Clothing Terms in Wyandot

Clothing Terms in Wyandot

Shoe: -ahkw-

ahkwaˀ                     shoe, moccasin

[ah-kwah-ah]

ahkw-              feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’ and noun root, ‘shoe’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

sahkwat                 It is one shoe

[sah-kwat]

s-                     repetitive (always used with this verb

-ahkw– noun root ‘shoe’

-a-                   noun suffix

-t                      verb root ‘to be one’ + stative aspect

tęndih          tewahkwayeh           Two shoes, a pair of shoes

[ten-deeh     [teh-wah-kwah-yeh]

tęndih          they (two) are two

tę-        dualic

-nd-     feminine-zoic dual agent ‘they (f) two’

-i-         verb root ‘to be two’

-h         stative aspect

tewahkwayeh         two shoes

tew-                 dualic

-ahkw- feminine-zoic singular agent + noun root ‘shoe’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

iahkwutęh      yaˀtaraˀatsih           It is a brown shoe.

[iyah-kwoo-tenh]

iahkwutęh    It is a shoe of such a nature

i-          partitive ‘such’

-ahkw-feminine-zoic single agent + noun root ‘shoe’

-utę    verb root ‘to be of a nature’

-h         stative aspect

yaˀtaraˀatsih           It is called mud, clay (i.e., it is brown)

[yah-ah-tah-rah-ah-tseeh]

ya-       feminine-zoic singulaer agent ‘it’

ˀtar-    noun root ‘mud, clay’

-a-       noun suffix

ˀats-    veb root ‘to name, be named’

-ih        stative aspect

yahkwaseˀ             It is my new shoe.

yah-kwah-seh-eh

y-                     1st person singular agent ‘my’

-ahkw– noun root ‘shoe’

-ase-                verb root ‘to be new’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

tęndih          tewahkwayeh           yahkwaseˀ    My two new shoes

ayahkwayaǫhk       It is my old shoe

[ah-yah-kwah-yah-onhk]

ay-                   1st person singular patient ‘my’[1]

-ahkw- noun root ‘shoe’

-a-                   noun suffix

-yaǫhk             verb root ‘to be old’ + stative aspect

tęndih          tewahkwayeh         ayahkwayaǫhk       My two old shoes

moccasin: arahšu

arahšu                   It is a moccasin, her moccasin.

[ah-rah-hshoo]

arahšu             feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’ + verb root ‘to be a moccasin + stative                                     aspect

yarahšu                 It is my moccasin.

[yah-rah-hshoo]

y-                     1st person singular agent ‘my’

arahšu             verb root ‘to be a moccasin + stative aspect

šarahšu                  It is your (s) moccasin

[shah-rah-hshoo]

š-                     2nd person singular agent ‘your’

arahšu             verb root ‘to be a moccasin + stative aspect

 

harahšu                 It is his moccasin

[hah-rah-hshu]

h-                     masculine singular agent ‘his’

arahšu             verb root ‘to be a moccasin + stative aspect

leggings, pant legs, socks: -rihšr-

urihšraˀ                  (her) leggings, pant legs, socks

[oo-reeh-shrah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ri-                   verb root, ‘to be leggings’

-hšr-                 nominalizer (makes a verb root into a noun stem)

-aˀ                    noun suffix

ayarihšraˀ               my leggings, pant legs, socks

[ah-yah-ree-shrah-ah]

aya-                 1st person singular patient ‘my’

-ri-                   verb root, ‘to be leggings’

-hšr-                 nominalizer (makes a verb root into a noun stem)

-aˀ                    noun suffix

urihšretsih              It is a long legging.

[oo-reeh-shreh-tseeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ri-                   verb root ‘to be leggings

-hšr-                 nominalizer

-ets-                 verb root ‘to be long’

-ih                    stative aspect

iyarihšrawahka       It is a short legging, sock

[ee-yah-reeh-shrah-wah-kah]

  • partitive ‘such’

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ri-                   verb root ‘to be leggings’

-hšr-                 nominalizer

-awahka–         verb root ‘to be short’ + stative aspect

karihšrawahka        It is a pair of socks, short leggings.

[kah-reeh-shrah-wah-kah]

k-                     dualic

-a-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ri-                   verb root ‘to be leggings’

-hšr-                 nominalizer

-awahka-         verb root ‘to be short’ + stative aspect

Ase    d’ iyarihšrawahka   It is a new sock.

[ah-she]

ase              It is new

ase                  feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’ + verb root ‘to be new’ + stative aspect

tewase karihšrawahka      A pair of new socks.

[teh-wah-she]

tewase         It is new, twofold.

tew-                 dualic

                    -ase                 feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’ + verb root ‘to be new’ + stative                                                 aspect

iyarihšrawahka         yarǫnyaˀatsih         It is a blue sock.

yarǫnyaˀatsih         It is called sky; it is blue

[yah-ron-yah-ah-tseeh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’                                                                                 -rǫny-              noun root   ‘sky’                                                                                                        -a-                   noun suffix

-ˀats-                verb root ‘to name, call’

-ih                    stative aspect

karihšrawahka        yarǫnyaˀatsih

It is a pair of blue socks.

Skirt   -ngyeˀr-

ungyeˀraˀ               skirt, tail feathers

[oon-gyeh-eh-rah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘it’

-ngyeˀr-           noun root, ‘skirt, tail feathers’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

ungyeˀretsih             It is a long skirt, her long skirt. dress.

