Verb Root – carry

Verb Root – carry

 

The verb root ‘carry’ takes various forms.  With the purposive it takes -i(ˀ/t) following a -w-.  It would seem as well that the habitual may take the same form as well (see Potier 1920:35-7).  The punctual and the imperative take a -ˀ- following a -wa- or -ma-.  The stative takes a -ˀ- after an -ǫ-.

Purposive

yahawiˀ                    She is going carrying it, carries it.

[yah-hah-wee-ee]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-haw-              verb root – carry

-iˀ                     purposive aspect

 

aˀyahawiht            She or it goes carrying.

[ah-ah-hah-weeht]

aˀ-                    factual

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-haw-              verb root – carry

-iht                   purposive aspect

 

Punctual

aˀyawa                 She carried it

[ah-ah-yah-wah]

aˀ-                    factual

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-wa-                 verb root – carry

-ˀ                      punctual

 

aˀwaˀšręmąˀ           She carried an axe.

[ah-ah-wah-ah-shren-man-an]

aˀw-                 factual

-aˀsr-                feminine-zoic singular agent – she + noun root -axe

-ęmą-               verb root – carry

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

 

Imperative

seaˀtęmąh   Bring her back.

[seh-ah-ah-ten-manh]              

se-        imperative + 2nd person singular agent – you

-aˀt-      noun root – body

-ęmą–   verb root – carry

-h         imperative aspect

 

Stative

asǫtehaǫˀ    It carries the night; throughout the night.

[ah-son-teh-hah-on-on]

asǫt-     feminine-zoic singular agent – it + noun root – night

-ehąǫ–  verb root – carry

-ˀ          stative aspect

 

yehąǫˀ         It is carrying.

[yeh-han-on-on]

y-         feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ehąǫ-  verb root – carry

-ˀ          stative aspect

Habitual

huˀteˀndarawih      He (regularly) carries a spear.

[hoo-oo-teh-en-dah-rah-weeh]

hu-       masculine singular agent – he

ˀte-       semi-reflexive

-ˀndar-  noun root – speare

-a-        joiner vowel

-wi-      verb root – carry

-h         habitual aspect

 

 

 

 

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