Body – the noun root

Body – the Noun Root

The most often used noun root in the Wyandot language is -a՚t- ‘body.’  It makes reference to there being a human or other animal involved.  It is almost always incorporated into a verb.

skaaˀtat                         It is one body, she is one body, one person.

[skah-ah-tat]

s-                     repetitive prefix

ka-                   feminine-zoic singular agent[1] – she

-aˀt-                 noun root, ‘body’

-a                     noun suffix

-t-                     verb root, ‘to be one’ + stative aspect

yaaˀtaseh                         Her body is new (Snake Clan[2] female name).

[yah-ah-tah-seh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-aˀt-                 noun root, ‘body’

-ase-                 verb root, ‘to be new’

-h                     stative aspect

ihaaˀtetsih                     He is tall.

[ee-hah-ah-teh-tseeh]

i-                      partitive – such

ha-                   masculine singular agent ‘he’

-aˀt-                 noun root ‘body’

-ets-                 verb root  ‘to be long, tall’

-ih                    stative aspect

 

iyaaˀtawaka                    She is short.

[ee-yah-ah-tah-wah-kah]

i-                      partitive – such

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she’

-aˀt–                 noun root ‘body’

-awak-             verb root ‘to be short’

-a                     stative aspect

ayaˀtarahaˀ                       She fell on it.

[ah-yah-ah-tah-rah-hah-ah]

a-                                 factual

-ya-                              feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-aˀt-                             noun root – body

-a-                                noun suffix

-ra-                               verb root – to fall on-

-ha-                              inchoative root suffix

-ˀ                                  punctual aspect

ahažaˀturęhąˀ                   He would find me.

[ah-hah-zhah-ah-too-ren-han-an]

a-                 optative

-haž-           masculine singular agent + 1st person singular patient – he – me

-aˀt-          noun root – body                                

-ure-          verb root – to find

-hą-            inchoative root suffix

-ˀ                 punctual aspect

šaˀkwahstih                    You are beautiful.

[shah-ah-kwah-steeh]

š-                                 2nd person singular agent – you

-aˀk[3]–                       noun root – body

-wahst-                        verb root – to be good, beautiful

-ih                                stative aspect

 

 

 

 

[1] When an -s- and a -y- come together like this, the -y- becomes a -k-.

[2] In the Snake clan’s story of origin, the first Snake clan woman’s body changes into that of a snake.

[3] Although this looks like the semi-reflexive voice is used here, it is the noun root for body.  The -w- turns the -t- into a -k-

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