses left the Council room a happy man.

Addressed a communication to Major Harvey in reply to his, announcing the restoration of Mr Graham. Dr. H. very sullen. Would not come near the Council.

Wednesday, 30.–Staid at home all day after my return from the ferry. Wrote a long letter for Adam Brown to Col. John Prince of Sandwich. To-night feel quite unwell. I fear it is a precursor of an attack of the billions fever.

JULY, 1847.

Thursday, 1.–Fine morning. Clear and cool atmosphere. This has been a remarkably cool summer this far, the mercury in the thermometer seldom getting higher than 75o, and often below that. It is said that by some late observations made through Lord Ross’s great telescope that there are large spots on the sun’s disc by which the power of the sun is diminished, hence our cool summer. What has come over old Father Sol, that he should now, in his old days, become so silly and vain as to resort to daubing his face with paint!

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Wife rode out to visit the sick. Sickly time in Wyandott City. The complaint appears to be a typhoid fever. Just heard that Mrs Palmer is dead.

Friday, 2.–Mr Hightower commenced going through my corn, the garrulous old Turk! I am sick of him. Why his tongue is [in] perpetual motion. It is nothing but one eternal clatter.

Saturday, 3.–Got an Ohio Statesman. Not much news. Hightower finished his job at noon and put out.

Sunday, 4.–Quite unwell. Rheumatic affliction in the head, which is so painful, especially in the afternoon, as almost to set me distracted.

Mrs Graham very sick. News announced in the Statesman, that in consequence of the defalcation of Col. Huber, a loco foco, Receiver of Public Monies in the Land Office at Upper Sandusky, Col. Purdy McElvain, another loco foco of course, has succeeded him in wearing “the blushing honors,” and fingering Uncle Sam’s cash. This is truly a streak of good luck for Purdy.

Monday, 5.–Sick, loss of appetite. Nerves unstrung. My head disordered. All sick. I would sell myself for a sixpence. Mr Dennis returned to-day in company with a Mr Smith, a journeyman carpenter.

Just heard of the return of Isaiah and Irvin. Our sick neighbors no better, particularly Mrs Graham and William Garrett.

Tuesday, 6.–Had a sick and restless night. Cloudy morning, prospect of rain. To-day is our regular Council or Court day, and I ought to attend its session, but how can I? William G. no better. I fear for him.

3 o’clock P. M. William is dead! alas! alas! our worst fears are realized. Finished a letter to Martha. Upon going to bed I had placed upon the nape of my neck a large blister plaster, for a neuralgic affliction in my head.

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Wednesday, 7.–Ah, misericordie! Dress my blister! I am a complete scald. Got the poll evil in full. fruition. Dr. Hand called to see me in the evening. Gave me some advice and left some medicines. Slept comfortably through the night. Mr Davis staid all night with us.

Thursday, 8.–Took a Seidlitz drink, feeling somewhat. feverish and thirsty. Had a most refreshing shower. Oh, what a change in the atmosphere. How balmy and fragrant is the air!

Aye, strike up your music ye little feathered songsters.

Friday, 9.–Mr Davis arrived at about daylight and informed us that our esteemed friend, Mrs Graham, died this morning, within ten minutes of 3 o’clock. Here I will say that if I had a female friend on earth, one that was no kin to me, whose friendship was solid and enduring, earnest and sincere, it was the lamented Mrs Mary Graham. I lament deeply that in the order of Providence I was denied the pleasure of seeing her during her illness, being confined by sickness. Peace to her remains, and my blessing on her memory.      Wrote a long letter to Col. Goodin upon the subject of the failure of his sale of land made for me.

Saturday, 10.–I’ve got the poll evil. The blister on the back of my neck raises such a stench that —–

Wife gone to Kansas for our mail, finding everybody else too lazy to go. Warm day, thermometer 86o. On retiring to bed, “I tuck a dose of calomy,” as Mrs Hodge would say.

Sunday, 11.–Weak and debilitated, no appetite. Warm day, sultry and oppressive. No circulating air. Thermometer 85o.

Monday, 12.–Passed a most dismal night. Was racked -with pain to a degree sufficient to send me distracted. 0, neuralgia! Thou art the very prince of all complaints.

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“When fevers burn or ague freezes,

Rheumatics gnaw or colic squeezes,

Our neighbor’s sympathy may ease us,

Wi’ pitying moan;

But thee, thou hall o’ a’ diseases,

Aye mocks our groan.”

Tuesday, 13.–Rested tolerably well last night, after trying a new nostrum, viz: bathing my head in the water in which potatoes had been boiled. Whether there be any efficacy in it or not, time alone will determine.

Wrote to A. R. Curry again upon the subject of the $30.00 loan. I expect the villain intends to swindle me out of it.

‘Tis said he is a most accomplished villain, that while studying theology and preparing himself for the ministry, he was at the same time studying with commendable industry the fine arts of villainy. Well, he has made great proficiency in the latter science, as C. B. Garrett can testify to his sorrow. His epitaph should be thus:

ON A CELEBRATED PRESBYTERIAN PREACHER

“Here Mr. Curry in death doth sleep;

To h–l if he’s gane thither,

Satan gi’e him thy gear to keep,

He’ll bold it well thegither.”–Burns.

Warm day, thermometer 88o, no wind stirring, rendering the atmosphere, oppressively sultry. Mrs Russell left the Deacon’s in a flurry. Something wrong here.

Wednesday, 14.–Rested well last night. My complaint is leaving me. I have now been free from it for thirty-six hours. Potato soup has been the catholicon in this case. What a discovery. Hear it ye sufferers with rheumatics, sciatica, neuralgia, etc. Boil a dozen or more potatoes till they are thoroughly cooked; bathe the afflicted parts three or four times a day while the water is warm.

By to-day’s mail I received a letter from Col. Goodin informing me that he had made another sale of my Hardin County lands to a Mr Greer of Knox County, and at the same

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time inclosing a blank deed, and what is still better, the pay is d’argent comptant. So Mr Saylor may hunt for lands elsewhere.

Thursday, 15.–To-day the assembled nation nominates candidates to run against the chiefs at the August election. I concluded it would not be safe for me to venture out to encounter solstitial sun in my present weak condition. So I staid at home. Had to dine with us that man of affliction and many troubles, Mr Graham. He is recovering from his illness.

Friday, 16.–Finished the “Mountain Siege” for John Shunk’s paper, occupying ten closely written pages. Wrote an obituary notice of Mrs G. for the “Expositor.”1

Saturday, 17.–Wife started early this morning for Westport on business and to get our mail if any. Strolled over to Deacon Peerey’s and spent an hour in social chat to drive away ennui. Tried to invoke the muses, but ‘tis no use. Parnassus Hill, to me, is an unknown Eldorado. I am as ignorant of its locality, its hills, its rivers, bays, springs, etc., as I am of “Symme’s hole” where Reynolds says “all the game in the arctic regions retreat to for refuge in the winter.”2

Received a batch of newspapers, new and old, so I have new news and old news. Sultry evening. At night our rest was disturbed by a troop of dogs, which did us the honor of a most unmusical serenade. To show them how much I appreciate their civilities, I went out with my double barreled gun, and fired a salute, leaving one of their party dead

1) Published in Cincinnati, Ohio.

2) Captain John Cleves Symmes, for six years from 1818, a resident of Newport, Kentucky. He was an eccentric man and evolved a New Theory of the Earth called “The Theory of Concentric spheres.” He maintained that the globe is composed of a number of hollow spheres, having spaces between them occupied by atmospheres, and that these shells were widely open at both poles, and that the concave surface of the outer shell, and probably of them all, is inhabited by various kinds of inferior animals, and by intelligent beings resembling ourselves. Captain Symmes’s drawings illustrating his theory were reproduced a few years since in the Southern Bivouac, a magazine published at Louisville, Ky.

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on the spot. Whereupon they stopped their music and dispersed.

Sunday, 18.–Cloudy; some prospect of rain. Commenced raining in the afternoon and rained a most refreshing shower till night. What a change hath this much needed and much prayed for rain wrought in the face of nature! How pure and balmy is the air.

Monday, 19.–Clear and beautiful morning. Set out to pay a visit to J. Walker, who is still sick. Found him laboring under a great nervous irritability. Staid till after dinner. Then called upon C. Graham. They are all getting better. Hunter still sick. Old complaint. Warm and sultry.

Tuesday, 20.–Wrote to the girls. Heard from J. W. through Uncle James. Symptoms some better, less nervous. Deacon Peery gone to the institution. “More lumber” is the cry of my carpenter. My curse upon the wasteful rascals, it would keep a steam saw mill going to keep them supplied with lumber. Thundering, perhaps more rain. “So mote it be.”

Wednesday, 21.–No rain, nor sign nor indication of any,–sultry.

Wrote to J. R. Rowand. Went to gather blackberries. Too warm to gather many so I sounded a retreat home, contenting myself with a couple of quarts of the fruit.

Thursday, 22.–Went to the village. Paid a visit to J. W. He seems to be getting better. Received an invitation to attend the great barbecue at Independence. I may go, can’t tell yet, depending upon my colleagues the Chiefs, as the invitation is to the Council.

No news by yesterday’s mail.

Friday, 23.–Beautiful morning, but a prospect for a warm day. On my way to Weston, hired Mr Hightower to clear out my new corn field and hoe my potatoes.

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Saturday, 24.–In Weston. Can purchase no lumber.

Hiatus.

AUGUST, 1847.

Monday, 9.–Bought of a Shawnee Indian a pony in Kansas for $8.00 and I have called him “Cato.” He is a pretty little fellow.

Engaged a Mr Bowring to do the lathing and plastering, 14c per square.

Friday, 13.–Engaged a Mr Shaw to build my chimneys.

Saturday, 14.–John Lynch commenced work at $14.00 per month. A real son of the “Emerald Isle.”

Hiatus.

National election and barbecue. The old Council reelected.

SEPTEMBER, 1847.

Saturday, 11.–Mr Keyser and Mr Taylor commenced boarding.

Hiatus.

OCTOBER, 1847.

Monday, 4.–Hannah Walker went down to Kansas to take the boat for Ohio to-morrow morning; be gone perhaps seven weeks. A pleasant and prosperous trip to her.

Tuesday, 5.–Dr. Hewitt commenced paying the annuity to the Wyandotts and they, after receipting, paying their respective dividends over to the Chiefs in order to rebuke and defeat the officious interference of the Government in the distribution of the annuity.1

Wednesday, 6.–Continued the same.

Thursday, 7.–Same.

Friday, 8.–Same.

Saturday, 9.–The Chiefs commenced paying out.

1) It seems that heretofore the annuity had been paid to the Chiefs, and by them to the people.

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Sunday, 10.–Wrote to Mrs W. for Wednesday’s mail.

Monday, 11.–Commenced paying again.

Tuesday, 12.–Mr Bowring finished his work.

Wednesday, 13.–Paid him off, so I am done with him and his loafers and his carrion horses.

Thursday, 14.–Severe frost last night. Resumed the payment of the annuity. Mr Fish and Hetty were married.

Friday, 15.–Wrote to Mrs W. to go by Saturday’s mail.

Saturday, 16.–Continued the payment.

Sunday, 17.–Staid at home, read the news, etc.

Monday, 18.–Resumed operations; busy times. Everyone in motion to gain “multum pecunia” if he can, and if he cannot he must go minus.

Tuesday, 19.–Closed the payment! Felicitatus.

Wednesday, 20.–John Walker left in no very good humor, not meeting with as good success in his collections as he expected.

Thursday, 21.–Sick, took medicine. Staid at home.

Friday, 22.–Went to Kansas. Made some purchases; came back by dinner time.

Saturday, 23.–Commenced a letter to Harriet. At night attended a meeting of the directors of a joint stock company. Came home after midnight.

Sunday, 24.–Read all day. Lonesome, melancholy.

Monday, 25.–Done nothing, but “pottered” about the house.

Tuesday, 26.–Finished Harriet’s letter and one to Mrs Walker for to-morrow’s mail.

A Council held to-day to investigate a case between F. A. Hicks and Adam Hunt–a paltry affair, truly to cause the Council to convene in a special session.

John Lynch hauling stone to-day.

Wednesday, 27.–Ditto.

Hiatus.

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Thursday, 28.–Staid at home and thought of Hannah and longed for her return.1

Friday, 29.–Went to town to purchase marketing.

Saturday, 30.–Went to the P. 0. for my mail.

Sunday, 31.–Hiatus.

NOVEMBER, 1847.

Thursday, 11.–Received a letter from J. W. Garrett announcing the safe arrival of Mrs W. at Upper Sandusky on the 26th ultimo, making the trip from this place to Upper Sandusky via Wheeling in twenty-one days, at the same time visiting her friend in Belmont County on her route. This is rapid traveling.

Friday, 12.–My Irishman left me without leave or license and that at a time when I most needed his services. My curses on the ungrateful wretch; I understand he is at Kansas paying his devotions to that most potent of all deities to us poor sinners Bacchus.

Saturday, 13.–A most Labradorian day. It rained, hailed, and snowed, in an horrible tempest all day.

Sunday, 14.–Read newspaper for news, but found none of interest. Betook myself to a “brown study.”

Monday, 15.–Staid at home and attended to my domestic affairs.

Tuesday, 16.–Attended Council. Transacted a variety of business. Wrote to the Superintendent of Indian Affairs upon the subject of the blacksmith shop.

Wednesday, 17.–Staid at home as usual.

Thursday, 18.–Went to Kansas and attended to securing my two lots, and attended Dr. Hand’s wedding. Joy attend him and his bride.

Friday, 19.–Came home.

Saturday, 20.–Mrs W. and Martha returned.

1) No man was ever more devoted to his family than was Governor Walker to his.

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Sunday, 21.–Staid at home

Monday, 22.–Went to Kansas to purchase marketing.

Tuesday, 23.–Attended Council. Revised our National Code.

Wednesday, 24.–Rose early and found ourselves enjoying a most delectable snowstorm, the first we have had this fall.

Thursday, 25.–Cold and severe morning. Dreary morning. Winter on hand. Went to town for news, but got none.

Friday, 26.–This morning the thermometer stood 30 above zero. Whew! Cold morning, blustery day. Bought 393 pounds of pork of Mr Roberts of Clay County. Hauled it from the “sand bar” home.

Commenced reading the —-

Saturday, 27.–Clear and pleasant morning. Cut up my pork and salted it away. This I always do myself if able. Warm and pleasant.

Sunday, 26.–Cloudy and cold morning. Commenced a letter to J. W. Garrett. My mind is foggy this morning, and cannot write anything worth reading, so I will lay my letter aside till I conjure up a little common sense.

Monday, 29.–Clear and pleasant. Finished a long letter to J. W. Garrett to go by Wednesday’s mail.

Heard that James Washington was ill of a violent attack of the pleurisy; saddled my horse and went to see him; found him dangerously ill. While there sold my horse Juniper to the widow Russia Hicks. In the evening had a visit from C. Graham who staid till bed time.

Tuesday, 30.–A stormy morning, snowing and sleeting. Bella horrida. Received a letter from John Goodin upon business. The Council meets to-day.

Adjourned at 4 o’clock P. M. to meet the National assembly at the old Church.

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DECEMBER, 1847.

Wednesday, 1.–The first day of winter. Autumn went off in a rather gruffy mood, leaving behind an horrible rain storm. This morning the sun rose clear and smiling. Pleasant morning. Cold and cloudy in the afternoon. Rained at night.

Thursday, 2.–Cold and cloudy. Fair prospect for a snow storm. Winter has now fairly set in. Cold raw and blustery day. In the evening Mr Asbury King of Kansas came and made application for the school. Postponed for the consideration. Staid all night.

Friday, 3.–Clear and cold morning. Thermometer 10o below zero. Prospect of a fine day. Mr Phips, a pianist, called upon us and spent the day in tuning Sophia’s piano. Staid all night. Mild and pleasant night.

Saturday, 4.–Pleasant morning. Fine day for business. I must be up and doing.

Harlan Riggs and William McDowell finished their job of cutting cord-wood. Paid them off and they put out.

Sunday, 5.–Visited S. Armstrong; passed a half hour in chitchat. Came home and staid “te hum” all day. Read, wrote and loafed.

Monday, 6.–Went to town. Came back and hauled wood. Mrs Washington called upon us and inform[ed] [us] that the Chief is recovering from his illness.

Tuesday, 7.–Went to town. Sophia taken sick from a violent cold.

Engaged Mr Noble to build a corn crib and shed eighteen feet square. In the evening the sky became black and distant thunder was beard. At sunset we had a heavy rainstorm, which lasted till 8 o’clock. Then turned cold during [the] night. “It snew,then it friz.”

Wednesday, 8.–Keen, frosty morning. Replied to Leonard Smalley’s letter upon business. To-day being the day

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appointed for the National Convention to hear the new code of laws read and proclaimed, I beg leave to stay at home if you please, gentlemen.

Thursday, 9.–[This] morning at daylight, snow on the ground. Employed Mr Bowring to underpin my porch. He went to work. Mr Estes, the hog in principle, put out instead of staying to help Mr Bowring as he promised; but having secured his supper, lodgings, and breakfast “put out.” Out upon such imposing churls! John Lynch called upon me and begged me to take him into my employment again. I told him nay, verily, I will have nothing to do with him nor any other man in whom no dependence can be placed. So he gathered up his duds and put out.

C. Graham called and spent the evening.

Friday, 10.–Keen sharp morning. Dr. Hewitt called to see Sophia. Pronounced her mending. Mr Bowring finished underpinning the kitchen porch. Mr Peery came over and spent the evening. Clear night.

Saturday, 11.–Saddled up Dragon to go to town, but went no farther than H. Jacquis’s; lent him my horse and came home. The payment of the Cherokee Boy’s money postponed until

Monday. James Washington getting well. Cold nights and warm days.

Sunday, 12.–Staid at home, read and wrote. Mr Kezor and Mr Taylor left for Kansas, having completed their work on the new Church.

Monday, 13.–Went to town. Transacted some business, came home and staid there for that day.

Tuesday, 14.–Dr. Hewitt paid to the legatees of Cherokee Boy the amount due them, being $1,833.00. A general payment of debts then took place.

Wednesday, 15.–Went to Kansas to make oath to my statement in regard to some matters pending between the Isaac Zane’s family and John Walker.

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Thursday, 16.–Got my mail out of the P. 0. No news. One letter from Harriet.

Friday, 17.–Staid in Kansas and rambled over the town viewing its advantages and disadvantages in a commercial point of view. The long promised steam saw-mill not yet in operation. Why this delay? Echo answers why.

Saturday, 18.–After the mail came in, took French leave and came home.

Sunday, 19.–Having a violent cold, staid at home, instead of going to hear the Deacon’s dedication sermon in the new Church.

