Tree Types

Tree Varieties

 

Deciduous Trees

wahtaˀ                           maple

[wah-tah-ah]

w-                                feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-aht-                            noun root  – maple

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

ęnǫmeh                          It is a black locust.

[en-non-meh]

ęnǫmę–                        feminine-zoic singular agent + verb root – be a black locust

-h                                 stative aspect

 

ehruhi                           It is an oak.

[eh-roo-hee]

ehroh                          feminine-zoic singular agent  + verb root – be an oak

-i                                  stative aspect

 

 

unˀdakwaˀ                            shell-bark or shagbark hickory

[oo-oon-dah-kwah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient – it

            -nˀdakw-                     noun root – hickory

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

yarahkwaˀt                           It is an elm.

[yah-rah-kwah-aht]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-rahkwaˀt                   verb root – be an elm + stative aspect

 

uhšuyaraˀ                            slippery elm, slippery elm bark

[ooh-shoo-yah-rah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-hšuyar-                      noun root – slippery elm slippery elm bark’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

yandehsekwaˀ                birch, birch bark for baskets

[yan-deh-seh-kwah-ah]

ya-                               FZA ‘it’

-ndehsekw-                 NR, ‘birch, birch bark’

-aˀ                                NS

 

užewaˀ                                 walnut (tree or nut)

[oo-zheh-wah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-žew-                           noun root – walnut tree, nut

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

ašiˀe                                        It is an ash tree.

[ah-shee-ee-eh]

ašiˀe                             feminine-zoic singular agent – it + noun root – ash’ + stative aspect

 

uhušraˀ                                basswood, basswood bark

[oo-hoo-shrah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic – it

-hušr                          noun root – basswood, basswood bark

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

yangyahǫkaˀ                         box elder

[yan-gyah-hon-kah-ah]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ngyahǫk                    noun root – box elder

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

uskwi(r)ažah                       It has little branches, is a willow.

[oo-skwee

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-skwi(r)-                      noun root – branches

-a-                                verb root – be a size

-ž-                                stative aspect

-ah                               diminutive aspect suffix

 

Evergreen Trees

 

unęˀtaˀ                                 evergreen

[oo-nen-en-tah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient – it

            -nęˀt-                           noun root –  evergreen

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

yandehtaˀ                            pine

[yan-deh-tah-ah]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ndeht–                        noun root – pine

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

uskwataˀ                         (white) cedar

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-skwat-                        noun root – (white) cedar

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

aˀte                                 It is a spruce.

[ah-ah-teh]

-aˀte                             feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root – be a spruce

+ stative aspect

 

usatętaˀ                                  hemlock

[oo-sah-ten-tah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-satęt-                          noun root – hemlock

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

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