Wyandot Use of the Repetitive Prefix

Wyandot Use of the Repetitive

The repetitive prefix is represented by -s-.  Bolded terms are recorded.

The Number One

skat             It is one.

[skaht]

s–         repetitive

-ka-     feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-t-        verb root ‘to be one’ + stative aspect

Skahǫmat   It is one canoe (Deer clan man’s name).

[skah-hon-maht]

s-         repetitive

-ka-     feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-hǫm-   noun root ‘canoe’

-a-       noun suffix

-t          verb root ‘to be one’ + stative aspect

skaaˀtat                It is one body; she is one body, one living thing.

[skah-ah-tat]

s-                     repetitive prefix

-ka-                 feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘she or it’

-aˀt-                 noun root, ‘body, something living’

-a-                   noun suffix

-t                      verb root ‘to be one’ + stative aspect

uskęnǫtǫ skaaˀtat    It is one deer.

[oo-sken-non-ton]

shaaˀtat                  He is one person, one body.

[shah-ah-tat]

s-                     repetitive

-ha-                  masculine singular agent, ‘he’

-aˀt-                 noun root, ‘body, something living’

-a-                   noun suffix

-t                      verb root, ‘to be one’ + stative aspect

Very

Skwahskyarǫh              She goes very fast. (female Snake clan name)

[skwah-skyah-ronh]

skw–                            repetitive ‘very’

-ahskayrǫ-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she’ + verb root ‘to go fast’

-h                                 stative aspect

tsuˀtahi                           It has very thick fur (beaver).

[tsoo-oo-tah-hee]

ts-                               repetitive ‘very’

-u-                               feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ˀahi                             verb root ‘to have thick fur’ + stative aspect

tsužawat                          It is a very large fruit; an apple.

[tsoo-zhah-waht]

ts-                                repetitive ‘very’

-u-                               feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ž-                                noun root ‘fruit’

-a-                               noun suffix

-wat                             verb root ‘to be large’ + stative aspect

Shastaretsih                     He has very long antler spurs (male Deer clan name)

[shah-stah-reh-tseeh]

s–                                 repetitive ‘very

-ha-                              masculine singular agent ‘he’

-star-                            noun root ‘antler spurs’

-ets-                             verb root ‘to be long’

-ih                                stative aspect

Back, Again

usayęnǫht                      It was given back to me.

[oo-sah-yen-nonht]

u-                                 factual

-s-                                repetitive ‘back’

-aye-                            1st person singular patient

-nǫht                            verb root ‘to give’ + punctual aspect

etsikwayǫˀ                       We (n) will arrive back.

[eh-tsee-kwah-yon-on]

e-                                 future

-tsi-                            repetitive ‘back’

-kwa-                           1st person inclusive plural ‘we’

-yǫ-                             verb root ‘to arrive’

-ˀ                                  stative aspect

usahǫrąt                          They (m) counted it again.

[oo-sah-hon-rant]

            u-                                 factual

-s-                                repetitive ‘again’

-a-                               factual

-hǫ-                             masculine plural agent ‘they (m)’

-rat                               verb root ‘to count’ + punctual aspect

usahaas                         Again he sings.

[oo-sah-hah-ahs]

u-                                 factual

-s-                               repetitive ‘again’

-a-                               factual

-ha-                             masculine singular agent ‘he’

-as                               verb root ‘to sing’ + punctual aspect

tetsikyatateyęˀ                  We two will see each other again[1].

[teh-tsee-kyah-tah-teh-yen-en]

t-                                  dualic

-e-                               future

-tsi-                              repetitive ‘again’

-ky-                             1st person inclusive dual agent

-atate-                          reciprocal voice

-yę-                              verb root ‘to see’

-ˀ                                  punctual

tsuwerihę                       She is well, healthy (i.e., well again).

[tsoo-weh-ree-hen]

ts-                                repetitive

-uw-                             feminine-zoic singular patient ‘she’

-eri-                             verb root ‘to be correct, right’

-hę                               stative aspect

Insects and Some Other Animal Names

In most cases, especially with insects, the identifying names usually begins with the       repetitive -ts- and then has no pronominal prefix.  Precise translation may not be possible, as in the following cases.

tsinǫhšuke                                ant                                                                         [tsin-nonh-shoo-keh]

tsisǫtanyǫ                                 butterfly                                                                 [tsee-son-tan-yon]

tsinduwihęye                             fly

[tseen-doo-wee-hen-ye]

tsihšekwęh                                spider

[tseeh-sheh-kweh]

tsiˀnǫmaˀ                                  worm

[tsee-ee-non-mah-ah]

tsinęˀka                                   porcupine

[tsee-nen-en-kah]

tsatarižaˀi                                  buffalo

[tsah-tah-ree-zhah-ah-ee]

[1] This can be used instead of saying ‘goodbye’ to someone.

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