Monday, 20.–Cold morning. Mercury within eight degrees of zero. Cold all day. Made out an old unsettled account against S. Armstrong and sent it down by H. to Kansas for settlement and allowance, and got a bill of family goods thereon. Mr Dennis returned.

Tuesday, 21.–Mercury nearly at zero. At daylight 5o. To-day is Council day, and to-night the directors of the J. S. Company meet. Owing to the continued illness of the Principal Chief, the Co[uncil] adjourned till next Tuesday. No meeting of the J. S. Co.

Wednesday, 22.–Went to town. Came home and staid at home. Reading the “Wandering Jew.”

Thursday, 23.–Mr Dennis presented his bill. Jupiter Stator, thou ancient preserver of Rome, what a bill. Well, presenting a bill is one thing, and getting it paid is another.

Friday, 24.–Bought in company with E. T. Peery, a potato hole of James Rankin, the contents of which we hauled home. Received an application from D. Young for the ferry.

Saturday, 25.–A merry Christmas to you all!

Went to Church. The annual Christmas sermon was preached by Rev. L. B. Stateler. Came home and found Mr C. Graham domiciliated by my fireside. Took a (Christmas toddy and) social chat. He put out, and I to my chores.

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Sunday, 26.–Mercury 60 above zero. Cloudy morning. “Keen blows the wind and piercing is the air.” But we will repair to the sanctuary, lest we become infidels and deny the faith. Rev. L. B. Stateler preached. Then a subscription was opened for the finishing [of] the church. Subscriptions were liberal.

Attended church at candle-light. Esqr. Gray Eyes as usual gave us some of [his] ravings and rantings in the way of exhortation. Came home at 9 o’clock and —-

Monday, 27.–Meeting continued. Went to H. Jacquis’s and spent a part of the day, the election of a ferryman being the topic of conversation, the candidates are D. Young, Tall Charles, Charles Split-The-Logs.

Tuesday, 28.–Council met at James Washington’s. Proceeded to the election of a ferryman, and resulted in the election of D. Young. Received a message from the Delawares, informing us that they had received information of the appointment of two commissioners on the part of the Government to enter into a tri-party treaty upon the matter of the cession of land by the Delawares to the Wyandotts–whether this be true or not seems somewhat problematical.

Wednesday, 29.–Feel unwell. Weather unusually warm. “Summer heat.” Staid at home. H. Jacquis called upon me; chatted upon politics. Went to town in the evening.

Thursday, 30.–Warm. Mr Noble called. Went to Mr Cotter’s, bought some tallow. Called at H. Jacquis’s and found him sick with the pleurisy. Returned to him in the night and gave him some medicine. Left him at 8 o’clock.

Friday, 31.–Called upon H. J. Found him some better. Came home. 12 o’clock, “Summer heat.” Unhealthy weather.

Dorcas returned from her visit to Kansas.

Something suspicious going on at the Deacon’s. More women there than is common. Well, my suspicions are con-

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firmed. The Deacon has had the good fortune to have a son born to him on the last day of the year, 1847. Watch night at-the Church.

1848

JANUARY, 1848.

Saturday, 1.–A happy new year to ye all! I attended in company with the Deacon and J. M. Armstrong, on the other side of the Missouri River, to purchase marketing. Bought eight bushels of apples and a bag of corn meal. Got my effects home. The family attended the party at J. M. Armstrong’s. Came home at 9 o’clock. No mail. Heard the report of fire arms all day at Kansas. These are doubtless salutes. Silly fellows. This looks too puerile for men.

Sunday, 2.–Sabbath. Our folks being desirous of going to Church, I staid at home to keep house. C. B. G. called upon me and showed me a letter from John Walker, containing some menacing threats to the Wyandotts. Poor vindictive creature, spare thy malice, thy impotent rage. You can not browbeat the Wyandotts into anything wrong.

Monday, 3.–Mrs. W. went to Kansas and I worked upon my smokehouse. Signed a recommendation in favor of F. Cotter, who is an applicant for the Shawnee ferry.

Tuesday, 4.–This being Council day, I must attend. H. Jacquis being sick, his place must be supplied by a substitute as the law provides. The girls are going to Kansas on a visit to the Chick family.

Wrote to Col. Goodin upon the subject of the patents sent to him in October last.

Wednesday, 5.–Cold morning, thermometer 150 above zero. Called upon H. Jacquis and found him much worse.I entertain serious fears-he is laboring under a severe congestion of the lungs.

Hauled wood. Went over to see Jacquis, found him worse. Symptoms alarming-bathed him in hot spirits. Came away in the evening.

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Thursday, 6.–Went over early to see Jacquis. Alas! my fears were realized. He departed this life at 12 o’clock at night. The Council assembled at my house to make arrangements for the funeral, when the following program was agreed upon: the funeral to take place to-morrow at 11 o’clock, the procession to march under the direction of the marshal, to the Church, where an oration will be delivered on the life and character of the fallen Chief. Then to close with religious services. Thence to proceed to the burying ground. After the funeral service is read, then the burial and benediction.

Orator of the day, W. W.

Chaplain, Rev. E. T. Peery.

Marshal, S. Armstrong.

Friday, 7.–Beautiful day. The solemn ceremony of the burial took place in accordance with the above arrangements. Never have I seen so large a concourse of Wyandotts on a similar occasion.1

Saturday, 8.–Rose at 5 o’clock. Fury, how it [is]

1) Henry Jacquis belonged to that part of the Wyandot Nation composed of the Barnett and Charloe families. Margaret Charloe was a sister of Henry Jacquis. He was a good man and highly esteemed by the Wyandots. J. M. Armstrong named a son for him. He was more French than Indian. The Wyandots pronounced the name “Jocko.” I find the following in the “History of American Missions” (Worcester, 1840), page 722: “The Rev. William D. Smith, having been appointed missionary to the Western Indians, was set apart for that work by special prayer in the Presbyterian church at Cross Roads, Washington County, Pa., on the 12th of May, 1833. He immediately commenced his journey to the west, on an exploring tour. On the 19th of June, he arrived at the house of Mr. Joseph Barnett, near the mouth of the Kansas river, about 350 miles from St. Louis. Mr. Barnett’s grandfather was a white man, who had been made prisoner by the Indians almost in infancy. Always residing among them, he knew nothing of his parentage, and was a complete Indian in all his habits of thought, feeling, and action. His son, the father of Joseph, resided at Lower Sandusky, in the northern part of Ohio. Here he first heard the gospel in 1801, from the Rev. Mr. Hughs, who had been sent as a missionary explorer among the Indians by the Presbytery of Ohio. His meditations on what he had heard, and the labors of the Rev. George Scott among his people the next summer, led to his conversion. He was the ‘Wyandot Chief’ whose history has been published by the Massachusetts Sabbath School Society.” Joseph Barnett had married a Shawnee girl, who had been educated at the Maumee Mission, and in 1832 removed with the Shawnees to their Reservation near the Missouri. (See my note on the Charloe Family for further information about Jacquis.) He was buried in Huron Place Cemetery, but no stone remains to point out his grave.

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snowing. Increasing in violence–a regular “nor’ easter.” Kept close quarters. At one half past one o’clock, snowing furiously, rivaling the snow storms of Nova Scotia.

Sunday, 9.–Coldest morning we have had this winter. At sunrise the thermometer stood 20o below zero. Last night at 8 o’clock it was 50 above. Here is a fall of 25o.

Monday, 10.–Cloudy. At sunrise the temperature at zero. Kept close quarters all day. Read, wrote, and pondered over matters in futurity. M. R. W. hauled me a load of fodder.

Tuesday, 11.–Weather cloudy and moderate. Sent two letters to the office, one to Harriet and one to Mrs Barrett, Senr. Called upon the widow Jacquis. In the evening cut her some wood. Mrs W. went on a visit to C. B. G.’s. Mr Barstow came and spent the evening with us.

Wednesday, 12.–Mr Peery brought our mail, but not having time to read now, I will lay my papers aside “till a more convenient season.”

Mr Dennis brought Mr Waldron to examine the carpenter work done by him on my house and fix upon the price.

Thursday, 13.–Dark foggy and misty morning. Sent to the P. 0. an obituary notice of the death of Henry Jacquis to the editor of the Ohio State Journal. Went to town. No crossing the Kansas river in consequence of the thawing of the “ice bridge.”

Friday, 14.–The weather continues the same as yesterday, damp, foggy and cloudy. I hear of our people being sick. Unhealthy weather. Thermometer temperate.

Saturday, 15.–Some colder this morning, having frozen some last night. Went to M. R. W.’s and got the oxen. Cut and hauled some wood for the coming week. This thing of chopping is not quite so agreeable to “flesh and blood” though I do not think it, as an employment, very injurious, to the flesh, blood, or bones.

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In the evening Uncle James Rankin came and spent the evening with us. Clear and beautiful moonlight night.

Sunday, 16.–Wrote a letter to Jesse Stern upon land business and wrote also to Hugh Barrett a friendly communication.

Our folks returned from meeting and informed [us] that Esq. Gray Eyes handed a letter from Rev. J. B. Finley to be read to the congregation. It being read in Wyandott its contents were not fairly understood.

Monday, 17.–Clear and beautiful morning.

Called upon M. R. W., he being sick with a violent cold, and found him improving Went to town. No ferrying, the river being frozen over.

Mr Dennis brought over Mr Waldron’s award. Jupitator what a bill. At the prices fixed in the award, a carpenter will make in a year $1,700, and be boarded besides. Carpenters ought to become rich at these rates, but Mr Dennis and I settled without any reference to the award. In the evening visited the Deacon.

Tuesday, 18.–Council met and after some small matters were disposed of proceeded to the election of a councilor to supply the vacancy caused by the death of H. J. After several ballotings George I. Clark was elected to serve till the 15th of August ensuing.

Wednesday, 19.–Staid at home and did but little.

Thursday, 20.–Hiatus.

Friday, 21.–Went to Kansas and got mail.

Saturday, 22.–Mr Thos. Dennis called for his pay. Paid him, not wishing to be in debt to such a whining, simpering, and over honest man.

Sale of H. J.’s property took place under the management of G. I. Clark and James T. Charloe, administrators. Property sold enormously high. Bought nothing “as is my wont” in such cases.

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Sunday, 23.–Sick. Staid at home of course.

Monday, 24.–Employed Mr Noble to assist me to haul some wood and fodder.

Tuesday, 25.–Council met. Transacted sundry business. Appointed G. I. C. and J. M. A. a committee to call upon Major Cummings, Indian agent, and make certain inquiries about the appointment of commissioner to conclude a tri-party treaty between the Wyandotts, Delawares, and the U. S.

Wednesday, 26.–Went out gunning, but killed nothing. Went to town–Found the Kansas river rising.

Thursday, 27.–Tore down my shed and did sundry other nasty jobs. In the evening a Mr Waldo of Independence called and staid all night. Had a long and interesting confab with him. A democrat “dyed in the wool.” Deacon Peery called and chatted about the on dits of the day.

Friday, 28.–Beautiful morning. The weather looks like spring. At I o’clock the thermometer” temperate.” Called over to M. R. W.’s, not at home. F. A. H.’s negro ran away. He and John Lynch gone in pursuit of him.

“Niggur Sambo run away.

Didn’t come back till Saturday.”

No news. Ennui!

Saturday, 29.–Cold and cloudy. Went out this morning in the hopes of killing some game, but killed nothing but a squirrel. Poor reward for my toils. I’ll have it for dinner. Sent to the P. 0. At 2 o’clock P. M. it commenced raining. Reading Albert H. Gallatin’s article on the Mexican war. So far I regard it unanswerable. Dark, rainy, and gloomy night.

Sunday, 30.–Rainy morning. Mr Graham called for a day’s visit. Just heard of the death [of] Tauroomee’s wife Theresa. She was an amiable woman, affectionate, sociable, and agreeable. 3 o’clock P. M., snowing. Phoebus! What weather!

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Monday, 31.–At sunrise the thermometer stood 15o above zero. Prospect of a warm day, this last day of January, 1848.

Waiting for Sophia’s return from Kansas. She returned about 12 o’clock. In the evening Captain Waldo called upon us on his return from the fort, and staid all night. He informs [us] that General Scott has been arrested on charges preferred by Generals Worth and Pillow, and a court martial ordered to convene at Vera Cruz.

FEBRUARY, 1848.

Tuesday, 1.–Beautiful morning. Captain Waldo set out on his journey home. Council day. I must attend. A letter was read in Council from Major Cummins in relation to the tri-party treaty. Nothing satisfactory upon the subject. All equivocal. The Government is determined upon “foul play” upon us poor Wyandotts.

Wednesday, 2.–Went to Kansas and put in the P. 0. a Santa Fe newspaper and a map of Mexico and California addressed to John Shrunk, Editor of the “Lower Sandusky Telegraph.” Received a letter from Harriet. Settled with S. Armstrong and McCoy and Martin in our house-rent concern, the latter up to the 31st of December, 1847. Amount due up to this date from S. Armstrong $17.43. Amount due from McCoy and Martin up to December 31st, 1847, $31.05.

Thursday, 3.–Attended M. R. W.’s raising. Labored hard all day. A windy, cloudy and unpleasant day. Did not finish the raising. Postponed till Saturday next.

Friday, 4.–At daylight commenced snowing. Cold and stormy. About noon it partially cleared up. Hauled wood and some corn out of Henry Jacquis field. In the evening J. M. A. and his two little girls came over to spend the evening. Had a concert.

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Saturday, 5.–Cloudy morning.

Sunday, 6.–Hiatus.

Monday, 7.–In Westport.

Tuesday, 8.–      “How beautiful falls

From human lips,

That ‘blessed word forgive.’”

Wednesday, 9.–Came home. T. H. Noble staid all night.

Thursday, 10.–Martha and Dorcas went to Independence intending to stay till Saturday.

Friday, 11.–Employed Mr. Noble to cut and haul some wood. In the evening C. G. came on a visit and staid till bed time. A long and pleasant colloquy.

Saturday, 12.–Devoted my time to burning old logs and dry trees. Spring weather truly. In the evening Adam Brown called and delivered my mail from Kansas with President’s Message and accompanying documents. A truly mammoth document!

Martha and Dorcas not returned yet. We are uneasy about them.

Sunday, 13.–Cloudy morning. Read the news and wrote a letter to A. Guthrie,1 a sort of salmagundi affair, upon all sorts of subjects. Warm day. At 4 o’clock P. M. it commenced raining and rained till 8 o’clock.

Monday, 14.–Cloudy as usual. James White-Wing came as per agreement to work for me. Martha not returned yet. What in the name of Moses can keep her?

Tuesday, 15.–Returned from their journey.

Wednesday, 16.–Went with the girls to Kansas, they being invited to attend Isaac McCoy’s “infair.”

Thursday, 17.–Remained in waiting the arrival of the Haiden, expecting to find Harriet on board coming home to spend her vacation, but was disappointed.

1) Mr. Guthrie was kept in Washington most of his time by the Wyandot Nation to look after their affairs. He was in Washington at this time.

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Friday, 18.–Waiting the arrival of the Tamerlane. She landed, but still no Harriet.

Saturday, 19.–Hiatus.

Sunday, 20.–Hiatus.

Monday, 21.–Hiatus.

Tuesday, 22.–Celebrated the birthday of the Father of his Country, by having a social select convivial party in Mr Tibb’s counting room. Quite a pleasant and agreeable time. Our wit and the chief author of our merriment was a Mr Dyke.

Wednesday, 23.–Done nothing. Read the news.

Thursday, 24.–Clearing up the yard, assisted by John Lynch.

Friday, 25.–Engaged in the same.

Saturday, 26.–Same. Got our mail. Not much news.

Sunday, 27.–Read Fremont’s defense.

Monday, 28.–Hauled wood all day. Brought my big wagon home and lent it again to John Van Meter.1 Somewhat fatigued at night. Mr and Mrs Davis, with C. G. came on a visit and staid all night.

Tuesday, 29.–Attended Council. Made out our appropriation bill for 1848. Tried and convicted Thomas Stand-In-The-Water of burglary and theft. Transacted various minor matters of business. A person named Quinby called, enquiring for a fugitive slave who absconded from his master in Platte City.

MARCH, 1848.

Wednesday, 1.–Resumed our operations in clearing up, and as Major J. Downing says, “Sitting things to rights.” Miss Blossom was last night delivered of an heir. A fine calf.

Thursday, 2.–Snowing at a most furious rate. Kept housed up all day. The sky black as a raven’s wing, and the air white as the crest of ‘he foaming billow.

1) The Van Meters were Mohawks; they were adopted Wyandots.

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Friday, 3.–At daylight, thermometer 10o below zero. Hauled corn and fodder. Widow Driver was buried to-day.1

Saturday, 4.–At daylight, thermometer at zero. Matthew Peacock2 was buried to-day.

“Insatiate archer, could not one suffice!”

Pleasant in the afternoon, but towards sunset the wind blew from the north and turned very cold. Received a letter from Jesse Stern, Esq., upon land matters. Also some public documents from A. Guthrie. C. Graham staid all night and bespoke boarding for himself and assistant, Orange Wilcox.

Sunday, 5.–Thermometer “0” (zero). Bright and clear. This day I complete my forty-seventy year. Can this be possible? Verily I cannot realize [it]. I can hardly persuade myself that I have already lived so long and ambled upon this bustling stage 47 years; yet such is the fact. The record shows it. I was born in the County of Wayne, Territory (now State) of Michigan on the 5th of March A. D., 1880.3 Methinks it was but last week I was a crazy-headed, reckless, fun-loving and unstudious school boy. How swift is the flight of time.

Monday, 6.–Assisted by John Lynch, I overhauled our spring, which had been failing. Put in a new trough, but Alas! we toiled for naught; we gained but little water.

Tuesday, 7.–Went to town. John Lynch chopped in the woods pasture. Joel set out for N. Y.

1) The mother of Francis Driver.

2) He was buried in Huron Place Cemetery. On the stone above his grave is this:

Matthew Peacock

Died

Oct 1843

Aged 68 Yrs.

The date is wrong. There being no day of the mouth given indicates that there was uncertainty as to the date by those having the stone put up. It was probably not erected until many years after his death.

3 See biographical sketch of Governor Walker for different dates given for his birth. This is undoubtedly the correct date.

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Wednesday, 8.–Overhauled my pork. Lent the Deacon one of my barrels and repacked his pork. Worked on my smoke house and in the garden. Overhauled the roots of my fruit trees. Manured them with spall-stones and compost. Paid John Lynch four dollars.

Thursday, 9.–Clear and beautiful morning. Got up my work cattle, intending to haul out the waste timber out of my Woods pasture; but my Frenchman not coming, did but little in the way of hauling. Summon’d to attend a special session of the Council. Heard of the death of John Quincy Adams.

Friday, 10.–Wrote to J. Stern upon land matters. Bought three bushels of corn meal. Sent for Pharoah for consultation. Came in the evening. Mr. Graham brought our Westport mail.

