Beading Terms in Wyandot

Beading in Wyandotte

Beads  -atetsiˀt-

utetsiˀtaˀ                small bead(s) , her beads

[ooteh-tsee-ee-tah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient[1] ‘it’

-tetsiˀt-            noun root ‘small bead(s)

-aˀ                    noun suffix

satetsiˀtaˀ               your beads

[sah-teh-tsee-ee-tah-ah]

s-                      2nd person singular patient ‘your’

-atetsiˀt-      noun root ‘small beads’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

satetsiˀawastih        your beautiful beads

[sa-teh-tsee-ee-ah-wah-steeh]

s-                     2nd person singular patient ‘your’

-atetsiˀt-          noun root ‘small bead(s)’

-a-                   noun suffix

-wast-              verb root ‘to be beautiful’

-ih                    stative aspect

Beadwork -nǫkwažuˀt-

ǫnǫkwažuˀtaˀ         beadwork, her beadwork

[on-non-kwah-zhoo-oo-tah-ah]

ǫ-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

– nǫkwažutˀ-    noun root ‘beadwork’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

sanǫkwažuˀawastih Your beadwork is beautiful.

[sah-non-kwah-zhoo-oo-ah-wah-steeh]

sa-                   second person singular patient ‘your’

– nǫkwažutˀ-    noun root ‘beadwork’

-a-                   noun suffix

-wast-              verb root ‘to be beautiful

-ih                    stative aspect

String, Thread -ręhs-

 

yaręhsaˀ       string, thread (for beads)

[yah-renh-shah-ah]

ya-       feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ręhs-  noun root ‘string, thread’

-aˀ        noun suffix

yaręhšetsih   It is long string.

[yah-enh-sheh-tseeh]

ya-       feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ręhs-  noun root‘string’

-ets-     verb root ‘to be long’

-ih        stative aspect

Needle -ndurahšr-

yandurahšraˀ                   needle

[yan-doo-rah-shrah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ndurahšr-       noun root ‘needle’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

undurahšrukyeh     It is a sharp needle.

[oon-doo-rah-shroo-kyeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ndurahšr-       noun root ‘needle’

-ukye-             verb root ‘to be sharp’

-h                     stative aspect

undukwaęˀ   de      yandurahšraˀ                   It is a dull, blunt needle.

undukwaęˀ             It is dull, blunted.

[oon-doo-kwa-en-en]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ndukwaę–       verb root ‘to be dull, blunt’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

Leather -ˀndih-

yaˀndihaˀ               leather, hide

[yah-an-dee-hah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ˀndih-              noun root ‘leather, hide’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

uˀndihažuˀtęh         It is soft leather.

[oo-oon-dee-hah-zhoo-oo-tenh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

ˀndih-               noun root ‘leather’

-žuˀtę-              verb root ‘to be soft, supple’

-h                     stative aspect

uˀndihangarǫh        It is hard leather.

[oo-oon-dee-han-gah-ronh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

ˀndih-               noun root ‘leather’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ngarǫ–            verb root

-h                     stative aspect

Bracelet -nęhštr-

yanęhštraˀ              bracelet

[yah-nenh-shtrah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-nęhštr-           noun root ‘bracelet’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yanęhštrǫgyati       utetsiˀtaˀ       beaded bracelet

yanęhštrǫgyati       a bracelet is made out of it

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-nęhštr-           noun root ‘bracelet’

-ǫgy-                verb root ‘to make’

-at-                  causative root suffix

-i                      stative aspect

Necklace -hšar-

yahšaraˀ                 necklace

[yah-shah-rah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular ‘it’

-hšar-              noun root ‘necklace’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yahšaretsih            It is a long necklace.

[yah-shah-reh-tseeh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic-singular agent ‘it’

-hšar-              noun root ‘necklace’

-ets-                 verb root ‘to be long’

-ih

yahšrǫgyati  yahšaraˀ       beaded necklace

yahšrǫgyati            a necklace is made out of it

[yah-shron-gyah-tee]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-hšar-              noun root ‘necklace’

-ǫgy-                verb root ‘to make’

-at-                  causative root suffix

-i                      stative aspect

 

Stitch,  Sew -ndi-

yandihš                 She stitches (often).

[yan-deehsh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she’

-ndi-                 verb root ‘to stitch, sew’

-hš                   habitual aspect

tayęndisęh             Stitch it for me

ta-                    imperative

-yę-                  1st person singular agent ‘me’

            -ndi-                 verb root ‘to sew, stitch’

-s-                    dative root suffix

-ęh                   imperative aspect

[1] With this form the –u- replaces the –a- of the noun root.

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