Terms Related to Fire

Terms Relating to Fire

Fire -tsihst-

utsihstaˀ               fire, live, glowing coals

[oo-tseeh-stah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-tsihst-          noun root – fire, live, glowing coals

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

Ahatsihstare           He moved the fire around, put coals on top (male name).

[ah-hah-tseeh-stah-reh]

a-                     factual

-ha-                  masculine singular agent – he

-tsihst-           noun root – fire, live coals

-a-                    noun suffix

-re                    verb root – to stir + punctual aspect

 

Hearth, Fire -tsęh-

yatsęhaˀ               hearth, fire

[yah-tsen-hah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-tsęh                noun root – fire, hearth

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

yatsęhayeˀ             There are such a number of hearths, fires.

[yah-tsen-hah-yeh-eh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-tsęh-               noun root – hearth, fire

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root – to number

-ˀ                      stative aspect

utǫrǫtǫˀ                        yatsęhayeˀ                                            There are plenty of hearths.

there are plenty          such a number of hearths, fires

Flame  -hahš-

yahahšaˀ              flame, lamp, council

[yah-hah-shah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-hahš-             noun root – flame

-aˀ                    noun suffix

ahatihahšęh           They (m) put a flame, held a council.

[ah-hatee-hshenh]

a-                     factual

-hati-                masculine plural agent – they (m)

-hahš-              noun root – flame

-ę-                    verb root – to put

-h                     punctual aspect

 

Smoke -hsat-

uhsataˀ                 smoke (also fog, mist, and steam)

[ooh-sah-tah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-hsat-               noun root – smoke

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

aˀkahsatęˀhąˀ          It became foggy, smoky. (with vr -ę- ‘to happen’)

[ah-ah-kah-sah-ten-en-han-han]

aˀ-                    factual

-k-                    dualic

-a-                    feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-hsat-               noun root – smoke

-ę-                    verb root – to happen

-hą                   inchoative root suffix

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

 

Related Terms

urukwa՚                smoke hole, chimney

[oo-roo-kwah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

        -ru-                  verb root ‘to pierce‘

-kw-                instrumental root suffix nominalizer

-a՚                  noun suffix

 

Charcoal -tsęhęst-

utsęhęstaˀ–            charcoal, gun powder

[oo-tsen-hen-stah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-tsęhęst-       noun root – charcoal, gun powder

-aˀ                   noun suffix

yatsęhęstaˀtsih                 It is called charcoal (i.e., black).

[yah-tsen-hen-stah-ah-tseeh]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-tsęhęst-                   noun root – charcoal

-aˀts-                            verb root – to be called

-ih                                stative aspect

 

Ashes  ˀyęhr-

uˀyęhraˀ                ashes

[oo-oo-yenh-rah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

ˀyęhr-             noun root – ashes, dust

-aˀ                    noun suffix

uˀyęraˀtsih             It is called ash, ashes (i.e., gray)

[oo-oo-yen-rah-ah-tseeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

ˀyęhr-             noun root – ashes, dust

-aˀts-                verb root – to be called

-ih                    stative aspect

 

To Burn -atey-

ahǫteyaht              They (m) made a fire.

[ah-hon-teh-yaht]

a-                   factual

hǫ-                  masculine plural agent – they (m)

-tey-               verb root – to burn

-aht                  causative root suffix + punctual aspect

Hundahšateyęˀ                His tongue is burning (male Snake clan name).

[hoon-dah-shat-eh-yen-en]

hu-                               masculine singular patient ‘his’

-ndahš-                      noun root, ‘tongue’

-atey-                         verb root ‘to burn, be burning’

-ęˀ                                stative aspect

To Extinguish aˀskwa-

aˀwaˀskwaˀ            Fire is out, extinguished.

[ah-ah-wah-ah-skwah-ah]

aˀw-                 factual

-aˀskwa-     feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root – to extinguish

-ˀ                     punctual aspect

 

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