1843-67

1843

In March, Wyandots from Michigan travel to Ohio to move west with Ohio Wyandots.s 13 families remain in Michigan.

In April, Delegates go to Washington (Principal Chief Frances Hicks, Joel Walker, John Armstrong).

On April 21, Charles Dickens stops overnight in Garrett Tavern in Upper Sandusky.  He is told about the Wyandot removal plans.

On June 2, the George Clark and Silas Armstrong families arrive in Kansas.  They have gone on ahead to make provisions.

On July 11, Tribe makes provision for care of Mission Church and Cemetery.

On July 12, 644 Wyandots leave Ohio.  25 are from Michigan and 30 are from Canada.  Henry Jacques is Principal Chief in Ohio and through 1844 in Kansas.

Methodist Missionary Rev. James Wheeler and wife and the Blacksmith Charles Graham go to Kansas with Wyandots.

On Dec. 14, agreement with the Delawares and Wyandots is signed. Delawares want “their uncles, the Wyandots” to reside with them and donate, grant and quitclaim 3 sections of 640 acres each at the junction of the Missouri and Kansas Rivers.  Delawares cede 36 sections of land of 640 acres each adjacent to the aforesaid 3 sections.  Wyandots bind themselves to pay $46,080 in 1844 and $4000 annually thereafter for 10 years.

1844

In June, there is fear that the Wyandot purchase in Kansas is not being recognized.

Cholera strikes Wyandot people in Kansas; it is claimed there is not a single well person in the Wyandot Nation by the end of 1844. Thomas McKee dies.

1845

In September, death toll in Kansas rises to over 200.

1846

Katie Quoqua receives money from the government for improvements on her Huron River land and leaves Kansas to return to Anderdon.  Katie marries James Clark, her neighbor there. 

Howe makes the first successful sewing machine.

The Santa Fe, California, and Oregon Trails are active. Mormons move West.

1846-48

Mexican War

1847

In March, Henry Schoolcraft begins his extensive Indian census. It is published in 1850.

1848

Henry Jacques dies in Kansas. 

In March, Methodists vote over the issue of slavery in favor of the North.

In August, Joel Walker and companions are welcomed home from the Mexican War.

In October the Council Fire is rekindled West of the Mississippi near Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Wyandots are Keepers of the Council Fire.

In October, a group of Wyandots go on a buffalo hunt.

In December, the Gold Rush begins.

1849

Kansas is full of California adventurers. Some Wyandots including Nicholas Cotter go with Freemont in the expedition to California. The Wyandott Mining Company is formed and heads to California. 

In June, the Sioux steal the horses of the Wyandott Mining Company.  The Wyandotts boldly take their horses back.

On August 3, U.S. President Polk recommends this as a day of fasting and prayer in view of the destructive ravage of cholera in the land. There is no green corn feast in Kansas due to cholera.

1850

Treaty – US agrees to pay Wyandots $100,000 for Ohio land by investing in Government stocks at 5% per annum  and 85% shall be paid on their drafts.  US shall pay all expenses associated with this treaty.

1851

On August 15, the anniversary of the Green Corn Feast is celebrated.  It is noted as “a time honored day” in the annals of Wyandott history.

November 19, George Armstrong dies and is buried in Huron Cemetery.

1852

In February, John Arms’ wife (the Widow Clark) dies.

James Washington dies, ending the Beaver Clan.

Wyandott delegation goes to Washington DC on board the Elvira.

Mathias Splitlog puts in a steam powered grist and sawmill.

On Sept. 29, Frances Cotter, Sr., dies.

1853

John Hicks dies. His mother was a Wyandot, his father German. His son, Frances Hicks, elected Principal Chief.

Nicholas Cotter elected Ferryman for 1853.

John Coon is executed by firing squad for the murder of Curtis Punch.

July 26, William Walker is elected Provisional Governor of Nebraska Territory.

In August, Tauromee elected Principal Chief.

1854

In August, first Masonic Lodge in Kansas is formed at the home of Matthew Walker. Wyandot Lodge #3 is still in existence.

Delawares cede their Kansas land – the land sold to the Wyandots is the exception.

1855

Bessemer manufactures steel from cast iron.

Treaty – Dissolves tribal status.  Tauromee leads group of 69 competent list members and others and begins formation of Emigrant Party or Indian Party to investigate going to Indian Territory.  Wyandots cede all land to the US purchased from the Delawares; the land is to be partitioned and divided among the Wyandot nation; the land for the Methodist Episcopal Church and the cemetery with that church and land for the Methodist Episcopal Church South.  4 acres for the Wyandott ferry are to be sold to the highest bidder.  Land patents to be issued; US to be released from all its obligations such as annuities, the school moneys, blacksmith, agents, etc.  Members of the Wyandott Nation to be paid $380,000 in three annual installments in October; grantees under former treaty of 1842 may locate elsewhere; expenses for this subdivision and assignment of Wyandott land to be born by the Wyandotts – except the survey.