Saturday, 11.–Beautiful morning. Mrs W.went to Kansas to purchase supplies, and brought our mail. A letter from Harriet. Chopped my Sunday’s wood. Did various other “chores” about the house. Read my newspapers. To-day the thermometer stood nearly at “summer heat.” This seems like the commencement of spring. Hannah Hicks came on a visit and drummed on the piano. Considering her opportunities she plays a few tunes very well.

Sunday, 12.–Rained a little last night, and this morning the thermometer stood 20 below freezing point. Prospect of a fine day.

In the evening C. Graham and Orange returned. Read and wrote all day.

Monday, 13.–Cold, frosty morning. Wrote to Harriet to come home with S. Armstrong on his return from St. Louis. Pottered about the house.

Tuesday, 14.–Bright and clear morning. Hauled some wood out of the woods pasture. Went to the Council. Came home and set out some peach trees.

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Wednesday, 15.–Frosty morning. Went to town to haul some flour and a sack of salt, but owing to the villainous and balky character of Sam’s team, broke the wagon tongue, so we left the wagon in town and came home for dinner and at the same time to devise other means of getting our load home. I have it. We will take the ox team, Brin and Brown. Never stall, so now for the bull team.

Just returned with my flour and salt. No accidents this time. Spent this day to but little purpose.

Thursday, 16.–Beautiful morning. Looks like Indian summer. Called upon the Grammar school. Went to M. Mudeater1 and engaged ten bushels of potatoes.

1) The name Mudeater is an honored one in the Wyandot Nation. There are different accounts of the manner in which it became fixed as a family name. Alfred J. Mudeater, Esq., of Wyandotte, Indian Territory, gave me substantially the following:

A war party of Wyandots went up the Big Sandy River about the time of the Revolutionary War, for the purpose, as he said, of falling upon the Cherokees, but much more probably for the purpose of raiding the settlements west of New River in Virginia, or along the Watauga in what is now East Tennessee. This party went down a valley after passing the head waters of the Big Sandy River. This valley was inhabited by white settlers who fled at the approach of the Indians, who passed on and went far beyond it. They were gone for about two weeks, when they returned up this same valley to again reach the waters of the Big Sandy, which they would descend on their way home.

As they were marching up this little valley they saw a small boy run down to the creek some distance ahead of them and disappear in the bushes that fringed the stream. Some of the warriors hastened to the point where the boy was last seen but he was no where to be found. The other warriors of the party came up and a close and systematic search was instituted for the fugitive. One of them noticed that the creek had cut in under the roots of some trees, leaving a mass of roots and earth overhanging the water. He plunged into the stream and looked under this overhanging mass. He saw a boy’s legs at the farthest corner of the cavity thus found, and, seizing him by the feet, drew him forth.

The child, for he was nothing more, being only about six or seven years old, was famished and emaciated. So extreme had been his sufferings from hunger that he had been eating the soapstone found along the bed of the creek. This soapstone and clay were smeared about his mouth and over his face. The Indians, with that aptness for which they are famous in the bestowal of names, called him Mud Eater, a name which he retained ever after.

The warriors gave him food, and carried him with them to their town on the Sandusky. He said that his people had either abandoned him or forgotten him in their hasty flight from the Indians, and he had been left to starve, or to whatever fate might befall him.

The Indians adopted him and he grew up among them and married a Wyandot woman.

The Hon. Frank H. Betton, of Wyandotte county, Kansas, who married Kim

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Friday, 17.–”St. Patrick’s day in the morning.” Wrought in my garden digging up stumps, and laying off walks, etc. Sent by Mr. Graham my letter to John Greer, written yesterday. I very civilly gave my opinion of his conduct in regard to my sale of a tract of land to him.

Mr. Mudeater brought the potatoes I contracted for yesterday. Warm day, pleasant evening. Dr. H. (God bless his memory) forgot to bring our mail from the P. 0.

Saturday, 18.–Yonder comes the powerful king of day rejoicing, in the east. 10 and a half o’clock. Thermometer nearly “summer beat.” Working with my fruit trees, covering their roots with broken stone and compost of leached lime and sand. The little leisure I have I devote to reading the memoirs of Aaron Burr by M. L. Davis. What a man! A strange medley of opposite qualities, great and good in some things and treacherous and heartless in others.

Sunday, 19.–Staid at home, read and wrote. Mr Gil-

Susanah Mudeater, the sister of Alfred J. Mudeater, Esq., who gave me the foregoing account, believes it possible that the name may have been bestowed from the habits of the turtle which burrows in the mud, and which might be said to be a mud eater. This is a plausible and tenable theory, and it is quite possible that it is correct, if the boy was adopted by the Big Turtle Clan, or the Mud Turtle Clan.

He related to me another tradition. A party of Wyandots went to visit another tribe, perhaps the Shawnees, or the Delawares. Arrived at the spring at which the village supply of water was obtained they beheld an emaciated white boy eating clay from its banks. He was a captive and had been adopted and had almost starved. The Wyandots from compassion bought him and adopted him into their tribe, and gave him the name of Mud Eater, from the circumstance which caused his purchase and adoption into the Wyandot Nation.

The improbable part of this version of the matter lies in the assertion that he had been starved after adoption. This could not have been, unless the whole tribe was starving. It was contrary to all Indian customs to withhold food from anyone. While one had food all had it.

This man Mud Eater had a son named Russia Mudeater, who married a daughter of Chief Adam Brown. One of their children was Matthew Mudeater. He married Nancy Pipe, a direct descendant of Hopocan, or Captain Pipe, Chief of the Wolf Clan, and afterwards Head Chief of all the Delawares, and who burned Colonel Crawford at the stake in what is now Crawford County, Ohio. Of this marriage were born: 1. Silas, died in infancy; 2. Susanah, born in Ohio, March 5, 1841; 3. Thomas Dawson, born February — , 1843; 4. Zelinda, born in 1845; 5. Mary, born in 1847; 6. Irvin, born in 1849; 7. Benjamin, born in 1851; 8. Infant that died; 9. Alfred J., born in 1855; 10. Matthew, born in 1857; 11. Ida, born in 1859.

Matthew Mudeater died in the Wyandot Reserve in the Indian Territory.

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more of Independence came and staid all night. Went to see Isaiah who was seriously hurt by the falling of his horse while going at full speed on Saturday. Badly hurt.

Monday, 20.–Rained last night. Clear this morning. Went to town after writing to Mr Reese concerning the Chick lots in Westport.

Sowed two beds of a mixture of salad and radishes and other work in de jardin.

C. Graham received a letter from Esau, written from New Orleans, which I perused. He is on his way to Mexico, wishing like many others to revel in the “halls of Montezuma.”

Tuesday, 21.–Cold and cloudy morning. Reading Burr’s memoirs. Truly he was an unfortunate man. In the meridian of life his star began to wane and through the bitterness and rancorous hostility with which he was pursued, day and night, he fell from his lofty position like a boulder from the clouds. How true the saying and truly its application in Col. Burr’s case is just. A French criminal judge says “Give me four lines in writing of the most honest man in the world, and I will undertake to have him hung.”

Continued cold windy and cloudy. Worked in my garden.

Wednesday, 22.–Cold and dark morning. My execrations upon that sacre menteur coquin of a Frenchman, Pierre Ballenger, for not coming to work for me as he promised. Continued my gardening operations. Planted early potatoes, but in consequence of my crippled back I was compelled to lay aside my spade, shovel and rake and stop operations. Mild and pleasant this afternoon. Je suis fatigue au jour d’hui.

Just heard of the ratification of the treaty of peace between the U. S. and Mexico.

Thursday, 23.–Clear cold and frosty morning. Mrs W. gone to Westport. Writing a letter to Esau in Mexico. Le

237

memo tems Je ecrite une o pour Madame Guthrie. Planted some more early potatoes. Mrs W. returned from Westport and brought my mail.

Friday, 24.–Hauled some hay. Then hauled some wood from the woods pasture. Planted a Balm of Gilead.1 Done various other things. Mr Barstow’s school closed to-day. Called upon by James Washington on public business. Agreed to meet to-morrow.

Saturday, 25.–Sprinkled a little rain last night. Cloudy and threatening rain. Let it come and welcome. Dispatched my letter addressed to Esau by C. G. to the P. 0. Settled with B. F. Barstow for tuition in District No. 3, amount, $58.33.

Planted a fine lot of top onions. M. R. W. set out to-day for Wolftown in company with Mr Boyd. Requested him to attend to some business for me. Went to town to meet the sub-agent on public business, but [he] was not at home; gone to Fort Leavenworth.

Sunday, 26.–Cold, cold morning. 1o below freezing point. Went to see the Widow Mudeater, who is said to be dangerously sick. “Nigh unto death.” Some prospect of her recovery yet.

Monday, 27.–Wrote two deeds for the Deacon. Resumed my gardening operations. Worked hard all day with spade and rake in hand. C. G. sick. Did not come home but staid all night at his cheerless and lonely house. Dr. H. received orders to come to St. Louis for the semi-annual annuity.

Tuesday, 28.–Clear and frosty morning. Must attend Council to-day. Business of importance. Just returned from Council. Transacted a variety of business. Appointed a National Council for this day a week at the school house in town, to meet the disorganizers. To-day at 12,

1) Formerly a favorite tree to plant about the house for shade and ornament.

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o’clock the widow Mudeater departed this life, a worthy and good woman gathered to her fathers.

Wednesday, 29.–Clear and frosty morning. 4o below “freezing.” Attended the funeral of the widow Mudeater. Mrs W. went to Kansas and returned. Wrote to Andrew McElvain in reply to his letter of the 10th inst., upon the subject of his wishing, or rather application for [the] Wyandott agency.

Thursday, 30.–Blustery, windy, and such a whirling of dust, leaves, and trash! Whew!

Cloudy, prospect of rain. Oh! Boreas send us a refreshing shower! Dry, dry. Watered our fruit trees, for truly they are suffering. Planted a sugar sprout in the yard. Dr. Hewitt set out for St. Louis. At 5 o’clock, planted some May peas and some beets. In the evening the sky became cloudy with very strong indications of rain. At nightfall it commenced raining and rained till midnight.

Friday, 31.–Cold morning. Thermometer, freezing point. Repaired my meadow fence. Packed rails on my shoulder. Wrote a long letter to Tho. A. Grun. Winding up the day by burning up logs in my field. Continued cold all day. Probably frost to-night. Planted two more sugar sprouts.

APRIL, 1848.

All fool’s day. Cold frosty morning. I fear for the fruit. Quarterly meeting commenced to-day. The presiding elder Mr. Stateler on the ground. Hauled some wood. Hauled rails and went to town. Came home and positively determined to work no more to-day, lest I should be made [a] “fool” of before the day closes. Bring on my mail! The mail came and all I got was two Independence papers. The treaty with Mexico confirmed by the Senate. 37 Ayes and 15 Nays! Revolution in France. Abdication of Louis Phillip and departure from Paris. The chamber of depu-

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ties refuse to settle the crown upon any of the royal family, all in a hub bub. France must undergo another depletion.

Commenced a letter to the Arch Bishop of the Ohio State Prison, J. B. F.1

Sunday, 2.–Went to church. Heard a sermon from Rev. Mr Stateler.

Monday, 3.–Orange D. Wilcox left for Independence. Mr Stateler called upon us and spent the morning. Chunked up my log heap. Finished my letter to the Arch Bishop. Prospect of a rainy day.

Must attend a special session of the chiefs to-day at 1 o’clock P. M. to prepare for the convocation of the nation to-morrow.

Tuesday, 4.–Cold morning. Employed T. H. Noble to clear an addition to my field.

Attended the grand convocation of the nation at the school house. A warm discussion took place upon our national politics. Came home at 5 o’clock.

Wednesday, 5.–Frost. Planted our garden peas. Made a summer house of my wild rose.

Thursday, 6.–Cold morning. Santissimus virgo ora pronobis! Hired James Jackson to work for Mr C. G. and myself jointly. Went to town, bought 102 pounds of bacon from C. G., and brought my seed oats home. Ira Hunter commenced work in the shop. Hauled rails and fenced in the orchard. Je suis fatigue au jour d’hui comme un cheval.

Friday, 7.–Frosty morning as usual. Le meme chase. Sowed my orchard with oats. Looking every moment for Harriet.

1) James B. Finley, the Methodist Missionary to the Wyandots; he founded the Mission at Upper Sandusky, Ohio. He was adopted into the Wyandot Nation by the Bear Clan and named Reh’-wah-wih’-ih, meaning “he has hold of the Law.” He was given a nickname, Hah-gyeh’-reh-wah’-neh, meaning “big neck.” He wrote the “ History of the Wyandot Mission” and “Western Methodism.” His History of the Wyandot Mission was afterwards published almost entire as “Life Among the Indians.”

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She came about two o’clock, having come in a carriage with S. Armstrong and H. M. Northrup.

Planted some more onions. Sowed parsnips and beets, also cabbage seeds. My hand, Jimmie Jackson, getting sick of work and wants to quit and go home. So he may go. Cloudy night, looks like rain, send it, do, oh do!

Saturday, 8.–No rain, but cloudy. No frost. Mrs W. went to Kansas, but brought no mail. Set out the shrubbery brought by Harriet from Lexington, viz: a variety of roses, honeysuckle, and flowering almond. Sowed some timothy and clover. Planted some watermelons. Blocking out a memorial to the general conference about to convene at Pittsburg praying that body to refund the proceeds of the Mission farm in Ohio, to be applied, if refunded, to finishing the new Church.

Sunday, 9.–No rain; ground dry and parched. C. G. and myself went to the Holy Catholic Church near Kansas, and heard a sermon from Father Donnelly, an Irish priest; was introduced to him; a quite pleasant and agreeable man. Got home at 1 o’clock P. M. Received a letter from John Wheeler. Answered it forthwith; a sort of a salmagundi communication. Several of our neighbors called upon us this evening.

Monday, 10.–Cloudy; some signs of rain. Oh let refreshing showers descend upon the parched earth. Cloudy and cold all day, but no rain, Mr T. H. Noble making rails, and I doing a little of everything.

Tuesday, 11.–Cold; thermometer “freezing” point! Clear and all hopes of our rain dissipated. Sad disappointment! Steamboat making a rambunctious noise upon the river. Beautiful and enchanting morning. Of all the green groves of the wide spreading forest, there are none so fair or so charming as where the beautiful Kansas doth glide.

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‘Tis the home of content,

‘Tis the wild Indian’s home,

In his rude pitched tent

Is his time honor’d throne.

See him reclining beneath his shade tree,

His eye wandering through the dark green wood,

He thinks of his foe, the lurking Pawnee,

Vows vengeance upon him by Keesis his God.

12 o’clock. Just finished extirpating all the stool grubs out of my orchard. Watered my shubbery in the garden.

Wednesday, 12.–Awoke at the dawn of day, but alas! no rain! dry, dry. Wrote Joseph Ridgeway upon the subject of the Burlingame claim. 11 o’clock, “summer heat” weather, well calculated to give the lazy and indolent the spring fever. Made a hot bed for sweet potatoes. Mr. Noble commenced relaying the fence.

Thursday, 13.–Cloudy, but no rain yet. Dry, dry, everything parched up, yet ‘tis a beautiful day.

The spring is coming, delightful spring,

When the bright waves dance and the sweet birds sing,

Ten thousand notes from the forest trees,

Are wafted along in the gentle breeze,

And glittering insects here and there

Are humming their notes in the soft spring air.

I am tired, I will quit work for to-day.

Friday, 14.–Severe hoar frost. I fear for the fruit. Received a letter from J. W. Garrett dated March 28, in reply to mine of the 28th of November. Further news from the French revolution. Mob reigns in Paris. It is utter nonsense for France to talk about a republican government. Nothing short of the iron rule of a Bonaparte will keep the French quiet and in subjection. They cannot appreciate a wholesome government. To-day Thom. H. Noble finished his job of clearing and fencing. Sold him my small wagon at $40.00 in work, trade, etc. Cold and cloudy. Wind from the north. Answered J. W. Garrett’s letter.

Saturday, 15.–Severe morning, heavy frost, cold, cold.

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Went out to hunt for my oxen. Hunted till one half past 11, but could find nothing of them. The rascals knew there was work on band, and have concealed themselves. Mrs W. and Harriet gone to Kansas. Everything in the vegetable line drying and wilting up. No prospect of rain. Looking for further news of the French revolution. Anxious to know what it will end in, what will be the finale of this uproar. Received the “Nat. Int.” and Ohio “State Journal” but no news of importance. Received two letters from George Dickson of Wolftown. My curse upon those Wolverines who set the prairies on fire and burnt a part of my fence.

Sunday, 16.–Frost again! Oh when are we to have warm, weather? Missouri rising. Went to Church.

Monday, 17.–No frost this morning (please fortune) but warm and pleasant. Went in pursuit of my work cattle. Found them. Commenced plowing my old ground. Missouri booming up, rising, rising. Where does this water come from? Cloudy; prospect of rain. Send down the refreshing showers. At one half past 7 P. M. commenced raining.

Tuesday, 18.–Stormy night. Froze. Cold. Wind from the north. Everything vegetable frozen stiff. The Council meets to-day, and I must lay my implements of husbandry aside, and attend to affairs of state. Proceeded to town. Convened the Council. Signed a memorial to the general conference praying that Rev. Body restore to the Wyandott Church the proceeds of the Wyandott Mission farm in Ohio, to aid in building our Church. Disposed of a multiplicity of business, and adjourned sine die. Came home and found Dr. L. Twyman1 at our house. He staid all night.

Wednesday, 19.–Frosty morning. 30 below “freezing.” Hauled in from the clearing the fire wood. Commenced

1) Of Independence, Mo.

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breaking up my new ground. Failing to get a hired hand, I resolved to do it myself. Got Mr Peery’s black boy Elijah to drive, and I held the plough, and a mammoth one at that; plowed till sunset. Tired enough.

Thursday, 20.–Resumed the plough and finished at 2 O’clock P. M. Went to M. R. W.’s for a load of corn. Weary as a hound after a long fox chase. Beautiful evening, but rather cool and chilly.

Friday, 21.–Beautiful morning, no frost, glad of it. Harrowing my field preparatory to planting corn. Fine day for work. Moderately cool. Planted some beans, cucumbers, and beets. Elijah furrowing out the corn ground. Weather getting warm. Thermometer 85o.

Saturday, 22.–Ready to plant my corn. Dry weather. Repaired some fence. 12 o’clock. This being Saturday, I have after mature consideration, come to the conclusion I would work no more to-day. For verily the outward man begins to feel the effects of earning my bread “by the sweat of my brow.” Blistered hands and crippled back, aching bones and a sunburned face. Ah me! Martha and Sophia gone to Kansas on a visit. Got no mail. Snakes and Scorpions! This is too bad. Miss Lucy Jane returned home.

