The Three Sisters in Wyandot

The Three Sisters

The Three Sisters of Iroquoian tradition are corn, beans and squash.  Here they are in the Wyandot language

ahšęhk         atiaˀtayeh     yǫˀteˀyęˀąhą           They (f) are three sisters.

[ah-shenhk]

atiaˀtayeh               They (f) number three.

[ah-tyah-ah-tah-yeh]

ati-                  feminine-zoic plural agent ‘they (f)’

-aˀt-                 noun root ‘body’

-a-                    noun suffix

-ye-                 verb root ‘to number’

-h                      stative aspect

yǫˀteyęˀąhą            They are sisters.

[yon-on-teh-eh-yen-en-an-han]

yǫ-                  feminine-zoic plural agent ‘they’

-ˀte-                 semi-reflexive voice

-yę-                 verb root ‘to be siblings’

-ˀ-                    stative aspect

ąhą                  diminutive aspect suffix

Corn -nęh-  

unęhaˀ                 corn

[oo-nen-hah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-nęh-               noun root, ‘corn’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

anęhaęˀ                  It is my corn.

[ah-nen-hah-en-en]

a-                     feminine-zoic singular agent + 1st person patient ‘it-me’

-nęh-              noun root, ‘corn’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ę-                   verb root, ‘to have’

-ˀ                      stative aspect

yaˀndutsaˀ                                       an ear of corn

[yah-an-doo-tsah-ah]

ya-                                           feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ˀnduts-                                noun root, ‘ear of corn’

-aˀ                                            noun suffix

undrahęˀnyaˀ                                  cornstalk (with green leaves)

[oon-drah-hen-en-nyah-ah]

u-                                             feminine-zoic patient ‘it’

-ndrahęˀny-                        noun root, ‘green cornstalk’

-aˀ                                            noun suffix

yaheraˀ                                           dry cornstalk

[yah-heh-rah-ah]

ya-                                           feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-her-                                      noun root, ‘dry cornstalk’

-aˀ                                            noun suffix

ungwiraˀ                                          corn tassels, treetops

[oon-gwee-rah-ah]

u-                                             feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ngwir-                                  noun root, ‘corn tassels’

-aˀ                                            noun suffix

ungwirut                                            standing corn tassels, treetops

[oon-gwee-root]

u-                                             feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ngwir–                                    noun root, ‘corn tassels’

-ut                                            verb root, ‘to stand, standing’ + stative aspect

Squash/Pumpkin -nyǫhš-

unyǫhšaˀ                                squash, pumpkin (also with melon +  cucumber)

[oon-yon-hshah-ah]

u-                                             feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-nyǫhš-                                    noun root, ‘pumpkin, squash’

-aˀ                                              noun suffix

Squash Blossom –akyaręht-

akyaręhtaˀ                     squash blossom

[ah-kyah-renh-tah-ah]

akyaręht-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’ + noun root ‘squash blossom’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

akyaręhtaˀatsih                 It is called squash blossom (i.e., it is yellow or orange).               [ah-kyah-renh-tah-ah-ah-tseeh]

       akyaręht-                feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’ + noun root ‘squash blossom’

-a-                                noun suffix

-ˀats-                            verb root ‘to name, be called’

-iˀ                                  stative aspect

Beans

uyaresaˀ                                  beans

[oo-yah-reh-sah-ah]

u-                                                         feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

res-                                       noun root, ‘squash blossom’

-aˀ                                                       noun suffix

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