Soft and Hard

Soft and Hard

Soft

The Noun -ndaˀw-

undaˀwaˀ              down feathers, cotton, soft material

[oon-dah-ah-wah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-ndaˀw-           noun root – soft material

-aˀ                    noun suffix

In the story of The Dogs and the Wild Cotton (Barbeau1915:251-2, 1960:48, 273-4), the dogs hear a woman mention that she has cotton in her bag, but they mistake it for an identical word that means ‘liver.’

[han-dah-ah-wah-wah]    He (is) soft.

hą-                   masculine singular agent – he

  -ndaˀw-            noun root – soft material

-a                     noun suffix

 

In the story of The Deer and the Owl (Barbeau 1915:203-7, 1960:29-32, 183-94), both main characters bear this name, with some resulting confusion.

 

The Verb žuˀtęand -ruˀtę

uruˀtęh                 It is soft.

[oo-roo-oo-tenh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-ruˀtę-              verb root – be soft (verb form used when it does not incorporate a noun root)

-h                     stative aspect

ǫndihažuˀtęh          It is soft, supple leather.

[on-dee-hah-zhoo-oo-tenh]

ǫ-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-ndih-               noun root – leather

-a-                    joiner vowel

uˀtę              verb root – be soft (the verb form used to incorporate a noun root)

-h                     stative aspect

 

Hard -ngarǫ

hungarǫˀ              He is hard, rough (i.e., in the way that he acts)

[hoon-gah-ron-on]

hu-                   masculine singular patient – he

-ngarǫ-            verb root – be hard

-ˀ                      stative aspect

 

ǫndihangaronˀ       It is rawhide, hard leather not yet worked.

[on-deeh-han-gah-ron-on]

ǫ-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-ndih-               noun root – leather

   -ngarǫ-            verb root – be hard, rough to the touch

-ˀ                       stative

 

 

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