Expressing Feelings in Wyandot

Expressing Feelings in the Wyandot Language    

Wyandot Verb Structural Positions

Position                 Name

  • Pre-Pronominal Prefixes
  • Pronominal Prefixes
  • Voice (reflexive/semi-reflexive)
  • Noun Root or Noun Stem (verb root +nominalizer)
  • Noun Suffix
  • Verb Root
  • Root Suffix
  • Aspect
  • Aspect Suffix

Afraid

ayakerǫdih             I am, I became afraid

[ah-yah-keh-ron-deeh]

y-                     1st person singular agent, ‘I’

 -akerǫ-           verb root ‘to be afraid’

-ndi-                 inchoative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

Kwižuh šakerǫdih  Are you afraid?

[kwee-zhooh]

[yes-no question]

šakerǫdih     You are afraid.

[shah-keh-ron-deeh]

š-                     2nd person singular agent, ‘you (s)’

-akerǫ-            verb root ‘to be afraid’

-ndi-                 inchoative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

hakerǫdih                  He is afraid.

[hah-keh-ron-deeh]

h-                     masculine singular agent ‘he’

-akerǫ-            verb root ‘to be afraid’

-ndi-                 inchoative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

akerǫdih                She is afraid.

[ah-keh-ron-deeh]

-akerǫ-            feminine-zoic agent ‘she’ + verb root ‘to be afraid’

-ndi-                 inchoative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

Angry

ayatriwahšęh          I am bad-mattered, angry.

[ah-yah-tree-wah-shenh]

ay-                   1st person patient. ‘I’

-at-                  semireflexive voice

-riw-                 noun root ‘matter, affair’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ahšę-              verb root ‘to be bad’

-h                     stative aspect

kwižuh satriwahšęh          Are you (s) bad-mattered, angry?

satriwahšęh  You (s) are angry.

[sah-tree-wah-senh]

s-                    2nd person singular patient,  ‘you (s)‘

-at-                  semireflexive voice

            -riw-               noun root ‘matter, affair’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ahšę-            verb root ‘to bad’

-h                     stative aspect

hutriwahšęh           He is bad-mattered, angry about something.

[hoo-tree-wah-sheh]

hu-                   masculine singular patient,  ‘he’

-t-                    semireflexive voice

-riw-                 noun root ‘matter, affair’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ahšę-              verb root ‘to bad’

-h                     stative aspect

utriwahšęh             She is bad-mattered, angry about something.

[oo-tree-wah-shenh]

u-                     feminine-zoic patient,  ‘she’

-t-                    semireflexive voice

-riw-               noun root ‘matter, affair’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ahšę-            verb root ‘to be bad’

-h                     stative aspect

Ashamed

ayatehędi               I feel ashamed.

[ah-yah-teh-hen-dee]

ay-                   1st person patient, ‘I’

-atehę-                        verb root ‘to be ashamed’

-d-                   inchoative root suffix

-i                      stative aspect

kwižuh sayatehędi            Do you (s) feel ashamed.

sayatehędi             You (s) feel ashamed.

[sah-yah-teh-heen-dee]

s-                     2nd person patient, ‘you (s)

-atehę-          verb root ‘to be ashamed’

-d-                  inchoative root suffix

-i                     stative aspect

hutehędi                He feels ashamed.

[hoo-teh-hendee]

hu-                   masculine singular patient, ‘he’

-tehę-              verb root ‘to be ashamed’

-d-                   inchoative root suffix

-i                      stative aspect

utehędi                  She feels ashamed.

[oo-teh-hen-dee]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘she’

-tehę-              verb root ‘to be ashamed’

-d-                   inchoative root suffix

-i                      stative aspect

Happy

yatǫtara                     I am happy, on top of life.

[yah-ton-tah-rah]

y-                     1st person singular agent, ‘I’

-at-                  semireflexive voice

ǫt-                  noun root ‘life’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ra                   verb root ‘to be on top of’ + stative aspect

Kwižuh šatǫtara     Are you (s) happy?

šatǫtara        You are happy.

