Negatives in Wyandot

Negatives in Wyandot

The negative te(ˀ)- is a prefix that almost always comes at the beginning of a word, and often appears with the negative particle (tą)ˀą

 yandurǫnˀ         It is not difficult

[teh-yan-doo-ron-on]

te-                    negative

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ndurǫ-           verb root – to be difficult

-ˀ                      stative aspect

teˀsąndaˀurąˀ[n]dih          You don’t have the power, ability.

[teh-eh-san-dah-ah-oo-ran-an-ndeeh]

teˀ-                   negative

-są-                  2nd person singular patient – you

-ndaˀurą-          verb root – to have power

-ˀnd-                 dative root suffix

-ih                    stative aspect

 

tehutindaˀurandi    They (m) did not get power, ability.

[teh-hoo-teen-dah-ah-oo-ran-dee]

te[1]                  negative

-huti-                masculine plural patient – they (m)

-ndaˀura-          verb root – to have power

-nd-                  dative root suffix

-i                      stative aspect

 

tehuwaˀtaˀtęˀ          He did not stop.

[teh-hoo-wah-ah-tah-ah-ten-en]

te-                    negative

-huw-               masculine singular patient – he

-aˀt-                  noun root – body

-a-                    noun suffix

-ˀtę-                  verb root – to stop

-ˀ                      stative aspect

Negative with Factual

tawatǫˀ       It is not possible

[tah-wah-ton-on]

t-          negative

-aw-     factual

-atǫ-     feminine-zoic singular agent + verb root – to be possible

-ˀ          punctual aspect

tawatǫˀ                                     usawatingyahah

it is not possible                      they eat food again.

It is not possible that they eat again.

 

Negative plus double factual

tusahingyahah               They two (m) no longer eat.

[too-sah-heen-gyah-hah]

t-                            negative

-u-                          factual

-s-                           repetitive – still, longer

-a-                           factual

-hi-                          masculine dual agent – they two (m)

-ngyah-                   noun root – food

-a-                             verb root – to eat

-h                              punctual

 

teusawatǫˀ                     It is no longer possible.

[teh-oo-sah-wah-ton-on]

te-          negative

-u-          factual

-s-          repetitive

-aw-      factual

-atǫ-      feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root – to be possible

-ˀ             punctual aspect

Negatives with One Particle Preceding: tąˀą  [tan-an]

teˀyutrižehasędiˀ    A story did not seem correct to her.

[teh-eh-yoo-tree-zheh-hah-sen-dee-ee]

teˀy–                 negative

-u-                    feminine-zoic singular patient – her

-t-                     semi-reflexive voice

-ri-                   noun root – matter, affair, story

-žeha-              verb root – to be correct

-sęd-                dative root suffix

-iˀ                     stative aspect

 

tąˀą      teˀyutrižehasędiˀ                                                      d’         uhšutaˀ

not       a matter, story did not seem correct to her      who     she is grandmother to her

A story did not seem correct to her grandmother.

tąˀą                teskandaˀtaę                  She no longer has a camp.

[tan-an         [teh-skan-dah-ah-tah-en]

te-                negative

-s-                 repetitive

-ka-              feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-ndaˀt-           noun root – camp, village

-a-                 noun suffix

-ę                  verb root – to have + stative aspect

 

Negatives with ahstętaˀu [ah-sten-tah-ah-oo] – anything

tusayangyahah                        She no longer ate.

[too-sah-yan-gyah-hah]

t-          negative

-u-        factual

-s-        repetitive

-a-        factual

-ya-      feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-ngyah- noun root – food

-a-        verb root – to eat

-h         punctual aspect

ahstętaˀu          tusayangyahah    She no longer ate anything

anything          she no longer ate

 

tehuwaˀtamęndiˀ              It did not happen to him.

[teh-hoo-wah-ah-tah-men-dee-ee]

te-                    negative

-huw-               masculine singular patient – him

-aˀt                   noun root – body

-am-                 noun suffix

-ęn-                  verb root – to happen

-d-                    inchoative root suffix

-iˀ                     stative aspect

ąh        stęˀtaˀuh                       tehuwaˀtamęndiˀ

not       anything                      it did not happen to him

Nothing happened to him.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[1] There is usually no glottal stop -ˀ- before an -h-

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