hit

Hit, Strike -aʼe-

Incorporating Nouns 

 

skat ukwihstaʼeh         It strikes metal once; it is one o’clock.

 

ukwihstaʼeh         Metal is struck.

[oo-kweeh-stah-ah-eh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-k-                    semi-reflexive

-wihst-             noun root – metal

-aʼe-                 verb root – strike

-h                     stative aspect

 

ehšeˀtaˀeh              You (s) will hit, chop wood.

[eh-sheh-eh-tah-ah-eh]

e-                     future

-hš-                  2nd person singular agent – you (s)

-eˀt-                  noun root – wood

-aˀe-                 verb root – hit

-h                     punctual aspect

 

tahuˀnǫhtaǫˀ                             aˀturǫtaˀestanǫˀ

he took hold of his leg            he struck him against a tree many times

He took hold of his leg and struck him many times against a tree.

 

aˀturǫtaˀestanǫˀ      He struck him against a tree many times.

[ah-aht-hoo-ron-tah-ah-ehs-tah-non-on]

aˀ-                    factual

-t-                     dualic

-(h)u-               masculine singular agent + masculine singular patient

-rǫt-                 noun root – tree

-aˀe                  verb root – hit

-st-                   causative-instrumental root suffix

-anˀǫ-               distributive root suffix

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

 

nęh      tu         taituwaˀeh

now     there    someone knocked at the door

taituwaˀeh            Someone knocked at the door.

[tah-ee-too-wah-ah-eh]

t-                      dualic

-ai-                   indefinite agent – one, someone

-tuw-                noun root – door

-aˀe-                 verb root – hit

-h                     stative aspect

 

Not Incorporating Nouns

-waʼe

aˀyawaˀeh             She hit it.

[ah-ah-yah-wah-ah-eh]

aˀ-                    factual

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-w-                   dummy noun root

-aˀe-                 verb root – hit

-h                     punctual aspect

 

tarawaʼeˀ               He struck it.

[tah-rah-wah-eh-eh]

t-                      dualic

-a-                    factual

-ra-                   masculine singular agent – he

-w-                   dummy noun root

-aʼe-                 verb root – strike

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

 

ahǫmąʼę                     daeˀ                  d’         uˀnęąˀ    The bone struck him

it struck him             that one           the       bone

 

ahǫmąʼę      It struck him.

[ah-hon-man-ah-en]

 a-         factual

-hǫ-      feminine-zoic singular agent + masculine singular patient – it – him

-m-       dummy noun root

-ąʼę      verb root – hit + stative aspect

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-ngwaʼe-[1]

 

ahungwaˀes                             de                    yąngǫhaˀ          He hit his hide.

he struck, hit him or his          the                   hide

 

ahungwaˀes           He hit him or his.

[ah-hoon-gwah-ah-ehs]

a-                     factual

-hu-                  masculine singular agent + masculine singular patient

-ngw-               dummy noun root

-aˀe-                 verb root – hit

-s                     dative root suffix + punctual aspect

[1] This form appears rarely.  I do not yet know why it appears when it does.

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