The Populative in Wyandot

Populative

The populative suffix is used to refer to ‘a people’.  This usually means a clan or a nation.  While it different in some ways from the others, I am calling it a root suffix.

 

Nations

ekyǫnǫtaterunǫh People where there is a hill or mountain (Petun ancestors of the Wyandot)[1]

[eh-kyon-on-tah-teh-roo-nonh]

eky-                 cislocative

-ǫ-                    feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-nǫt-                 noun root – mountain or hill

-a-                    noun suffix

-te-                   verb root – to be, exist

-runǫ               populative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

 

uwatayuhrunǫh       People in a cave; Cherokee.

[oo-wah-tah-yooh-roo-nonh]

u-                     feminine-zoic patient ‘it’

-wat-                noun root ‘cave’

-ayu-                verb root ‘to be inside’

-runǫ               populative root suffix

-h                     stative aspect

 

Clans

hatingǫtrunǫh               Snake clan (‘people of the snake charm’)

[hah-teen-gon-troo-nonh]

hati-                             masculine plural agent – ‘they (m)

-ngǫt-                           noun root ‘snake charm’

-runǫ                           populative  root suffix

-h                                 stative aspect

 

yehtižurunǫh                  large field people; Prairie Turtle clan

[yeh-tee-zhoo-roo-nonh]

yeht-                            feminine-zoic singular agent – it + noun root – field

-ižu-                             verb root – to be great, large

-runǫ-                         populative root suffix

-h                                 stative aspect

 

People Inside the Earth

 

ǫndehšurunǫˀ      people inside the earth: demons, the devil

[on-deh-shoo-roo-non-on]

ǫnde-               feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root – to have as country

-hš-                  nominalizer

-u-                    verb root – to be inside

-runǫ-              populative root suffix

-ˀ                      stative aspect

 

 

 

 

[1] In the historical record, this is usually shortened down by excluding the populative suffix.

This entry was posted in Language. Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.