The Partitive in Wyandot: such

The Partitive

The partitive always appears at the beginning of a verb and has the general meaning of ‘such’.  The  basic form is -i- [ee-].  It usually takes the stative aspect, and does not take the punctual aspect, as that requires a modal prefix (e.g., future, factual or optative), or the imperative.

It is used in verbs that refer to numbers

nęh      ašęhk               iskwahsǫtayeh          Then it is three nights.

then     three               such a number of nights

iskwahsǫtayeh      (It is) such a number of nights

[ee-skwah-son-tah-yeh]

i-                      partitive – such

-skw-               repetitive

-ahsǫt-             feminine-zoic singular agent: it

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root – to number

-h                     stative aspect

ahšęhk             ihenǫh                                    They (m) are three together

three                they (m) are together

ihenǫh                  They (m) are together.

[ee-heh-nonh]

i-                      partitive – such

-hen-                masculine plural agent – they (m)

-ǫ-                    verb root – to be together, to number

-h                     stative aspect

iyǫtǫh         They say such.

[ee-yon-tonh]

i-          partitive – such

-yǫ-      feminine-zoic plural agent: they (f)

-tǫ-       verb root – to say

-h         habitual aspect

irǫmęnyehtiˀ          He is a young man[1]

[ee-ron-men-yeh-tee-ee]

i-                      partitive – such

-r-                    masculine singular agent: he

-ǫmęnyehti-    verb root – to be a young man

-ˀ                      stative aspect

iweheˀ                   She wishes, thinks such.

[ee-weh-heh-eh]

iw-                   partitive – such

-eh-          feminine-zoic singular agent: she + verb root – to wish

-eˀ                    purposive aspect

inęh                      It is such.

[ee-nenh]

in-                    partitive – such

-ę-                    feminine-zoic singular agent: it + verb root – to be

-h                     stative

iwaˀžah           It is a little size.

[ee-wah-ah-zhah]

iw-                   partitive – such

-a-                    feminine-zoic singular agent: it + verb root – to be a magnitude

-ˀž-                   stative aspect

-ah                   diminutive aspect suffix

 

 

 

[1] The partitive also begins with the verb that means ‘to be a young woman.’

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