overcome

Overcome, overtake  -ˀndeˀgy-

ehuˀndeˀngyah       He will overtake him.

[eh-hoo-oon-deh-en-gyah]

e-                     future

-hu-                  masculine singular agent + masculine singular patient – he – him

-ˀndeˀngy-     verb root – overtake

-ah                   punctual aspect

 

ahuˀndeˀngyaˀ       He caught up with him.

[a-hoo-oon-deh-en-gyah-ah]

as-                    factual

-hu-                  masculine singular agent + masculine singular patient – he – him                     -ˀndeˀngy-        verb root – overtake

-ah                   punctual aspect

teyandayęh                              tahaˀndeˀngyah

it is a porch, doorway             he overtook her here

 

tahaˀndeˀngyah              He overtook her here

[tah-hah-an-deh-en-gyah]

t-                                  cislocative – here

-a-                                factual

-ˀndeˀngy-                   verb root – overtake

-ah-                              punctual aspect

 

Year

aˀteyandeˀnyǫhšayeh       Every year

[ah-ah-teh-yan-deh-en-yonh-shah-yeh]

aˀ-                    translocative

-te-                   dualic

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ndeˀnyǫ–        verb root – overcome

-hš-                  nominalizer

-a-                    joiner vowel

-ye-                  number

-h                     stative aspect

 

ndahk  iyaˀndenyǫhšrayeh     It is four years.

iyaˀndenyǫhšrayeh        It is a number of years.

[ee-ah-an-den-yon-shrah-yeh]

i-                      partitive – such

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ˀndenyǫ-        verb root – to overcome

-hšr-                 nominalizer

-a-                    joiner vowel

-ye-                  verb root – number

-h                     stative aspect

with force – overpowered, overcame

d          awetiˀ   ahakwihšengyaˀ           nde      tahatandihskwahs

those    all        he overcame                those    he competed with others

He overcame all those he competed with.

 

ahakwihšengyaˀ   He overcame.

[ah-hah-kweeh-shen-gyah-ah]

a-                     factual

-h-                    masculine singular agent – he

-ak-                  sem-reflexive

-wihš-              noun root – force

-engya-            verb root – overcome

-ˀ                      punctual

 

aˀuwišęngyaˀ         She overpowered her.

[ah-ah-oo-wee-shen-gyah-ah]

aˀ-                    factual

-u-                    feminine-zoic singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient – she – her

-wiš-                noun root – force

-ęngy-              verb root – overcome

-aˀ                    punctual aspect

 

with Mind

ayǫˀndiyǫhąˀtęˀndi       He fooled them (f)

[ah-hah-yon-on-dee-yon-han-an-ten-en-dee]

a-                                 factual

-hayǫ-                          masculine singular agent + feminine-zoic plural patient – he – them

-ˀndiyǫh-                      noun root – mind, thoughts

-ą-                                joiner vowel

-ˀtęndi                         verb root – overcome + punctual aspect

 

awayeˀndiyǫhaˀtęˀ           She tricked, outsmarted me.

[ah-wah-yeh-en-dee-yon-hah-ah-ten-en]

aw-                              factual

-aye-                            feminine-zoic singular agent + 1st person singular patient– she -me

-ˀndiyǫh-                     noun root – mind, thoughts

-a-                                joiner vowel

-ˀtę-                           verb root – overcome

-ˀ                                   punctual aspect

 

 

 

 

 

 

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