subjunctive

Subjunctive

 

The subjunctive -te- [teh] presents a hypothetical situation, as in the English ‘If I were prime minister.’  There are not many examples of this in the Narratives.  They take the stative aspect.

tewayeˀngyaih      if I were married

[teh-wah-yeh-en-gyah-eeh]

tew-                 subjunctive

-aye-                1st person singular patient – I

-ngya-              verb root – marry

-ih                    stative aspect

 

tanyǫnyendaˀǫh    If one seizes, catches me

[tan-yon-yen-dah-ah-onh]

t-                      subjunctive

-anyǫy-            indefinite  agent + 1st person singular patient

-endaˀǫ-           verb root – seize

-h                     stative aspect

 

 

de[1]       samęngyerih                            tehstǫt

if          you are agreeable                    if you give it to me

 

If you are agreeable and give it to me.

 

tehstǫt                  If you give it to me.

[teh-stont]

te-                    subjunctive

-hs-                  2nd person singular agent – you

-tǫt                   verb root – give + stative aspect

 

te samęngyerih                        utǫrǫtǫh                       eyonyažaˀsęˀ

if you are willing                     it is plenty                   I will pay you

 

If you are willing, I will pay you plenty ”

 

tesamęngyerih     If you are willing.

[teh-sah-men-gyeh-reeh]

te-                    subjunctive

-sa-                  2nd person singular patient – you

-męng-             noun root – word

-yerih               verb root – be correct + stative aspect

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[1] If there are two verbs in a row with the subjunctive, the first one can be represented with a -de-.

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