Tuh as a question word in Wyandot

Tuh   [tooh]

The usual meaning of the common particle tuh is ‘there’, but it is also used in asking questions.

How many…..?

Question

Tuh   iwayeh                 How many are there?

iwayeh         It numbers such.

[ee-wah-yeh]

iwa-     partitive ‘such’ + feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ye-      erb root ‘to number’

-h         stative aspect

An Answer

ahšęhk         iwayeh         It numbers three.

three            it numbers such

Question

Tuh   iwasęh?                How many tens are there? (asking about a large number)

?          it is a number of tens

iwasęh         It is such a number of tens.

[ee-wah-senh]

iw-       partitive ‘such’

-asę-    feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’ + verb root ‘to be ten’

-h         stative aspect

An Answer

Ndahk iwasęh                           It numbers four tens, forty.

Question

Tuh    iyaaˀtayeh                              How many bodies are there?

iyaaˀtayeh   It is such a number of bodies

[ee-yah-ah-tah-yeh]

i-        partitive ‘such’

-ya-      feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-aˀt-     noun root ‘body’

-a-       noun suffix

-ye-      verb root ‘to number’

-h         stative aspect

An Answer

ahšęhk         iyaaˀtayeh              There are three bodies.

three            it is a number of bodies

Question

Tuh   iyaaˀtayeh                        uskęnǫtǫ?    How many deer are there?

?          it is a number of bodies it is a deer

uskęnǫtǫ

[oo-sken-non-ton]

An Answer

ahšęhk         iyaaˀtayeh                        uskęnǫtǫ       There are three deer.

three            it is a number of bodies deer

Question – How long (involving time)?

tuh    n        ǫmąˀtiˀ                   tuh     šiˀtrǫˀ

how?    the        it is a long time  there     you stayed

ǫmąˀtiˀ

[on-man-an-tee-ee]

How long have you stayed there?

šiˀtrǫˀ

[shee-ee-tron-on]

š-                     2nd person singular agent you (s)

-iˀtrǫ-              verb root ‘to stay, place’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

An Answer

ahšęhk         imętayeh                  tuh        yiˀtrǫˀ           I stayed for three days there.

three            a number of days    there     I stayed

imętayeh               It is a number of days.

[ee-men-tah-yeh]

im-                   partitive ‘such’    y-

         -ęt-                  feminine-zoic noun root ‘day’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ye                verb root ‘to number’

-h                   stative aspect

yiˀtrǫˀ                    I stayed, resided.

[yee-ee-tron-on]

y-                     1st person singular agent ‘I’

-iˀtrǫ-              verb root ‘to stay, reside, be placed’

-ˀ                       stative aspect

Question

Tuh   ihšaˀatsih      What are you (singular) called?

what?  you are called

ihšaˀatsih    You are called.

[eeh-shah-ah-tseeh]

i-          partitive ‘such’

-hša-    2nd person  singular agent ‘you (s)’

-ˀats–   verb root ‘to name, be called’

-ih        stative aspect

An Answer

John   ižaˀatsih       John I am called.

John     I am called

ižaˀatsih       I am called.

[ee-zhah-ah-tseeh]

i-          partitive ‘such’

-ža-      1st person singular agent ‘I’

-ˀats-    verb root ‘to name, be called’

-ih        stative aspect

Tuh   ihaˀatsih       What is he called?

how?    he is called

ihaˀatsih       He is called.

[ee-hah-ah-tseeh]

i-          particle ‘such’

-ha-      masculine singular agent ‘he’

           -ˀats-   verb root ‘to name, be called’

-ih         stative aspect

John   ihaˀatsih       John he is called.

Tuh   iyaˀatsih       What is she called?

how?    she or it is called

iyaˀatsih       She or it is called.

[ee-yah-ah-tseeh]

i-          partitive ‘such’

-ya-      feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she’

ˀats-     verb root ‘to name, be called’

-ih         stative aspect

Angie             iyaˀatsih                 Angie she is called.

Tuh    iskwaˀatsih             What are you (plural) called?

iskwaˀatsih             You (plural) are called.

[ee-skwah-ah-tseeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-skwa-             2nd person plural agent ‘you (plural)’

ˀats-                 verb root ‘to name, be called’

-ih                     stative aspect

Wyandotte iyawaˀatsih     Wyandotte we are called

iyawaˀatsih             We (exclusive) are called.

[ee-yah-wah-ah-tseeh]

iy-                   partitive ‘such’

-awa-               1st person exclusive plural agent ‘we’

-ˀats-                verb root ‘to name, be called’

-ih                    stative aspect

Age

How Old Are You?

Summers

Tuh išeyęthayeh                  How old are you?  How many summers do you number?

išeyęthayeh                    You are such a number of summers.

[ee-sheh-yen-thah-yeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-še-                  2nd person singular agent ‘you’

-yęth-             noun root ‘summer’

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Ndak iyeyęthayeh            I am four years old.  I number four summers.

iyeyęthayeh                     I am such a number of summers.

[ee-yeh-yen-tha-yeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-ye-                  1st person singular agent ‘I’

-yęth-               noun root ‘summer’

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                 verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Winters

Tuh išuhšayeh                 How many winters are you?

 

išuhšayeh                       You are such a number of winters?

[ee-shooh-shah-yeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-š-                    2nd person singular agent ‘you’

-uš-                 noun root ‘winter’

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                      stative aspect

Ndak  iyušayeh                I number four winters.  I am four years old.

iyušayeh                          I am such a number of winters.

[ee-yoo-shah-yeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-y-                   1st person singular agent ‘I’

-uš-                  noun root ‘winter’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Tuh išenˀdenyǫhšrayeh    How old are you?  How many years do you number?

išenˀdenyǫhšrayeh           You are such a number of years.

[ee-shen-en-den-yon-shrah-yeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-še-                  2nd person singular agent ‘you’

-nˀdenyǫ-       verb root ‘to overcome’

-hšr-                 nominalizer

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                       stative aspect

 

Ndak iyenˀdenyǫhšrayeh  I am four years old.  I number four years.

iyenˀdenyǫhšrayeh           I am such a number of years.

[ee-yen-en-den-yon-hshrah-yeh]

i-                     partitive ‘such’

ye-                   1st person singular agent ‘I’

-nˀdenyǫ-      verb root ‘to overcome’

-hšr-                 nominalizer

-a-                     noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                      stative aspect

 

 

This entry was posted in Language. Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.