Sunday, 23.–Cool morning, but no frost. Dry, dry weather. Went to Church; heard a sermon from the Deacon. This evening it is reported the Doctor has returned home, bringing with him the semi-annuity.

Monday, 24.–Phoebus! but it is cold! Cloudy, looks like a snow storm was approaching. And yet I am ready to plant corn; but here I am, roasting my corporeality before a blazing fire. Plant corn indeed. No I will wait till summer. From the National Intelligencer it appears that Senator Atchison has reported a bill confirming the land purchased by the Wyandotts from the Delawares.1 Went

1) This bill was passed and became a law.

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to town. Called upon Dr. H. Had a conversation upon the approaching payment. Council to convene to-morrow. Cold all day. Cloudy, dark and lowering–Occasionally a few drops of snow falling. In the evening commenced planting corn.

Tuesday, 25.–As usual cold and dreary. Commenced operations upon my pigs. Planted more corn. At last the sun has made its appearance. Attended Council. Appointed next Monday for the payment of the semi- annuity.

Wednesday, 26.–Cloudy, dark and uninviting. Planted more corn. Harriet set out for Lexington. [She has] gone back to school again. Sent some shrubbery to the seminary. Sent the memorial to general conference to the care of Rev. J. B. Finley to be presented by him.

Thursday, 27.–Fine morning. Sent my oxen to Guthrie’s to plow his field, by Mr Hightower. Continued planting corn. Council met and proceeded to make out the pay-roll for payment of the semi-annuity and finished [it]. Adjourned till Monday. Joel Walker returned from New York. Strong signs of rain.

Friday, 28.–Raining; welcome, welcome, a hearty welcome to these refreshing showers. Finished planting corn in the evening.

Saturday, 29.–Went to Kansas. Got no news by mail. Came home at 1 o’clock. After dark three weary travelers from Fort Leavenworth, having got lost, called for lodgings, which we afforded them. They were a Mr Childs, a Doctor from Dover and an Indian trader.

Sunday, 30.–Our guests left after breakfast. Cloudy;–staid at home. Wrote to A. Trager; J. Walker called.

MAY, 1848.

Monday, 1.–May-day, and such a day! Cloudy, dark, and cold, threatening rain. The rain would truly be accept-

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able, but weather so cold should give way to the more genial warmth of summer. The semi-annual payment commenced to-day. Paid out two boxes, $2,000. At 8 o’clock at night it rained for a half or three-fourths of an hour, and stopped.

Tuesday, 2.–Beautiful morning! Everything glittering like silver spangles in the sun. Last evening’s shower has caused nature to put on her most pleasing smiles. Resumed the annuity payment and closed in the evening. Adjourned to meet on Thursday.

Wednesday, 3.–Clear and warm morning. Planted some Indian corn, watermelons and cucumbers. Settled with Mr Goodyear for lumber got for the use of the ferry by the Council, $27.50. Thermometer 86o. Cloudy all day. In the evening strong threats of rain. At 8 o’clock rain set in accompanied with a hard wind. Occasional showers through the night.

Thursday, 4.–Bright and clear. Windy. Blowing a continual gale. This day two years ago war broke out between the U. S. and Mexico and the finale “is not yet.” Council met and proceeded to pay off the public liabilities. Paid our own noble selves, and our clerks, sheriffs, and ferryman. Transacted a variety of business and adjourned till Tuesday next. Mrs W. went to Kansas and returned.

Friday, 5.–This day 21 years ago Napoleon Bonaparte breathed his last in the Isle of St. Helena. Went to Kansas and paid off B. F. Barstow, schoolmaster. Came home at 3 o’clock P. M. Found one of my young sows with six young pigs.

Saturday, 6.–Cool, but beautiful morning. Heavy dew. Growing, time. Have a severe nervous headache. Staid in the house all day. Wrote a letter to Harriet. Got no mail. I am in want of news in these exciting times when Europe is all in convulsions and spasms. Thrones crumbling and falling. Kings abdicating and becoming suppliants to their

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subjects, some ingloriously retreating from their excited and infuriated subjects and seeking asylums in foreign countries.

Sunday, 7.–Mr Hightower brought my oxen back, having finished ploughing Esau’s field. Went to Church. A Tuscarora preached.

Monday, 8.–Went into the upper settlement. Saw John Cotter, who had been assaulted by Milton Karraho and John Williams, and severely beat. Got the particulars of the scrape. Came home. In the evening Mr G. brought our mail. Ira Hunter moved to-day.

Tuesday, 9.–Cold and cloudy. Went to Council. Tried a case. Widow Charloe vs. Estate of H. Jacquis; claim of plaintiff rejected. At 2 o’clock P. M. a cold rain set in. Adjourned, 4 o’clock. Came home.

Wednesday, 10.–Rose at daylight, and Phoebus! what, a frost. Sophia commenced her school to-day in the basement story of the Church. In the afternoon a stranger called upon us who proved to be an American German from Philadelphia, a professor of music, a pianist. Tuned our piano. Gave the girls a few lessons on music. Staid all night, and in the morning “put out.”

Thursday, 11.–Cold morning but no frost. Our German set out for the fort. Chilly and cold all day.

Friday, 12.–Some frost. Fine day. Staid at home, did small work about the house. Wrote to H. Barrett. Warm and pleasant day.

Saturday, 13.–Clear and beautiful morning. Went to Kansas in company with M. R. Walker, Joel Walker, Dr. Hewitt, C. Graham. Staid till the mail came in. Received a letter from H. Barrett. J. Walker opening a large stock of goods in Kansas. Came home in the evening, 8 o’clock at night. Beautiful moonlight night! “Oh, ‘tis my delight of a shiny night, to ramble o’er the grassy lea.”

Sunday, 14.–Fine morning. Went to church. M. R.

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Walker and Adam Hunt set out for the Pottawatomie payment. Sometime after midnight it rained a heavy shower. What could have come more opportunely? 9 o’clock, showery. All nature seems to have put on her best array, her “best bib and tucker.” How beautiful is the forest! M. R. W. and Adam Hunt did not go further than Westport, learning [there] that the payment did not take place till next week.

Monday, 15.–2 o’clock in the afternoon, another rain and [it] continued till night.

Tuesday, 16.–Clear and beautiful morning. I must attend the Council to-day. An assault and battery case must be tried. John Cotter vs. Milton Karahoo and John Williams. The parties not appearing, the case was postponed. Declared Smith Nichols of age and released him from his guardian.

Wednesday, 17.–Wrote to Miss Jane R. Long and inclosed $40.00 in Missouri paper, viz.: one twenty dollar bill and two tens, to go by to-morrow’s mail. Gave a turkey roast to our neighbors. Dined at half past three. Had a pleasant party.

Thursday, 18.–Dark, foggy morning. Prospects of rain to-day. Staid about home all day, not feeling very well.

Worked some in my garden. Shut up Barnabas Barebones to fatten for a particular occasion, for a select dinner party.

Friday, 19.–A small shower at 9 o’clock A. M. Mr Noble called, chatted awhile. Engaged him to do some more work. Worked in my garden.

Saturday, 20.–Warm morning. Mr Hunter called and brought a letter from Jesse Stern which informs me that he has had an offer of ten dollars an acre for the whole tract.

Sunday, 21.–Staid at home all day. Warm day. Dr. Hewitt called to see Dorcas. Bled her. In the evening C. Graham called.

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Monday, 22.–Daylight, raining furiously. Rained till one o’clock and held up. Set out some sweet potatoes, [and] some cabbages. About 9 o’clock at night it resumed raining most furiously, and stopped about 10 or 11 [o’clock].

Tuesday, 23.–Answered J. Stern’s letter. Sophia unable to get to school owing to high water. Got her “dander up” and returned determined to cross the Jarsey at all hazards. Deacon gone to Kansas. Showery. Set out some more cabbage.

Wednesday, 24.–Rain, rain, the rainy season set in. Sticking peas to-day. Dull times, no company.

Thursday, 25.–Dreary, cold, and cloudy morning. If it does not rain I shall go to Kansas to mail some letters and get some if any come, and learn the news. Returned from K. Our mail was a complete “water-haul.” Nothing for our place. John Garrett from Ohio landed last evening. Warm and sultry. Look out for more rain.

Friday, 26.–Clear and beautiful morning, but oh ‘twill be a warm day. Wrote a communication to J. Shrunk for publication. John and C. B. Garrett came over and spent the evening.

Saturday, 27.–Mrs W. went to Kansas. Received a letter from Mrs Nancy Garrett. Warm and sultry day. Pruned my trees.

Sunday, 28.–Cloudy. Warm. M. R. W. returned from Pottawattomie last evening. In the afternoon a violent rain set in which lasted two hours. Curly Head and John Solomon called and staid for dinner. Mr G. from Independence staid all night.

Monday, 29.–Clear and fine, though cool. At 10 o’clock went to Kansas. Got my mail. Received a letter from J. Ridgeway, jr. Jesse Stern and his father arrived at Joel’s. Dined with them. George Dickson from Wolftown arrived. Set out some more sweet potatoes.

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Tuesday, 30.–Prepared for the session of the Council. John Cotter vs. Milton Kayrahoo, postponed. Adjourned to two weeks from to-day.

Wednesday, 31.–Mr. Stern called upon us, and staid till evening. Went to J. M. A.’s.

JUNE, 1848.

Thursday, 1.–Went to Kansas. Bought two bushels of corn meal, one-half ream of letter paper, and some rat poison. Sent another communication to the telegraph.

Friday, 2.–Cloudy morning. Prospect of rain. Weeded my garden. Went for a bag of corn. Mr Noble ploughing my corn. It looks fine and thrifty. Sent Dorcas to Kansas. In the evening a heavy rain fell.

Saturday, 3.–Clear, cool and pleasant morning. Caught a tartar! Stept into the garden and found that that most troublesome of all “warmints” had been ploughing up my beds again, and thanks to my lucky stars I caught Mr ground-mole upheaving the earth. By the dextrous use of the hoe I brought the digger out of his tunnel. Mrs W. took him in her hand and held him till he died for the purpose of testing the truth of the saying that it will cure the rheumatism. She held him about an hour before be died. Set out fifty cabbage plants. Went to Kansas in company with Jesse Stern. Called at the P. 0., got my papers and a letter from John T. Walker. J. Stern returned home on board the steamer “Kansas.” I came home. In the evening rained furiously.

Sunday, 4.–Clear and beautiful morning. Mrs W. and Sophia went to Kansas to Church. I staid “te hum.” Warm day. Mrs W. and Sophia state that on their return from K. they found at the ferry a dozen or more people waiting to cross, and among them was John Charloe, very drunk, and had been severely beat. His face appeared to

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be very much bruised and mangled up. Perhaps his upper jaw broke.

Monday, 5.–Moses Peacock commenced working in our corn. Mr Noble commenced staking and ridering the fence. Hauled the stakes and riders. Finished the f—-bah! mistake.

Tuesday, 6.–Mr Noble finished the fence. Now I will bid defiance to breachy stock. If they should break through this fence, they then ought to be killed. Finished planting our sweet potatoes.

Wednesday, 7.–Clear and fine weather, cool and pleasant. Finished another No. for the Telegraph. Moses finished dressing out my corn field. “Old White” commenced the process of incubation of thirteen eggs. So we may have one and one-twelfth dozen of chicks if old white has good luck.

Thursday, 8.–Rainy day. Went to Kansas. Got a soaking. Called at the P. 0. No newspapers. No news. “It’s a botheration.” Hunted for my dog Carlo. Some rascally dog thief has decoyed him off. I shall deplore my loss if I never get him again. Came home at 5 o’clock P. M. Rained again. C’est egal.

Friday, 9.–Pleasant day. Staid at home, mowing in my fence corners.

Saturday, 10.–Went to K. on a mule. Called at P. 0. No letters. Came home. Read my newspapers. Nothing special from Europe.

Sunday, 11.–Charming morning. Clear and bright. A very heavy dew. Went to church in the evening. Messrs. Tebbs and Donahoe called upon us and staid an hour.

Monday, 12.–Warm day. J. Walker afflicted with sore eyes. In the afternoon an unexpected visitor called upon us in the person of John S. Young of Perry county, Ohio, he being an old acquaintance of Mrs W., the latter was de

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lighted to see him, not having seen him for upwards of twenty years.

Tuesday, 13.–Council day. No business of importance. Mr Peery and Mr Young called in, and the latter introduced to the Council. Adjourned. Mr Peery gave a party for Mr Y. Spent an agreeable evening.

Wednesday, 14.–Presented Mr Y. “Gregg’s Commerce ,of the Prairies.” Set out this morning in company with Mr Peery for the “Shawnee Institution.” From thence home. Called upon J. Walker. Found him considerably improved.

Thursday, 15.–Wrote another communication for the Telegraph. Went to Kansas. Called at the P. 0., but as usual “Nothing for you.”

The Whig national convention have nominated Gen. Taylor for President and Millard Filmore for Vice President. So the Whigs are doomed to another defeat.

Friday, 16.–Planted my fall potatoes, being the old of the moon. Warm day. Mr George Dickson called. Went to the church to help Lynch put up steps in the basement. Martha taught Sophia’s school, she being sick to-day.

Saturday, 17.–Went to Kansas to sign with my brothers and others interested a power of attorney for Jesse Stern to dispose of our Seneca county lands; “signed sealed and delivered” in the presence of Lot Coffman, J. P.

Paid the proprietors of Kansas for two lots in the new addition, $59.00 and got my deed. Received two letters from Esau, written from the “Halls of the Montezumas.” Came home late in the evening.

Sunday, 18.–Quarterly meeting. Present L. B. Stateler, presiding elder, Thomas Johnson, E. T. Peery. I must go to Church, as a good orderly Christian man should do. In the “arternoon” a heavy shower of rain came up, which lasted two hours. Mr and Mrs Northrup, Mr Stateler, and

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E. T. P. dined with us to-day. The clergy put out for Church.

Monday, 19.–Clear morning. Our dejeuner a la fourchette was the last of Barnabas Barebones. Mrs W. went to Kansas. Received a letter from John Goodin inclosing one from Greer. The latter must be an infamous scoundrel.

Tuesday, 20.–Council in session. Had a variety of business. Some matters were postponed. Read a letter to the Council from Dr. Frost upon the subject of intemperance among the Wyandotts. Appointed a committee to investigate the causes of the drowning of a Muncie woman at Kansas. Fined that prince of all loafers, Thos. Standinwater, $500.

Wednesday, 21.–Went to town. J. Walker making preparations to leave for the east. Waiting for a boat. Wrote to M. H. Kirby on business and also to John Goodin and L. Smalley.

Thursday, 22.–Went to Kansas. on my way and passing by Joel’s house I found they had not gone East yet. The steamboat “Cora” not having comedown yet. Got no news. Dined with Mr Smart. Mr Moses arraigned for an assault and battery on his brother Shoemaker, James Wilson.

This afternoon an awful storm came up and lasted about two hours.

Friday, 23.–Cool and pleasant, but alas! My corn is flattened by yesterday’s storm. My oats considerably damaged by the storm.

Saturday, 24.–Went to Kansas to settle a matter pending between Henry Sager, John Sarrahess and William S. Chick, Adm. of estate of W. M. Chick postponed. Got no mail, no news.

Sunday, 25.–Charles G.—– and I at an early hour crossed the Kansas river and called at the residence of Rev. James Porter; pressed him into service, and we galloped over the

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prairies about five hours, and arrived at the house of Mrs Mary Bartleson, a widow, where we found a large company of people assembled. Whereupon we in our wisdom, caused the aforesaid C. G. and Mrs M. B. to be united “in the holy state of matrimony.” Thence returned in company with a Mr Abston and family and staid all night with them.

Monday, 26.–After breakfast we set [out] for home. I reached home about 2 o’clock P. M. and found our folks, with the invited guests, waiting for the bride and groom, and dinner waiting. But we sat down and did ample justice to what was before us without them. Rain rain.

Tuesday, 27.–Dark and dreary morning. More rain.

Cleared off at ten o’clock. Wrote to Harriet to be sent by Thursday’s mail. Put in a Q—–t. Now I must husband my stock of patience.

Wednesday, 28.–Broke my ax handle. Joel Walker and family set out from Kansas for [the] East. J. S. Co. met at the school house and adjourned to meet again some time hence.

Thursday, 29.–Went to K. Got my news. Came home in the evening.

Friday, 30.–Nothing worthy of note. Mrs W. went to K. Sent by a Mr. McLean a dress and a letter to Harriet.

At 2 o’clock P. M. the thermometer stood at 96o in the shade.

JULY, 1848.

Saturday, 1.–Went to K. Paid my postage bill. Received a joint letter from Harriet and Miss Jane R. Long. M. R. W., his family, and Mrs Maria Garrett went to Sibley. Returned in the evening. At night it commenced raining, and rained all night most furiously.

Sunday, 2.–Clear and beautiful morning. The Deacon being absent, consequently no sermon. I staid at home, reading Stone’s Life of Thayendenagea or Joseph Brant.

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Isaiah called and dined with us. Heard of the death of a man named Irvin in Kansas by a night’s debauch which took place last night during the storm.

Monday, 3.–Staid at home and pottered about, doing all sorts of things such as cutting down weeds, repairing fences. Mr Noble called; chatted awhile. Uncle Joseph R. called and did the same. Heard of the death of J. W. Gray Eyes’s wife in the evening. C. G. called and staid till night.

Tuesday, 4.–”Independence Day.” Mexico free. “Glory enough for one day!” Council meets to-day.

Wednesday, 5.–Made a hog-pen. C. G. and lady visited us to-day. Thermometer 95o.

Thursday, 6.–Went to K. While there heard of the illness of W. M. Big-River. (hiatus) Found him dead.

Friday, 7.–He was buried.

Saturday, 15.–The nation met at the school house to make the national nominations as follows: Against James Washington, F. A. Hicks. Against Tauroomee, M. Mudeater; against Geo. Armstrong, J. D. Brown; against W. Walker, J. Rankin; against G. I. Clark, J. W. Grayeyes.1

1) John W. Gray-Eyes was the son of Squire Gray-Eyes, who was the son of Doctor “Greyeyes,” who was the son of a British Army officer that married a Wyandot girl at Detroit during the War of the Revolution. Doctor Greyeyes is buried in Huron Place Cemetery. In my search there for information concerning the Wyandots I dug into a sunken grave, and about three inches below the surface found the fragment of a broken headstone upon which is the following:

Doctor Greyeyes

Died

Aug 1845

Aged 50 Yrs.

According to this he was born in 1795. Squire Gray-Eyes was a Methodist preacher and was one of Finley’s best men in the Methodist Mission at Upper Sandusky. He had several children. He sent his son John W. to school at the Mission, and afterward to Kenyon College at Gambier, Ohio, where he graduated with high honors, Hon. John S. Stockton, of Kansas City, Kansas, was present on the occasion of his graduation and says that the address he delivered was of a high order and well spoken.

