Laughing and Crying

Laugh and Cry

Be Light-hearted,  Laugh, Smile -ehskwa-

ažuweskwaˀtęˀ                         kurahkuwah                hąęˀąh

she would be made to laugh   Kurahkuwah               his child

 

ažuweskwaˀtęˀ     She would be made to laugh, smile.

[ah-zhoo-wehs-kwah-ah-ten-en]

až-                   optative

-uw-                 feminine-zoic singular patient – she

-ehskwa-          verb root – be light-hearted

-ˀt-                    causative root suffix

-ęʼ                    dative root suffix + punctual aspect

 

tsinęˀę              eyandaˀurahaˀ                          d

who?               one will have the ability          that which

euwehskwaˀtęˀ                         de        kurahkuwah                haęˀąh

one will make her laugh          who     Kurahkuwah               his daughter

Whoever will have the ability to make Kurahkuwah’s daughter laugh?

 

euwehskwaˀtęˀ      One will make her laugh, smile.

[eh-oo-wehs-kwah-ah-ten-en]

e-                     future

-uw-                 feminine-zoic singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient

-ehskwa-          verb root – be light-hearted

-ˀt-                    causative root suffix

-ęˀ                    dative root suffix + punctual aspect

 

takyehskwaˀtandih           He laughed then, there

[tah-kyehs-kwah-ah-tan-deeh]

t-                      cislocative

-aky-                masculine singular agent – he + semi-reflexive

-ehskwa-          verb root – be light-hearted

-ˀt-                    causative root suffix

-and-                dative root suffix

-ih                    stative aspect

 

Cry -aręt-

aharętęˀ        He cried.

[ah-hah-ren-ten-en]

a-         factual

-h-        masculine singular agent – he

-aręt-    verb root – cry

-ęˀ        punctual aspect

           

wehstaˀtuˀ        ehšarętęh         You must not cry.

must not          you will cry

ehšarętęh    You will cry.

[eh-shah-ren-ten]

e-         future

-hš-      2nd person singular agent – you

-aręt     verb root – cry

-ęh       punctual aspect

 

Tear(s) -yašr-

yayašraʼ tear, tears

[yah-yah-shrah-ah]

ya-       feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-yašr-   noun root – tear, tears

-aʼ        noun suffix

 

yayašręndih         Her tears are falling.

[yah-yah-shren-deeh]

ya-       feminine-zoic singular agent – she, her

-yašr-   noun root – tear, tears

-ęn-      verb root – fall

-d-        inchoative root suffix

-ih        stative aspect

 

 

 

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