Diminutive Aspect Suffix

Diminutive Aspect Suffix

The diminutive (dm) either indicates small size or of a relationship in which one is older than others, such as with one’s children, siblings, nephews and grandchildren, other relatives and pets. With rare exceptions, it only appears with the stative aspect.

Relationships

hǫteyę՚ąhą                    They (m) are siblings

[hon-teh-yen-an-han]

hǫ-                               masculine plural agent – they (m)

-te-                               semi-reflexive voice

-yę-                              verb root – to be siblings

-՚-                                 stative aspect

-ąhą                             diminutive aspect suffix

tsiyęˀąhąˀ                        You two are siblings, your younger sibling.

[tsee-yen-en-an-han-an]

tsi-                               2nd person dual agent – you two

-yę-                              verb root – to be siblings

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

-ąhąˀ                            diminutive aspect suffix

ežateyęˀąhą                     They two (m) are siblings (older and younger).           [eh-zhah-teh-yen-en-an-han

e-                                 partitive

-ž-                                masculine dual agent – they two (m)

-ate-                             semi-reflexive voice

-yę-                              verb root – to be siblings

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

-ąhą                           diminutive aspect suffix

šęˀąˀ                               You have her as child, your daughter.

[shen-en-an-an]

š-                                 2nd person agent + feminine-zoic singular patient – you – her

-ę-                                verb root – to have as child

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

-ąˀ                                diminutive aspect suffix

humęˀąh                        He has him as child, his son.

[hoo-men-en-anh]

hum-                            masculine singular agent + masculine singular patient – he – him

-ę-                                verb root – to have as child

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

-ąh                               diminutive aspect suffix

 

hamęmątęˀą                    He has him as nephew.

[hah-men-man-ten-en-an]

ham-                            masculine singular agent + masculine singular patient – he – him

-ęmątę-                        verb root – to be nephew to

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

                                 diminutive aspect suffix

sǫmąhšutaˀah                  He is our grandparent, our grandfather.

[son-mahn-shoo-ah-ah]

sǫm-                            masculine singular patient + 1st person plural patient – he – our

-ąhšut-                         verb root – to be grandparent to

-aˀ-                               stative aspect

-ah                               diminutive aspect suffix

Possessions

yenęuˀah                        my little pot

[yen-nen-oo-oo-ah]

ye-                               1st person singular agent – my

-nęu-                            verb root – to be a pot, kettle

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

-ah                               diminutive aspect suffix

 

hutuyęˀah                       It is his axe.

[hoo-too-yen-en-ah]

hu-                               masculine singular patient – his

-tuyḛ-                           verb root – to be an axe

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

-ah                               diminutive aspect suffix

 

husenęˀąh                      She is his domestic animal, pet.

[hoo-seh-nen-en-anh]

hu-                               feminine singular agent + masculine singular patient

-senę-                           verb root – to be a domestic animal to

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

-ąh                               diminutive aspect suffix

 

Younger Ones

yawiˀtsinǫhąˀ                 She is a little girl.

[yah-wee-ee-tsee-non-han-an]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-wiˀtsinǫ                      verb root – to be a girl

-hą-                              stative aspect

                                  diminutive aspect suffix

 

hǫmęhtsęhtiˀah               He is a little boy.

[hon-menh-tsenh-tee-ee-ah]

h-                                 masculine singular agent – he

-ǫmęhtsęti-                verb root – to be a boy

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

-ah                             diminutive aspect suffix

 

Small Size

With the verb root -a- -to be of a magnitude, quantity, size-

iwaˀžah                          It is a little.

[ee-wah-ah-zhah]

iw-                               partitive – such

-a-                                verb root – to be a quantity

-ˀž-                               stative aspect

-ah                               diminutive aspect suffix

 

atehimęndaˀžah               They two (m) had few words.

[ah-teh-hee-men-dah-ah-zhah]

a-                                 factual

-te-                               dualic

-hi-                               masculine dual agent – they two (m)

-męnd-                         noun root – word

-a-                                verb root – to be a quantity

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

-žah                             diminutive aspect suffix

 

hatindušražaˀ         They (m) are the little turtle shells  (Small or Striped Turtle clan)

[hah-teen-doo-shrah-zhah-ah]

hati-                 masculine plural agent – they (m)

-ndušr-             noun root – shell

-a-                    verb root – to be a quantity

-ž-                    stative aspect

-aˀ                    diminutive aspect suffix

 

yanęwaˀžah           a little piece of bone

[yah-nen-wah-ah-zhah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-nęw-               noun root – bone

-aˀ-                   verb root – to be a quantity

-ž-                    stative aspect

-ah                   diminutive aspect suffix

 

With Verbs – to be small

awahka                A little (while), something little .

[ah-wah-kah]

awahk-            feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root – to be small + stative aspect

-a-                    diminutive aspect suffix

 

uskęnyąˀšah.          It is very small.

[oos-ken-yan-an-shah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-skęnyą՚-          verb root – to be small

-š-                    stative aspect

-ah                   diminutive aspect suffix

 

 

 

 

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