Treaty of 1805

TREATY WITH THE WYANDOT, ETC., JULY 4, 1805

7 Stat., 87.

Proclamation, Apt. 24, 1806.

A treaty between the United States of America, and the sachems, chiefs, and warriors of theWyandot, Ottawa, Chipawa, Munsee and Delaware, Shawanee, and Pottawatima nations, holdenat Fort Industry, on the Miami of the lake, on the fourth day of July, Anno Domini, one thousandeight hundred and five.

ARTICLE I.

The said Indian nations do again acknowledge themselves and all their tribes, to bein friendship with, and under the protection of the United States.

ARTICLE II.

The boundary line between the United States, and the nations aforesaid, shall infuture be a meridian line drawn north and south, through a boundary to be erected on the southshore of lake Erie, one hundred and twenty miles due west of the west boundary line of the stateof Pennsylvania, extending north until it intersects the boundary line of the United States, andextending south it intersects a line heretofore established by the treaty of Grenville.

ARTICLE III.

The Indian nations aforesaid, for the consideration of friendship to the UnitedStates, and the sums of money hereinafter mentioned, to be paid annually to the Wyandot,Shawnee, Munsee and Delaware nations, have ceded and do hereby cede and relinquish to saidUnited States for ever, all the lands belonging to said United States, lying east of the aforesaidline, bounded southerly and easterly by the line established by said treaty of Grenville, andnortherly by the northernmost part of the forty first degree of north latitude.

ARTICLE IV.

The United States, to preserve harmony, manifest their liberality, and inconsideration of the cession made in the preceding article, will, every year forever hereafter, atDetroit, or some other convenient place, pay and deliver to the Wyandot, Munsee, and Delawarenations, and those of the Shawanee and Seneca nations who reside with the Wyandots, the sum ofeight hundred and twenty five dollars, current money of the United States, and the further sum ofone hundred and seventy five dollars, making in the whole an annuity of one thousand dollars;which last sum of one hundred and seventy five dollars, has been secured to the President, in trustfor said nations, by the Connecticut land company, and by the company incorporated by the nameof “the proprietors of the half million acres of land lying [78] south of lake Erie, called Sufferer’sLand,” payable annually as aforesaid, and to be divided between said nations, from time to time, insuch proportions as said nations, with the approbation of the President, shall agree.

ARTICLE V.

To prevent all misunderstanding hereafter, it is to be expressly remembered, thatthe Ottawa and Chipawa nations, and such of the Pottawatima nation as reside on the river Huronof lake Erie, and in the neighborhood thereof, have received from the Connecticut land company,and the company incorporated by the name of “the proprietors of the half million acres of landlying south of Lake Erie, called Sufferer’s Land,” the sum of four thousand dollars in hand, andhave secured to the President of the United States, in trust for them, the further sum of twelvethousand dollars, payable in six annual instalments of two thousand each; which several sums isthe full amount of their proportion of the purchases effected by this treaty, and also by a treatywith said companies bearing even date herewith; which proportions were agreed on andconcluded by the whole of said nations in their general council; which several sums, together withtwo thousand nine hundred and sixteen dollars and sixty seven cents, secured to the President, toraise said sum of one hundred and seventy five dollars annuity as aforesaid, is the amount of theconsideration paid by the agents of the Connecticut Reserve, for the cession of their lands.

ARTICLE VI.

The said Indian nations, parties to this treaty, shall be at liberty to fish and huntwithin the territory and lands which they have now ceded to the United States, so long as theyshall demean themselves peaceably.In witness whereof, Charles Jouett, esquire, a commissioner on the part of the United States, andthe sachems, chiefs, and warriors, of the Indian nations aforesaid, have hereto set their hands andseals.

Charles Jouett,

 

Ottawa:

Nekeik, or Little Otter, his x mark,

Kawachewan, or Eddy, his x mark,

Mechimenduch, or Big Bowl, his x mark,

Aubaway, his x mark,

Ogonse, his x mark,

Sawgamaw, his x mark,

Tusquagan, or McCarty, his x mark,

Tondawganie, or the Dog, his x mark,

Ashawet, his x mark,

 

Chippewa:

Macquettoquet, or Little Bear, hisx mark,

Quitehonequit, or Big Cloud, his x mark,

Queoonequetwabaw, his x mark,

Oseaquassanu, or Young Boy, his x mark,

Monimaek, or Cat Fish, his x mark,

Tonquish, his x mark,

 

Pattawatima:

Noname, his x mark,

Mogawh, his x mark,

 

Wyandot:

Tarhee, or the Crane, his x mark,

Miere, or Walk in Water, his x mark,

Thateyyanayoh, or Leather Lips, his x mark,

Harrowenyou, or Cherokee Boy, his x mark,

Tschauendah, his x mark,

Tahunehawettee, or Adam Brown, his x mark,

Shawrunthie, his x mark,

 

Munsee and Delaware:

Puckconsittonal, his x mark,

Paahmehelot, his x mark,

Pamoxet, or Armstrong, his x mark,

Pappellelond, or Beaver Hat, his x mark,

 

Shawanee:

Weyapurseawaw, or Blue Jacket, his x mark,

Cutheaweasaw, or Black Hoff, his x mark,

Auonasechla, or Civil Man, his x mark,

Isaac Peters, his x mark,

 

 

In presence of

Wm. Dean, C. F. L. C.

J. B. Mower,

Jasper Parrish,

Whitmore Knaggs,

William Walker

 

Interpreters.

Israel Ruland,

E. Brush.

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