hungry

Hungry: -oręhš–  ‘breath’ + -ast- ‘be hard, strong’

 

Kwižuh šatǫręhšahstaˀ  Are you hungry?

[kwee-zhooh]

 

šatǫręhšahstaˀ        You are hungry (your breath is hard)

[shah-ton-renh-shah-stah-ah]

š-         2nd person singular agent – you

-at-       semi-reflexive voice

-oręhš- noun root – breath

-ast-     verb root – be hard, strong’

-aˀ        habitual aspect

 

Hęh   yatǫręhšahstaˀ       Yes, I am hungry.

[henh]

 

yatǫręhšahstaˀ       I am hungry (my breath is hard)

[yah-ton-renh-shah-stah-ah]

y-         1st person singular agent – I, my

-at-       semi-reflexive voice

-oręhš- noun root – breath

-ast-     verb root – be hard, strong

-aˀ        habitual aspect

 

ąˀą     teˀyatǫręhšahstaˀ    No, I am not hungry.

[an-an]

 

teˀyatǫręhšahstaˀ    I am not hungry.

[teh-eh-yah-ton-renh-shah-stah-ah]

teˀ-                   negative

-y-                    1st person singular – I, my

-at-                   semi-reflexive voice

-oręhš-             noun root – breath

-ast-                 verb root -to be hard, strong

-aˀ                    habitual aspect

 

To be hungry for -nǫma-

 

This verb always incorporates a noun.

 

haˀwahtsanǫmas  He is hungry for meat.

[hah-wah-tsah-non-mahs]

ha-                   masculine singular agent – he

-ˀwahts-           noun root – meat

-a-                    joiner vowel

-nǫma-             verb root – be hungry for

-s                     habitual aspect

 

yanęhanǫmas        She is hungry for corn.

[yah-nen-hah-non-mahs]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-nęh-                noun root – corn

-a-                    joiner vowel

-nǫma-             verb root – be hungry for

-s                     habitual aspect

 

yeˀndataranǫmas   I am hungry for bread

[yeh-ehn-dah-tah-rah-non-mahs]

ye-                   1st person singular agent

-ˀndatar-           noun root – bread

-a-                    joiner vowel

-nǫma-             verb root – be hungry for

-s                     habitual aspect

 

Eat enough, be satiated, full -ahta-

 

ayahtaʼndih         I have eaten enough.

[ah-yah-tah-ahn-deeh]

ay-                   1st person singular patient – I

-ahta-               verb root – eat enough

-nd-                 inchoative root suffix

-ih                    stative aspect

 

tehuhtaʼndih          He is not satiated, full.

[teh-hooh-tah-an-deeh]

te-                    negative

-hu-                  masculine singular patient – he

-hta-                 verb root – eat enough

-ˀnd-                 inchoative root suffix

-ih                    stative aspect

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