Verbs for to give

To Give

There are two verbs in Wyandot that mean – to give.  One is -nǫht-, which does not incorporate any noun roots, and wi-/ǫ which usually does.

-nǫht-

tanǫht                           Give it to me! (said to one person)

[tah-nonht]

ta-                    imperative + 1st person singular agent

-nǫht-              verb root – to give + imperative aspect

 

aˀunǫht                 She gave it to her.

[ah-ah-oo-nont]

aˀ-                    factual

-u-                    feminine-zoic singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient – she – her

-nǫht               verb root – to give + punctual aspect

 

tutastǫht              You gave it back to me.

[too-tah-st[1]onht]

t-                      dualic

-u-                    factual

-t-                     cislocative[2]

-a-                    factual

-st-                   2nd person singular agent + 1st person singular patient – you – me

-ǫht                 verb root – to give + punctual aspect

 

awi-

yǫndaˀtarawiheˀ    I come to give you bread.

[yon-dah-ah-tah-rah-wee-heh-eh]

yǫ-                   1st person singular agent + 2nd person singular patient – I – you

-ndaˀtar-           noun root – bread

-awi-                verb root – to give

-h-                    dislocative root suffix

-eˀ                    purposive aspect

katahtawiheˀ         I am going to trade.

[kah-tah-tah-wee-heh-eh]

k-                     dualic

-ataht-              1st person singular agent – I + reflexive voice

-awi-                verb root – to give

-h-                    dislocative root suffix

-e                     purposive aspect

eskǫmąˀtǫˀ            I will give you a body back.

[eh-s-kon-man-an-ton-on]

e-                     future

-s-                    repetitive

-kǫmą-             1st person singular agent + 2nd person singular patient – I – you

-ąˀt-                  noun root – body

-ǫ-[3]                  verb root – to give

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

[1] When the -ske- of 2A1P- comes before – the -n- of this verb, the result is -st-.

[2] The combination of the dualic and the cislocative can give the meaning of the repetitive (Potier 1920:27).

[3] This is the form that this verb takes with the punctual and the imperative.

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