Imperative Review

2019 – Gathering – Wyandot Language Lesson Number #1 – Review

 

The most common four forms of the imperative are of four different kinds:

 

  • For one person to do something: you (singular)
  • For more than one person to do something: you (plural)
  • For one person to do something with you.( “Let’s you and I”)
  • For more than one person to do something with you ( “Let’s” with a group)

 

With -atrihut- ‘be attentive’ (a- conjugation)

 

satrihutat               Listen! – said to  one person (also ‘Listen to her’)

[sah-tree-hoo-tat]

s-                     imperative + 2nd person singular agent – you

-atrihut-            verb root – be attentive

-at                    causative root suffix + imperative aspect

 

tsatrihutat               Listen! -said to more than one person (also ‘Listen to her’)

[tsah-tree-hoo-tat]

ts-                    imperative + 2nd person plural agent – you

atrihut-            verb root –  be attentive

-at                    causative root suffix + imperative aspect

 

kyatrihutat          Let’s listen (said to one person)

[kyah-tree-hoo-tat]

ky-                   imperative  + 1st person inclusive dual agent – us

-atrihut            verb root – be attentive

-at                    causative root suffix + imperative aspect

 

kwatrihutat           Let’s listen (said to more than one)

[kwah-tree-hoo-tat]

kw-                  imperative + 1st person inclusive plural agent – us

-atrihut-            verb root –  be attentive

-at                    causative root suffix + imperative aspect

 

With -ndrawa- ‘to dance’ (Consonant Conjugation)

sandrawaˀ              Dance! (said to one person)

[san-drah-wah-ah]

sa-                   imperative + 2nd person singular agent – you

-ndrawa          verb root – dance

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

tsindrawaˀ             Dance! (said to more than one person)

[tseen-drah-wah-ah]

tsi-                   imperative + 2nd person plural agent – you (p)

-ndrawa-          verb root – dance

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

 

tindrawaˀ               Let’s dance (you and I).

[teen-drah-wah-ah]

ti-                     imperative + 1st person inclusive dual agent – us two

-ndrawa-          verb root – dance

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

 

kwandrawaˀ           Let’s dance (talking to a group).

[kwan-drah-wah-ah]

kwa-                imperative + 1st person inclusive plural agent – us

-ndrawa-          verb root – dance

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

 

 

 

 

 

 

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