How Old are You?

How Old Are You?

Summers

Question

Tuh išeyęthayeh                 How old are you?  How many summers do you number?

išeyęthayeh                    You are such a number of summers.

[ee-sheh-yen-thah-yeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-še-                  2nd person singular agent ‘you’

-yęth-              noun root ‘summer’

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Answer

Ndahk iyeyęthayeh         I am four years old.  I number four summers.

iyeyęthayeh                    I am such a number of summers.

[ee-yeh-yen-tha-yeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-ye-                  1st person singular agent ‘I’

yęth-                noun root ‘summer’

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Winters

Tuh išuhšayeh                 How many winters are you?

išuhšayeh                      You are such a number of winters.

[ee-shooh-shah-yeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-š-                    2nd person singular agent ‘you’

-uš-                  noun root ‘winter’

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Ndahk         iyušayeh      I number four winters.  I am four years old.

iyušayeh                        I am such a number of winters.

[ee-yoo-shah-yeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-y-                    1st person singular agent ‘I’

-uš-                  noun root ‘winter’

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Tuh išenˀdenyǫhšrayeh   How old are you?  How many years do you number?

išenˀdenyǫhšrayeh          You are such a number of years.

[ee-shen-en-den-yon-shrah-yeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-še-                  2nd person singular agent ‘you’

-nˀdenyǫ-        verb root ‘to overcome’

-hšr-                 nominalizer

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Ndahk iyenˀdenyǫhšrayeh     I am four years old.  I number four years.

iyenˀdenyǫhšrayeh          I am such a number of years.

[ee-yen-en-den-yon-hshrah-yeh]

i-                     partitive ‘such’

ye-                   1st person singular agent ‘I’

-nˀdenyǫ-      verb root ‘to overcome’

-hšr-                 nominalizer

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Other Numbers

skat                                one

tęndih                             two

ahšęhk                            three

ndahk                             four

uwiš                               five

wažaˀ                              six

tsutareˀ                            seven

aˀtere                              eight

ęˀtrǫˀ                               nine

ahsęh                              ten (lit. ‘it is ten’)

ahsęh skat iskare             eleven (lit.  it is ten, it is one, it adds it).  The use of the  ten with all numbers between 10 and 20 is optional.

ahsęh tęndih teskare        twelve (lit. it is ten, they are two, it adds it)

ahsęh ahšęhk iskare         thirteen

ndahk iskare                   fourteen

uwiš  iskare                     fifteen

wažaˀ iskare                    sixteen

tsutareˀ iskare                  seventeen

aˀtere  iskare                    eighteen

ęˀtrǫˀ iskare                     nineteen

tęndih tewahsęh              twenty (lit. they are two; it is two tens)

tęndih tewahsęh skat iskare                 twenty one

tęndih tewahsęh tęndih teskare           twenty two

tęndih tewahsęh ahšęhk iskare            twenty three

ahšęhk iwahsęh                                       thirty

ahšęhk iwahsęh skat iskare                   thirty one

ahšęhk iwahsęh tęndih teskare            thirty two

ndahk iwahsęh                                         forty

ndahk iwahsęh skat iskare                     forty one

ndahk iwahsęh tęndih teskare              forty two

uwiš iwahsęh                                            fifty

wažaˀ iwahsęh                                          sixty

tsutareˀ iwahsęh                                     seventy

aˀtere iwahsęh                                        eighty

 

 

 

 

 

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