The Sun and Moon in Wyandot

The Sun and the Moon

The noun root -ndišr- refers to both the sun and the moon.  When it is necessary to be clear that you are referring to the moon, you can use this phrase:

wasǫtaˀye                        yandišraˀ     at night, sky body; moon

[wah-sont-ah-ah-yeh[

wasǫt–             feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’ + noun root ‘night’

-aˀye                external locative noun suffix

yandišraˀ             sky body, moon, sun

[yan-dee-shrah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ndišr-          noun root ‘moon, sun’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

 

sawatęndišris         Moon has again filled itself: new moon

[sah-wah-ten-dee-shrees]

s-                     repetitive

-aw-                 factual

-atę-                 feminine-zoic singular agent – it + semi-reflexive voice

-ndišr-           noun root – moon

-i-                     verb root – to be full

-s                      dative root suffix + punctual aspect

yandišrih               It is a full moon.

[yan-dee-shreeh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ndišr-             noun root ‘moon’

-i-                     verb root ‘to be full’

-h                     stative aspect

yendišraˀyęh          I have seen the moon (or sun).

ye-                   1st person singular agent ‘I’

-ndišr-             noun root ‘moon, sun’

-a-                    noun suffix

-ˀyę-                 verb root ‘to see’

-h                     stative aspect

undišrahęhteˀ        The moon or sun is visible.

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ndišr-             noun root ‘moon, sun’

-ahęte-             verb root ‘to be visible, seen’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

 

kyundišrutaˀs      It is where the sun, moon rises, the east.

[kyoon-dee-shroo-tah-ahs]

ky-                   cislocative

-u-                    feminine-zoic patient – it

-ndišr-             noun root – sun, moon

-ut-                  verb root – to stand

-aˀš                   inchoative  root suffix + habitual aspect

 

For the Sun to Rise – r(a)-                          

urahkwaˀ                       sunlight, ray of sun

[oo-rah-kwah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-ra-                              verb root – for the sun to rise

-hkwa-                         instrumental root suffix

-aˀ                                noun suffix

 

kyehke yaraˀ               Sun has risen to the middle, noon.

[kyeh-keh]

 

yaraˀ            The sun has risen, is rising.

[yah-rah-ah]

ya-       feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ra-      verb root – for the sun to rise

-ˀ          stative aspect

What time is it?  Where is the sun?

anęęˀ           iyar

[ah-nen-en]

where?        The sun is in such a position.    Where is the sun?

iyar             The sun is in such a position.

[ee-yahr]

  • partitive – such

-ya-      feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-r-        verb root – for the sun to rise + stative aspect

 

For the Sun to Set  -aˀtukw-

akwaˀtukwaˀ        The sun has set.

[ah-kwah-ah-too-kwah-ah]

a-                     factual

-kw-                 dualic

-aˀtukw-        verb root – for the sun to set

-aˀ                    punctual aspect

 

taˀtukwahtaˀ          The sun regularly sets at such a place; the west

[tah-ah-too-kwah-tah-ah]

t-                      dualic

-aˀtukwa-      feminine-zoic singular agent – it + verb root – for the sun to set

-ht-                  causative root suffix

-aˀ                    habitual aspect

 

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