Animal Terms in Wyandot

Animal Terms in Wyandot

Domestic Animals

The verb root -senę- means ‘to be the domestic animal of’

ayesęnˀąh     It is my domestic animal, my pet.

[ah-yeh-sen-en-anh]

aye-     feminine-zoic singular agent + 1st person singular patient ‘it to me,  my’

senę-  verb root ‘to be a domestic animal of’

-ˀ-          stative aspect

-ąh        diminutive aspect suffix

sasęˀąh       It is your domestic animal, your pet.

[sah-sen-en-anh]

sa-       feminine-zoic singular agent + 2nd person singular patient ‘it to you(r)’

senę-  verb root ‘to be a domestic animal of’

-ˀ-        stative aspect

-ąh       diminutive aspect suffix

husenęˀąh     It is his domestic animal, his pet.

[hoo-sen-en-anh]

hu-       feminine-zoic singular agent + masculine singular patient ‘it to him, his’

senę-  verb root ‘to be a domestic animal of’

-ˀ-        stative aspect

-ąh       diminutive aspect suffix

usenęˀąh      It is her domestic animal, her pet.

[oo-sen-en-anh]

u-         feminine-zoic singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it to her, her’

senę-  verb root ‘to be a domestic animal of’

-ˀ-        stative aspect

-ąh       diminutive aspect suffix

Tuh    iyaˀatsih sasęnˀąh   What is your pet called?

iyaˀatsih       She, it is called, named such.

[ee-yah-ah-tseeh]

i-          partitive, ‘such’

ya-       feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she, it’

ˀats-     verb root ‘to name, be named, called’

-ih        stative aspect

Trudy iyaˀatsih                 Trudy she is called.

Wiikwaas ihaˀatsih           Wiikwaas he is called.

ihaˀatsih       he is called, named such

[ee-hah-ah-tseeh]

i-          partitive ‘such’

-ha-      masculine singular agent ‘he’

                        -ˀats-    verb root ‘to name, be named, called’

-ih        stative aspect

Noun for Domestic Animal, Pet: -ndaskw-

yandaskwaˀ           domestic animal, pet

[yan-dah-skwah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ndaskw-         noun root ‘domestic animal, pet’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

hundaskwaęh         He has a pet, pets.

[hoon-dah-skwa-enh]

hu-                   masculine singular patient ‘he’

ndaskw-         noun root ‘domestic animal, pet’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

-ę-                    verb root ‘to have’

-h                     stative aspect

undaskwaęh           She has a pet, pets.

[oon-dah-skwa-enh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘she’

ndaskw-         noun root ‘domestic animal, pet’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

-ę-                    verb root ‘to have’

-h                     stative aspect

Dogs, Foxes and Wolves

yanyęnǫh                                         It barks many times; it is a dog.

[yah-nyen-onh]

ya-                                           feminine-zoic singular agent – ‘she, it’

-nyęn-                                      verb root ‘to bark’

–nǫ-                                         distributive root suffix

-h                                             stative aspect

tsinęˀtǫtǫh                                        fox (traditionally the cross fox, the one with a black cross)

[tsee-nen-en-ton-tonh]

skęhšu                                             fox

[sken-shoo]

yaˀnariskwaˀ                                wolf [she/it used to chew bones].

[yah-ah-nah-ree-skwah-ah]

ya-                                    feminine-zoic singular agent, she or it

-ˀn-                                  noun root, ‘bone(s)’

-a-                                   noun suffix

-ri-                                   verb root, ‘to bite, suck, chew’

-s-                                   habitual aspect

-kwaˀ                                past aspect suffix

hatinariskwaˀ                                  They (masculine)  used to chew bones, wolf clan.

