be cold water, be cold

Be Cold Water, Be Cold – –ˀnduhst-

 

The verb is a little irregular in that the form here would usually be skaˀndustih, with the feminine-zoic singular agent being -ya-, with the repetitive turning the -y- into a -k-.  Tsaˀnduhstih is the form you would expect if the word meant ‘he is very cold water’, which I don’t have good reason to believe that it does.

 

The Verb Root Without an Incorporated Noun Root

 

tsaˀnduhstih                   It is very cold water.  It is very cold.

[tsah-an-dooh-steeh]

ts-                                repetitive – very

-a-                                feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ˀnduhst-                      verb root – be cold water, be cold

-ih                                stative aspect

 

tsaˀnduhske (i.e., Sandusky)    at very cold water

[tsah-an-dooh-skeh]

ts-                                repetitive – very

-a-                                feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ˀnduhs-                       verb root – be cold water, be cold

-ke                               stative aspect + external locative noun suffix

 

Incorporative a Noun Root

 

ahaaˀtąˀnduhst                 He became cold.

[ah-hah-ah-tah-an-doohst]

a-                                 factual

-ha-                              masculine singular agent – he

-aˀt-                              noun root – body

-ą-                                joiner vowel

-ˀnduhst                       verb root – be cold + punctual aspect

 

žaˀtaˀnduhsta                I am often cold

[zhah-ah-tah-an-dooh-stah]

Ž-                                1st person singular agent – I

-aˀt-                              body

-ˀnduhst                       verb root – be cold

-a                                 habitual aspect

 

keyǫresaˀnduhstih           my two hands are cold

[keh-yon-reh-sah-an-dooh-steeh]

k-                                 dualic

-e-                                1st person singular agent – my

-yǫres-                         noun root – hand

-a-                                joiner vowel

-ˀnduhst                       verb root – be cold

-ih                                stative aspect

 

uhsǫtaˀnduhstih              night is cold

[oo-son-tah-an-dooh-steeh]

u-                                 feminine-singular patient – it

-sǫt-                             noun root – night

-ˀnduhst                       verb root – be cold

-ih                                stative aspect

 

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