[oon-gyeh-eh-reh-tseeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular  ‘it, her’

-ngyeˀr-           noun root, ‘skirt, tail feathers’

-ets-                 verb root ‘to be long’

-ih                    stative aspect

ungyeˀrawahka       It is a short skirt, her short skirt

[oon-gyeh-eh-rah-wah-kah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it, her

-ngyeˀr-           noun root ‘skirt, tail feathers’

-awahka–         verb root ‘to be short’ + stative aspect

iyungyeˀrutęh         d’ yarǫnyaˀatsih     It is a blue skirt.

[ee-yoon-gyeh-eh-roo-tenh]

iyungyeˀrutęh          It is such a skirt

iy-                    partitive ‘such’

-u-                   feminine-zoic singular patien‘it’

-ngyeˀr-           noun root ‘skirt, tail feathers’

-utę                verb root ‘to be such’

-h                     stative aspect

ungyeˀrawastih       It is a beautiful skirt

[oon-gyeh-eh-rah-wah-steeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ngyeˀr-           noun root ‘skirt, tail feathers’

-a-                   noun suffix

-wast-              verb root ‘to be beautiful’

-ih                    stative aspect

Shirt –tęwak-

yatęwakaˀ                  shirt

[yah-ten-wah-kah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’

-tęwak-            noun root, ‘shirt’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yatęwaketsih It is a long shirt.

[yah-ten-wah-keh-tseeh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’

-tęwak-            noun root, ‘shirt’

-ets-                 verb root, ‘to be long’

-ih                    stative aspect

yatęwakawahka      It is a short shirt

[yah-ten-wah-kah-wah-kah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-tęwak-          noun root, ‘shirt’

-awahka          verb root ‘to be short’ + stative aspect

 

yatęwakuwąnęh      It is a large shirt

[yah-ten-wah-koo-wan-nenh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-tęwak-            noun root, ‘shirt’

-uwąnę-           verb root ‘to be large’

-h                     stative aspect

skatęwakuwąnęh    It is an extra large shirt

[skah-ten-wah-koo-wan-nenh]

s-                     repetitive ‘very’

-ka-                 feminine-zoic singular agent  ‘it’

-tęwak-            noun root, ‘shirt’

-uwąnę-           verb root ‘to be large’

-h                     stative aspect

Articles of Clothing with the verb root -uri- ‘to cover

Coat

ayakyaˀturih           It covers my body, my coat.

[ah-yah-kyah-ah-too-reeh]

ay-                   1st person singular patient ‘my’

-aky-                semireflexive voice

-aˀt-                 noun root ‘body’

-uri-                 verb root ‘to cover’

-h                     stative aspect

sakyaˀturih             It covers your body, your coat.

[sah-kyah-ah-too-reeh]

s-                     second person singular patient ‘your’

-aky-                semireflexive voice

-aˀt-                 noun root ‘body’

-uri–                 verb root ‘to cover’

-h                     stative aspect

hukyaˀturih            It covers his body, his coat.

[hoo-kyah-ah-too-reeh]

hu-                   masculine singular patient ‘his’

-(a)ky-             semireflexive voice

-aˀt-                 noun root ‘body’

-uri-                 verb root ‘to cover’

-h                     stative aspect

užahšurih             It covers the arm, sleeve

[oo-zhah-soo-reeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

žahš–              noun root ‘arm’

-uri-                 verb root ‘to cover’

-h                     stative aspect

uˀngyurih               It covers her fingers, her glove, gloves, mitts

[oo-oon-gyoo-reeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘her’

-ˀngy-               noun root ‘finger’

-uri-                 verb root ‘to cover’

-h                     stative aspect

ayenǫhwarurih       It covers my brains, my hat.

[ah-yen-non-hwah-roo-reeh]

aye-                 1st person singular patient ‘my’

-nǫhwar-          noun root ‘brains’

-uri-                 verb root ‘to cover’

-h                     stative aspect

ǫnǫhwarurih          It covers her brains, her hat.  It is a hat.

[on-non-hwah-roo-reeh

ǫ-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘her’

-nǫhwar-          noun root ‘brains’

-uri-                 verb root ‘to cover’

-h                     stative aspect

undasurih     It covers the buttocks; pants.

[oon-dah-soo-reeh]

u-         feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ndas-  noun root ‘buttocks’

-uri-     verb root ‘to cover’

-h         stative aspect

Shawl -nder-

yanderaˀ                 shawl, her shawl

[yan-deh-rah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic agent ‘it, her’

         -nder-              noun root ‘shawl’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

underawastih         It is a beautiful shawl.

[oon-deh-rah-wah-steeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-nder-              noun root ‘shawl’

-a-                   noun suffix

-wast-              verb root ‘to be good, beautiful’

-ih                    stative aspect

sanderawastih        Your shawl is beautiful.

[san-deh-rah-wah-steeh]

sa-                   2nd person singular patient‘your’

-nder-              noun root ‘shawl’

-a-                   noun suffix

-wast-              verb root ‘to be good, beautiful’

-ih                    stative aspect

iyunderutęh  d’ yarǫnyaˀatsih     It is a blue shawl

iyunderutęh            It is a shawl of such a nature

[ee-yoon-deh-root-tenh]

iy-                   partitive ‘such’

-u-                   feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-nder-            noun root ‘shawl’

-utę-                verb root ‘to be of a nature’

-h                     stative aspect

[1] It is the usual pattern with possession that the 1P form would appear, but it is different with the verb root -ase- ‘to be new’ and some others.

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