Second Person Singular Agent

Second Person Singular Agent

With Feminine-Zoic Singular Patient or With No Patient

Consonant Stem – še – Other Conjunctions -š-

išehskęˀnyąˀ           You are small.

[ee-sheh-sken-en-yan-an]

i-                      partitive

-še-                  2nd person singular agent – you

-hskęˀnyą-      verb root – to be small

-ˀ                      stative aspect

ahšežuˀ                  You killed it.

[ah-sheh-zhoo-oo]

a-               factual

-hše-        2nd person singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient                   – you – it

-žu-                  verb root – to kill

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

ehšrahkwat           You will put it inside.

[eh-shrah-kwaht]

e-                     future

-hš[1]            second person singular agent – you

-ra-                   verb root – to be inside

-hkwa-             instrumental root suffix

-t                      punctual aspect

ahšakyesaht           You are put in a poor state.

[ah-shah-kyeh-saht]

a-                     factual

-hš-                  2nd person singular agent – you

-aky-                semi-reflexive voice – a-conjugation

-esa-                 verb root – to be in a poor state

-ht                    causative root suffix + punctual aspect

ihšeheˀ                  You wish, think.

[eeh-sheh-heh-eh]

i-                      partitive

-hš-                  2nd person singular agent – you

-eh-                  verb root – to wish, think  – e- conjugation

-eˀ                    purposive aspect

hšitaraˀ                       You are lying down

[hshee-tah-rah-ah]

hš-                   2nd person singular agent – you

-itara-              verb root – to lie down, stretch out – i- conjugation

-ˀ                      stative aspect

usahšutawaˀ                    You pulled it out again.

[oo-sag-shoo-tah-wah-ah]

u-                     factual

-s-                    repetitive

-a-                    factual

-hš–                  second person singular agent – you

-ut-                   verb root – to stand – u- conjugation

-awa-               undoer root suffix

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

With masculine patient -heš(e)-

 

hešeˀndeˀngyaˀ      You are overtaking him.

[heh-sheh-ehn-deh-en-gyah-ah]

heše-                2nd person singular agent + masculine singular patient – you – him

-ˀndeˀngy-        verb root – to overtake

-aˀ                    habitual aspect

hehšenęhmąh      You have him as son-in-law

[heh-sheh-nenh-manh]

hehše-             2nd person singular agent + masculine singular patient – you = him

-nęhmą-           verb root – to have as son-in-law

-h                     stative aspect

ehehšakarata          You will take care of him.

[eh-heh-shah-kah-rah-tah]

e-                     future

-hehš-              2nd person singular agent + masculine singular patient – you – him

-akarat-            verb root – to take care of

-a                     punctual aspect

With first person singular patient – sk(e)-

eskeyǫhšuręhąˀ     You will find my face.

[eh-skeh-yonh-shoo-ren-han-an]

e-                     future

-ske-                2nd person singular agent + 1st person singular patient – you – my

-yǫhš-              noun root – face

-urę-                 verb root -to find

-hą-                  inchoative root suffix

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

aˀskatendutǫˀ         You should tell me.

[ah-ah-skah-ten-doo-ton-on]

aˀ-                  optative

-sk-              2nd person singular agent + 1st person singular patient:                         you – me

-ate-              semi-reflexive voice

-ndutǫ-           verb root – to tell

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

teˀskęh                  You don’t say to me.

[teh-eh-skenh]

teˀ-                  negative

-sk-                2nd person singular agent + 1st person singular patient:                          you – me

-ę-                    verb root – to say

-h                     stative aspect

eskiˀkaruhuh           You will put a flank in water for me, cook it.

[eh-skee-ee-kah-roo-hooh]

e-                     future

-sk-                  2nd person singular agent + 1st person singular patient: – you -for me

-iˀkar-               noun root – flank

-u-                    verb root – to be in water

-hu-                  transitive root suffix

-h                     punctual aspect

With 1st person plural patient  -skw(a)

eskwayǫhšuręhąˀ  You will find our faces.

skwatendutǫˀ      You should tell us.

teˀskwęh               You don’t say to us.

ehskwęˀkaruhuh    You will put a flank in water for me, cook it.

With feminine-zoic plural as patient – yahš(e)-

eyahšenyǫnde                You will lead them (f)

With masculine plural as patient         -hahš(e) 

ahasehšęˀ              You finished, killed them (m)

With Indefinite as patient -hše

ehšeakarata  You will take care of them (ind).

 

 

 

 

 

[1] When a consonant conjugation root begins with -r-, there is no -e- in the 2nd person singular agent.

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