Country and Land

Country, Land

To Have as Country – –ǫnde-

ǫndende               on the ground

[on-den-deh]

ǫnde-      feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root – to have as country + stative aspect

-nde         external locative noun suffix

ǫndešaˀ                land, country[1]

[on-deh-shah-ah]

ǫnde-               feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root – to have as country

-š-                    nominalizer

-aˀ                    noun suffix

ǫndešurunǫˀ          One lives inside the country, ground (i.e., the devil).

[on-deh-shoo-run-on-on]

ǫnde-               feminine-zoic singular agent – it, one + verb root – to have as country

-š-                    nominalizer

-u-                    verb root – to be inside + stative aspect

-runǫˀ               populative suffix

 

Earth, Land – ǫmęts-

ǫmętsaˀ                earth, land

[on-men-tsah-ah]

ǫmęts-             feminine-zoic singular agent – it + noun root – earth, land

-aˀ                    noun suffix

ǫmętsaˀye              at, on the earth, down

[on-men-tsah-ah-yeh]

ǫmęts-            feminine-zoic singular agent – it + noun root – earth, land

-aˀye                external locative noun suffix

 

Aǫmętsiž          She, it is a large, great land. (Wolf Clan female name).

[ah-on-men-tsee-zhoo]

a-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – she, it

ǫmęts-            noun root – earth, land

-ižu-                 verb root – to be great, large + stative aspect

tinyǫmęhtsawahstih        It is where the land, country is beautiful.

[tee-nyon-menh-tsah-wah-steeh]

ti-                                 cislocative

-ny-                              feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ǫmęhts-                     noun root – country, land

-a-                                noun suffix

-wahst-                        verb root – to be good, beautiful

-ih                                stative aspect

 

[1] For an extensive discussion of what this noun meant in its many implications in the Wendat language,  see John Steckley, 1993, “Leaders, Origins, Customs and Unity: Traditional Huron Notions of Country, in Arch Notes 4:18-21, https://www.ontarioarchaeology.org/Resources/ArchNotes/an93-4.pdf

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