Sweet Words in Wyandot

Sugar: -tsikeˀt-

utsikeˀtaˀ              sugar, salt, honey

[oo-tsee-keh-eh-tah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-tsikeˀt-        noun root ‘sugar, salt, honey’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

utsikeˀtuˀtęh         It is of the nature of sugar.  It is sweet.

[oo-tsee-keh-eh-oo-oo-tenh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-tsikeˀt-          noun root ‘sugar, salt, honey’

-uˀtę-                verb root ‘to be of such a nature’

-h                     stative aspect

kwižuh         utsikeˀtuˀtęh          Is it sweet?

[kwee-zhooh]

teˀutsikeˀtuˀtęh       It is not sweet.

[the-eh-oo-tsee-keh-eh-oo-oo-tenh]

teˀ-                   negative

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-tsikeˀt-        noun root ‘sugar, salt, honey’

-uˀtę-                verb root ‘to be of such a nature’

-h                     stative aspect

hutitsikeˀtaˀ  de hatinyǫˀmąhaˀ  White people’s sugar.

hutitsikeˀtaˀ            their sugar

[hoo-tee-tsee-keh-eh-tah-ah

huti-                 masculine plural patient ‘their (m)’

-tsikeˀt-           noun root ‘sugar, salt, honey’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

hatinyǫˀmąhaˀ          They (m) are white people.

[hah-tee-nyon-on-mah-ha-ah]

hati-                 masculine plural agent ‘they (m)’

-nyǫˀmąha–  verb root ‘to be white people’[1]

-ˀ                     stative aspect

ǫndahkǫt de yatsikeˀtǫgyah        The sugar that the bee makes.; honey.

ǫndahkǫt     bee, wasp

[on-dah-kont][2]

yatsikeˀtǫgyah     It makes sugar.

[yah-tsee-keh-eh-ton-gyah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-tsikeˀt-         noun root ‘sugar, salt, honey’

-ǫgy-                verb root ‘to make’

-ah                   habitual aspect

wahtaˀ          de      yatsikeˀtǫgyah        Maple sugar

wahtaˀ          maple tree

[wah-tah-ah]

w-        feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-aht-  noun root ‘maple’

-aˀ        noun suffix

urąndaˀ     maple sap, syrup

[oo-ran-dah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-rąnd-          noun root ‘maple sap, syrup’

          –aˀ                   noun suffix

tayetsikeˀtǫˀ           Give, pass me sugar

[tah-yeh-tsee-keh-eh-ton-on]

ta-                   imperative

-ye-                 1st person singular agent ‘me’

-tsikeˀt-         noun root ‘sugar’

-ǫ-                   verb root ‘to give’

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

tayerąndǫˀ            Give, pass me maple syrup.

[tah-yeh-ran-don-on]

ta-                    imperative

-ye-                 1st person singular agent ‘me’

-rąnd-           noun root ‘maple sap, syrup’

-ǫ-                   verb root ‘to give’

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

[1] This term was originally applied to the French.  The original meaning is not known.

[2] The breakdown of this word is not known.  It could end with the verb root –ǫt- ‘to attach, be attached.’

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