Bows and Arrows in Wyandot

Bows and Arrows

The noun root for  bow is -aˀęd- [ah-ah-end].  The -d- is dropped before a nasal vowel.

aˀędaˀ                             bow

[ah-ah-en-dah-ah]

aˀęd-                            feminine-zoic singular agent – it + noun root – bow

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

sataˀęnǫngyah                 Make yourself a bow.

[sah-tah-ah-en-on-gyah]

s-                                 imperative + 2nd person singular agent – you (s)

-at-                               semi-reflexive voice

-aˀęn-                           noun root – bow

-ǫngy-                          verb root – to make, build

-ah                               imperative aspect

sataˀęnǫngyah                                     naǫˀ     ęnǫmeh

make yourself a bow                           from     black locust

yaˀędahamih                   She is carrying a  bow.

[yah-ah-en-dah-hah-meeh]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent – she

aˀęd-                            feminine-zoic singular agent – it + noun root – bow

-a-                                noun suffix

-ham-                           verb root – to bear

-ih                                stative aspect

Arrow  -ˀnd-

The noun root for arrow is -ˀnd-.  As with the noun root for bow, the -d- disappears when the noun root is followed by a nasal vowel.

uˀndaˀ                            arrow, arrows

[oo-oon-dah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient – it

ˀnd-                            noun root – arrow

-aˀ                                noun suffix

ahaˀnǫgya                       He made an arrow.

[ah-hah-ah-non-gyah]

a-                                 factual

-ha-                              masculine singular agent – he

ˀn-                              noun root – arrow

-ǫgy-                            verb root – to make or build

-a                                 punctual aspect

 

ayaˀndutawaˀ                  She took out an arrow (from a quiver).

[ah-yah-an-doo-tahwah-ah]

a-                                 factual

-ya                               feminine-zoic singular agent – she

            -ˀnd-                            noun root – arrow

-ut-                               verb root – to stand

-awa-                           undoer root suffix

 

saˀndamęh                      your (s) arrow, arrows

[sah-an-dah-menh]

sa-                                2nd person singular patient – your

-ˀnd-                            noun root – arrow(s)

-a-                                noun suffix

-mę-                             verb root – to own

-h                                 stative aspect

 

Related Terms

yaręhsaˀ                         a string for a bow  (or for other purposes)

[yah-renh-sah-ah]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ręhs-                          noun root – string

-aˀ                                noun suffix

utašraˀ                           quiver

[oo-tah-shrah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient

-tašr-                           noun root – quiver

-aˀ                                noun suffix

ešateraˀtǫˀ                       You will put a feather in an arrow, fletch it.

[eh-shat-the-rah-ah-ton-on]

e-                                 future

-š-                                2nd person singular agent – you (s)

-ate-                             semi-reflexive voice

-raˀtǫ-                          verb root – to fletch

-ˀ                                  punctual aspect

tsiˀžah                            Shoot!  (said to one person)

[tsee-ee-zhah]

tsi                                 imperative + 2nd person singular agent –  you (s)

-ˀža-                             verb root – to shoot, with a bow or a gun

-h                                 imperative aspect

 

 

 

 

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