Elizabeth (Lizzie) Peacock

By Debbie Dry and Sallie Cotter Andrews 

Elizabeth (Lizzie) Peacock was born in 1840 in Ohio.  She was the daughter of Matthew Peacock and the granddaughter of An-daw-ya-wah, Matthew’s mother.  It is not known at this time who Lizzie’s mother was.  Matthew Peacock was born in 1793.  In 1810, at the age of 17 years, it is recorded that Matthew was called to the Council Fire by Chief Tarhe along with John Hicks, Between-the-Logs, Mononcue and George Punch.

When the Wyandots left Ohio for Kansas in 1843, Mathew was listed on the Muster Roll of those who departed Upper Sandusky as having in his party one person over 25 years of age and five people under 25 years of age.  At the time of departure, Matthew was 50 years old.  Matthew and his wife ultimately had six children – Amelia, Elizabeth, Mary, Rebecca, George and Isaac.

In October 1847 in Kansas, Matthew and his wife are shown on the annuity payment list.  But just a short time later, William Walker recorded in his journal that Matthew was buried on March 4, 1848, a day when the temperature outside was below zero.  We do not know when Matthew’s wife died, but by 1855 she was gone.  Lizzie Peacock was eight years of age when her father died.  By 15 years of age, she was an orphan and a mother herself.  Lizzie is listed on the 1867 Wyandot Tribal Roll as living in Indian Country (Oklahoma), as an orphan and destitute, with her daughter Harit Peacock.

It is not yet known what ultimately happened to Lizzie and Harit, but we do know that Lizzie’s older sister, Amelia, married James T. Charloe.  They had one child, Lucy Charloe.  Lucy grew up and married John Winney, a Seneca.  They lived in the Seneca Nation (Oklahoma), 14 miles southeast of the Friends Mission.  John and Lucy Winney hosted Jeremiah Hubbard and the first Friends meeting ever held among the Seneca Indians, “for as a nation they had been bitterly opposed to Christianity in every way,” Hubbard recorded.  Nicholas Cotter served as Jeremiah Hubbard’s guide and interpreter.  Nicholas Cotter was most likely well received in the Winney home, for he would have known Lucy’s mother, Amelia, and her Aunt Lizzie, as well as Lucy’s grandfather, Matthew.

At this time we do not know what transpired for the children of Matthew Peacock when they became orphans in Kansas.  Usually orphans were assigned a guardian by the tribe to look after their financial affairs and several leading Wyandot citizens helped in this role.  In 2012, according to Marilyn Young, a citizen of the Wyandotte Nation, her home in Kansas City, Kansas, is located on Elizabeth Peacock’s allotment land.  Research may confirm that that despite the 150+ years between the lives of Lizzie Peacock and Marilyn Young, the land that had such a bitter purchase price is still occupied by a Wyandotte woman.

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