The diminutive in Wyandot

The Diminutive Aspect Suffix in Wyandot

The diminutive (dm) either indicates small size or a sign of emotional closeness, such as with one’s children, other relatives and pets.  It only appears with the stative aspect.

Relatives

hǫteyęąhą                           They (m) are siblings.

[hon-teh-yen-an-han]                                 –

hǫ-                               masculine plural agent ‘they (m)’

-te-                              semi-reflexive voice

-yę-                              verb root ‘to be siblings’ + stative aspect

-ąhą                             diminutive aspect suffix

šęˀąˀ                     You have her as child, your daughter

[shen-en-an-an]

š –                    2nd person singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient ‘you-her’

-ę-                   verb root ‘to have as child’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

-ąˀ                    diminutive aspect suffix

hamęmątęˀą           He has him as nephew, his nephew.

[hah-men-mah-ten-en-an]

ham-                masculine singular agent + masculine singular patient ‘he-him’

-ęmątę-           verb root ‘to have as nephew’

-ˀ-                    stative aspect

                    diminutive aspect suffix

husenęˀąh              She is his domestic animal, his pet.

[hoo-seh-nen-en-anh]

hu-                   feminine-zoic singular agent + masculine singular patient ‘she-him’

-senę-             verb root ‘to be domestic animal to’

-ˀ-                    stative aspect

-ąh                 diminutive aspect suffix

hǫmęhtsęhtiˀah    He is a young boy

[hon-menh-tsenh-tee-ee-ah]

h-                     masculine singular agent ‘he’

-ǫmęhtsęti-    verb root ‘to be a young boy’

-ˀ-                    stative aspect

-ah               diminutive aspect suffix

hǫmąhšutaˀah      He is our grandparent, our grandfather.

[hon-manh-shoo-tah-ah]

hǫm-               masculine singular agent + 1st person plural patient ‘he-us’

-ąhšut-            verb root ‘to be grandparent to’

-aˀ-                  stative aspect

-ah                   diminutive aspect suffix

Directly Meaning ‘small’

iwaˀžah       it is a little

[ee-wah-ah-zhah]

iw-       partitive  ‘such’

-a-       feminine-zoic singular agent       ‘it’ + verb root ‘to have a quantity’

-ˀ-        stative aspect

-žah     diminutive aspect suffix

atehimęndaˀžah      They two (m) had few words.

[ah-teh-hee-men-dah-ah-zhah]

a-         factual

-te-      dualic

-hi-       masculine dual agent     ‘they two (m)‘

-męnd- noun root ‘voice, word’

-a-       verb root ‘to have a quantity’

-ˀ-        stative aspect

-žah     diminutive aspect suffix

uskęnyąˀšah.                             It is a very small object.

[oo-sken-yan-an-shah]

u-                               feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-skęny-                     verb root ‘to be small’

-ąˀ-                             stative aspect

-šah                          diminutive aspect suffix

uˀndahkwayaˀ        It is a small drum

[oo-oon-dah-kwah-yah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ˀndahkw-       noun root ‘drum’

-a-                   verb root ‘to be a quantity’

-y-                   stative aspect

-aˀ                    diminutive aspect suffix

This entry was posted in Language. Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.