Turning a verb root into a noun stem

Nominalizers

Nominalizers turn verb roots into noun stems that can be incorporated into other verbs or stand alone as nouns.  They are typically created by adding -šr- to the verb root.

 

Verb Root -akerǫ- ‘to fear’

akerǫšraˀ             fear

[ah-keh-ron-shrah-ah]

akerǫ-              feminine-zoic singular agent – she, it + verb root – fear

-šr-                   nominalizer

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

Verb Root -atarihę- ‘be warm’

 

uˀtarihęšraˀ           sweat

[oo-oo-tah-ree-hen-shrah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-ˀtarihę-            verb root – be warm

-šr-                   nominalizer

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

uˀtarihęšražatih      She is covered in sweat.

[oo-oo-tah-ree-hen-shrah-zha-teeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – she

-ˀtarihę-            verb root – be warm

-šr-                   nominalizer

-ažat-               verb root – cover

-ih                    stative aspect

 

Verb Root -atur- ‘be cold’

 

aturašraˀ                cold

[ah-too-rah-shrah-ah]

atur-                 feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root – be cold

-ašr-                 nominalizer

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

huturašranęh      He is susceptible to the cold, weak to the cold.

[hoo-too-rah-shrah-nenh]

hu-                   masculine singular patient – he

-tur-                 verb root – be cold

-ašr-                 nominalizer

-a-                    joiner vowel

-nę                   verb root – be weak

-h                     stative aspect

 

huturašrasteh         He is resistant to the cold, strong to the cold.

[hoo-too-rah-shrah-steh

hu-                   masculine singular patient -he

-tur-                 verb root – be cold

-ašr-                 nominalizer

-a-                    joiner vowel

-ste-                 verb root – be strong

-h                     stative aspect

 

 

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