[hah-ee-nah-ree-skwah-ah]

-hati-                                masculine plural agent

-ˀn-                                  noun root, ‘bone(s)’

-a-                                    noun suffix

-ri-                                  verb root, ‘to bite, suck, chew’

-s-                                     habitual aspect

-kwaˀ                                past aspect suffix

Cats Big and Small

 

takuš.                                                 domestic cat

[tah-koosh]

yę:riš                                        she, it is a cougar, mountain lion

[yen-reesh]

tehutsiˀtut                                          lynx

[tee-hoo-tsee-ee-toot]                 [he has two standing blossoms (ref. to ear tufts)]

te-                                            dualic = two

-hu-                                          masculine singular patient, ‘he’

-tsi?t-                                      noun root, ‘blossom, flower’

-ut-                                          verb root ‘to stand’ + stative aspect

skęˀkwaˀa.                                bobcat

[sken-en-kwah-ah]

Other Mammals

uskęnǫtǫ                                  deer [It goes to the land of the dead]

[oo-sken-non-ton]

u-                                             feminine-zoic singular patient

-skęn-                                      verb root ‘to be a manifestation of the dead’

-ǫtǫ                                          dislocative root suffix + stative aspect

tsatarižaˀi                                 buffalo

[tsah-tah-ree-zhah-ah-ee]

auskwaˀ                                             moose

[ah-oo-skwah-ah]

tsindaręta                                  elk

[tseen-dah-ren-tah]

kyutǫhuskwerǫht                      cow

[kyoo-ton-hoo-skweh-ront]

uhšatęh                                              horse (one rides on its back)

[ooh-shah-tenh]

u-                                             feminine-zoic agent + feminine zoic patient

-hšatę-                                     verb root, ‘to carry someone on one’s back or shoulder’

-h                                             stative aspect

tsinęˀkaˀ                                    porcupine

[tsee-nen-en-kahah]

kwiskwis.                                          pig

[kwihs-kwihs]

uwaˀtatsiˀah                               skunk (its body smells bad)

[oo-wah-ah-tah-tsee-ee-ah]

uw-                                                      feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-aˀt-                                                     noun root ‘body’

-a-                                                       noun suffix

-tsiˀa[1]                                                verb root ‘to smell bad’

-h                                                         stative aspect

suhǫmędiˀa                               mink, weasel

[soo-hon-men-dyee-ee-ah]

tawindeh                                          otter

[tah-win-deh]

uˀtahi                                                  squirrel (especially the black squirrel)

[oo-oo-tah-hee]

u-                                             feminine-zoic  singular patient

tahi                                   verb root ‘to have thick fur’ + stative aspect

tsuˀtahi                                              beaver; ‘it has very thick fur’

[tsoo-oo-tah-hee]

ts-                                            repetitive, ‘very’

u-                                             feminine-zoic singular patient

tahi                                        verb root ‘to have thick fur’ + stative aspect

suhiˀahšayaha                            muskrat

[soo-hee-ee-a-shah-yah-hah]

užuˀyę                                              chipmunk (or ground squirrel)

[oo-zhoo-oo-yen]

u-                                                         feminine-zoic patient ‘she, it, one’

uˀyę-                                       verb root ‘to be a chipmunk’ + stative aspect

tirǫ                                           raccoon

[tee-ron]

tanyǫnyęha                               rabbit

[tah-nyon-nyen-ha]

tsuˀngyatęˀah                             mouse

[tsoo-oo-ngyah-ten-en-ah]

anyǫnyęˀ                                   bear

[ah-nyon-nyen-en]

a-                     feminine-zoic singular agent[2] ‘she, it, one’

-nyǫnyę                      verb root ‘to be a bear’

-ˀ                                  stative aspect

hatinyǫnyęˀrǫnǫ                              They (masculine/mixed) are people of the bear (Bear clan).

