Who – Which One in Wyandot

Who/Which One

tsinęęh        Who (is it)?  Which one (is it)?

[tseeh-nenh-enh]

Question

tsinęęh        tsiwey                   Who is your spouse?

who?            you two are together

tsiwey                   You two are together, spouses; your spouse

[tsee-wey]

tsi-       2nd person dual agent ‘You two’

-wey-   verb root ‘to be together’ + stative aspect

Answer

ǫndaeˀ         aiwey  Angie    Angie is my spouse, wife.

aiwey           We two are together, spouses.

[ah-ee-wey]

ai          1st person exclusive dual agent  ‘we two (x)’

-wey-   verb root ‘to be together’ + stative aspect

 

Question

 

tsinęęh        tsatęruˀ      Who is one is your friend?

who?

tsatęruˀ        You two are friends.

[tsah-ten-roo-oo]

ts-        2nd person dual patient ‘you two’

-atęru- verb root ‘to be friends’[1]

-ˀ          stative aspect

Answer

ǫndaeˀ         ǫnyatęruˀ    Angie             Angie is my friend.

that one      we two are friends

ǫnyatęruˀ   We two are friends.

[on-yah-ten-roo-oo]

ǫny-       1st person dual patient ‘we two’

-atęru– verb root ‘to be friends’

-ˀ              stative aspect

Question

tsinęęh        huˀndamęh   Who is he who owns the arrow?

who?   

huˀndamęh He owns the arrow.

[hoo-oon-dah-menh]

hu-       masculine singular patient ‘he’

-ˀnd-     noun root ‘arrow’

-a-       noun suffix

-mę-     verb root ‘to have’

-h         stative aspect

Answer

ǫndaeˀ         huˀndamęh             Tsayętsuwat

that one      he owns the arrow        Great Forehead

[tsah-yen-tsoo-waht]

Question

tsinęęh        eyandaˀurahaˀ                            d        euwehskwaˀtęˀ

who?            one will have the ability             who      one will make her laugh

Who will have the ability to make her laugh?

eyandaˀurahaˀ        One will have the ability.

[eh-yan-dah-ah-oo-rah-hah-ah]

e-                     future

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent ‘one’

-ndaˀura-      verb root ‘to have ability’

-haˀ                  inchoative root suffix + punctual aspect

euwehskwaˀtęˀ                 One will make her laugh.

[eh-oo-weh-skwah-ah-ten-en]

e-                     future

-u-                   feminine-zoic singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient ‘one- her’

-wehskwa-   verb root ‘to laugh’

-ˀt-                   causative root suffix

-ęˀ                    dative root suffix + punctual aspect

Answer

ǫndaeˀ         ehandaˀurahaˀ        John             John will have the ability.

that one     he will have the ability

ehandaˀurahaˀ                  He will have the ability.

[eh-han-dah-ah-oo-rah-hah-ah]

e-                     future

-ha-                  masculine singular agent ‘he’

-ndaˀura-      verb root ‘to have ability, power’

-ha                   inchoative root suffix + punctual aspect

Relative Pronoun

eyatrihutat                     tsinęęh                 ewatat

I will listen to one          whoever              one will talk

I will listen to whoever will talk.

eyatrihutat I will listen to one, her.              ewatat          One will talk.

[eh-yah-tree-hoo-tat]

e-               future

-y-             1st person singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient ‘I to one, her’

atrihut– verb root ‘to listen’

-at                causative root suffix + punctual aspect

ewatat                  One, she will talk.

[eh-wah-tat]

ew          future

-atat-   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘one, she’ + verb root ‘to talk’ + punctual aspect

 

[1] This verb always takes the dual or the plural.

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