Finish

Finish

-hš(a)- (without incorporating a noun)

 

d          utahšešah                     ąhšaˀkǫˀ

when   you finished it             you broke it in many pieces

ąšakyesaht

you put it in a poor state

 

When you finished breaking it into pieces  You put it in a bad state.”

 

utahšešah                      You (s) completed, finished it.

[oo-tah-sheh-shah]

u-                                 factual

-t-                                 dualic

-a-                                factual

-hše-                            2nd person singular agent – you (s)

-hša                              verb root – finish

-h                                 punctual aspect (abnormal form)

 

dae       wetiˀ    ahsayuhšęˀ

a-hsayu-hš-ęˀ

fa-MA/IndP-finish-pu

that      all        he finished, killed them (ind)

 

ahsayuhšęˀ                    He finished, killed them.

[ah-sah-yooh-shen-en]

a-                     factual

-hsayu-           masculine singular agent + indefinite patient – he – them (ind)

-hš-                  verb root – finish

-ęˀ                    punctual aspect

 

ąˀǫsęˀ                    They (ind) finished, died.

[ah-ah-on-sen-en]

ąˀ-                    factual

-ǫ-                    indefinite agent – they (ind)

-s-                    semi-reflexive-verb root – finish

-ęˀ                    punctual aspect

 

-ihša-  (when incorporating a noun root)

 

aˀžatriwihšęˀ                                                                nęh      daeˀ      ehutingyakaˀ

they two (m) finished a matter, made a decision        now     that      they (m) will get married

They made a decision, now they will get married.

 

aˀžatriwihšęˀ          They two (m) finished a matter, made a decision.

[ah-ah-zhah-tree-weeh-shen-en]

aˀ-                    factual

-ž-                    masculine dual agent – they two (m)

-at-                   semi-reflexive

-riw-                noun root – matter

-ihš-                 verb root – finish

– ęˀ                   punctual aspect

 

ahatekwihšę                   He finished eating.

[ah-hah-teh-kweeh-shen]

a-                     factual

-h-                    masculine singular agent – he

-ate-                 semi-reflexive

-kw-                 noun root – food, meal

-ihš-                 verb root – finish

-ę                     punctual aspect

 

utenyędihšaˀih       She skillfully finished it.  She finished it with skill.                                  [oo-ten-yen-deeh-shah-ah-eeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-te-                   semi-reflexive

-nyęd-              noun root – skill, ability

-ihšaˀ-              verb root – finish

-ih                    stative aspect

 

 

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