Ages of Women

Ages of Women

 

Baby, Infant: -kęˀny- (to be smaller, younger)

yakęˀnyaˀah          She is a baby, infant.

[yah-ken-en-yah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic single agent – she

-kęˀny-             verb root – be smaller, younger

-aˀ-                   stative aspect

-ah                   diminutive aspect suffix

 

Child -žaˀah-

 

yažaʿahah             she (is) a child

[yah-zhah-ah-hah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-žaˀah-             noun root -child

-ah                   noun suffix

 

Girl wiˀtsinǫh-

 

yawiˀtsinǫhaˀ       girl

[yah-wee-ee-tseen-on-hah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-wiˀtsinǫh–       noun root – girl

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

To be a (beautiful[1]) young woman -winǫ-

 

yawinǫh               She is a young  woman.

[yah-wee-nonh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-winǫ-           verb root – be a young woman

-h                     stative aspect

 

tikawinǫh             She is a very beautiful young woman.

[tee-kah-wee-nonh]

ti-                     dualic

-k-                    cislocative[2]

-a-                    feminine-zoic singular agent – she

          -winǫ-           verb root – be a young woman

-h                     stative aspect

 

To be a Woman, female: -tehkyę-

 

utehkyę                She is a woman, a female.

[oo-teh-kyenh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – she

-tehkyę-           verb root – be a woman + stative aspect

 

Old Ones tsindahš-

 

utsindahšaˀ            old woman

[oo-tseen-dah-shah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – she

-tsindahš-         noun root – old person

-aˀ                    noun suffix

To be Old -ˀtǫ-

 

yaˀtǫˀ                    She is old.

[yah-ah-ton-on]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-ˀtǫ-                  verb root – be old

-ˀ                      stative aspect

 

Elders: -yuwanę- (‘be large, great’)

atiyuwanęs            They (female) are great; elders.

[ah-tee-yoo-wan-ens]

ati-                   feminine-zoic plural agent – they (f)

-yuwanę-         verb root – be large, great + stative aspect

-s                     plural aspect suffix

 

yayuwanęh           She is great, an elder.

[yah-yoo-wan-enh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – she

yuwanę-          verb root – be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

[1]In stories in the Narratives, there are connotations of the verb referring to the young woman being beautiful.

[2] When the dualic and cislocative combine in this way they take on the ‘very’ meaning of the repetitive.

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