Ages of Men

Age and Males

 

Baby, Infant: -kęˀny-

hakęˀnyaˀah          He is a baby, infant.

[hah-ken-en-yah-ah]

ha-                   masculine singular agent – he

-kęˀny-             verb root – be smaller, younger

-aˀ-                   stative aspect

-ah                   diminutive aspect suffix

 

Child: -žaˀah-

hažaˀahah            he (is) a child

[hah-zhah-ah-hah]

ha-                   masculine singular agent – he

-žaˀah-             noun root – child

-ah                   noun suffix

 

To be a young boy: -ǫmęhtsęht-

rǫmęhtsęhtiˀah    He is a young boy.

[ron-menh-tsenh-tee-ee-ah]

r-                      masculine singular agent – he

-ǫmęhtsęht    verb root – be a young boy

-iˀ                     stative aspect

-ah                   diminutive aspect suffix

 

To be a Young(handsome) Man: –ǫmęnyeht-

rǫmęnyehtiˀ          He is a young (handsome[1]) man.

[ron-men-yeh-tee-ee]

r-                      masculine singular agent – he

-ǫmęnyeht-      verb root – be a young man

-iˀ                     stative aspect

 

To be Male, a Man: -ngyahaǫ-

hangyahaǫ           He is a male, man.

[han-gyah-hah-on]

ha-                   masculine singular agent – he

-ngyahaǫ         verb root – be male, a man + stative aspect

 

Old Ones (noun root) -tsindahš-

 

hutsindahšaˀ          old man

[hoo-tsen-dah-shah-ah]

hu-                   masculine singular patient – he

-tsindahš-         noun root – old person

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

To be Old (verb root) -ˀtǫ-

haˀtǫˀ                    He is old

[hah-ah-ton-on]

ha-                   masculine singular agent – he

-ˀtǫ-                  verb root – be old

-ˀ                      stative aspect

 

Elder: -yuwanę- (‘be large, great’)

hayuwanęh          He is great; an elder.

[hah-yoo-wan-enh]

ha-                   masculine singular agent – he

-yuwanę-          verb root – be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

 

[1] In some of the stories of the Narratives, this verb has connotations of the young man also being handsome.

 

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