be mother to

Be Mother To

 

There are two verbs meaning ‘be mother to’

Be Mother to -nęhę-

This verb has only one form used.

anęhęh                 my mother (used to address or refer to your mother)

[ah-nenh-henh]

a-                     feminine-zoic singular agent + 1st person singular patient – she – me

-nęhę-              verb root – be mother to

-h                     stative aspect

 

 

Be Mother To – nduˀmę-[1]

 

unduˀmęˀ              She is mother to her; her mother.

[oon-doo-oo-men-en]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient – she – her

-nduˀmę-          verb root – be mother to

-ˀ                      stative aspect

 

hunduˀmęh            She is mother to him; his mother.

[hoon-doo-oo-menh]

hu-                   feminine-zoic singular agent + masculine singular patient – she – him

-nduˀmę-          verb root – be mother to

-h                     stative aspect

 

saˀnduˀmędeh        at your mother’s

[sah-an-doo-oo-men-deh]

sa-                    feminine-zoic singular agent + 2nd person singular patient – she – you

-ˀnduˀmę-         verb root – be mother to + stative aspect

-de                   external locative noun suffix

 

yanduˀmęšraˀ        maternity, mother (noun)

[yan-doo-oo-men-shrah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-nduˀmę-          verb root – be mother to

-šr-                   nominalizer

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

unduˀmęšrawastih        She is a good mother.

[oon-doo-oo-men-shrah-wah-steeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – she

-nduˀmę-          verb root – be mother to

-šr-                   nominalizer

-a-                    joiner vowel

-wast-              verb root – be good

-ih                    stative aspect

 

With the addition of the causative-instrumental (ci) root suffix -hst- here meaning ‘make, cause’, we can talk about when mothers adopt children.

 

hunduˀmęˀahstih     She adopted him as his mother

[hoon-doo-oo-men-en-ah-steeh]

hu-                   feminine-zoic singular agent + masculine singular patient – she – him

-nduˀmę-          verb root – be mother to

-ˀahst-              causative-instrumental root suffix

-ih                    stative aspect

 

 

 

 

 

[1] Traditionally this term was also used to refer to the mother’s sisters.  They were not called ‘aunts’.

This entry was posted in Language. Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.