1868-1907

1868

June 18 – Senate ratifies Treaty of 1867 – Tauromee and Indian Party Council then recognized as the only legal Wyandot Tribal Council.

August 15 – Annual Green Corn Feast held in Kansas with the naming of children, bestowing honorary names, the feast and traditional Shawnee dance.

Sept. 15 – Kansas Wyandots approve Wyandot Seneca treaty.  Over the next two years they attempt to clarify their status, only to be told that the treaty meant what it says, “Citizens are not Wyandots – only the Tauromee Council can adopt members into the legally recognized tribe.”  This means that many supporters of the Tauromee council are no longer Wyandots.

1869

April 15, Joel Anthony Cotter is born (Elizabeth “Lizzie” Arms and Nicholas Cotter, parents).

William Walker puts his house in Wyandotte up for sale, and he leaves his home to live with friends and relatives.  He makes his last diary entry on March 15; age 70.

April – the new town of Kansas City, Kansas, is surveyed.

June 7 – John Greyeyes writes in dismay that Tauromee has been persuaded by George Wright and Abelard Guthrie that only non-citizens are owners of the land bought from the Seneca with Wyandot tribal funds.

August 23 – Non-Citizen Wyandots still in Kansas hold a council election and elect John Kayrahoo II. It promptly adopts 25 citizens into the tribe; Tauromee protests that only his council has that right.

The Society of Friends establishes a mission school on the Wyandot Reserve. This school becomes the center of education on the reserve.

1870

Tauromee, Principal Chief, dies on Jan. 15 and is buried in Huron Indian Cemetery – but his gravesite is now lost. Many Wyandots refuse to recognize the authority of the Kayrahoo Council at Quindaro. Adding to the confusion, of 146 Wyandots now on the Seneca Reserve in Indian Territory, 103 are Citizens.

April – 1,000 copies of  “Origins and Traditional History of the Wyandotts, and Sketches of Other Indian Tribes of North America”  by Peter D. Clarke are printed by Hunter, Rose & Co., Toronto.

June – Peter D. Clarke moves from Canada to the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory, joining his wife who had moved there two years before.

November 5 – Kayrahoo Council asks Commissioner of Indian Affairs Parker to prevent the settlement of Citizen Class Wyandots on the new Wyandot Reserve in Indian Territory, and asks President Grant for of all monies appropriated by Congress in 1870 for assistance to the various tribes covered in the 1867 treaty.  Although it is signed by Joseph Whitecrow as Secretary, both letters from Quindaro are in Abelard Guthrie’s handwriting.

November 11 – Kayrahoo Council (again in Guthrie’s handwriting) attempts to claim the lands and monies of all non-citizen Wyandots – those that chose to defer citizenship, those in the Incompetent Class, and those in the Orphan Class – that have died since 1855.  They say that otherwise the estates may go to Citizen Class Wyandots, or in some instances to the Senecas.

November 16 – Special Indian Agent George Mitchell appeals for relief for those Wyandots now at the Neosho Agency.

1871

January 19 – Abelard Guthrie in Washington, DC, on business; there is uncertainty in the Bureau of Indian Affairs as to who should be considered to be the recognized council.

January 28 – Adam Brown, Jr., dies in Shawneetown at age 75.  Wm. Walker, Jr., believes he was the oldest living Wyandot.  Brown was the father of Nancy Brown Guthrie.

Feb. 22 – John W. Greyeyes writes to Wm. Walker, Jr., from Indian Territory that there is maneuvering to get approval of the railroad right of way through the Wyandot Reserve. Greyeyes believes Guthrie is part of a ring of Indian agents and railroad men enriching themselves at the Indian’s expense.

Feb. 27 – A petition is circulated stating that Guthrie does not represent the Wyandots and that the young John Kayrahoo is his tool. The petition is signed by a very substantial number of Wyandots of all classes in both Kansas and Indian Territory.