John W. Gray-Eyes studied law and was for a time successful in its practice, but he ruined a promising future by the excessive use of strong drink. When Tauromee died he became Head Chief by inheritance pursuant to a rule adopted by the Wyandots when they resumed their tribal relations. During the last five years of his life he did not taste liquor. He died in the Indian Territory some six years ago. He belonged to, the Little Turtle clan and his name was Heh’n’-toh, the meaning of which is lost.

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Sunday, 16.–Staid at home. Had company, W. G.

Monday, 17.–John Nofat and S. Rankin commenced harvesting my oats. Interrupted by being called away.

Tuesday, 18.–Staid at home and pottered about.

Wednesday, 19.–Finished harvesting the oats.

Thursday, 20.–Excessively warm. Thermometer 96o. In the evening a very severe storm came on from the north. Rain and hail in an horrible tempest, which lasted till night. After 9 o’clock it commenced raining again and continued till midnight.

Friday, 21.–Went to town. C. G. gone to his farm, Came home. A Mr Smith and Mr Givens of Lexington called and spent the afternoon.

Saturday, 22.–Mrs W. went to K. and got our papers, also a letter from Mrs McE. of Upper Sandusky.

Sunday, 23.–Both staid at home, it looking too much like rain. Neither of us enjoying the best [of] health, deemed it most prudent not to expose ourselves. Cloudy evening; prospect of rain. Sunset, no rain.

Monday, 24.–Fine morning; went to town. Got a sack of corn, but no news. Sultry but still no rain. One half past two P. M., thermometer 100o! Warm truly. At 4 o’clock P. M. Harriet reached home from Lexington.

Tuesday, 25.–Wrote a friendly epistle to H. Barrett. Finished hoeing my potatoes. My spring run dry, the water having undermined the trough. Must give it an overhauling to-morrow. To be without water, “sweet, cold water” this warm weather! The thought is insufferable. No, no. ‘Twon’t do. Sowed my turnip seed.

Wednesday, 26.–Cloudy morning. Showers of rain. Went to town and employed John Lynch to assist in repairing the spring. Assisted by Mr Peery, after three or four hours’ work we succeeded in confining the water in the spout, and set it to running. Now we have water.

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Thursday, 27.–Mrs W. went to K. and I mowed my yard and meadow. Got some newspapers. Another bloody insurrection in France which lasted from Friday, 23d of June, till Tuesday the 27th. The insurrection was put down with a loss of from twelve to fifteen thousand killed and wounded on both sides. Ill-fated France! When will you, enjoy peace and tranquility? Never will you be content till brought under the scepter of some powerful despot. Answered Hugh Barrett’s letter.

Friday, 28.–Cloudy and raining occasionally. Staid at home all day. Did little or nothing.

Saturday, 29.–Mrs W. went to K. to sign a Power of Attorney. Hauled in my oats. Received some newspapers. The French insurrection completely subdued. Gen. Cavaignac, the hero of the National Guards will most probably be the President of the Nouvelle Republique.

Sunday, 30.–Staid at home and read all day. Though somewhat cloudy, still a pleasant day.

Monday, 31.–Went to town. Called at the Doctor’s, who was not at home. Called at the blacksmith shop. Came home. Pottered about the house. Fine weather.

AUGUST, 1848.

Tuesday, 1.–Mrs W., Mrs Peery, and Mrs Graham went to Independence. I went and attended Council. Decreed to sell the National Arms. I bought one, $8.00. Came home at 5 o’clock. Mrs W. and company returned after dark, accompanied by Mrs Gilmore.

Wednesday, 2.–At dawn of day, raining furiously. At 4 o’clock P. M., pouring down in torrents, having rained all day. Cleared off in the evening. While some of S. Armstrong’s hands were swimming in the Kansas River one of them was drowned.

Thursday, 3.–Clear, cool, and pleasant day. Staid at

JOHN W. GRAY-EYES.

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home. Mowed in my woods pasture. Having fatigued myself, rested myself the remaining part of the day by reading.

Friday, 4.–The girls went to take their music lessons. Got no mail. Sent the Power of Attorney to Col. Goodin.

Saturday, 5.–Went to town. Came home and resumed mowing my woods pasture. Folks going to the Delaware camp meeting. We spent the evening at C. B. G’s.

Sunday, 6.–Harriet and Sophia went to the camp meeting. Wrote a long letter to Major Harvey upon the subject of our difficulties of “N. and S.” The girls returned at sunset.

Monday, 7.–Staid at home and worked at my pasture. The Deacon returned from camp meeting.

Tuesday, 8.–Attended the Council. Transacted a variety of business, making the necessary arrangements for the election and barbecue.

Wednesday, 9.–Mowed in my pasture. Mrs W. and Harriet went to K. Joel Walker and our Mexican warriors landed off the Wyandott steamer. “Sweet Lucy Pinks” got a young ‘un. ‘Ah ha, a hae.

Thursday, 10.–Warm, warm and sultry. Hauled some wood.

Friday, 11.–Warm. and sultry.

Miss Jane R. Long, Miss Blackwell, and Miss Lykins here on a visit. Returned this morning. A small sprinkle of rain.

Saturday, 12.–Went to town to clear off the ground for the barbecue.

Sunday, 13.–Clear and beautiful morning. Intended to go to Church, but having a headache gave it up. 2 o’clock P. M., Thermometer 100o.

Monday, 14.–Worked all day in my pasture. In the evening Rev. Mr Johnston1 and family came over to attend the Green Corn Feast.

1) Rev. Thomas Johnson, of the Shawnee Mission.

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Tuesday, 15.–The glorious feast–the election in the midst of a most furious rain, which continued all day; unfavorable as the day was a large number of white people attended, both ladies and gentlemen, and enjoyed the feast in real gusto. The following persons compose the present Council, as decided by the annual election:

Francis A. Hicks, Principal Chief.

John D. Brown.

Councilors.

Matthew Mudeater.

James Rankin.

George I. Clark.

Wednesday, 16.–John Nofat came to chop cord-wood. I mowed in my pasture. Cloudy day.

Thursday, 17.–Killed a shoat for table use. David Young called. We had a long chat on politics.

Friday, 18.–Cloudy morning. The sun has not been seen for a week. Dr. Hewitt captured a ventriloquist last night just as he was commencing his performance at J. W. Gray Eyes’ house. He was, however, released and sent out of the Territory.

Saturday, 19.–Mowed in my pasture. In the evening Martha returned in company with Mr Charles Pore, Mr G. being sick. Harriet brought our mail, but no interesting news.

Sunday, 20.–Warm and sultry day. In the afternoon several gentlemen called upon us, two from N. Y. At night we had a heavy rain, accompanied with uproarish thunder, and lightning.

Monday, 21.–Worked about the place all day, cutting down weeds in my fence corners. John Nofat chopping cord-wood.

Tuesday, 22.–Mrs W. and Harriet went to K. Prospect of a warm day.

The Presidential race is all the talk now. Taylor and

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Cass. “Go it ye cripples!” Mr Van Buren of the barn-burning party seems to be gaining strength among the abolitionists. Free territory men; among the latter are some prominent Whigs.

ELECTORAL VOTES.

Maine 9 Alabama 9 New Hampshire 6 Mississippi 6 Vermont 6 Ohio 23 Massachusetts 12 Louisiana 6 Rhode Island 4 Kentucky 12 Connecticut 6 Tennessee 13 New York 36 Indiana 12 New Jersey 7 Illinois 9 Pennsylvania 26 Missouri 7 Delaware 3 Arkansas 3 Maryland 8 Michigan 5 Virginia 17 Florida 3 North Carolina 11 Texas 4 South Carolina 9 Iowa 4 Georgia 10 Wisconsin 4

290 votes.

Wednesday, 23.–Feel unwell. Try and work it off. In the evening, getting worse. Bloody flux. At night worse. Sent for Dr. Hewitt, C. B. G. and Mr Peery. Became insensible. Took blood. Blistered. Took calomel, blue mass, and all sorts of things. Inflammation of the bowels.

Thursday, 24.–Inflammation somewhat reduced. Weak and feeble.

Friday, 25.–Improving a little. Less fever. Taking oil, Dover’s powders, etc. Blisters sore.

Saturday, 26.–Taking charcoal, morphine, etc. Improving. Got my newspapers. But not much news

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Sunday, 27.–Improving on charcoal and morphine. M. R. W. and lady, J. W., C. G. and Mr Hunter called to see me. Beautiful day. In the evening T. H. Noble called and spent an hour.

Monday, 28.–Feel feeble; no appetite. Fever down. Weak pulse.

Tuesday, 29.–Attended the sheriffs1 election. The result was Irvin P. Long vice John Hicks, Jr.; Michael Frost re-elected. A committee of thirteen constitution tinkers appointed.

Wednesday, 30.–Quite unwell. Sent for S. Armstrong for consultation about the schism [and the] cantankerous capers of the abolitionists. Appointed Friday, September 1, for a National Convention at the camp grounds for the discussion of the question, North and South. A little rain in the evening. Took a blue pill on going to bed. Heard of the death of W. Bowers’ wife.

Thursday, 31.–Quite unwell. Rode up to F. A. Hicks’s and spent the evening. Warm and sultry.

SEPTEMBER, 1848.

Friday, 1.–Pursuant to notice the Nation assembled at the camp ground and at 12 o’clock proceeded to organize by the appointment of James Washington, President, and John Hicks, Sen’r, Vice President; and W. Walker, Secretary. The object [of the Convention] being to determine whether the Nation will declare for the Southern division of the M. E. Church, or the Northern. After an animated discussion by S. Armstrong, W. Walker, M. R. Walker, J. D. Brown, F. A. Hicks, David Young and others in favor of the South, and J. M. Armstrong,2 G. I. Clark, Esqr. Gray-Eyes, in favor

1) There were two sheriffs.

2) John McIntyre Armstrong, son of Robert and Sarah (Zane) Armstrong, was born October, 7, 1813. He was the leader of those Wyandots that refused to go to the M. E. Church, South, in the division. He was by profession an Attorney-at-Law, and was associated for some time with Hon. John Sherman of Mansfield, Ohio. He practiced

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of the North, a preamble and resolution [were] adopted by which the Nation declared for the South.

Saturday, 2.–Warm and sultry. In the afternoon we had severe and sharp thunder and lightning. Struck a linn tree at our barn. Rained about half an hour. Cleared up in the evening.

Sunday, 3.–Warm and sultry as usual. No preaching at the Church. Staid at home.

Monday, 4.–Received a letter from Major Harvey upon the subject of N. and S., abolitionism, etc. Mrs Chick paid us a visit and staid all night.

Tuesday, 5.–Staid at home all day. Writing an appeal to the Ohio conference. C. G. and I wrote a joint letter to Col. Goodin.

Wednesday, 6.–Quite unwell. Gastritis, Enteritis; taking “Longley’s Panacea.” Horrid stuff!

Thursday, 7.–To-day the church members were to be assembled at the new brick Church to vote on the question “North or South,” but unfortunately the members refused to attend, and so ended the affair. A rather severe rebuke to the agitators.

before the Interior Department, mostly in matters pertaining to Indian affairs. He seems to have been a man of strong convictions, and fearless in his actions. He married Miss Lucy Bigelow (born July 31, 1818), daughter of Rev. Russel Bigelow, the famous Methodist divine of Ohio, February, 20, 1838. Of this marriage were born: 1. Ethan McIntyre, born August 24, 1839; 2. Caroline Amelia Mead, born August 9, 1841, married L. L. Hartman, September 2, 1862; 3. Russel Bigelow, born October 20, 1843, married Rachel M. Brown, May 17, 1868; 4. Henry Jacquis, born May 6, 1846; 5. Ellen Clarrissa Gurley, born August 9, 1848, married James Edwin Howie, August 25, 1871; 6. William Silas, born January 30, died March 26, 1851.

J. M. Armstrong was one of the first to build a house in the “Wyandot Purchase.” He taught the first school in the Nation after the removal West. The writings of his widow, Mrs. Lucy B. Armstrong, upon the early settlement and early time of what is now Kansas, are very important, but scattered about through the newspapers and other publications of her time.

J. M. Armstrong died at Mansfield, Ohio, April 11, 1852. He was on his way to Washington. He stopped at Mansfield to see Hon. John Sherman; he was taken sick and died suddenly. He was temporarily buried at Mansfield, but his wife subsequently had his body removed to Bellefontaine, Ohio, and buried beside his mother.

Lucy B. Armstrong died January 1, 1892.

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Friday, 8.–The President, James Washington; Vice President, John Hicks, Sen’r; the committee, S. Armstrong, F. A. Hicks, W. Walker, and Little Chief met and adopted an address to the Ohio Conference to be sent to Cincinnati for publication, by next mail.1

Saturday, 9.–Dry weather. Jesse Stern and a Mr Cromwell of Ohio called upon us and staid awhile. Warm, warm. The Deacon gone to the P. 0. Sent the Document by him to be mailed.

Sunday, 10.–Cool morning. Went to Church and heard a Sermon by Rev. Mr Hurlburt. Large congregation. Warm and dry weather. Half past three o’clock P. M., commenced raining, but did not continue long.

Monday, 11.–Foggy morning and cloudy. 11 o’clock it cleared up and became warm.

This morning David Young lost his little boy–died of a remittent fever. In the afternoon, thunder and lightning, but had no rain.

Tuesday, 12.–Cloudy, misting rain. To-day our people commence their worship in the wilderness, in other words, their camp-meeting. Fears are entertained that they will have bad weather. M. R. Walker, Jesse Stern and company making preparations for a “buffalo hunt.” At night, a most furious rain came on; continued all night, till daylight.

Wednesday, 13.–Raining furiously. Cleared up at 10 o’clock. All in a bustle. Packing up preparing to move to the camp meeting. Wrote to Samuel Kerr of Pennsylvania, to go by to-morrow’s mail. Loaded up our effects and put out.

Thursday, 14.–Thursday 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th at camp meeting.

1) This address was published in the Western Christian Advocate and called forth a reply from the opposition, which was published in the same paper. It was all concerning the division in the Church into the North and South.

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Came home at 4 o’clock P. M. During the meeting the weather was cloudy and cold.

Tuesday, 19.–Cloudy morning. Cold and chilly. William Gibson, Joseph White and Peter Buck came to cut up my corn and proceeded to operations. Clear and cold night. We may have frost. . . .

Wednesday, 20.–Sure enough. Jack Frost has paid us his first visit for the season. Farewell summer! . . .

Thursday, 21.–The boys finished cutting up corn. Mrs W. and Harriet went to Kansas.

Friday, 22.–Wrote to Mr A. Guthrie the decision of the Council upon his petition.

Saturday, 23.–The Nation assembled to hear the report of the Revising Committee, after which a legislative committee was elected as follows: W. Walker, J. M. Armstrong Jas. Washington, George Armstrong, and J. W. Gray Eyes. Failure in the mail. A failure in the mail to-day.

Sunday, 24.–Went to Church and heard a Mohawk sermon by Mr Cusick.1

Monday, 25.–Went to town. No mail yet. Writing for Dr. Hewitt. In the evening, commenced raining.

Tuesday, 26.–Went to town. Called upon the Council and submitted a proposition. Came home.

Wednesday, 27.–Hunted [for] my oxen all day, but could not find them. They are not to be found when wanted.

1) This was undoubtedly David Cusick. He was a Tuscarora, and wrote a work on the early history and myths of the Iroquois. In the Bibliography of the Iroquoan Languages issued by the Bureau of Ethnology I find the following sketch: “David Cusick, the Tuscarora historian, was the son of Nicholas Cusick, who died on the Tuscarom Reservation, near Lewiston, N. Y., in 1840, being about 82 years old. David received a fair education and was thought a good doctor by both whites and Indians. He died not long after his father.”

Mr. Cusick was on his way to the Senecas at this time. He remained among the Senecas for some time, I think as much as a year, when he returned to Canada, as they supposed. Matthias Splitlog knew him well in Canada, and often spoke of him as one of the wisest Indians that ever lived.

In Beauchamp’s Iroquoian Trail, p. 42, it is said that it was James Cusick who became a Baptist minister. If so, he is probably the person who preached to the Wyandots. But many of the old Wyandots were acquainted with David Cusick.

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Thursday, 28.–Hunted again but with like success.

Friday, 29.–Went in company with Mrs H. W.1 to hunt grapes, but found few.

Saturday, 30.–Went to Kansas. Got my mail, not much news. Dined at Mrs Chick’s, Came home in the evening. Done up my Saturday’s chores.

OCTOBER,1848.

Sunday, 1.–Sabbath morn. Fine weather. Staid at home all day.

Monday, 2.–Pheobus! What a frost! Thermometer mercury below freezing point, but clear and a fair prospect of a warm day. Attended the meeting of the legislative committee.

Tuesday, 3.–Frosty morning. Cloudy. Foul weather. Peradventure, rain. Attended the legislative committee. It turned out a pleasant day. However, at night we had a slight sprinkling.

Wednesday, 4.–Mrs W. went to K. intending to stay all night. Warm day. My oxen, through the carelessness of that drunken Irishman, got out of J. W’s lot and made their escape. Finished reading Senator Benton’s speech in opposition to Gen. Kearney’s nomination for Brevet Major General for services in California. The speech occupies 11 numbers of the National Intelligencer. Well, K’s nomination was confirmed, but be did not deserve it.

Thursday, 5.–Went to attend the meeting of the legislative committee but the Council convening, [it] called upon the committee to sit in joint meeting for the transaction of extraordinary business. Adjourned and came home. Wrote a letter to John T. Walker at Laguna. Indian Summer; warm and pleasant.

Friday, 6.–Warm and smoky weather. Somewhat cloudy.

1) Hannah Walker, his wife.

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Rain perhaps. Got Irish John and the team and hauled some cord-wood, then hauled a barrel of flour to S. Armstrong’s, then came home.

Saturday, 7.–Cool and cloudy. M. R. Walker and company returned last night. All well. Had glorious sport. Killed lots of buffaloes. Lived luxuriantly.

We (i. e., three of us, Mrs W. [and] Harriet) went across the Missouri and paid Mr Th. H. Noble a visit. Dined and came home.

Sophia went to Kansas to get our mail if any there be. [She] Returned, but brought but little news. No letters.

Sunday, 8.–Cold and cloudy morning. Prospect of rain. Rev. Mr Hurlburt is to preach to-day. Staid at home.

Monday, 9.–Mr Hurlburt called over and staid some time, during which time an interesting conversation ensued upon the slave question and its concomitants.

Tuesday, 10.–Set out for the grand convocation of Indian tribes near Fort Leavenworth, in company with John Hicks, Sen’r, James Rankin, and F. A. Hicks, and arrived at the general camping ground in the evening. Found the Delawares, Shawnees, Miamis, Peoris, Kanzas, Sacs and Foxes already on the ground, and the Kanzas camp in a bustle, making preparations for a grand dance.1

Wednesday, 11.–In Council.

