Plural Aspect Suffix

Plural Aspect Suffix

The plural aspect suffix is marked with a final -s- and follows the stative aspect with two verbs relating to size: -yuwanę- ‘to be large‘ and -es- ‘to be long‘ when there is a plurality of something:

-yuwanę- ‘to be large‘

hatiwanęhs.                   They are the big ones, people in authority.

[hah-tee-wah-nenhs]

hati-                             masculine plural agent – they (m)

-wanę-                         verb root – to be large

-h-                                stative aspect

-s                                 plural aspect suffix

atiwanęhs                       They (f) are the big ones (referring to wolves and cougars)

[ah-tee-wah-nenhs]

ati-                               feminine-zoic plural agent – they (f)

-wanę-                         verb root – to be large

-h-                                stative aspect

-s                                 plural aspect suffix

yarižuhtuwanęˀs              large rocks

[yah-ree-zhooh-too-wah-nen-ens]

ya-                               feminin-zoic singular agent – it

-rižuht-                                     noun root – rock, stone

-uwanę-                       verb root – to be large

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

-s                                 plural aspect suffix

tewahteyahkweˀnduwanęˀns      Two large eyeballs (i.e., blackberries)

[teh-wah-teh-yah-kweh-en-doo-wah-nen-ens]

tew-                             dualic

-ahte-                           feminine-zoic singular agent – it + semi-reflexive voice

-yahkweˀnd-                noun root – eyeball(s)

-uwanę-                       verb root – to be large

-ˀn-                               stative aspect

-s                                 plural aspect suffix

-es- ‘to be long‘

teyǫhǫtęhtsihs                 They (f) are long ears, mules.

[teh-yon-hon-teh-tseehs]

te-                                dualic

-yǫ-                              feminine-zoic plural agent – they (f)

-hǫt-                             noun root – ear(s)

-ęhts-                           verb root – to be long

-i-                                 stative aspect

-s                                 plural aspect suffix

 

hatirehetsihs                      They (m) are tall treetops (middle-aged people[1])

[hah-tee-ren-heh-tseehs]

hati-                             masculine plural agent – they (m)

-ręh-                             noun root – treetops

-ets-                             verb root – to be long

-i-                                 stative aspect

-hs                               plural aspect suffix

yaręhetsis                        tall treetops (actual trees)

[yah-ren-heh-tsees]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ręh-                             noun root – treetops

-ets-                             verb root – to be long, tall

-i-                                 stative aspect

-s                                 plural aspect suffix

 

tehutindaˀretsihs            They (m) have two long antlers[2].

[teh-hoo-teen-dah-ah-reh-tseehs]

te-                                dualic

-huti-                            masculine plural patient – they (m)

-ndaˀr-                          noun root – antler(s|)

-ets-                             verb root – to be long

-i-                                 stative aspect

-hs                               plural aspect suffix

 

 

 

[1] Barbeau 1960:240 #26.

[2] Metaphorically this refers to members of the Deer clan (Barbeau 1960:243 #17-23)

This entry was posted in Language. Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.