[shah-ton-tah-rah]

š-         2nd person agent, ‘you (s)’

-at-      semireflexive  voice

ǫt-      noun root ‘life’

-a-       noun suffix

-ra       verb root ‘to be on top of’ + stative aspect

hatǫtara                 He is happy, on top of life.

[hah-ton-tah-rah]

h-                     masculine singular agent, ‘he’

-at-                  semireflexive voice

ǫt-                  noun root ‘life’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ra                   verb root ‘to be on top of’ + stative aspect

atǫtara                   She is happy, on top of life.

at-                    feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘she’ + semireflexive voice

ǫt-                  noun root ‘life’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ra                   verb root ‘to be on top of’ + stative aspect

Like and Dislike

ayǫmeskwądih       I am pleased with it.  I like it.

[ah-yon-meh-skwan-deeh]

ay-               1st person singular patient, ‘I’

-ǫˀmeskwą-     verb root ‘to please, be pleased’

-di-                  dative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

Kwižuh sǫmeskwądih      Are you pleased with it? Do you like it?

sǫmeskwądih         You are pleased with it.  You like it.

[son-meh-skwan-deeh]

s-                     2nd person singular patient, ‘you (s)’

-ǫˀmeskwą-     verb root ‘to please, be pleased’

-di-                  dative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

haǫmeskwądih                He is pleased with it.  He likes it.

[hah-on-meh-skwan-deeh]

ha-                   masculine singular patient, ‘he’

-ǫˀmeskwą-     verb root ‘to please, be pleased’ [o- conjugation]

-di-                  dative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

aǫmeskwądih                  She is pleased with it. She likes it.

[ah-on-meh-skwan-deeh]

a-                     feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘she’

ǫˀmeskwą-      vr ‘to please, be pleased’

-di-                  dative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

ayeskwahę                       I dislike, hate it.

[ah-yeh-skwah-hen]

aye-                 1st person singular patient, ‘I’

-skwahę–         verb root ‘to dislike, hate’ + stative aspect

kwižuh saskwahę             Do you dislike it?

saskwahę               You dislike it.

[sah-skwah-hen]

sa-                   2nd person singular patient,  ‘you’

-skwahę–         verb root ‘to dislike, hate’ + stative aspect

huskwahę                        He dislikes it.

[hoo-skwah-hen]

hu-                   masculine singular patient ‘he’

-skwahę–         verb root ‘to dislike, hate’ + stative aspect

uskwahę                She dislikes it.

[oo-skwah-hen]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘she’

skwahę–          verb root ‘to dislike, hate’ + stative aspect

Love

yendurǫkwa           I often love her.  I often love it

[yen-doo-ron-kwah]

ye-                   1st person singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘I to her/it’

-ndurǫ-            verb root ‘to be valuable, valued;

-kw-                instrumental root suffix

-a                     habitual aspect

yǫndurǫkwa          You (s) are valued by me; I love you.

[yon-doo-ron-kwah]

yǫ-                   1st person singular agent + 2nd person singular patient, ‘I to you’

-ndurǫ-            verb root ‘to be valuable, valued’

-kw-                instrumental root suffix

-a                     habitual aspect

Proud

yenęˀądaeˀ             I am proud.

[yeh-nen-en-an-dah-eh-eh]

ye-                   1st person singular agent, ‘I’

-nęˀądae-       verb root ‘to be proud’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

yǫnęˀądaęndih       I am proud of you

[yon-nen-en-an-dah-en-deeh]

yǫ-                   1st person singular agent + 2nd person singular patient ‘I to you’

-nęˀądaę         verb root ‘to be proud’

-ndi-                 dative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

Kwižuh šanęˀądaeˀ Are you proud?

šanęˀądaeˀ    You (s) are proud?

[shah-nen-en-an-dah-eh-eh]

ša-                   2nd person singular agent,  ‘you (s)’

-nęˀądaę         verb root ‘to be proud’

-ndi-                 dative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

skenęˀądaeˀ            I am very proud, arrogant.