Thursday, 12.–In Council.

1) This is the great convention at which the emigrant tribes rekindled the Council Fire of the ancient Confederacy. Peter D. Clark, in his “Traditional History of the Wyandots,” page 131, says it was in 1846; evidently an error, although a Council was held before this, which was a preliminary meeting.

At this Council the position of the Wyandots as keepers of the Council-fire of the Northwestern Confederacy was confirmed and renewed. It is not meant to intimate anywhere in this work that the Wyandots were made dictators of the Confederacy, and ruled it, or exercised any arbitrary power over it. The other tribes recognized in the Wyandots strong and moderate men that were capable of weighing well any matter and forming a correct judgment. The Indian rendered military service voluntarily. The order of the greatest Chief or highest Council was only a suggestion, and while the Indian usually obeyed, he might obey or not as he chose. The personal liberty of the Indian was complete.

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Friday, 13.–In Council.

Saturday, 14.–In Council.

Sunday, 15.–In Council.

Monday, 16.–In Council.

Tuesday, 17.–In Council.

Wednesday, 18.–Returned from the Great Council after dark.

Thursday, 19.–Went over and spent the day with M. R. W. In the evening a gang of the official members of the Church assembled in our house on ecclesiastical business, and remained till 11 o’clock at night.

Friday, 20.–Went to town and gave to Dr. Hewitt some MSS. and had some chat with him upon Indian affairs, annual report, difficulties in the Nation upon Church matters. Came home.

Saturday, 21.–Wrote an address to the Indian Mission Conference for the official members. In the evening Mr Peery returned from K. but brought us no mail. No news from Ohio about the election. In the evening the notorious Bishop Andrews1 came over. Called upon him at the Deacon’s. Found him sociable and affable.–a real burly Georgian.

Sunday, 22.–Attended Church and beard the Bishop preach. In the afternoon he dined with us. Rainy and unpleasant day.

Monday, 23.–Went to town for news. Sent Mich. Frost to the P. 0. Got a lot of newspapers. The fulmination of the dog-skinning committee2 published in the Western Ad-

1) I believe it is not generally known that Bishop Andrews ever visited what is now Kansas. I did not know it until I read it here in Governor Walker’s Journal.

2) This was one of the exciting incidents in the troubles between the adherents of the M. E. Church and those of the M. E. Church, South. The supporters of the latter Church printed and distributed notices containing the announcement that the people were requested to meet at a certain time and place “to see a dog skinned.” The novelty of the announcement drew many to the meeting. The “skinning” consisted of a discussion of Church matters and the adoption of resolutions condemning the opposing Church. The vote was reached at dusk. The adherents of the M. E. Church published

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vocate. It has created some excitement among the seceders. Chiefs making out the Pay roll. A number of visitors this evening. A preacher, it seems, is appointed by the Ohio Conference, to come in here and sneak about like a night burglar or incendiary to do harm and not good. What is it that religious fanaticism will not do! The seceders have stolen the church records.1

Tuesday, 24.–Staid all day at home. At night a number of our friends came and staid till a late hour discussing various matters. Determined to call in the authority of the Nation and the Indian Agent to protect their rights from the seceders.

Wednesday, 25.–Payment of the annuity commenced. Esau returned. Nothing of interest. Paid out $3,000.

Thursday, 26.–Payment continued. Paid out $2,000.

Friday, 27.–Payment continued and closed. Wrote to Mr Greer. Gave him Yorrick.

the facts in the Western Christian Advocate of Cincinnati, Ohio, and put the opposition upon the defensive. The incident increased the bitterness between the factions, and resulted in an appeal to the Ohio Conference to send a missionary to the M. E. Church, which appeal was complied with. Governor Walker was extremely bitter, intolerant and unjust in his attitude toward the M. E. Church, although he did not belong to the Church, South, and his wife and daughter Martha belonged to the M. E. Church. Mrs. Walker went with the Church, South, at the beginning, but returned to the M. E. Church soon afterwards and remained in it until her death.

1) It cannot be conceded that the adherents to the M. E. Church were the seceders. The division of territory agreed upon between the Churches when they separated threw the Wyandots in that assigned to the Church, South. The Wyandots were not parties to this action of the General Conference that arranged the division. Many of them refused to abide the action, and remained in the old Church. The more wealthy slaveholding class went with the Church, South, but a majority of the people always remained in the M. E. Church, which never for a moment gave up its organization, nor submitted to the Church, South. The Council passed a resolution declaring for the Church, South, but it could have no effect in Church matters by any action it might take, for Church matters were beyond its control and jurisdiction. As to stealing the Church records, Governor Walker must have been misinformed. The late Mrs. Lucy B. Armstrong gave me many of these old records in 1887 and said that they came into her hands by their being in possession of her husband at his death, at which time he was an officer in the M. E. Church, probably Recording Steward, and that they had always been in the bands of the official board of the M. E. Church. The Washington Avenue M. E. Church, of Kansas City, Kansas, is the old Church brought from Ohio by the Wyandots in 1843, and which was established at Upper Sandusky in 1817; the first Indian Mission ever established by the M. E. Church.

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Saturday, 28.–Went to town. The Chiefs commenced paying the public liabilities. By the steamer “Mustang” Adam Hunt and his mother, Mrs Williams, and Mrs Dickson returned from Canada. Came home. Found our young people engaged in a party. Martha went to the P. 0. but got no mail. No news; too bad!

Sunday, 29.–Went to Church and to our astonishment found the Presiding Elder of the Quasi Northern District, a Mr. Still; the Deacon, as a matter of Grace, asked him to preach, which he attempted to do. “Sorter” preached. The Church was then divided, South from the North.1 Meeting appointed by the Northerners for evening.

Monday, 30.–Went to town. The Wyandott Chiefs paid the Delawares the fifth installment of $4,000.

Mrs W. went to K. Came home 3 o’clock, P. M. At candle-light the Wyandott Chiefs met at our domicile and prepared a communication to the Agent, asking the interposition of the Government to keep out of our territory those reverend disturbers of the Nation.2

Tuesday, 31.–Yoked up my oxen. Cut and hauled some wood. Went to town; called at J. Walker’s house, and found him and F. A. H. in close consultation upon State affairs. Bought a barrel of flour. Came home.

NOVEMBER, 1848.

Wednesday, 1.–Cold winter morning. Thermometer 24o! Whew! Went out to hunt my swine, but could not find them. Went to town, thence to the ferry. Sent a letter to John Goodin by J. Squeendehteh3 to the P. O. Came

1) This record “The Church was then divided, South from the North” is conclusive that the M. E. Church always maintained its organization. And it is also conclusive, if we wished to say so, that from a purely technical standpoint the Church, South, was the seceder. But it had a perfect right to separation, and no objection can be urged against its action.

2) This communication was forwarded to the Department of the Interior and nothing came of it; no action was taken.

3) Son of Squeeudechtee who is buried in Huron Place Cemetery, and who died in December 1844, aged 61 years. The name should be written Squehn-deh’-teh.

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home and done up my “‘ chores.” Winter’s coming. The forest is dousing her garments and displaying her nudity. For shame!

Thursday, 2.–Mrs W. went to K. for our mail. Received a few papers. Ohio gone democratic.

Friday, 3.–Raining, stormy. Finished copying the Journal of the Indian Congress.1 Went to town and hauled up a barrel of sugar and one of flour.

Saturday, 4.–Clear and cold morning. Wintry weather, Opened a barrel of sugar, (200 pounds). We’ll see how long this will last.

Hauled wood enough to do a month if the Thermometer dont run down to (“0”) zero.

Wrote a warning epistle to Tsees-quau-zhu-touh (J. W.)2 to go by Monday’s mail.

Mr G—– of Independence arrived, and then the Deacon. Both staid all night.

Sunday, 5.–Clear and frosty. Prospect of a fine day. Went to the Synagogue. Heard the Deacon preach. J. W. Gray Eyes made his debut as interpreter for the Church. We have full autumn upon us, and bleak winter near at hand.

“At last, old autumn rousing, takes

Again his scepter and his throne;

With boisterous hand the trees he shakes

Intent on gathering all his own.”

Monday, 6.–Clear, cold and frosty morning. Thermometer 38o. The Deacon took leave of us and put out. Went to town. Purchased twelve and a half bushels of winter apples at 40c per bushel.

Tuesday, 7.–Thermometer 30o at sunrise! Must kill a pig. Want fresh Pork. Tired of musty bacon and poor beef. Roast pig, ah! That’s it! Fetch in on, Dorcas. Went

1) I have searched unsuccessfully for fifteen years for this Journal. It must be lost; probably among the papers spoken of as having been destroyed by mice. What a pity so valuable a historical document should meet such a fate!

2) Joel Walker. This is his second Indian name.

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to town and found the Council in session. They requested the school directors to report the state of the school funds, which they did and closed their year’s accounts for 1848.

Wednesday, 8.–Went to K. and paid my taxes.

Thursday, 9.–Severe morning. Thermometer 10o. Winter weather. Ice floating in the Kansas River.

Friday, 10.–Cloudy weather. Prospect of snow. Thermometer 15o.

Hiatus–Blank–neglecting my Journal.

Thursday, 23.–Pretty clearly ascertained that Gen. Zachary Taylor of Louisiana is elected president of the U. S., beating Lewis Cass, and Martin Van Buren. Aye, and Gerrit Smith.

Attended a party at J. Walker’s.

Friday, 24.–Mrs W., Sophia and Theodore went to Independence. I cut up and salted away a quarter of beef.

Saturday, 25.–Cut up some wood. Read newspapers,. chatted with Mr Russell, and so whiled the day away. In the evening Theodore and Sophia returned from Independence, but no Mrs W. She had wisely come to the conclusion it was a little too cold a day to travel.

Sunday, 26.–Went to Church. Mr Russell officiated. Came home, ate dinner, and felicitatus. By the way, C. Graham called upon me and informed [me] that Col. Goodin was about to remit me $600. Welcome news. Now, I’ll., I’ll, Ahem–etc.

Monday, 27.–Went to town. Called at the smithshop. Had a chat with Dr. H. upon the subject of our difficulties. Came home and sent an invitation to Mrs Williams and Mrs Hunt to come and spend to-morrow afternoon. In the evening C. B. G. called and spent the evening.

Tuesday, 28.–Warm and pleasant day. Received a communication from Col. Goodin covering a remittance of one thousand and eighty dollars, the proceeds of my Hardin county lands.

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Rev. J. Thompson Peerey, our newly appointed missionary, moved into the parsonage. In the evening by invitation Mrs Williams and Mrs Hunt spent the evening with us.

Wednesday, 29.–Fury and daggers! Snowing at Jehu’s gait. Storm and tempest. Attended the session of the legislative committee. Adjourned at four o’clock, came home.

Thursday, 30.–Clear and cold morning. Attended the session of the legislative committee. Mrs W. and Harriet went on a friendly visit to the E. T. P’s and staid all night. To-night will be held the first official meeting of the Church South under the administration of Rev. J. T. Peerey.

DECEMBER, 1848.

Friday, 1.–Called upon Mr Peerey and presiding elder Stateler. Cut and hauled wood. Mrs W. and Harriet returned from their visit.

Mr James Gurley, the preacher sent by the Ohio annual conference to preach abolitionism to the Wyandotts, has just arrived. So I suppose we are to have religious dissensions in full fruition.

Saturday, 2.–Mr Gurley called upon us and defended his position. If he follows the instructions received from Bishop Morris we shall not have much trouble, for he will “gather up his awls” and pull out.

Mr Graham and Joel came and staid till bed time.

Sunday, 3.–Cloudy morning, prospect of snow. Must go to the synagogue and hear Mr Gurley “hold forth.” He held forth. Went to Church at early candle-lighting and heard the preacher in charge, J. T. Peerey.

Monday, 4.–At daylight, Great Caesar! What a snow storm. The elements in the wildest commotion. Flakes of snow whirling as large as leather aprons. Stormed all day and snow and sleet. Kept close quarters all day.

Tuesday, 5.–Sleet, sleet. Cloudy and dreary, Surely

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winter is now upon us. At 1 o’clock the misty sleet continues. No mail. My maledictions upon the mail contractors.

Wednesday, 6.–Cold, cloudy morning. Attended the session of the legislative committee. Sleet all day. Came home after nightfall.

Thursday, 7.–Fury and snakes! At daylight, snow, sleet and rain! When is this horrible tempest to come to an end. The sun has fled, and blackness, darkness, and storms are running their wild career to the utter dismay of all upper Missouri. Attended the session of the legislative committee. In the evening the weather cleared up and at night the moon shone with unusual brilliancy. Clear and very cold.

Friday, 8.–At daylight the thermometer stood 5o below zero. Cut and hauled wood all day, being clear and pleasant, though cold.

Saturday, 9.–Storm, storm again. Snow and sleet. Went to town, and called upon Dr. H. Came home. Chopped wood for Sunday. Sleet again.

Sunday, 10.–Staid at home. Wrote for Dr. H. a reply to Dr. Simpson’s editorial. Went down in the evening. Came home at 10 o’clock at night. A severe night. Every creek or spring run frozen up.

Monday, 11.–At daylight thermometer 18o below “0” zero. Sophia set out for Independence. A cold ride. Staid at home all day and made fires. That and chopping kept me constantly employed.

Tuesday, 12.–At daylight thermometer 10o below zero. Went to F. A. Hicks and had a chat. Selected Little Chief as my adjunct voter, this being the day appointed by law for the election of ferryman. At 2 o’clock the joint meeting proceeded to ballot for a ferryman. After several ballots all the candidates were dropped except D. Young and Tall Charles and the final ballot on these two stood thus: D. Young, 16; Tall Charles, 7. Majority 9 votes. Adjourned.

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Wednesday, 13.–Weather moderated. Mrs W. and Harriet gone to Kansas on foot. Little Thunder chopping wood for me. C. B. G. slaughtering hogs to-day. Bought a hog from him, and at candle-lighting I cut it up and salted it away.

Thursday, 14.–At daylight thermometer 10o above “0” zero. Staid at home. Wrote a long letter for Adam Brown to Col. Prince, M. P., Canada.

Friday, 15.–At daylight thermometer 10o above “0.” Prospect of a pleasant day. This evening quarterly meeting commences in Wyandott. Staid at home all day.

Saturday, 16.–Weather moderating. Went to Church and heard Mr Stateler preach. Attended Church at night.

Sunday, 17.–Went to Church again. At night E. T. P. and Mr Russell came home [with me] and staid all night.

Monday, 18.–Settled with E. T. P. and gave him an order on J. W. and Co. Warm day and a general thaw. Attended Church after night.

Tuesday, 19.–Cut and hauled wood. Went to the Council. Dr. H. recommended to the President for an appointment in California. Came home. The trustees of the Church meet to-night in the basement story.

Wednesday, 20.–Thermometer 10o above “0.” Cloudy and prospect of more snow. Cold, cold winter. At 3 o’clock P. M. it commenced sleeting and continued all night mixed with snow.

Thursday, 21.–Horrible! Sleet and snow in all its fury. Thermometer 2o below “0.” 8 o’clock snowing with an horrible tempest. During the whole of this day the snowstorm continued in all its fury without abatement. Legislative committee in session.

Friday, 22.–At daylight thermometer 20o below zero. Clear, cold all day. Staid at home.

Saturday, 23.–At daylight thermometer stood 29o below zero!

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Sunday, 24.–Cold and freezing weather.

Monday, 25.–A merry Christmas! Off in a tangent.

Hiatus. Holiday week, close of the year. Mean time, horrible weather.

1849

JANUARY, 1849.

Monday, 1.–A happy new year to ye all!

Tuesday, 2.–Stormy weather, horrible!

Wednesday, 3.–Cold. Put up hogs to fatten. Then went over the Missouri to buy some pork, but found [it] frozen, [and] took none.

Thursday, 4.–Staid at home all day. Made fires, etc.

Friday, 5.–Thermometer 8o below “0.” Clear but cold all day. Staid at home all day and attended to my stock. My horse Dragon gave me the slip and ran off.

Saturday, 6.–Thermometer 6o below “0.” Cloudy all day. At 1 o’clock [the] mercury rose to 15o. At four commenced snowing and continued till 10 at night.

Sunday, 7.–Snowing still. Mercury 25o. 11 o’clock, growing warm, rain perhaps. Went to Church and heard a sermon from Rev. Mr Hurlburt. A good one. Mr Peerey then by request announced an appointment for Rev. Mr Gurley for 3 o’clock. Well, he preached about Moses in the bulrushes.

Monday, 8.–Thermometer “0.” Cloudy. Such a winter for Missouri! In north latitude 39o, and west longitude 17o. Snow and sleet for a month. The snow now on the ground though solid and compact, is two feet deep. At 3 o’clock P. M. snow again and continued till 9 o’clock.

Tuesday, 9.–Clear, thermometer “0.” The sun has shown his face once more. Attended the National meeting. Read and proclaimed the new code of laws. Then proceeded to the election of a sheriff, in the place of I. P. Long,1 resigned. Thomas Pipe elected.

1) Irvin P. Long was the son of Alexander Long, who was an American officer in the

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Wednesday, 10.–At daylight thermometer 22o below “0”! Hauled wood and pottered about the house. Clear and cold all day. Thermometer standing all day at zero.

Thursday, 11.–Thermometer 10o below “0.” At sunrise the wind from S. E. At 12 o’clock the weather began to moderate, and continued warm all the afternoon and thawed during the night.

Friday, 12.–Thermometer 38o. Cloudy. A thaw. In the afternoon rain. Rained till late in the night. Went to Kansas and mailed one letter to Col. M. H. Kirby and one to the P. M. at Branch.

Saturday, 13.–Thermometer “0” and snowing. Well, well. This is wild winter. Cloudy all day and thermometer “0.” To-day Mr. Jackson of Kansas, who died yesterday, was buried with masonic honors. In the evening Mr G. of Independence came. A meeting of the officiary of the Church South met at Mr P’s after candle-light. This

war of 1812, and who married Catherine Zane. There is an amusing account of Alexander Long’s conversion, at a camp meeting, in Finley’s “Western Methodism.” I have not been able to procure material for even a short sketch of Irvin P. Long. For his maternal ancestry see note on the Zane family. He was a soldier in the Mexican War and his commanding officer, the late Major W. P. Overton, has often said to me that Irvin P. Long was the bravest soldier he ever saw. He said that he had seen Long charge with others upon a battery; every other man was either killed or forced back, but Long made his horse leap in amongst the gunners, and he cut down the last man with his sword. “This,” said he, “I have seen him do more than once; and in battle he constantly yelled the Wyandot war-whoop, a peculiar sound that almost curdled my blood and made my flesh creep.” Hon. Silas Armstrong, of the Indian Territory, has described to me Mr. Long’s death. He knew he must soon die, but he faced death with the bravery of an Indian. He refused to lie down, even when he was assured he would live but a few minutes. He maintained his position in his easy chair and gave directions about his affairs, and conversed on other matters in a manner that convinced all present that he was entirely devoid of any fear of death. When the fatal moment came he rested his head on the back of his chair and died without a gasp or struggle. How vastly superior to that of the white man is the view of death held by the Indian! He is educated to have no fear of death; to face it bravely; and to glory in triumphing over it even at the stake.

