Dancing in Wyandot

Dancing in Wyandot – ndrawa- ‘to dance’

sandrawaˀ              Dance! (said to one person)

[san-drah-wah-ah]

sa-                    imperative + 2nd person singular agent ‘you (s)’

-ndrawa-        verb root ‘to dance’

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

tsindrawaˀ            Dance! (said to more than one person)

[tseen-drah-wah-ah]

tsi-                   imperative + 2nd person plural agent ‘you (p)’

-ndrawa-        verb root ‘to dance’

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

tindrawaˀ               Let’s dance (you and I).

[teen-drah-wah-ah]

ti-                     imperative + 1st person inclusive dual agent ‘us’

-ndrawa-        verb root ‘to dance’

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

kwandrawaˀ          Let’s dance (talking to a group).

[kwan-drah-wah-ah]

kwa-                imperative + 1st person inclusive plural agent ‘us’

-ndrawa-        verb root ‘to dance’

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

yandrawahšraˀ    dance (noun stem)

[yan-drah-wah-shrah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ndrawa-        verb root, ‘to dance’

-hšr-                 nominalizer

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yandrawahšranǫwehs       She loves, likes, is fond of dancing.

[yan-drah-wah-shrah-non-wehs]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she’

-ndrawa-        verb root, ‘to dance’

-hšr-                 nominalizer

-a-                    noun suffix

-nǫwe-             verb root, ‘to like, love, be fond of’

-hs                   habitual aspect suffix

ahatindrawaˀ            They (mixed group or only males) just began dancing

[ah-hah-teen-drah-wah-ah]

a-                     factual

-hati-                masculine plural plural agent ‘they (m)’

-ndrawa-        verb, ‘to dance’

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

ayandrawaˀ              She just began dancing

[ah-yan-drah-wah-ah]

a-                     factual

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she’

-ndrawa-        verb root, ‘to dance’

-ˀ                      punctual

eyandrawaˀ              She will dance.

[eh-yan-drah-wah-ah]

e-                     future prefix

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she’

-ndrawa-        verb root, ‘to dance’

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

eyendrawaˀ              I will dance.

[eh-yen-drah-wah-ah]

e-                     future

-ye-                  1st person singular agent ‘I’

-ndrawa–        verb root, ‘to dance’

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

hatindrawaheˀ     They (mixed or all male) are going to dance.

[hah-teen-drah-wah-heh-eh]

hati-                 masculine plural agent ‘they (m)’

-ndrawa-        verb root, ‘to dance’

-h-                    dislocative root suffix

-eˀ                    purposive aspect

atindrawahs             They (female) often dance, frequently dance.

[ah-teen-drah-wahs]

ati-                   feminine-zoic plural agent ‘they (f)’

-ndrawa-        verb root ‘to dance’

-hs                   habitual aspect

atindrawahskwaˀ    They (f) often used to dance, frequently danced.

[ah-teen-drah-wahs-kwah-ah]

ati-                   feminine-zoic plural agent ‘they (f)’

-ndrawa-        verb root ‘to dance’

-hs                   habitual aspect

-kwaˀ               past aspect suffix

hutindramęh       They (masculine or mixed) were dancing (a short time ago).

[hoo-teen-drah-menh]

huti-                 masculine plural patient ‘they (m)’

-ndram-          verb root ‘to dance’

            –ęh                   stative aspect

utindramęnęh        They (female) danced, a long time ago.

[oo-teen-drah-men-en]

huti-                 feminine-zoic plural patient ‘they (m)’

-ndram-          verb root ‘to dance’

-ę-                    stative aspect

-nęh                 past aspect suffix

 

 

 

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