April 10 – Superintendent Hoag directs that the new Wyandot tribal rolls begun in 1870 should be promptly completed.  Four groups are recognized as eligible for tribal membership – those who deferred citizenship under the treaty of 1855 and their descendants, those in the Incompetent Class and their descendants, those in the Orphan Class and their descendants, and those in the Competent or Citizen Class who were under the age of 21 at the time of the Treaty of 1855 and their descendants. Citizen Class Wyandots who were adults at the time of the treaty should be denied readmission and voting rights until after the reorganization is completed.

Jane Zane Gordon born May 14 in Oklahoma.  She is interviewed by the New York Times on April 24, 1921, about her desires for Indian people. Her Indian name was Who-shon-no – meaning “As the Deer Runs.”  An entertainer, she visited the White House and met President and Mrs. Harding and was received by many prominent people in Washington, New York, Boston and Philadelphia. She founded the American Indian Arts & Crafts Foundation. She was an activist.

1872

The Society of Friends mission school becomes the Seneca Indian School and is established by the Friends Missionary Council (Quaker).  Its original location was on the Seneca Reservation south of the village of Wyandotte, but when the railroad was built through this section, the site was moved to the reservation lands owned by the Wyandot Indians who gave the first 160 acre tract to this school which came to own 1,250 acres and 33 buildings. About 1880 it was taken over and operated by the government as a boarding school for boys and girls from the Seneca, Wyandot and Shawnee tribes living in the region and was called the “Seneca, Wyandotte and Shawnee School.”  In 1900, Quapaw boys and girls were transferred in and it became known simply as the “Seneca Boarding School.”

Feb. 15 – George Wright, his wife Catherine, son James, sister Sallie Clark, grandnephew John Harris and grandniece Rose Harris are readmitted to tribal membership by the Wyandot Tribal Council.

Feb. 24 – Wyandot Tribal Council formally readmits some 75 individuals to the rolls of the reorganized Wyandot Tribe of Oklahoma.

April 6 – George Mitchell dismissed as agent for the Wyandots and the tribe is assigned to the Quapaw Agency with H.W. Jones as US Indian Agent. Jones asks that funds due the tribe under the Treaty of 1867 be paid, as they are very needy.

June 3 – The Wyandot Tribal Council readmits another large group of citizens, including John W. Greyeyes and Matthew Mudeater to the tribal rolls.

July 11 – Thomas Punch elected Principal Chief; John R. Barnett, Peter Charloe, James Hicks and Matthew Mudeater are members of the council.  John Kayrahoo protests, but annual council elections again become the norm.

Dec. 16 – Wyandot Tribal Council readmits another group of citizens, including Eldridge H. Brown, to the tribal rolls.

1873

June 7 – William Walker Jr. in Oklahoma Territory where he has been serving as Wyandot delegate to the fifth Annual Session of the Okmulgee Council. He has been appointed to a committee to draft a constitution for the territory.

July 1 – Silas Armstrong and his family move to the Reserve and are readmitted to the tribal rolls. The descendants of Silas Armstrong are more or less equally divided between Citizens and Tribal Members and will remain so.

Sept. 9 – A new constitution is drafted by the Wyandot Tribal Council – it is very traditional with a six member council elected by clan, including both Principal and Second Chief, and a seventh chief from the Wolf Clan to act as Mediator.

Nov. 3 – Peter D. Clarke writes a letter to Lyman C. Draper from Oklahoma describing life and conditions in the territory. He doesn’t like the climate and by 1876 he separates from his wife and returns to Canada.

1874

Feb. 13 — William Walker, Jr., dies in Kansas.  He is buried with Masonic honors in the Walker family plot in Oak Grove Cemetery. His grave remains unmarked until 1915.

Sept. 12 — Mathias Splitlog and Isaiah Walker, having moved to Indian Territory, are readmitted to the tribal rolls.

Voters list of the Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma are still organized by clan, the Deer and Bear together, echoing pre-dispersal Ontario centuries earlier.

1875

Feb. 9 – H. W. Jones, Agent, writes to Edward P. Smith, Indian Affairs, to report previous season’s crop failure. No money to purchase seed for this season. Needed – corn, oats, potatoes and onion sets – needed $800.