Irvin P. Long was one of the company made up by Charles B. Garrett and other Wyandots to go to California in 1849. This company crossed the plains and mined on the North Fork of the Feather River. See Governor Walker’s Journal and the sketch of Charles B. Garrett.

He was a member of Wyandotte Lodge No. 3, A. F. & A. M., and Wyandotte Chapter No. 6, R. A. M.

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morning Dan Punch was found frozen to death near the grave yard.

Sunday, 14.–Thermometer 100 below “0.” Cloudy. Thermometer stood at zero all day. Harriet and Mr G. went to church. I staid at home. At one o’clock sleet, horrid. This weather will kill our live stock. Thermometer at “0” still.

There will be an eclipse of the moon on the 8th of March and an eclipse of the sun on the 17th of August.

At 3 o’clock P. M. sleet again and continued till late in the night.

Monday, 15.–Thermometer 5o below “0.” Clear. Cut and hauled some wood. Clear all day, but cold. Mrs W. went to Kansas. Mr Ross came and spent the evening.

Tuesday, 16.–Thermometer 10o below “0.” Cloudy. Have a severe pain under my left shoulder. Something like pleurisy. Attended the National meeting. Gave notice of a meeting next Friday; of a meeting of such Wyandotts as are not members of the Church. Hired John Big-Sinew and came home.

Wednesday, 17.–Thermometer 5o below “0.” Clear. Pleasant and clear but rather cold all day. John Big-Sinew and I cut and hauled wood and [hauled] corn fodder.

Thursday, 18.–At daylight, 11o below “0.” Clear. Went to Kansas and got a pile of newspapers. Came home and perused them.

Friday, 19.–At daylight, thermometer 7o below “0.”

Saturday, 20.–Went to Kansas. Came home at 1 o’clock P. M. A general thaw. Mr Porter and Sophia called at our house. She staid, and he went “te hum.”

Sunday, 21.–Thermometer 5o below “0.” Clear. Some prospect of a warm day, but [it] proved rather cold. In the afternoon Sophia returned with Mr J. Porter to Independence.

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Monday, 22.–Thermometer 5o below “0.” Have taken a most villainous cold. Sick, sick! Rev. John T. Peery and lady dined with us to-day.

Tuesday, 23.–Thermometer “0.” Cloudy. In regard to the weather “we know not what a day may bring forth.” Dreary winter continues to sway his frigid and chilling scepter over us poor Missourians. Council meets to-day, but thank my stars I have nothing to do with it. They may hold a court of inquiry over George Coke and wife, charged with the murder of the late Daniel Punch. In the afternoon John Big-Sinew, and John Coon-Cripple came to work. In the evening, rain-rained all night.

Wednesday, 24.–Rain; a general thaw. I am sick. Sent for Matthew R. W. to ascertain whether he had any medicines, having none myself. He went home and sent me some croup syrup.

Thursday, 25.–Snow nearly gone. Foggy and warm. Rested better last night. [I] Begin to expectorate. My boys left this morning. At 11 o’clock the wind from the N. W., and getting colder and spitting snow again. Well, well, what weather.

“Arriere ceux dont Ia bouche

Souffic le froid et le chaud!”

Sent Theodore to Kansas for our mail. No mail came to Kansas, because as usual the “Blue is up.” The contractor ought to be drowned in the Blue! Turning cold.

Friday, 26.–Thermometer 8o. Clear. Mrs W. gone to S. A.’s. His wife being very sick. Wrote a long epistle to Esau at Cincinnati and dated it the 25th through mistake. Moderately warm through the day.

Saturday, 27.–Thermometer 10o. Cloudy. Sent Esau’s letter. Went over to C. B. Garrett’s and got my pup “Carlo,” Junior, and brought him home. Cloudy and warm. I want my mail. I hope “the Blue” is not “up again.” Mrs Armstrong, it is said, is still very sick.

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Thawed all night. Warm this morning and cloudy. Looks very much like rain. Cloudy and wet all day.

Sunday, 28.–Went to Church. Came home and found Dr. Hewitt in possession of the house, waiting our return. We chatted about various matters. Dined and he went home. Cloudy and misting all day.

Monday, 29.–Cloudy and wet. Sleet, sleet, is there to be no end to sleet. Went over to M. R. W.’s and spent the afternoon. At night it snowed.

Tuesday, 30.–Thermometer 10o above zero. Snow on the ground. Sleet again. Went to attend the session of the Council in order to report the result of the meeting on the 19th of the non-professing members, who decided that both missionaries should be expelled from the nation. Made my report, and closed with a speech, defining our position, and closed with a solemn warning to the northern faction.1 Came home. Found John Big-Sinew and Smith Nichols had returned to go to work.

Wednesday, 31.–Sleet, sleet!! Oh, glorious weather! Maria Monk had a calf last night, but it was frozen to death. Nine o’clock, sleet, sleet, sleet. Go it. Ten o’clock. Getting warmer. Raining, raining. At 7 o’clock at night it cleared up and the moon and stars shone as brilliant as gems.

FEBRUARY, 1849.

Thursday, 1.–Clear and cold. Thermometer 10o above “0.” Prospect of a pleasant day, but how long. Went to Kansas. The mail came in but the papers were all “a dog’s age old.” Done some shopping and came home. Discharged my hands.

Friday, 2.–Clear. Thermometer 10o above “0.” At 8 o’clock cloudy. Mrs W. and Martha went to Kansas to stay

1) This action resulted in the expulsion of the Missionary of the M. E. Church. The Missionary of the M. E. Church, South, was not molested.

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all night. Went to town and found it deserted. All gone to K. Heard that James Monture had murdered his wife. Pleasant day.

Saturday, 3.–Thermometer “0.” Clear and beautiful morning. Finished a document for Deacon E. T. P. Warm and pleasant day. Mrs W. and Martha returned.

Sunday 4.–Cloudy morning. Thermometer 20o above “0.” More snow or sleet perhaps. Went to Church. More depredations committed upon it by the disciples of the Northern Church. Warm and pleasant all day.

Monday, 5.–At sunrise thermometer 5o below “0.” Clear. Pleasant day. Went to Kansas and settled up various accounts. Paid off some of my bills.

Tuesday, 6.–Came home. At night guarded the “synagogue” till midnight from the incendiaries’s brand. After we came away the work of destruction was renewed.

Wednesday, 7.–Thermometer 5o below “0.” Warm and pleasant.

Thursday, 8.–Thermometer 10o above “0.”

Friday, 9.–Wrote a com. from Mrs N. G. to A. G. and after that, glad to get rid of her.

Saturday, 10.–Warm and pleasant day, a general thaw. In the evening, Rev. Mr Russell called and staid till bedtime. To-day is the time appointed for the Northern Q. M. But will it be held?

Sunday, 11.–Thermometer 8o above “0.” Went to Church and heard Mr Russell preach. Came home, then went to Dr. Hewitt’s and staid an hour. Then called on Mr Cotter.

Monday, 12.–Thermoneter “0.” At daylight cloudy. Went to town. Little or no news. Got my iron kettle home and prepared for butchering my swine. Employed John Big-Sinew and John Coon, jr.

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Tuesday, 13.–Thermometer 10o above “0.” Commenced operations on my swine. Raw and cold all day.

Wednesday, 14.–Thermometer 3o below “0.” Cloudy. Cut up and salted away my pork, then rested the remainder of the day. Cloudy and cold all day. Killed a crow with ‘my “double barrel,” by way of variety.

Thursday, 15.–Thermometer 5o below “0.” Clear. Clear, but cold all day. Sent by J. T. Peerey for my mail. Peter Warpole1 died last night.

Friday, 16.–Thermometer “0.” Went in company with Dr. Hewitt and paid a visit to Deacon Peerey. Came home in the evening.

Saturday, 17.–Phoebus! Wind blowing and snow flying! Thermometer at “0.” At sunrise a large luminary appeared near the sun, called a sun-dog. Cold, cloudy, and windy all day. Severe weather.

Sunday, 18.–Thermometer 10o below “0.” Clear. Went to Church and heard a sermon from J. T. Peerey. Came home and took my seat by a comfortable family fire. Felicitatusl Cold, cold, horrid cold. But look out to-night. Whew!

Monday, 19.–Thermometer 10o below “0.” Clear. Sky red at sunrise. Prospect of a warm and pleasant day. Went to town. J. W. removing his goods to Kansas. Dr. H. absent. Came home. Wind from the south, warm.

Tuesday, 20.–Thermometer “freezing point,” Cloudy. Two o’clock P. M., a general thaw. Came home from town.

Wednesday, 21.–Raining at daylight. It is probable we shall have a general break up and a deluge. 3 o’clock. Cloudy, hazy, and misting. Our sleighing is now over, and I am not sorry.

Thursday, 22.–Cloudy and still thawing. This is Wash-

1) Son of Rohn’-tohn-deh, generally written Rontondee, who died November 17, 1843, aged 68 years, and was buried in Huron Place Cemetary. Rohn’-tohn-deh signifies “Warpole.” He was known as Warpole.

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ington’s birthday. A ball to come off in Kansas. Hauled some wood in the mud. L. Coffman, Esq., called and I rented him my lot in Kansas till the 1st of September next for $10.00. My execrations upon John Big-Sinew for not coming according to promise to chop for me.

Friday, 23.–Weather ditto. Thawing. Foggy, etc. Cloudy, sometimes clear, warm. All the little ravines in a roar. The river must rise and no doubt but the “Blue is up,” as the mail carrier says. Smith Nichols and John Monture chopping.

Saturday, 24.–Clear morning. “Freezing Point.” Last night Miss Peach Blossom gave me the slip. This morning I hunted for her and after a long search found her, she having given birth to a splendid young bull.

Wrote again to Dr. Latta for his paper, but when it will go is hard to tell, as we get no mail these days.

Sunday, 25.–Thermometer 5o below “Freezing point.” Cloudy. The ice breaking up in the Missouri and Kansas Rivers. Went to Church. Came home and after dinner returned and heard another sermon without an interpreter. Came home at sunset. J. M. A. set out yesterday to Kickapoo to regulate the Northern Church matters. “He is some.” A second Martin Luther. A real reformer. Stultum. Stultorum.

Monday, 26.–Thermometer 45o. Cloudy. Thawed all night. Warm and thawing. Snow nearly all gone. Miss Huffacre called and spent the day.

Tuesday, 27.–Thermometer 45o. Cloudy. Warm all day. To-day the [ice in the] Missouri and Kansas [Rivers] broke up with a crash. Attended the meeting of the legislative committee. Passed the general appropriation bill. Came home in company with James Washington and George Armstrong.

Wednesday, 28.–Sleet again. Thermometer 19o. Cloudy;

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cold and cloudy all day. Went to town. Got my cane repaired and came home.

MARCH, 1849.

Thursday, 1.–Thermometer 18o above “0.” Cloudy. Looks like snow.

Presidential Election in 1848.

Cass.

Arkansas              3

Alabama               9

Indiana                12

Illinois                           9

Missouri                7

Michigan               5

Virginia                 17

Maine                   9

New Hampshire      6

Ohio                     23

South Carolina       9

Texas                   4

Mississippi            6

Iowa                     4

Wisconsin             4

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Taylor.

Connecticut           6

Delaware               3

Kentucky               12

Maryland               8

New York               36

North Carolina       11

New Jersey            7

Pennsylvania                  26

Rhode Island                 4

Tennessee            13

Vermont               6

Louisiana              6

Florida                           3

Massachusetts       12

Georgia                10

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At 2 o’clock P. M. we have sleet again. Oh, sleet, when are we to get rid of thee.

Friday, 2.–At daylight snow on the ground. Cloudy. Thermometer 20o. In the afternoon M. R. W. and I went up to see G. I. C., who has a violent attack of the pneumonia. Cloudy night.

Saturday, 3.–Cloudy. Thermometer 22o. Sleet, sleet. No end to it. To-day closes the administration of James K. Polk. “Sic transit gloria mundi.”

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1 o’clock, rain and sleet. Verily March has “come in like a lion and will probably go out like the devil.”

Went to town and called upon Dr. H. Staid an hour and came home.

Sunday, 4.–Rain, rain. Bella horrida! This day the United States Republic is without a President. But what is the use of a President such weather as this? 1 o’clock P. M. Rain. Staid at home all day, the weather being too inclement to venture out of the house. 8 o’clock at night. Raining. So we go.

Monday, 5.–My birthday. This day I complete my 48th year, and nimbly step into my forty-ninth. To-day Gen. Z. Taylor steps nimbly into the Presidential chair. “Glory enough for one day.”

Tuesday, 6.–Thermometer freezing point. At 9 o’clock the day cleared up and the sun appeared. Wrote a long letter to John T. Walker. Went to town. Sent by Theodore to the P. 0. Came home at half past 2 P. M. At night Theodore returned and brought my mail, a real pile of newspapers, with a letter from Hugh Barrett. Read till a late hour in the night. Clear and moonlight night.

Wednesday, 7.–Frosty morning. Clear. Warm day. Perused my newspapers and staid at home all day. Beautiful night. The moon nearly full.

Thursday, 8.–Thermometer “freezing” point. Cloudy. Mrs W. gone to see G. I. C. Raining. Mrs W. returned. G. I. C. not getting any better. Mrs Robataille died this morning.

Friday, 9.–Foggy morning, cloudy and warm. Finished a letter to H. Barrett to go by tomorrow’s mail. Went to town and learned that the steamer St. Joseph came up yesterday, but owing to the ice not being broken up above here, returned. The first steamboat up. While in town the “Amelia” came up. To-day Mrs Robataille was buried.

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Saturday, 10.–Cloudy, warm, and foggy. Prospect of more rain. Went to town and staid all day. The Kansas River still rising. The Turkey Creek bridge gone.1 Got no mail. The “Mandan” went up to-day. Cloudy all day, but no rain. The California: fever rages on the Rialto.

Sunday, 11.–Foggy and cloud. Warm, prospect of rain. Went to Church. The northern fanatics have stolen our church bible.2 I hope the thieves will make good use of it. This is, I suppose, a “pious fraud.” Wrote to Jesse Stern, directing him to take the necessary steps for a legal partition of the Seneca county lands. Mr Caloway and W. H. Chick called on us to-day. Sunset clear. At night clear and starlight.

Monday, 12.–Thermometer 3o below freezing point. Clear and pleasant. Beautiful day. Sent to the P. 0. by G. D. Williams, but got nothing but a Weekly Dollar. My execrations upon Cave Johnston’s mail contractors. They have ceased carrying the mail between this and St. Louis entirely.

Tuesday, 13.–Cloudy and warm. Prospect of rain today. Went to work and hung my old gate which had broken down. The noise of steamers on the river. One half past ten o’clock A. M., rain. Cleared up in the evening, but in a little while distant thunder was heard and it became cloudy again. At dark rain and loud thunder. Cleared up in the night.

Wednesday, 14.–Clear and frosty morning. Prospect of a fine day. 9 o’clock, beautiful day. Clear and warm.

1) Turkey Creek, a stream running northeast through Shawnee Township, Wyandotte County, Kansas, now empties into the Kansas River just above the Stock Yards. It formerly flowed into the Missouri River just below Dold’s Packing House. The road crossed it on a bridge for a time, and afterwards a ferry-boat was used. The crossing was at the mouth of the creek, as the road ran along the bank of the Missouri River.

2) I doubt if it was ever known who stole the Bible. These troubles continued until both Churches were burned. I have investigated this matter until I know absolutely who burned each Church building, but no good could come of making it a matter of record here.

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Spring is upon us in all its beauties. Felicitatus. Went to town. Called at the smithshop. Dined at C. G.’s. Called at J. W.’s and got some turnips, then came home. Warm and beautiful day. Clear night, chilly and cold.

Thursday, 15.–Thermometer “freezing” point. Somewhat cloudy. Warm and pleasant day. Hunted for my oxen but could not find them. The old rascals, they knew there was work on hands and “sloped.”

Upon comparing my cranium with Dr. Comb’s system of phrenology, I cannot find a single valuable “bump” or development, except that of “benevolence.” Barring this, my cranium is no better than a Baboon’s. So that phrenology has laid “all my greatness” on the shelf, and now I am no longer “some in a bear fight.” A long farewell to all my greatness. But then I may have some important bumps elsewhere that might boost me up and put me in conceit of myself again. Sent to the P. O. for my mail and as usual got nothing.

Friday, 16.–Light frost. Clear. Hauled some wood out of the corn field. Warm day. Nothing strange occurred. A dull monotonous day. Afflicted with ennui. I want my mail!

Saturday, 17.–Thermometer “freezing” point. Cloudy and windy. Mrs W. went to Kansas. I went to town. Warm pleasant day. Received some papers from Mr Gilmore. Mrs W. returned and brought me a bundle of newspapers, but of old dates. My old chum, S. P. Chase,1 elected to the U. S. Senate. So much for riding the abolition “hobby.”

Sunday, 18.–Clear frosty morning. Went to Church. A fine congregation. An appointment for worship at the school house at 3 o’clock P. M. Pleasant, clear, and beautiful day. To-day John Porcupine died, but of what com-

1) They were schoolmates.

286

plaint I have not yet learned. He was sick but a short time. Attended Church in the afternoon. A good congregation.

Monday, 19.–Clear and warm morning.

Tuesday, 20.–Cloudy.

Hiatus.

Friday, 23.–Thomas H. Noble raised my crib and shed. Warm and pleasant day.

Saturday, 24.–Put on the roof and quit for the day.

Sunday, 25.–Frosty morning. Staid at home all day and read. Wind from the north all day. Chilly.

Monday, 26.–Frosty morning but clear. Beautiful day. Hung up my bacon to dry and smoke. Hauled some slabs and firewood. Mr Bowman commenced boarding [with us] this evening.

Tuesday, 27.–Clear and pleasant morning. Worked all day. Moved our hen house. Repaired our spring, and rested thereon. In the evening a moderate rain.

Wednesday, 28.–Cloudy and foggy. Showery. Went to town and got my gun repaired. Planned a spring house, that is, done the wind work.

Thursday, 29.–Cloudy weather. Mr Bowyer working the garden and I doing chores. Just heard that that dreadful scourge, the Asiatic cholera, has reached Kansas. Well, keep cool, hold a steady hand. Commenced gardening to-day. Planted our top onions.

