Summarization of Wyandot Treaties
By Charles A. Buser
Jan. 21, 1785. Wiandot, Deleware, Chipawas, & Ottawas. 6 mi. sq. at the mouth of Ome River and 2 mi. square on each side of the lower rapids of the Sandusky River. No white people allowed to live in this area.
Treaty of Fort Harmar Jan. 9, 1789. Ceded part of lands. Be it remembered Wyandotte laid claim to land granted to Shawnee at the treaty held at the Miami and have declared, as the Shawnee have been so restless and caused so much trouble both to them and the U.S. that they would not now be at peace; they will dispossess them, and take the country into their own hands, because the Shawnees are living on the land by the Wyandotte’s permission.
Aug. 3, 1795. A Treaty of Peace between the U.S. and tribes of Indians: Wyandots, Deleware, Shawnee, Ottawa, Chipewas, Potawatimes, Miami, Eel‑River, Weeas, Kickapo, and two other tribes.
Treaty of Vincennes ‑ Aug. 7, 1803 Relinquished land and were to receive annuities and a house for the chief.
July 4, 1805 Royce Area 53 & 54. With Deleware, Pottawatami, Chippawa, Munsee, Shawnee, Ottawa & Wyandotte. Specified more annuities. On Lake Erie, the South shore, 120 mi. due west of the west boundary line of the St. of Penn. extending north until it intersects the boundary of the U.S.; and south till it intersects a line heretofore established by the Treaty of Greenville.
Nov. 17, 1807. Detroit Treaty describes Royce 66, concerning Ohio and Michigan lands. Chippawa, Wyandottes, Ottawa & Pottawatami.
Nov. 25, 1808, with: Wyandotte, Deleware, Shawnee, Senecas and Miami. Land for road granted to the U.S. 120 ft. wide.
July 22, 1814. Peace treaty concerns Shawnee, Deleware, Senecas, Miami, Ottawa, Kickapoo & Wyandottes. Aid to be given to U.S. against Great Britain.
Sept. 8, 1815. Concerns question left over from Treaty of Greenville ‑ with Pottawatami, Chippewas, Ottawa, Shawnee, Seneca, Miami & Wyandotte.
Sept. 29, 1817. Royce Area 87‑88 in Ohio and Michigan. Ceded to U.S. Wyandotte given lands 12 sq. mi. at Upper Sandusky. The center of which shall be the place where Fort Ferree stands, and a tract 1 mi. square to be located where the Chief directs, on a cranberry on Broken Sword Creek, for use of the tribe.
Sept. 17, 1818. 55,000 acres to be used for Wyandotte reservation adjoining 12 sq. mi. at Upper Sandusky. Also be used by Wyandottes residing Solomon’s Town and on Blanchard Fork, in addition to reservation. 16,000 acres to be laid off in square form at the head of Blanchard Fork.
Sept. 20, 1818. The Wyandotte Tribe hereby cede to the U.S. all the rights reserved to them in two tracts of land in the territory of Michigan. Two tracts of land were reserved for the use of the Wyandotte Indians and their descendents for the term of 50 years. This was known as an act for the relief of certain Alabama and Wyandotte Indians.
Jan. 19, 1832. Being crowded by the whites, they could not prosper and be happy. They relinquished 16,000 acres to the U.S. There shall be reserved for use of the Wyandotte residing at Solomon’s Town 16,000 acres.
April 23, 1836. Royce 211; 212; 213 ceded to the U.S. Funds from land were distributed to individuals of the tribe.
March 17, 1842. The commissioner duly authorized and appointed to treat the Wyandotte Nation of Indians a cession of all their land lying and being in the states of Ohio and Michigan. In consideration of the foregoing cession the U.S. hereby grants to the aforesaid Wyandotte Nation a tract of land West of the Mississippi River to contain 148,000 acres and to be located upon any land owned by the U.S. now set apart, or may in the future be set apart for Indian use and not already assigned to any other tribe or nation.
Dec. 14, 1843. Between Delewares and Wyandottes. From the ardent friendship which has for a great many years existed between the Delewares and the Wyandottes, and from the mutual desire that the same feeling shall continue and be more strengthened by becoming near neighbors to each other, the Delewares on one side and the Wyandottes on the other, agreed to the following stipulations: their being very anxious to have their uncles, the Wyandottes, to settle and reside near them, do hereby donate and grant to the Wyandotte Nation 3 sections of land containing 640 acres each, lying at a point of the junction of the Mo. & Kans. Rivers. The Deleware Chief for themselves and by the unanimous consent of their people to hereby grant and quit claim to the Wyandotte Nation and their heirs forever 36 sections of land. Aforesaid, 3 donated sections making in all 39 sections of land, between the Mo. & Kans. Rivers. Article 3. In consideration of the a foregoing donation and cession of land, the Wyandotte Chief find themselves and successors in office and their people, to pay to the Deleware Indians $46,080.
April 1, 1850. By the treaty of Mar. 21, 1842 between the U.S. and Wyandotte Indians then chiefly residing within the limits of the St. of Ohio, the said Indians agreed to sell and transfer to the U.S. their reservation of land 109,000 acres of which is in the state of Ohio and 6,000 acres were in the St. of Mich, and to remove to the West of the Miss. River, it was agreed that the U.S. should convey to said Indians a tract of country for the permanent settlement in the Indian Territory West of the Miss. River to contain 148,000 acres of land, whereas the said Indians never did receive the 148,000 acres from the U.S. but were forced to purchase land from the Deleware Nation of Indians.
Jan. 31, 1855. The Wyandotte Indians having become sufficiently advanced in civilization and being desirous of becoming citizens, it is hereby agreed and stipulated that their relations with the U.S. as an Indian Tribe shall be dissolved and hereby declared to be citizens of the U.S. and subject to the laws of U.S.
Feb. 23, 1867. Provisions in relation to the Wyandotte, the U.S. set apart for the Wyandottes for their future homes, the land ceded by the Senecas and the first article hereof and described in said article to be owned by the Wyandottes in common. The sec. of the Interior is hereby authorized and required to appoint 3 persons whose duty it shall be to be certain and report to the department the amount of money, if any, to be due by the U.S. to the Wyandotte Indians under existing treaty stipulations. A register of the whole people resident in Kansas and elsewhere shall be taken by the Agent of the Delewares, under the direction of the Sec. of the Int. on or before the 1st of July, 1867 which shall show the names of all who declare their desire to be and remain Indians and in a tribal condition, together with incompetents and orphans as described in the Treaty of 1855 and also persons and those only shall hereafter constitute the Tribe. Provided that no one who has heretofore consented to become a citizen nor the wife or children of any such person shall be allowed to become members of the tribe except by the free consent of the tribe after its new organization and unless the agent shall certify that such party through poverty or incapacity unfit to continue in the exercise of responsibility as citizens of the U.S. and likely to become a public charge.