Matthew Mudeater elected Principal Chief.

Nancy Brown Guthrie requests permission to return with her family to the Anderdon Reserve in Canada. The request was denied, the Canadian Detroit area Wyandots saying she was no longer a Wyandot.

1876

Bell invents the telephone.

Katie Quoqua dies on reserve in Anderdon.

Matthew Mudeater, John Sarahass and Nicholas Cotter go to Washington, DC.

August 10 – The newly elected Wyandot Tribal Council rules that only those who spoke the Wyandot language could hold council seats – a clear indication of both a declining heritage and continuing divisions among tribal members.   Members then in Indian Territory number 247.  By 1881, the tribal roster stood at 292 and by then included a number of individuals who lived elsewhere.

1879

Carlisle Indian Industrial School opens in Pennsylvania on Oct. 6, 1879.

1880

Irvin P. Long elected Principal Chief.

Edison invents the phonograph.

Late 1880 to early 1882 – Nicholas Cotter elected Principal Chief.

1881

June 20 – Greyeyes dies before noon. Funeral at 2 p.m. at Wyandotte Church. Ice is sought by Charles W. Kirk, Superintendent, “to keep the body.”

1882

March 30 – James Giammie and Margaret Solomon go back to Ohio.

April 15 – Indian Police established – B. H. Mudeater, George Bearskin, A. B. Cotter, James Cotter, and Isaac Zane serve.

1883

Mary McKee receives $192.52 for two shares of Wyandot payment – for herself and her daughter, Catherine McKee.

1886

James Clark (stepfather of Mary McKee) elected Chief of Anderdon Band near Detroit on Canadian side.

1887

Artie Smith (Pecor), age 9, is sent to Carlisle Indian Industrial School (mother of Artie Nesvold).

The BIA presents the Wyandot Council Minute Book to the Kansas State Historical Society covering the years 1855 to 1862. (Now on microfilm and available for purchase.)

1888

Pasteur produces rabies vaccine.

October 29 – Susannah Robertaille dies – Eldridge Brown, her son, is her only living heir.

1889

First graduating class at Carlisle Indian Industrial School includes three Wyandot girls – Eva Johnson, Clara Faber and Katie Grindrod.

The Mission Church at Upper Sandusky is restored after falling into ruins. The only Wyandot present at its dedication was Mother Margaret Solomon who had gone west with the nation but had later returned with her husband, John Solomon, and James Giammie. She is buried near the church.

1890

July 4 – Lucy B. Armstrong writes letter to the Kansas City Gazette deploring the removal of the Huron Indian Cemetery.

1892

Wyandots of Anderdon surrender their reserve.  Descendants continue to live in the area on both sides of the river and are now reorganized as the Wyandot of Anderdon Nation.

1894

Joel Cotter marries Sallie Belle Dawson. They head to the Kiowa country where he will serve as their blacksmith. He received his training at Carlisle.  Their second son, Clarence, is born at Mountain View, I.T., in 1898.

The Grand River post office becomes the Wyandotte post office.

1895

James Clark dies at age 91 in Anderdon. His brothers were Peter, Isaac and Joseph.

1896

March – Newspaperman and amateur historian Wm. E. Connelley conducted a detailed survey of the cemetery, assisted by the elderly Ebenezer O. Zane. Connelley deplored the cemetery’s condition but by 1898 he was acting as a paid agent for the Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma in seeking the cemetery’s removal and sale.

1897

Ader produces an engine-driven flying machine – the airplane.

1898

Spanish American War – American victory gives the US Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines.

1906

June 21 – Authorization for the sale of the Huron Indian Cemetery is quietly included in the annual appropriation bill for the Department of the Interior. Authorization calls for the graves to be moved to the Quindaro Cemetery.

Lyda and Helena Conley seize control of the cemetery and brandish their father’s shotgun to protect the cemetery from intruders set on disturbing the graves.

1907

Oklahoma becomes the 46th state.

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