Friday, 30.–Cloudy morning, but no rain. Went to town, got my mail, and a “public document.” Warm day. Cool in the evening. At 5 o’clock P. M. Sophia made her appearance in company with Mr Stone of Independence.

Saturday, 31.–Beautiful morning. Worked in the garden. Planted some more top onions. To-day quarterly meeting commences. I went to Church and heard a sermon from Mr Stateler. Warm day.

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APRIL, 1849.

Sunday, 1.–Sabbath morn. Fine warm day. Went to Church.

Monday, 2.–Cloudy; prospect of rain. Mr Stateler, Mr Flint, a Shawnee preacher, and F. A. Hicks called and staid awhile in social chat. Planted some more onions. Showery.

Tuesday, 3.–Dark, dark and rainy morning. Must stay in close quarters. But it is all for the best. Vegetation needs rain. This is a most fertilizing shower. 12 o’clock M. Gloomy day. Ennui. Blue devils. Rain, clouds, fog. I want my mail. Steamers roaring and snorting up the river. Nightfall. Still raining and the wind from the north.

Wednesday, 4.–Sun obscured by clouds. But the rain has ceased. 8 o’clock, cleared up, but cool. Prospect of a fair and pleasant day. Hauled corn and in the evening hauled some wood and took up some grapevines. Clear night. J. Walker returned home.

Thursday, 5.–Frosty morning. Resumed hauling corn, and finished at 12 o’clock. Wrote to Jesse Stern again upon the subject of the land sale. Mrs W. gone to Kansas. Cloudy. Looks like rain. Finished hauling corn.

Friday, 6.–Cloudy morning. Went to town and called upon J. Walker and C. Graham. Came home and went to work. Mrs Chick moved over to the parsonage.

Saturday, 7.–Cloudy and cold, but no frost. Cut some timber for a trellis work for grape vines in the garden. Cleared up my little meadow. In the evening it rained and continued through the night.

Sunday, 8.–This day, 25 years ago, I and Mrs W. were married. A quarter of a century has rolled around, and still it seems but as yesterday! Wrote a letter for Mrs Graham to her brother in Kentucky. Went to Church as all good Christians should do.

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Monday, 9.–Raining. At 11 o’clock, cleared up, but windy. Ground drying up. Worked at the trellis frame. At half after 5, a beautiful rainbow.

Tuesday, 10.–After a windy night, we have a cold morning, the wind from the north. Thermometer, “freezing point.” Council meets to-day, but as I have no business there I will stay where I have business–at home. Dr. Hewitt returned to-day from St. Louis.

Wednesday, 11.–Clear, frosty morning. Having what is called a hoar frost, we shall have a beautiful day. Kansas full of California adventurers. Finished our lattice frame and raised it. Went to town. Got my gardening implements repaired. The flat boat going to Kansas tomorrow. Well, I must go too.

Thursday, 12.–The boat cast off from her moorings and away we went. Landed in Kansas amidst a drenching rain. The rain continuing, we did not put our cargo on board. After a consultation, we concluded to defer loading till the morrow. Secured our boat.

Friday, 13.–Loaded up and commenced cordelling the boat up stream against a heavy current. In the bustle I was tipped “overboard” and after a desperate struggle, by the aid of my friends, I got on terra firma again, and returned to town and doused my diluted garments and put on others which accorded more to the feelings of “flesh and blood.”

Saturday, 14.–Remained in town, feeling unwell.

Hiatus.

Thursday, 19.–Planted some early potatoes and did various other matters about my premises.

Friday, 20.–Warm and pleasant day. Our “Wyandott Mining Company” in a stir making preparation for their long journey to California.

ISAIAH WALKER.

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Saturday, 21.–Wrote all day in the Agent’s office and at night attended a California meeting.

Sunday, 22.–Cloudy morning. Prospect of rain. Went to Church. One half the congregation being Californians from over the river.

Monday, 23.–At daylight, raining. Rained till 11 o’clock. Then cleared off. Hauled some wood, At night a gang of our neighbors, bound for California, called upon us and spent the evening.

Tuesday, 24.–Went to town to write in the Agent’s office, but the Agent was absent. Met Esau. Had a chat with him. He is destined for Santa Fe. Appointed William Linnville my substitute to represent me in the “Wyandott Mining Company.” Came home in the evening, etc.

Wednesday, 25.–Went to town to write in the Agent’s Office, but the incumbent had other business. So I attended to my own. Went —

Thursday, 26.–Asiatic cholera broke out in K. Isaac McCoy1 departed this life to-day.

Friday, 27.–Alarm pervades the country. Came home to enjoy the rural atmosphere and keep out of the haunts of this horrid disease.

Saturday, 28.–Inflammation in my left eye.

Sunday, 29.–My eye painful. Kept my bed all day.

Monday, 30.–No better. Michael Frost came to work.

MAY, 1849.

Tuesday, 1.–Cold and cloudy day. In the evening, rained, with thunder and lightning.

Wednesday, 2.–Clear and windy. Heard of the death of Mr Bigerstaff, druggist.

1) He was a surveyor and had been a missionary to the Indians. He built the first house erected for a permanent residence in what is now Wyandotte County, Kansas. It was built near Edwardsville. Mr. McCoy, it is said, was the first to propose moving Eastern Indians to what is now Kansas. He laid off and surveyed the lands assigned to most of the tribes. He died in Kansas City, Mo., where his descendants still live.

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Thursday, 3.–Rain all day. Cholera abating in Kansas. Judge Chaffee of Upper Sandusky landed, on his way to the “Diggins.” I am suffering the horrors of blindness.

Friday, 4.–Rain last night, and raining this morning. Sent T. F. Garrett to K. for our mail, but got none. J. Chaffee called upon us.

Hiatus.

Thursday, 31.–This day the “Wyandott Mining Company” set out for California. The following are the names of those that set out: I. P. Walker,1 Capt. Theo. F. Garrett, William Bowers, William Lynville, Ira Hunter, Matthew Brown, C. B. Garrett, Philip Brown, Adam Hunt, R. Palmer, Russell Garrett; E. B. Hand, physician.

JUNE, 1849.

Friday, 1.–Showery, unsettled weather. Mike finished ploughing.

Saturday, 2.–Clear and pleasant. Had custard for dinner, which was very “delicious to our taste.”

Sunday, 3.–Clear and excessively warm. About noon the mercury stood at 91. In the evening heard of the death of Miss Huffaker. The Missouri is very high and is still on the rise. Fair prospect for another overflow, so the poor French will have to desert their homes in the bottom.2

Monday, 4.–Very warm. The flat-boat went down to Kansas to-day and we sent for some bacon.

Tuesday, 5.–Warm, cloudy, and raining.

Wednesday, 6.–Warm and rainy day. Heard of two cases of cholera on this side. Nothing of importance transpiring. Dull times, very dull.

Thursday, 7.–In the morning clear and warm. In the evening clouded up; prospect of another shower. Mail day,

1) Governor Walker made a mistake here; he omitted to write I. P. Long.

2) Along Turkey Creek, on the banks of the Missouri River.

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but as usual, had no chance of sending for our share in the mail bags.

Friday, 8.–Showery all day. No mail as yet.

Saturday, 9.–Clear and warm.

Sunday, 10.–Showery and warm. In the evening, had company. Mr Gilmore, Miss Twyman, Mr Stone and Mr Porter.

Monday, 11.–In the morning, had quite a shower with quite a high wind. In the evening cleared off. Got our mail. Dr. Waldo called and staid all night.

Tuesday, 12.–Clear all day, for a wonder.

Wednesday, 13.–Showery. Got one quilt out.

Hiatus.

Monday, 18.–Planted our corn.

Tuesday, 19.–Planted the fall potatoes.

Wednesday, 20.–Warm. Dr. H. called and staid an hour.

Thursday, 21.–Hiatus.

Friday, 22.–Major Cummins arrived with the Wyandott annuity and staid all night with us!

Saturday, 23.–Cloudy, prospect of rain. Major Cummins paid the annuity.

Sunday, 24.–Rained in the forenoon.

Heard of the death of Joseph Chaffee, who died on the 23rd of May last.

Monday, 25.–Staid at home all day. Rain.

Tuesday, 26.–Went to town; rain. Heard of the death of J. K. Polk.

Wednesday, 27.–Staid at home. Warm. Rain as usual.

Thursday, 28.–Mrs W. went to K. The P. M. said there was no mail. He lied, the rascal.

Friday, 29.–Foggy morning. Cloudy; more rain to-day.

Wrote to the “Wyandott Tribune,” announcing J. Chaffee’s death. Thunder and lightning. More rain.

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Saturday, 30.–Saddled up my horse and went to town, intending to go to Major Cummins’, but gave it up and returned home. Warm day. Mr Gilmore came and staid all night.

JULY, 1849.

Sunday, 1.–Staid at home and read and wrote. Foggy morning.

Monday, 2.–Went to town. Came home. Then went to John Lewis’s.

Tuesday, 3.–Cloudy; prospect of rain. Rained from 7 to 10 o’clock.

Wednesday, 4.–Rained all night. At daylight, raining furiously. What a day for a celebration! Rain, rain. Cholera broke out afresh this week in Kansas. Eight deaths within this week and it is reported to be raging with violence in St. Louis. Rain, rain.

Thursday, 5.–Cloudy and foggy. Feel quite unwell. Rain, rain.

Friday, 6.–Clear and beautiful morning. Bathed and took my morning walk.

Saturday, 7.–Tho. Moseley, lately appointed Wyandott sub-agent, arrived last evening. I went down to see him and spent the day with him. Rain again. Rain, rain. Came home.

Sunday, 8.–At daylight, rain, rain. At 6 o’clock, an horrible tempest with wind and rain. This being Quarterly Meeting, I went to Church and heard a sermon by L. B. S.

Monday, 9.–At 11 o’clock, the rain held up. Oh for clear weather once morel Zachariah Long-House died last Friday night of Cholera.

Tuesday, 10.–Went in company with Major Moseley to pay a visit to Major Cummins. Staid all night.

Wednesday, 11.–Came home. Warm, warm. Attended Council. Mr Moseley reported himself to the Council.

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Thursday, 12.–Made the transfer of the effects of the sub-agency.

Friday, 13.–Went to town. A thunder storm. Came home and attended a caucus at the Church, at night.

Saturday, 14.–Cloudy all day. Have caught a violent cold. Am sick! Dr. Still holding his fanatical Quarterly Meeting.

Sunday, 15.–The sun rose hot and sultry. I am sick. Taking medicine. Dr. Hewitt moved to-day from the Wyandott Territory to give place to his successor. Sic transit gloria mundi.

Monday, 16.–Cloudy and cool. Staid at home. Major Moseley, the new Sub-Agent spent the day with us and staid all night.

Tuesday, 17.–Went to the National Convention to nominate candidates for the Council, and [it] resulted thus:

J. Washington,      majority,      5.

J. T. Charloe,                 “                 2,      Abolitionist.

D. Young,             “                 3,      “

J. Van Meter,                  “                 1,      “

Adjourned. Came home.

Wednesday, 18.–Jacob Charloe commenced ploughing my corn. Went to town. Rain, rain.

Thursday, 19.–Cloudy. Jacob resumed his work. Rain, rain. Oh! when is our rainy season to end.

Friday, 20.–Cloudy as usual. Went to town. Wrote to L. Smalley. Dr. Ridge called and spent the afternoon. Rain rather light to-day.

Saturday, 21.–Cloudy. I fear we shall have the old song Rain, rain.” Clear all day for a wonder.

Clear and prospect of a warm day. For the first time for nearly three months we had one clear day.

Sunday, 22.–Rain, rain. Remained cloudy all day.

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Monday, 23.–At daylight raining. At sunrise cloudy. Wrote to the W. Mining Co. Rain, rain.

Tuesday, 24.–Rain, rain. Wrote the Collard Letter. At 2 o’clock, weather cleared up. The sun set clear.

Wednesday, 25.–Cloudy, and probably more rain. No rain to-day for a wonder. Warm.

Thursday, 26.–Went to Kansas. Rain, rain. Came home in the evening.

Friday, 27.–Rain, rain. Finished J. W.’s Communication to the Secretary of the Interior. At noon the weather cleared up.

Saturday, 28.–Clear for a wonder. Attended a special election of ferryman, vice D. Young, resigned; and George Steel was elected.

Sunday, 29.–Warm, dry, and clear till the middle of the day, then rain, rain. So we go.

Monday, 30.–Foggy and chilly. At 9 o’clock it cleared up, and [there is] a fair prospect of a clear day. Mrs W. and Sophia went to K.

The difference. A passionate and hasty person is generally honest. It is your cool, dissembling hypocrite of whom you should beware. There is no deceit about a bulldog. It’s the sneaking cur that bites you when your back is turned. Beware I say of him who has cant in his Phiz. He’s the rascal.

Jacob Charloe resumed working in the corn field. Clear all day.

Tuesday, 31.–Foggy morning at sunrise. Wrote to D. D. Mitchell, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, upon the subject of J. T. Walker’s money. Cleaned out and pruned my fruit trees in my garden. Went to town. Met with Dr. Hewitt. Clear and pleasant all day.

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Wednesday, 1.–Cloudy at sunrise and quite cold. It was clear all day. Went to town to attend a meeting of a political character, but not many attending, it was adjourned.

Thursday, 2.–Clear and cool. Heavy dew. 10 o’clock, roasting hot. Mail day but [I] can’t go for my share of it. Rode up in the country and bought a cow of Geo. D. Williams at $13.00.

Friday, 3.–This day the President of the U. S. has recommended to be observed as a day of fasting, humiliation and prayer, in view of the destructive ravages of the Cholera1 in our land. Came home and dined. In the evening, Rev. E. T. Peerey called and spent the evening. Glad to see him.

Saturday, 4.–Mailed a letter for Branch, Michigan. Warm. Thermometer 94o. Delaware camp meeting going on.

Sunday, 5.–Rain, rain. No meeting to-day. Cleared up, and warm.

Monday, 6.–At daylight, rain, rain. Finished a letter to Mr McKnight. Cloudy all day, but sultry. My hands did not come. Just as I expected. My curses upon them

Tuesday, 7.–Cloudy and cool. Pleasant day. Went to town. Dined with Mrs H. Rain at night.

Wednesday, 8.–Fine day. Attended a political meeting at the schoolhouse. Polled the voters of the Nation. We shall re-elect the old Board of Chiefs. Wrote a Com. for the “Wyandott Tribune.”

Thursday, 9.–Clear and fine morning. Went to Kansas. Got my mail. Hired Noah Zane to work a few days.

Friday, 10.–J. Coon, Jr., killed by Bob Cherokee.

1) It swept over the country about the mouth of the Kansas River every year.

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Noah and I sowed our Turnips. Hot day. Bargained with Peter Ballanger for a job of clearing, $18.00.

Saturday, 11.–Cloudy. Clearing up. Warm day again. Warm and sultry day, too warm to work were I even inclined. So “I laid by.”

Sunday, 12.–Clear and warm. The dog star rages. Went to Church. J. T. Peerey held forth. Thermometer. 100o! At six o’clock P. M. it became very cloudy. At 7, rain, and rained all night. 6 A. M., raining still.

Monday, 13.–Cleared up at 12. Warm and sultry. Attended the Council.

Tuesday, 14.–Pleasant day. Election to-day. The struggle is over and resulted in the election of

James Washington, Southern.

J. D. Brown,        “

G. I. Clark, Abolitionist.

M. Mudeater.

So we have beaten the Abolition Party. So they may rest easy now.

Wednesday, 15.–Rain, rain. So we go, no end to rain, So we have no “Green Corn Feast” this year on account of the alarm created by the ravages of the Cholera. But perhaps it’s best. Cloudy all day. Unsettled weather. Sun set clear.

Thursday, 16.–Damp and foggy morning. Went to Kansas; bought some provisions for my work hands. Peter Ballanger and Francois Tremble came to work on their job of clearing. Noah Zane commenced cutting the grass.

Friday, 17.–Cut and wind-rowed the hay. Hot day. Thermometer 100o. Tremble and Ballanger working at their job. Laid off my flannel to-night.

Saturday, 18.–N. Zane and I hauled in my hay and put it up in the stable loft. Thermometer 98o. Tho. H. Noble called and took dinner.

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Sunday, 19.–Rain, rain. Cool. 8 o’clock, clearing up. Cloudy all day, slightly, and occasionally a sprinkle of rain.

Monday, 20.–Cold, damp and foggy morning. If a clear and pleasant day, I must go to Kansas.

Hiatus.

Friday, 31.–J. T. Peerey moved away, and Rev. Mr Russell took his place.

SEPTEMBER, 1849.

Saturday, 1.–Staid about home and read all day.

Sunday, 2.–Warm. but pleasant. Had Mr Norton and Mr Mullikan to dinner. Went to Church in the evening.

Monday, 3.–Cloudy day. Staid at home all day.

Tuesday, 4.–Ditto, ditto.

Wednesday, 5.–Cloudy and a little rain. Mrs W. and Sophia went to K., notwithstanding.

Thursday, 6.–To-day the Wyandott camp meeting commences under favorable auspices, the weather being clear and cool.

Friday, 7.–Went in company with Mrs W. to Kansas and called upon Dr. Hewitt and dined. Bo’t various necessary family articles and came home in the evening.

Saturday, 8.–Cold morning, but no frost. Went to the camp ground and heard a sermon from Rev. Thomas Johnson, decidedly the best Indian preacher I ever heard. Rainy night.

Sunday, 9.–Raining, pouring down in torrents. At 9 o’clock it cleared up. Warm. Went to camp meeting. Heard a sermon from Mr Johnston, then one from J. T. Peerey and another from Mr Scarritt. Mrs W. sick.

Monday, 10.–Clear and beautiful morning. Pleasant all day. Mrs W. continues sick. Taking medicines.

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Tuesday, 11.–Clear and beautiful morning. Mrs W. better. Went to K. to get some stoves. Mr G. arrived to pay a visit.

Wednesday, 12.–Beautiful morning. Fall weather. Miss Matilda Chick arrived.

Thursday, 13.–Warm day. Went to K. for my mail.

Friday, 14.–Warm. Thermometer 95o.

Saturday, 15.–Cut my knee with an axe.

Sunday, 16.–Staid at home. Warm day.

Monday, 17.–Preparing for a party. Busy all day.

Tuesday, 18.–At half past 3 o’clock P. M., William Gilmore of Independence and Martha R. Walker were married.

Wednesday, 19.–The wedding party set out for Independence. Went to Kansas. Come home in the evening.

Thursday, 20.–Cloudy all day. Rode out to town and country. Came home and staid at home.

Friday, 21.–Cloudy. W. C. Graham paid us a visit. Warm afternoon. Thermometer 95o. A shower in the night.

Saturday, 22.–Clear and beautiful morning.

So ends my poor Journal, this the 22d day of September, A. D., 1849. It is a brief record of my unimportant doings, showing dimly how I have spent my time.

W. WALKER.

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