In October, Wyandott, Kansas post office is established.

1856

In April, Wyandot Council assembles the people of the nation for the purpose of lecturing the young men for committing depredations upon their neighbors and public property.

George Wright moves to Indian Territory where he is an interpreter for the Seneca and Shawnee for 16 years.

In June, John Arms dies. Lizzie Arms is now an Orphan.

1857

On Feb. 13, four delegates of the Immigrating Party leave for Washington, DC (Tauromee, John S. Bearskin, John W. Grey Eyes and Michael Frost).

In August, Matthew Mudeater is elected Principal Chief.  200 Wyandots leave Kansas for Indian Territory.

1858

Jan. 18 – Feb. 6 – Clarke family deaths (Catherine, George and Harriet).  “Nation is much lamented.”

Isaiah and Mary Walker build a new home at 6th and Freeman in Kansas City and call it Turtle Hill. It is called the finest residence west of the Missouri. It was demolished in 1959.

In August, John Sarahess or Bearskin is elected Principal Chief.

Robert Armstrong drowns in the Kansas River.

1859

Drake drills first successful oil well.  Telegraph line linking Wyandott, Kansas, to Leavenworth and Atchison, Kansas is completed.

Some emigrants come back from Indian Territory.  Matthew Mudeater is elected Principal Chief.

In November, Treaty to enable move to the Seneca Reserve in Indian territory languishes in the Senate.

In Wyandot, a Wyandot Indian is elected Country Treasurer, and also a Wyandot is elected to the City Council.  Wm. Walker, Jr., serves as foreman of the first Grand Jury.

1859-60

Hard year – drought; many deaths in Kansas.

1860

November 6 – Abraham Lincoln elected President.

More of the Wyandottes return to Kansas from Indian Territory.

1861

Jan. 12 – Kansas admitted to the Union under the Wyandott Constitution as the 34th State.

April 12 – Civil War begins with firing on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.

Sept. 18 – 20 – Battle of Lexington, Missouri – Mathias Splitlog’s steamboat, helping with Union transport, is captured along with Splitlog himself.

1862

January — 9th Kansas Volunteers Infantry destroy Quindaro, using houses for firewood, etc. Wyandot’s are outraged.

April – Five or six Delawares steal 14 head of horses from Tauromee on the Seneca Reserve.  He pursues them back to Kansas and files a claim for damages against the Delaware Nation for $830.

June – Confederate Army invades Seneca Reserve forcing pro-Union Wyandotts to flee back to Kansas.  Their property is confiscated.  Thomas Mononcue is captured by the Confederates and held nine months.

December – “Traditionalist Wyandot” refugees from Indian Territory meet at Abelard Guthrie’s home in Quindaro to organize their own tribal council with Tauromee as Principal Chief; Michael Frost, Second Chief; with James Armstrong, Shadrack Bostwick, John Greyeyes, John Hicks, Jr., Jacob Whitecrow; and Robert Robertaille as secretary.  Abelard Guthrie gets Power of Attorney.

1863

Red Cross is founded by Swissman Henri Durant.

April – Mudeater leads the “Citizens Party” Council.

May – William Walker, Jr., supports Tauromee’s Council saying legally members of the Citizens Party are no longer members of the Wyandott Nation under the terms of the Treaty of 1855.  Citizens Party re-elects Matthew Mudeater as Principal Chief.

1864

January – Tauromee Council begins planning their return to Indian Territory and drafts another treaty.

October 23 – Battle of Westport – Largest battle west of the Mississippi.  Confederate ranks are broken.

October 25 – War in the west is over.  Dead are buried in Huron Indian Cemetery.

1865

Lister uses antiseptic methods in surgery.

Nicholas Cotter serves as an interpreter for Missionary Jeremiah Hubbard to the Seneca in Indian Territory.

April 9 – Lee surrenders at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

April 14 – President Lincoln is assassinated.

Sept. 7 – Principal Chief Silas Armstrong and Matthew Mudeater go to Fort Smith for an Indian Council called by the government.  A peace treaty is signed between the government and Confederate-allied tribes.

December 14 – Silas Armstrong dies as a result of hardship suffered on the Fort Smith trip. Over 1,000 Indians attend his funeral. He is buried in the Huron Indian Cemetery. Matthew Mudeater succeeds him as Principal Chief.

1866

A flood on the Seneca Reserve in Indian Territory destroys the crops of Tauromee and other Indian Party Wyandots.  Starvation becomes a real prospect.

July – Citizens Party says they would be happy to reunite with the Indian Party.

December 13 – 57 Indian Party Wyandots return again from Indian Territory to Kansas because of hardships. 37 remain on the reserve in Indian Territory.

1867

Tauromee and John Kayrahoo II go to Washington, DC

Feb. 23 – Treaty signed to purchase 20,000 acres in Indian Territory.  Government to pay Senecas $20,000 and $5,000 re-settlement expenses.

England grants self-governance to Canada. Canada becomes a Dominion in the British Empire.

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