[skeh-nen-en-an-dah-en-en]

s-                     repetitive pre-pronominal prefix,‘very’

-ke-                 1st person singular agent, ‘I’

-nęˀądaę         verb root ‘to be proud’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

Sad

ayendiyǫrašęh        I am sad, I have bad thoughts.

[ah-yen-dee-yon-rah-shenh]

aye-                 1st person singular patient, ‘I’

-ndiyǫr-           noun root ‘mind, thoughts’

-a-                   noun suffix

-šę-                  verb root ‘to be bad’

-h                     stative aspect

Kwižuh        sandiyǫrašęh         Are you sad?

sandiyǫrašęh         You are sad.

[san-dee-yon-rah-shenh]

sa-                   2nd person singular patient, ‘you (s)’

-ndiyǫr-           noun root ‘mind, thoughts’

-a-                   noun suffix

-šę-                  verb root ‘to be bad’

-h                     stative aspect

hundiyǫrašęh         He is sad

[hoon-dee-yon-rah-shenh]

hu-                   masculine singular patient, ‘he’

-ndiyǫr-           noun root,‘mind, thoughts’

-a-                   noun suffix

-šę-                  verb root ‘to be bad’

-h                     stative aspect

undiyǫrašęh           She is sad

[oon-deeh-yon-rah-shenh]

hu-                   feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘she’

ndiyǫr-           noun root ‘mind, thoughts’

-a-                   noun suffix

-šę-                  verb root ‘to be bad’

-h                     stative aspect

Shy, Cautious

yasamęhreˀ            I am feeling shy, cautious, timid.

[yah-sah-men-hreh]

y-                     1st person singular agent, ‘I’

-asamęhre-     verb root ‘to be shy, cautious, timid’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

kwižuh         šasamęhreˀ  Are you feeling shy, cautious, timid?

šasamęhreˀ   You are feeling shy, cautious, timid.

[shah-sah-men-hreh-eh]

š-                     2nd  person singular agent, ‘you (s)’

-asamęhre-     verb root ‘to be shy, cautious timid’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

hasamęhreˀ            He is feeling shy, cautious, timid.

[hah-sah-men-hreh-eh]

h-                     masculine singular agent, ‘he’

-asamęhre-     verb root, ‘to be shy, cautious timid’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

asamęhreˀ              She is feeling shy, cautious, timid.

[ah-sah-men-hreh-eh]

-asamęhre-     feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she’ + verb root ‘to be shy, cautious                                               timid’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

Sorry

yetatęˀ                   I am sorry, feel regret

[yeh-tah-ten-en]

ye-                   1st person singular agent,  ‘I’

-tatę-               verb root ‘to feel sorry, regret’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

kwižuh šetatęˀ          Are you sorry, feeling regret

šetatęˀ                   You are sorry, feeling regret.

[sheh-tah-ten-en]

še-                   2nd person singular agent, ‘you (s)’

-tatę-               verb root ‘to feel sorry, regret’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

hatatęˀ                   He is sorry, feeling regret.

[hah-tah-ten-en]

ha-                   masculine singular agent, ‘he’

-tatę-               verb root ‘to feel sorry, regret’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

yatatęˀ                        She is sorry, feeling regret.

[ah-tah-ten-en]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘she’

-tatę-               verb root ‘to feel sorry, regret’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

Tired

ayatǫmęndih I feel tired

[ah-yah-ton-men-deeh]

ay-                   1st person singular patient, ‘I’

-atǫmę-           verb root ‘to be tired’

-ndi-                 dative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

kwižuh satǫmęndih Do you feel tired.

satǫmęndih            You feel tired.

[sah-ton-men-deeh]

s-                     second person singular patient, ‘you (s)’

-atǫmę-           verb root ‘to be tired’

-ndi-                 dative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

hutǫmęndih           He feels tired.

[hoo-ton-men-deeh]

hu-                   masculine singular patient, ‘he’

-atǫmę-           verb root ‘to be tired’

-ndi-                 dative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

utǫmęndih             She feels tired.

[oo-ton-men-deeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘she’

-atǫmę-           verb root ‘to be tired’

-ndi-                 dative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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