[hah-tee-nyon-yen-en-ron-non]

hati-                             masculine/mixed plural ‘they’

-nyǫnyę–                      verb root ‘to be a bear’

-ˀrǫnǫ                           populative suffix + stative aspect

anyǫyętaˀ                                  bearskin

[ah-nyon-yen-tah-ah]

t-                                  feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘she, it, one’

-nyǫnyę                      verb root ‘to be a bear’

t-                                causative root aspect/nominalizer

aˀ                                noun suffix

tsahkwaˀah                                bear cub

[tsah-kwah-ah-ah]

Birds

yǫsahaˀ                                            bird, small birds

[yon-sah-hahah]

y-                                 feminine-zoic  singular agent, ‘she, it, one’

ǫsah-                          noun root, ‘small bird’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

tsamęhuhiˀ                                        eagle, osprey

[tsah-men-hoo-hee-ee]

yandehsǫˀ                                         It is a hawk.

[yan-deh-son-on]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘she, it, one’

-ndehsǫ                      verb root, ‘to be a hawk’

-ˀ                                  stative aspect

hatindehsǫrǫnǫh                             They are people of the hawk, Hawk clan.

[hah-teen-deh-son-ron-nonh]

hati-                             masculine plural agent, they (mixed or male)

-ndehsǫ-                      verb root, ‘to be a hawk’

-rǫnǫ-                          populative suffix ‘people of’

-h                                 stative aspect

hihih                                                   horned owl

[hee-heeh]

yuˀkuˀ                                                 owl

[yoo-oo-koo-oo]

kǫręhkǫmęh                                     raven

[kon-renh-kon-menh]

yahkaˀa                                              crow

[yah-kah-ah-ah]

kyękyęaˀ                                   jay

[kyen-kyen-ah-ah]

undehtǫtaˀ                                turkey

[oon-deh-ton-tah-ah]

yahǫˀ                                                 goose, swan

[yah-hon-on]

yǫgyeˀ                                      duck, it is a duck

[yon-gyeh-eh]

kwehsęˀ                                             chicken

[kweh-sen-en]

kwesęhužaˀ                                       prairie chicken

[kweh-sen-hoo-zhah-ah]

kweˀdisęˀąh                               partridge, grouse, pigeon

[kweh-eh-dee-sen-en-anh]

kwęhkwęhkwęh                         woodcock

[kwen-kwen-kwenh]

sahšukwut                                         quail

[sah-shoo-kwoot]

s-                                             repetitive ‘very’

-t-                                            feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-hšukw-                                   noun root ‘bottom’

-ut-                                          verb root ‘to stand’ + stative aspect

tsihskaya                                           mockingbird or nightingale

[tseeh-skah-yah]

sętsiˀtaˀah                                 buzzard, vulture

[sen-tseee-tah-ah-ah]

tsandehšenyǫhkaˀ                      snipe

[tsan-deh-shen-yon-kah-ah]

Words Related to Birds

To Fly: -kye-

iyakyeˀ                  It is flying.

[ee-yah-kyeh-eh]

  • partitive ‘such’

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-kye-               verb root ‘to fly’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

atikyes                   They fly (frequently), are birds.

[atee-kyehs]

ati-                   feminine-zoic plural agent ‘they (f)’

-kye-               verb ‘to fly’

-s                     habitual aspect

hakyehsǫh             He is flying around.

[hah-kyeh-sonh]

ha-                   masculine singular agent ‘he’

-kye-               verb root ‘to fly’

-hsǫ-                distributive root suffix ‘many places’

-h                     stative aspect

Feather -hǫr-

uhǫraˀ                                       feather, quill

[oo-hon-rah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-hǫr-                            noun root ‘feather, quill’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

uhǫretsih                         It is a long feather

[oo-hon-reh-tseeh]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-hǫr-                            noun root ‘feather’

-etsi-                            verb root ‘to be long’

-h                                 stative aspect

Down Feather -saˀw-

usaˀwaˀ                           down feather

[oo-sah-ah-wah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-saˀw-                          noun root ‘down feather’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

usaˀwažuˀtę                     It is a soft down feather.

