To be Large in Wyandot

To be Large, Great –(y)uwanę-

The Verb Alone

The verb alone can refer to elders, both in general terms, and with respect to being the elder of two siblings.

hayuwanęh           He is an elder[1].

[hah-yoo-wah-nenh]

ha-                   masculine singular agent – he

-yuwanę-        verb root – to be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

yayuwanęh           She is an elder. [also large bear] – takes some faulty forms

[yah-yoo-wah-nenh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent – she

-yuwanę-        verb root – to be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

hatiyuwanęh          They (male or male and female) are elders.

[hah-tee-yoo-wah-nenh]

hati-                 masculine plural agent – they (m)

-yuwanę-        verb root – to be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

atiwanęhs.             They (f) (wolves and cougars) are large ones

[ah-tee-wah-nenhs]

ati-                   feminine-zoic plural agent – they (f)

-wanę-             verb root – to be large, great

-h-                    stative aspect

-s                     plural aspect suffix

yeyuwahnęh           I am large.

[yeh-yoo-wah-nenh]

ye-                   1st person singular agent – I

-yuwahnę–      verb root – to be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

hǫmąyuwanęh     He is chief.

[hon-man-wah-nenh]

hǫmą-              masculine plural agent + masculine singular patient – they – him

-yuwanę-        verb root – to be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

yǫmąyuwanęh      She is chief.[2]

[yon-man-wah-nenh]

yǫmą-              feminine-zoic plural agent + feminine-zoic singular patient – they – her

-yuwanę-        verb root – to be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

hekwayuwanęh    He is great to us; he is our chief.

[heh-kwah-yoo-wah-nenh]

hekwa-            1st person inclusive plural agent – we – him

-yuwanę-        verb root – to be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

tayuwanęh            He is the elder of two.

[tah-yoo-wah-nenh]

t-                      dualic

-a-                    masculine singular agent – he

-yuwanę-        verb root – to be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

kwayuwanęh         She is the elder of two

[kwah-yoo-wah-nenh]

kw-                  dualic

-a-                    feminine-zoic singular agent[3]

-yuwanę-        verb root – to be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

Incorporating Noun Roots

The verb is used to incorporate a large number of nouns (e.g., blade, eyeball, group, island, lake, matter, mind, path, pot, river, space, stone, and number of tens,

ahsareyuwanęh     It is a large iron, blade; Americans

[ah-sah-reh-yoo-wah-nenh]

ahsar-               feminine-zoic singular agent – it + noun root – blade/iron

-eyuwanę-       verb root – to be large, great

-h                     stative aspect

uhsęhšuwanęh     It is a large ten, a high price.

[ooh-senh-shoo-wah-nenh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-hsę-              verb root – to be ten

-hš-                nominalizer

-uwanę-      verb root – to be large

-h                    stative aspect

teyahkweˀnduwanęˀns     large eyeballs (i.e., blackberries)

[teh-yah-kwen-en-doo-wah-nen-ens]

te-                    dualic

-ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-kwe՚nd-         noun root – eyeball(s)

uwanę-        verb root – to be large

-՚n-                   stative aspect

-s                     plural aspect suffix

hundiyǫruwanęh             He is a great mind, is wise.

[hoon-dee-yon-roo-wan-neh]

hu-                               masculine singular patient – he

-ndiyǫr-                       noun root – mind

-uwanę                      verb root – to be large

-h                                  stative aspect

yękyukuwanęh           It is a large group.

[yen-kyoo-koo-wah-nenh]

yękyu-                         feminine-zoic singular agent + verb root – to be a clan

-k-                                instrumental root suffix

-uwanę-                    verb root – to be large

-h                                 stative aspect

yarižuhtaˀwanęh      It is a large stone.

[yah-ree-zhoo-tah-ah-wah-nenh]

ya-                               feminine-zoic agent – it

-rižuht-                      noun root – stone

-a-                               noun suffix

ˀwanę-                      verb root – to be large

-h                                stative aspect

yarižuhtuwanęˀs              large stones

[yah-ree-zhooh-too-wah-nen-ens]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-rižuht-                       noun root – rock, stone

-uwanę-                    verb root – to be large

-ˀ-                                 stative aspect

-s                                 plural aspect suffix

yandaˀtsuwanęh      It is a large pot

[yan-dah-ah-tsoo-wah-nenh]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ndaˀts-                      noun root – pot

-uwanę-                   verb root – to be large

-h                                 stative aspect

urihuwanęh                    It is a great matter.

[oo-ree-hoo-wah-nenh]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-rih-                             noun root – matter, affair

-uwanę-                      verb root – to be large

-h                                 stative aspect

 

 

 

 

 

 

[1] In examples in the Narratives it referred to a male snake being large, as well as the large turtle and a lion.

[2] In the Narratives this refers to the chief of the eagles and of the ground squirrels/chipmunks.

[3] The reason for this form appearing is not clear.

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