Fast and Slow

Fast and Slow

The different verbs meaning ‘be fast’ may be related, as they are all quite similar in sound.

Fast

-ndure-[1] – be fast, quick

humęndandureh    He is speaking quickly, fast

[hoo-men-dan-doo-reh]

hu-                   masculine singular patient – he

-męnd-             noun root – word, voice

-a-                    joiner vowel

-ndure-           verb root – be fast, quick

-h                     stative aspect

 

-ahskyarǫ[2]–  go fast

 

sahskyarǫh           Go fast! (said to one person).

[sah-skyah-ronh]

s-                     imperative + 2nd person singular agent – you

-ahskarǫ        verb root – go fast

-h                     imperative aspect

 

Skwahskyarǫh      She goes very fast. (female Snake clan name)

[skwah-skyah-ronh]

skw-                repetitive

-ahskarǫ        feminine-zoic singular agent – she – verb root – be, go fast

-h                     stative aspect

 

-hstur and -asturat[3]– -be quick, fast (two variations of the same verb root)

uhstureˀ               It is fast.

[ooh-stoo-reh-eh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-hsture-           verb root – to be fast, quick

-ˀ                      stative aspect

sasturaht                Hurry up! (said to one person)

[sah-stoo-raht]

s-                     imperative + 2nd person singular agent – you

-asturaht           verb root – be fast, quick + imperative aspect     .

 

Slow

-akae- and -hšaę – be slow

 

huhšaęˀ[4]               He is a slow walker, is slow moving.

[hooh-shah-en-en]

            hu-                   masculine singular patient – he

-hšaę–              verb root – be slow

-ˀ                      stative aspect

 

humęndakaęh[5]    His words are slow.  He is a slow-talker

[hoo-men-dah-kah-enh]

hu                    masculine singular patient – he, his

-męnd-             noun root – word, voice

-akaę-              verb root – be slow

-h                     stative aspect

 

 

 

 

 

[1] This verb always required a noun root to be incorporated into it.

[2] This verb does not incorporate noun roots.

[3] Neither of these two verb roots incorporates noun roots.

[4] This verb root does not incorporate noun roots.

[5] This verb root must incorporate noun roots.

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