[oo-sah-ah-wah-zhoo-oo-ten]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-saˀw-                          noun root ‘down feather’

-a-                               noun suffx

žuˀtę                           verb root ‘to be soft’ + stative aspect

Tail feathers -ngyeˀr-

yangyeˀraˀ                             tail feathers, skirt

[yan-gyeh-eh-rah-ah]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ngyeˀr-                       noun root ‘tail feathers, skirt ‘

-aˀ                                noun suffix

ungyeˀramęh          she has a skirt, her skirt, her tail feathers

[oon-gyeh-eh-rah-menh]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient

‘she – it’

-ngyeˀr-                       noun root ‘tail feathers, skirt’

-a-                               noun suffix

-mę                             verb root ‘to have’

-h                                 stative aspect

Wing -ž-

yažaˀ                               wing, wings, her wing

[yah-zhah-ah]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

ž                                noun root ‘wing, wings’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

utežataˀ                           It is the end or tip of a wing.

[oo-the-zhah-tah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-te-                              semi-reflexive voice

ž                                noun root ‘wing, wings’

-a-                               noun suffix

-ta-                              verb root ‘to be at the end’

-ˀ                                  stative aspect

Beak -nyǫˀmahš

unyǫˀmahšaˀ                    beak, tip of a canoe

[oon-yon-on-mah-shah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it

-nyǫˀmahš                  noun root ‘beak, tip of a canoe’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

unyǫˀmahšetsih               It is a long beak.

[oon-yon-on-mah-sheh-tseeh]

u-                                 femininine-zoic singular patient ‘it

-nyǫˀmahš                  noun root ‘beak, tip of a canoe’

ets-                            verb root ‘to be long’

-ih                                stative aspect

talon  –ˀeht’-

uˀehtaˀ                             talon, fingernail, claw

[oo-oo-eh-tah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

ˀeht’-                          noun root ‘talon, fingernail, claw’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

uˀehtetsih                        It is a long talon.

[oo-oo-eh-the-tseeh]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

ˀeht’-                         noun root ‘talon, fingernail, claw’

          -ets-                             verb root ‘to be long’

-ih                                stative aspect

nest –ˀndrękw-

uˀndrękwaˀ                      nest

[oo-oon-dren-kwah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

ˀndrękw-                    noun root ‘nest’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

uˀndrękwaęˀ                    It is a lying nest (i.e., a turtle’s nest).

[oo-oon-dren-kwah-en-enh]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

            ˀndrękw-                    noun root ‘nest’

-a-                               noun suffix

ę                                 verb root ‘to lie’

-ˀ                                  stative aspect

Egg(s) -ˀtǫhš-

uˀtǫhšaˀ                           egg(s)

[oo-oo-tonh-shah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ˀtǫhš-                          noun root ‘egg(s)’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

uˀtǫhšuwanęh                  It is a large egg.

[oo-oo-tonh-soo-wah-nenh]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ˀtǫhš-                          noun root ‘egg(s)’

-uwanę                        verb root ‘to be large, great’

-h                                 stative aspect

Reptiles

Turtles

yangyaˀwiš                                        It is a turtle.

[yan-gyah-ah-weesh]

ya-                                           feminine zoic agent, ‘she, it, one’

-ngyaˀwiš                                 verb root ‘to be a turtle’ + stative aspect

yangyaˀwiš amęrureˀ                       It is a mossback turtle

amęrureˀ                                   It is covered with moss

[amen-roo-reh-eh]

am-                              feminine-zoic patient, ‘she, it, one’

-ęr-                              noun root, ‘moss’

-ure-                            verb root, ‘to cover, be covered’

-ˀ                                  stative aspect

yangyaˀwiš užatǫˀ                           wood turtle, striped turtle

užatǫˀ                                       It has been marked.

