The Distributive Root Suffix in Wyandot

Distributive Root Suffix

The distributive root suffix (ds) means ‘many, many times, many places, a lot.’  It typically takes a form that includes an -ǫ- at the end.

ąhšaˀkǫˀ      You broke it in many pieces.

[anh-shah-ah-kon-on]

ą-                     factual modal

-hš-                  2nd person singular agent ‘you’

aˀ-                    semi-reflexive voice

-k-                    verb root ‘to break’

-ǫ-                    distributive root suffix ‘many’

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

hahšrǫgyanǫˀ        He has prepared, is preparing many things.

[hah-shron-gya-non-on]

ha-                   masculine singular agent ‘he’

-hšrǫgya-         verb root ‘to prepare’

-nǫ-                 distributive root suffix ‘many’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

ątehskwahehšǫnyǫhs   ne        kǫmęhtą[n]dih                         d          henǫmęnyęhtiˀ

she dislikes many        those    they (m) try to have her          who     they are young men

taˀungya[n]dih

for a long time

She dislikes for a long time those many young men trying to have her.

ątehskwahehšǫnyǫhs        She dislikes many.

[an-teh-skwah-hen-shon-nyon-nonhs]

ąte-                              feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she’

-hskwahe-                    verb root ‘to prepare’

-šǫnyǫ-                        distributive root suffix ‘many’

-hs                               habitual aspect

aˀwatindaˀtarǫhtǫnyǫˀ     They (f) baked a lot of bread.

[ah-ah-wah-teen-dah-ah-tah-ronh-ton-nyon-on]

aˀw-                             factual

-ati-                              feminine-zoic plural agent ‘they’

-ndaˀtar-                       noun root ‘bread’

-ǫht-                             verb root ‘to put in fire’

-ǫnyǫ-                         dislocative root suffix ‘many, a lot’

-ˀ                                  punctual aspect

aˀtaętǫnyǫˀ            He put many things in many places

[ah-ah-tah-en-ton-nyon-on]

aˀ                     factual

-t-                     cislocative

a-                     masculine singular agent ‘he’

-ę-                    verb root ‘to put’

-t-                     causative root suffix

-ǫnyǫ-             distributive root suffix ‘many’

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

atǫngyaˀnǫh                   She made many things.

[ah-ton-gyah-an-onh]

at-                                feminine-zoic singular agent + semi-reflexive voice

-ǫngy-                          verb root – to make

-aˀnǫ-                          distributive root suffix -‘many’

-h                                 stative aspect

tayatakyanǫnyǫhǫh         We two (x) are talking a lot.

[tah-yah-tah-kyan-on-yon-hon]

t-                                  dualic

-ay-                              1st person dual agent:  ‘we (x) two’

-ataky-                         verb root – to talk

-anǫnyǫh-                    distributive root suffix ‘a lot’

-ǫh                               stative aspect

uˀrahǫnyǫh          It is several nights.

[oo-oo-rah-hon-yonh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient

-ˀra-                  verb root – to be night

-hǫnyǫ-           distributive root suffix – ‘several’

-h                     stative aspect

 

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