By Patty Burnside Garrison
Margaret was born about 1857 in Indian Territory. She was married to Isaac Winney who was born 1854. They had a daughter in 1877, Fannie Scott Winnie. The Winneys lived near Grove during the years 1885-1900. They are listed on the Seneca Census of 1898.
The Senecas of Sandusky and the Mixed Senecas and Shawnees moved to Indian Territory from Ohio in 1832. They were assigned their permanent reservation, beginning at the northeast corner of the Cherokee cession of 1828 and lying between the Neosho River and the Missouri boundary south of the Quapaw country. These tribes, organized under the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act of June 26, 1936, are now known as the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma and the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma.*
This basket was hand made by Margaret Winney and was one of the artifacts purchased in 1911-1912 by Dr. Charles Marius Barbeau during his visits to the Wyandotte and Seneca Nations in Oklahoma .
Baskets were valued objects. They were used at maple syrup gathering time as containers. The Hurons and the Iroqouis used “mocoks,“ containers made of elm bark into which they placed fire-heated stones. This process resulted in a very dark product.
*From The Inter-Tribal Council, Inc., Newsletter, December 1975