Canoes

Canoes and Canoeing

gya                       It is a canoe.

[gyah]

gya                  feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root -to be a canoe + stative aspect

 

yahǫmahtaˀ           canoe

[yah-hon-mah-tah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-hǫmat-           noun root – canoe

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

Skahǫmat             It is one canoe (Deer clan man’s name)

[skah-hon-mat]

s-                     repetitive

-ka-                 feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-hǫm-             noun root – canoe

             –a-                   joiner vowel

             –t                     verb root – to be one + stative aspect

 

yangyaˀruˀtaˀ         wooden boat or trough for maple sap

[yan-gyah-ah-roo-oo-tah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ngyaˀruˀt-      noun root – wooden boat or trough for maple sap

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

unyǫˀmahšaˀ          bird’s beak, tip of a canoe

[oo-yon-on-mah-shah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-nyǫˀmahš     noun root – bird’s beak, tip of a canoe

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

yayaweh               She is paddling, rowing

[yah-yah-weh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-yawe-             verb root – to paddle, row

-h                     stative aspect

 

seyaweh               Paddle!  Row! (said to one person)

[seh-yah-weh]

se-                    imperative + 2nd person singular agent – you

-yawe-             verb root – to paddle, row

-h                     imperative aspect

yawehšaˀ              paddle, oar

[yah-weh-shah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-yawe-             verb root – to paddle, row

-hš-                  nominalizer

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

hęˀnditǫmas          He steers canoes, boats.

[hen-en-dee-ton-mahs]

h-                     masculine singular agent – he

-ęˀnditǫma[1]–   verb root – to steer a boat

-s                     habitual aspect

 

ǫmaˀawiˀ               We are canoeing, going in a boat.

[on-mah-ah-wee-ee]

ǫma-                first person plural patient – we

-ˀawi-               verb root – to canoe or sail

-ˀ                      stative aspect

 

Yarǫyaˀawiˀ           She is paddling, sailing in the sky. (Catherine Coon Johnson’s name, Deer clan).

[yah-ron-yah-ah-ah-wee-ee]

ya-                 feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-rǫny-                         noun root – sky

-a-                   joiner vowel

-ˀawi-               verb root – to canoe or sail

-ˀ                      stative aspect

 

 

 

 

[1] The verb root usually ends with a -t-, but not with the habitual aspect.

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