[oo-zhah-ton-on]

u-                                 feminine-zoic patient, ‘she, it, one’

-žatǫ-                           verb root ‘to mark, write’

-ˀ                                  stative aspect

yangyaˀwiš hayuwanę                big turtle, snapping turtle

hayuwanę                                 He is big.

[hay-yoo-wan-en]

ha-                               masculine singular agent, ‘he’

-yuwanę                      verb root ‘to be big’ + stative aspect

yangyaˀwiš yanęstehrǫnǫh         Mud Turtle (Large Turtle Clan)

yanęstehrǫnǫh

[ya-nen-steh-ron-nonh]

ya-                               feminine zoic agent, ‘she, it, one’

-nęsteh-                        ?

-rǫnǫh                          populative suffix,’ people of’ + stative aspect

yangyaˀwiš uskeˀnyaˀ          small turtle, dry land turtle

uskeˀnyaˀ                                  It is small

[oo-skeh-eh-nyah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic patient, ‘she, it, one’

-skeˀnya                     verb root ‘to be small’

-ˀ                                  stative aspect

Snakes

kyuˀngyęˀtse                                     It is a snake

[koo-oo-ngyen-en-tseh]

ky-                                           dualic (?) or cislocative

u-                                             feminine-zoic patient, she/it

ngyęˀtse                                verb root ‘to be a snake’ + stative aspect

 

yangǫt                                             a mythical horned snake

[yan-gont]

hatingǫtrǫnǫh                                  They are people of the Snake clan.

[hah-teen-gon-tron-nonh]

hati-                                         masculine plural agent (male or mixed) ‘they’

-ngǫt-                                      verb root ‘to be a horned snake’

-rǫnǫh                                      populative, people of + stative aspect

Amphibians

tsindeˀskyah                                     frog

[tseen-deh-eh-skyah]

ketǫhskwaˀyęh                               toad

[keh-tonh-skwah-ah-yenh]

ǫmahšutaˀa                                       She is grandparent to us, the toad.

[on-mah-shoo-tah-ah]

ǫma-                                        feminine agent + first person plural patient, she-us

-ahšuta                                    verb root ‘to be grandparent to’

-ˀa                                            stative aspect + diminutive

Fish

yętsǫh                                             It is a fish.

[yen-tsonh]

yętsǫˀtaˀ                                            fish (noun)

[yen-tson-on-tah-ah]

yaˀndutsaˀ                                         sunfish (literally ‘an ear of corn’)

[yan-an-doo-tsah-ah]

ya-                                           feminine-zoic agent, ‘she, it, one‘

-nduts–                                    noun root ‘ear of corn’

-aˀ                                            noun suffix

Insects etc

tsiˀnduhšruyęh                          beetle

[tsee-een-dooh-shroo-yenh]

tsi-                               repetitive

-ø-                                 no apparent pronominal prefix[3]

-ˀnduhšr-                      noun root ‘shell’

-uyę-                        verb root  ‘to split in two’

-h                                 stative aspect

tsinǫtsistutariyi                          firefly [contains the noun root –tsist- ‘fire’]

[tsin-ǫ-tsee-stoo-tah-ree-yee]

ant                                            tsinǫhšuke

[tsin-nonh-shoo-ke]

butterfly                                    tsisǫtanyǫ

[tsee-son-tan-yon]

fly                                            tsinduwihęye

[tseen-doo-wee-hen-yen]

spider                                       tsihšekwęh

[tseeh-sheh-kweh]

worm                                       tsiˀnǫmaˀ

[tsee-ee-non-mah-ah]

bee, wasp                                 ǫndahkǫt

[on-dah-kont]

ǫ-                    feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ndahk-            noun root ?

-ǫt                    verb root ‘to be attached’ (?)

 

[1] [1]This seems to have  a shortened form of the verb root –tsiway– ‘to smell bad, strong’.

[2] This is an irregular form.  The regular form would be ya-.

[3] This is a feature in common with most insect terms.

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